What is dextrose solution-intravenous, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?

Dextrose monohydrate is sterile intravenous solution for fluid replenishment. Intravenous administration of dextrose solution provides a source of water and glucose ( sugar), giving patients fluid and energy.

What brand names are available for dextrose solution-intravenous?

N/A

Is dextrose solution-intravenous available as a generic drug?

Yes

Do I need a prescription for dextrose solution-intravenous?

Yes

What are the side effects of dextrose solution-intravenous?

Side effects of dextrose are:

  • increased blood sugar (hyperglycemia),
  • hyperosmolarity,
  • injection site infection, and
  • increased fluid volume.

What is the dosage for dextrose solution-intravenous?

Dosing of dextrose solution varies based on individual patient requirements such as age, current medical conditions, and clinical state.

Which drugs or supplements interact with dextrose solution-intravenous?

Dextrose Solutions should not be used in the same IV line as blood products.

Is dextrose solution-intravenous safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?

There are no adequate studies done on dextrose to determine safe and effective use in pregnant women.

It is not known whether dextrose enters breast milk; therefore, it is best to be cautious before using it in nursing mothers.

What else should I know about dextrose solution-intravenous?

What preparations of dextrose solution-intravenous are available?

Dextrose 5% is available in water (D5W), normal saline (D5NS), and ½ normal saline (D5 ½ NS). Dextrose is also available in 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50% and 70% concentrated in water.

  • 5% solution is available in 25 ml, 50 ml, 100 ml, 150 ml, 250 ml, 500 ml, and 1000 ml plastic containers.
  • 10% solution is available in 250 ml, 500 ml, and 1000 ml plastic containers.
  • 20%, 30%, 40%, and 70% solutions are available 500 ml plastic containers and 50% is available in 1000 ml plastic containers.

How should I keep dextrose solution-intravenous stored?

Store dextrose solution at room temperature 25 C (77 F).

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Medically Reviewed on 3/14/2019
References
Medically reviewed by John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP; Board Certified Emergency Medicine

REFERENCE:

FDA Prescribing Information. Current Medication Information. DEXTROSE (dextrose monohydrate) injection, solution [Hospira, Inc.].

PDR.net Prescribing Information.
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