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- What is dexmethylphenidate-oral, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What brand names are available for dexmethylphenidate-oral?
- Is dexmethylphenidate-oral available as a generic drug?
- Do I need a prescription for dexmethylphenidate-oral?
- What are the side effects of dexmethylphenidate-oral?
- What is the dosage for dexmethylphenidate-oral?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with dexmethylphenidate-oral?
- Is dexmethylphenidate-oral safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about dexmethylphenidate-oral?
What is dexmethylphenidate-oral, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
Dexmethylphenidate is a medication used for treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It is chemically similar to methylphenidate (Ritalin, Concerta). It stimulates the central nervous system (CNS or brain) in a manner that is similar to amphetamines; however, its actions are milder than amphetamines. It stimulates the brain by increasing the level of neurotransmitters, dopamine and norepinephrine, in the brain neurotransmitters are chemicals produced by nerves that are released and attach to other nearby nerves as a means of communication among nerves). The exact mechanism of action of the drug in people with ADHD is unknown. FDA approved dexmethylphenidate extended-release capsules in May 2005.
What are the side effects of dexmethylphenidate-oral?
Dexmethylphenidate may be abused and it is a Schedule II controlled medication. Long term abuse can cause tolerance, psychological dependence, abnormal behavior, and psychosis. Use cautiously in people with a history of drug or alcohol abuse.
Quick GuideADHD Symptoms in Children
Which drugs or supplements interact with dexmethylphenidate-oral?
Dexmethylphenidate should not be combined with monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) such as phenelzine (Nardil), selegiline (Zelapar, Emsam, and Eldepryl), tranylcypromine (Parnate), procarbazine (Matulane), rasagiline (Azilect), and isocarboxazid (Marplan) because of risks of hypertensive crisis. Dexmethylphenidate and MAO inhibitors should be separated by at least 14 days.
Dexmethylphenidate should be used with caution with blood pressure medications or individuals with high blood pressure because it can increase blood pressure and decrease effectiveness of blood pressure medications.
Is dexmethylphenidate-oral safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
There are no adequate studies done on dexmethylphenidate to determine safe and effective use in pregnant women.
It is not known whether dexmethylphenidate enters breast milk; therefore, it is best to be cautious before using it in nursing mothers.
What else should I know about dexmethylphenidate-oral?
What preparations of dexmethylphenidate-oral are available?
Tablet: 2.5, 5, 10 mg. Capsules (extended-release) dexmethylphenidate: 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, and 40 mg
How should I keep dexmethylphenidate-oral stored?
Store dexmethylphenidate between temperatures of 15 C to 30 C (59 F to 86 F).
REFERENCE: FDA Prescribing Information.
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ADHD in ChildrenAttention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) causes the following symptoms in children: excessive activity, problems concentrating, and difficulty controlling impulses. There are three types of ADHD: the predominately inattentive type, the predominately hyperactive/impulsive type, and the combined (inattentive, hyperactive, and impulsive) type. Stimulant medications are the most common medication used to treat ADHD.
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ADHD & ParentingAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common disorder seen in children. Parents can learn tips and techniques to teach ADHD children life skills, coping mechanisms, and better ways to learn with ADHD.
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Adult ADHDAbout 2%-6% of adults have ADHD, a common behavioral problem. Symptoms include impulsivity, hyperactivity, and inattention. Treatment may involve ADHD education, attending a support group, skills training, and medication.
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methylphenidate hydrochlorideMethylphenidate hydrochloride (Quillivant XR) is a prescription drug prescribed to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children six years and older. Side effects, drug interactions, dosage, and storage information should be reviewed prior to taking this medication.
Stimulants for ADHD
Stimulants are compounds (caffeine, nicotine, cocaine) or medications that stimulate the CNS or central nervous system. Stimulants increase blood pressure, mental alertness, energy, and heart rate. Approved medical uses for stimulants include:
- ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
- Transient resistant depression
Stimulants can be highly addictive so they are no longer recommended for treating nervous system disorders and asthma.
Examples of stimulants prescribed to treat ADHD in adults or children include:
- Adderall (amphetamine/dextroamphetamine)
- Vyvanse (lisdexamfetamine)
- Desoxyn (methamphetamine)
- ProCentra (dextroamphetamine)
- Ritalin (methylphenidate)
- Concerta (methylphenidate)
- Daytrana (methylphenidate)
- Metadate (methylphenidate)
- Methylin (methylphenidate)
- Quillivant XR (methylphenidate)
- Focalin XR (dexmethylphenidate)
Drug interactions, dosage, and pregnancy and breastfeeding safety should be reviewed prior to taking this medication.