- Motor Skills
If you are a parent, you can’t help but wonder if your child is growing at the right pace. Although each child develops differently, most will reach common milestones at certain ages unless born prematurely.
Understanding where your 6-year-old is in terms of developmental milestones can help you guide your child and make sure they reach their full potential.
Social development milestones
- Plays cooperatively with 2-3 children for 20 minutes or more
- Apologizes for actions they didn’t intend
- Listens while others are speaking
- Pays attention and follows instructions in a group
- Helps others
- Explains rules of a game to others
- Engages in better social problem-solving
- Starts understanding puns and jokes
Cognitive development milestones
- Copies shapes when drawing (circle, square, triangle)
- Solves simple addition and subtraction problems
- Knows numbers beyond 50
- Learns more complicated games and play by the rules most of the time
- Knows right from left on their own body
- Can distinguish between fantasy and reality
- Shows an understanding of right and wrong
- Demonstrates a more realistic understanding of space and distance
- Demonstrates a more realistic sense of their strength and weaknesses
Emotional development milestones
- Better able to control emotions in most situations
- Shows empathy when made aware of another’s feelings
- Can wait their turn or wait to have their needs met
- Can complete most tasks with a few reminders
Language development milestones
- Understands words about time and order (morning, afternoon, yesterday, next, last)
- May correctly say almost all sounds in words
- Identifies sounds at the beginning of some words
- Recognizes some familiar written words (their own name, some store signs)
- Recognizes short, high-frequency words in text (the, in, on, is)
- Talks about their experiences and asks about yours
- Speaks clearly enough to be understood by everyone
- Has a vocabulary of about 10,000 words
Gross motor development milestones
- Skips across a room
- Walks on a beam without falling
- Hops on one foot for about 10 feet
- Runs lightly on toes
- Jumps rope
- Rides a bicycle with or without training wheels
Fine motor development milestones
- Catches a small ball
- Cuts out simple shapes following an outline
- Ties shoelaces
- Completes bathroom routines without help
- Prints words and numerals
- Colors within lines
- Has an adult grasp of how to use a pencil
- Uses glue appropriately
Behavioral development milestones
- Enjoys the company of friends and is involved in conversations
- Takes an interest in clothing and dressing up
- Has friends and likes playing around in the park rather than being alone
- Behaves cheerfully more often than showing anger or irritation
Making sure your 6-year-old is getting the right nutrition
As children become more active, they require more calories to grow. Protein becomes especially important for building muscle mass, but fruits, vegetables and whole grains are also essential.
This is the best time to get them used to eating healthy. Avoid adding artificial sweeteners to their foods. When packing lunches, always include a portable fresh fruit (such as a banana, a peeled or sectioned orange or apple slices) and vegetables (such as sugar snap peas, carrot sticks or zucchini strips).
Keeping your growing 6-year-old safe
Most 6-year-olds are adventurers, exploring the world around them and their own limits. Be prepared for scrapes and bruises, since accidents happen. By the age of 6, your child should have a good understanding of safety guidelines, including rules for:
- Riding a bicycle
- Crossing the street
- Playing on a playground and in a swimming pool
However, your 6-year-old is too young to:
- Cook on a stove unsupervised
- Be left alone with a baby
- Spend time alone in the house
- Walk home from school by themselves
- Attachment Theory: What It Is, Stages & the Different Attachment Styles
- Gentle Parenting: What It Is, Techniques & Discipline
- U.S. Nursing Homes Fail to Report Many Serious Falls, Bedsores: Study
- The Younger You Get Diabetes, the Higher Your Risk for Dementia Later
- FDA Grants Full Approval to Paxlovid to Treat COVID-19
- More Health News »
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
The Center for Parenting Education. Child Development by Age. https://centerforparentingeducation.org/library-of-articles/child-development/child-development-by-age/
Top Developmental Milestones for a 6-Year-Old Related Articles
Baby's 1st Yr SlideshowWhat developmental milestones can you expect to see during baby's first year? Find out when babies learn to smile, laugh, crawl, and talk.
Children's HealthChildren's health is focused on the well-being of children from conception through adolescence. There are many aspects of children's health, including growth and development, illnesses, injuries, behavior, mental illness, family health, and community health.
How Do I Choose a Developmentally Appropriate Toy for My Child?Most parents are worried about keeping their toddler or preschooler occupied in a way that will have a positive effect on their development. To choose a developmentally appropriate toy for your child choose open-ended toys, steer clear of electronics, stay away from educational toys and pick toys that will grow with your child and encourage them to be active.
How Do You Identify Developmental Delays in Children?According to the CDC, about one in six children in the United States has one or another kind of developmental delay or developmental disability. Possible signs of developmental delay include a baby not being able to hold their head up by 4 months of age, can't sit well by 10 months of age, doesn't move their arms or legs, having an unusual cry, doesn't want to stand up, and other signs.
New Parents MistakesParenting a child isn't easy. Explore the top 10 mistakes that new parents make. Discover newborn parenting tips for breastfeeding, learn to deal with crying babies, child's fevers, and more.
Child's 2nd Year SlidesYour child's second year is full of toddler milestone such as running, climbing, kicking a ball, and more. Discover child developmental events that occur during the first two years of life.
Brain Foods for Kids: Healthy Food for Kids’ BrainsUse this brain foods list to make your child smarter and healthier with these brain-boosting meals! Developing brains needs the right foods to boost learning and improve concentration.
What Age Should a Child Learn to Read, Write and Do Math?Learning to read, write and do math is always a milestone in kids that parents treasure. Children will learn to read between the ages of four and six and write and do math between six and 10 years old.
What Are 4 Types of Child Personalities?Everyone is born with a distinct personality type and unique characteristics. The four personality types according to Hippocrates are choleric, sanguine, melancholic and phlegmatic.
What Are the 5 Stages of Child Development?Children undergo various changes in terms of physical, speech, intellectual, and cognitive development until adolescence. The five stages of child development include the newborn, infant, toddler, preschool, and school-age stages.
What Does the ASPA Gene Do?ASPA (aspartoacylase) is the gene that codes for a protein called aspartoacylase. Aspartoacylase is an enzyme involved in the breakdown of a molecule called N-acetylaspartate (NAA), which is found in high concentrations in the brain. Mutations in the ASPA gene can lead to a deficiency in aspartoacylase activity, which can cause a rare genetic disorder called Canavan disease. Children with Canavan disease typically have a severe intellectual disability and may have problems with movement, feeding, and breathing.
What Happens When Bipolar Meds Don't Work?Many of the medications for bipolar disorder come with side effects. If you experience severe side effects, do not stop taking your medications. If you abruptly stop them, your symptoms may worsen. Your doctor can observe how you react to your medications.