Depression in the elderly is very common. That doesn't mean, though, it's normal. Treatment may involve antidepressants, psychotherapy, or electroconvulsive therapy. Read more: Depression in the Elderly Article
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Vitamin D Deficiency: How Much Vitamin D Is Enough?
What does vitamin D do? Learn about vitamin D benefits and discover foods that are high in vitamin D. Explore vitamin D...
Learn to Spot Depression: Symptoms, Warning Signs, Medication
What is depression? Get information on symptoms, signs, tests, and treatments for many types of depression including major...
Better Sex After 50
It's never too late to improve your sex life. Learn how to overcome common health conditions affecting those over 50 such as...
Grief, Bereavement, and Mourning Quiz: Test Your Understanding
Grieving? Whatever your method of dealing with grief, it’s perfectly normal. Take the Grief, Bereavement, and Mourning Quiz to...
Bipolar Disorder (Mania) Quiz: Test Your Emotional Wellness IQ
Who is at risk for developing bipolar disorder? Are you? Take this Bipolar Disorder Quiz to learn more about bipolar disorder, if...
Depression Quiz: Signs & Symptoms
Many people do not recognize the symptoms and warning signs of depression and depressive disorders in children and adults. With...
Happiness Quiz: Positive Attitude
Take the Happiness Quiz! Plenty of people live in pleasant, fulfilling satisfaction. Is it sex or money that factors into happier...
12 Tips for Success with Antidepressants
Antidepressants like selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) are medication...
Healthy Aging: Sneaky Depression Triggers in Pictures
There are many causes and triggers of depression. From too little vitamin B12 to too much time alone, look at these surprising...
Depression Myths: Overwork, Recklessness and More in Pictures
Folk remedies and half-truths still prevent many from getting treatment for depression. WebMD's pictures show unusual symptoms in...
Foods That Help Fight Depression
Food cannot prevent depression, but a healthy diet may boost your mood. Foods like salmon, carrots, Brazil nuts and even...
Physical Symptoms of Depression in Pictures
Depression can cause physical problems such as insomnia, chest pain, fatigue, headaches, and more. Learn the signs of depression...
Exercise Tips for Seniors
Exercise for seniors is important for healthy and successful aging. Learn what happens to our bodies as we age, how to start...
Related Disease Conditions
Second Source article from Government
Parkinson's disease is a slowly progressive neurological disease characterized by a fixed inexpressive face, a tremor at rest, slowing of voluntary movements, a gait with short accelerating steps, peculiar posture and muscle weakness, caused by degeneration of an area of the brain called the basal ganglia, and by low production of the neurotransmitter dopamine. Most patients are over 50, but at least 10 percent are under 40.
Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one feels about oneself, and the way one thinks about things. The principal types of depression are major depression, dysthymia, and bipolar disease (also called manic-depressive disease).
Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental and physical). The causes of fatigue are generally related to a variety of conditions or diseases, for example, anemia, mono, medications, sleep problems, cancer, anxiety, heart disease, and drug abuse.Treatment of fatigue is generally directed toward the condition or disease that is causing the fatigue.
Alzheimer's disease is a common cause of dementia. Symptoms and warning signs of Alzheimer's disease include memory loss, difficulty performing familiar tasks, disorientation to time and place, misplacing things, and more. The biggest risk factor for Alzheimer's disease is increased age. Treatment for Alzheimer's is often targeted toward decreasing the symptoms and progression of the disease.
Mitral Valve Prolapse
Mitral valve prolapse (MVP), also called "click murmur syndrome" and "Barlow's syndrome," is the most common type of heart valve abnormality. Usually, people with mitral valve prolapse have no signs and symptoms; however, if the prolapsed valve is severe, symptoms may appear. When symptoms of severe mitral valve prolapse do appear, they may include, fatigue, palpitations, chest pain, anxiety, migraine headaches, and pulmonary edema. Echocardiography is the most useful test for mitral valve prolapse. Most people with mitral valve need no treatment. However, if the valve prolapse is severe, treatment medications or surgery may be necessary to repair the heart valve.
Grief: Loss of a Loved One
Grief is the feeling one experiences after a loss (of a friendship, death of loved one, job). Complicated grief refers to grief that lasts for more than a year. Mourning describes the customs and rituals that help bereaved individuals make sense of their loss.
Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS)
Cyclic vomiting syndrome is a condition in which affected individuals have severe nausea and vomiting that come in cycles. Researchers believe that cyclic vomiting syndrome and migraine headaches are related. Triggers of cyclic vomiting syndrome are emotional stress and infections. People with cyclic vomiting syndrome are at an increased risk of dehydration. Cyclic vomiting syndrome is difficult to diagnose. Treatment varies from person to person, but is generally directed toward relief of the symptoms of the condition.
Symptoms of 12 Serious Diseases and Health Problems
Learn how to recognize early warning signs and symptoms of serious diseases and health problems, for example, chronic cough, headache, chest pain, nausea, stool color or consistency changes, heartburn, skin moles, anxiety, nightmares, suicidal thoughts, hallucinations, delusions, lightheadedness, night sweats, eye problems, confusion, depression, severe pelvic or abdominal pain, unusual vaginal discharge, and nipple changes. The symptoms and signs of serious health problems can be caused by strokes, heart attacks, cancers, reproductive problems in females (for example, cancers, fibroids, endometriosis, ovarian cysts, and sexually transmitted diseases or STDs), breast problems (for example, breast cancer and non-cancer related diseases), lung diseases (for example, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD, lung cancer, emphysema, and asthma), stomach or digestive diseases (for example, cancers, gallbladder, liver, and pancreatic diseases, ulcerative colitis, or Crohn's disease), bladder problems (for example, urinary incontinence, and kidney infections), skin cancer, muscle and joint problems, emotional problems or mental illness (for example, postpartum depression, major depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), mania, and schizophrenia), and headache disorders (for example, migraines, or "the worst headache of your life), and eating disorders and weight problems (for example, anorexia or bulimia).
Emotional eating can be detrimental to one's efforts at weight loss. Learning to identify the situations and emotions that trigger overeating can help to break the habit and prevent future instances of compulsive eating.
Sleep Disorders (How to Get a Good Night's Sleep)
A number of vital tasks carried out during sleep help maintain good health and enable people to function at their best. Sleep needs vary from individual to individual and change throughout your life. The National Institutes of Health recommend about 7-9 hours of sleep each night for older, school-aged children, teens, and most average adults; 10-12 for preschool-aged children; and 16-18 hours for newborns. There are two stages of sleep; 1) REM sleep (rapid-eye movement), and 2) NREM sleep (non-rapid-eye movement). The side effects of lack of sleep or insomnia include: Irritability Tiredness Feeling sleepy during the day Concentration or memory problems Lack of sleep and insomnia can be caused by medical conditions or diseases, medications, stress, or pain. The treatment for lack of sleep and insomnia depends upon the cause.
Bullying is repeated physical or verbal aggression that involves an imbalance of power. Types of bullying include physical, verbal, relational, reactive, and assaults on a person's property.
Dissociative Identity Disorder
Dissociative identity disorder (formerly known as multiple personality disorder or split personality disorder) is a mental illness in which a person has at least two distinct personalities. Symptoms and signs include lapses in memory, feeling unreal, blackouts in time, hearing voices in their head that are not their own, not recognizing themselves in the mirror, and finding items in one's possession but not recalling how they were acquired. Treatment usually involves psychotherapy, medications, and sometimes hypnosis.
Cushing's syndrome, sometimes referred to as hypercortisolism, is a hormonal disorder caused by prolonged exposure to high levels of the hormone cortisol. Symptoms may include obesity, thinning arms and legs, a rounded face, and increased fat around the neck. Some causes of Cushing's syndrome is from taking glucocorticoid hormones such as prednisone for inflammatory diseases. Treatment for Cushing's syndrome depends on the cause.
Lewy Body Dementia (Dementia with Lewy Bodies)
Lewy body dementia (LBD or dementia with Lewy bodies) is one the most common causes of dementia. There are two types of LBD: 1) dementia with Lewy bodies, and 2) Parkinson's disease dementia. Symptoms of LBD are changes in a person's ability to think, movement problems, and sleep disorders. Treatment of LBD includes lifestyle changes, management of symptoms, palliative care, and medications to manage symptoms.
Insomnia Treatment (Sleep Aids and Stimulants)
Insomnia is difficulty in falling or staying asleep, the absence of restful sleep, or poor quality of sleep. Insomnia is a symptom and not a disease. The most common causes of insomnia are medications, psychological conditions, environmental changes and stressful events. Treatments may include non-drug treatments, over-the-counter medicines, and/or prescription medications.
Mental illness is any disease or condition affecting the brain that influence the way a person thinks, feels, behaves, and/or relates to others. Mental illness is caused by heredity, biology, psychological trauma and environmental stressors.
Huntington's disease is the result of degeneration of neurons in areas of the brain. Huntington's disease is an inherited disorder. Early symptoms include mood swings, apathy, depression, and anger uncharacteristic of the individual. Judgement, memory, and other cognitive functions may become impaired. Presymptomatic testing is available for individuals who have a family history of Huntington's disease. Treatment includes medication and therapy for symptoms.
Hypercalcemia (Elevated Calcium Levels)
Hypercalcemia is a condition in which calcium levels in the blood are elevated. Hypercalcemia is associated with other conditions such as hyperparathyroidism, lung cancer, breast cancer, kidney failure, and elevated levels of vitamin D. Symptoms of hypercalcemia include constipation, nausea, abdominal pain, and kidney stones. Treatment depends on the cause of hypercalcemia.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms vary from person to person, and can last for days to months without periods of remission. Symptoms of MS include sexual problems and problems with the bowel, bladder, eyes, muscles, speech, swallowing, brain, and nervous system. The early symptoms and signs of multiple sclerosis usually start between age 20 and 40. MS in children, teens, and those over age 40 is rare. Treatment options for multiple sclerosis vary depending on the type and severity of symptoms. Medications may be prescribed to manage MS symptoms.
Compulsive gambling is a disorder that affects millions in the U.S. Symptoms and signs include a preoccupation with gambling, lying to family or loved ones to hide gambling, committing crimes to finance gambling, and risking importance relationships and employment due to gambling. Treatment may incorporate participation in Gamblers' Anonymous, psychotherapy, and medications like carbamazepine, topiramate, lithium, naltrexone, antidepressants, clomipramine, and fluvoxamine.
Insomnia (Symptoms, Causes, Remedies, and Cures)
Insomnia is the perception or complaint of inadequate or poor-quality sleep because of difficulty falling asleep; waking up frequently during the night with difficulty returning to sleep; waking up too early in the morning; or unrefreshing sleep. Secondary insomnia is the most common type of insomnia. Treatment for insomnia include lifestyle changes, cognitive behavioral therapy, and medication.
Factitious Disorders by Proxy (Munchausen Syndrome)
Factitious disorders are a mental illness (Munchausen syndrome) in which a caregiver secretly abuses a child by faking symptoms in the child. Symptoms of factitious disorders in victims include chest pain, fainting, and hallucinations. They don’t know what causes factitious disorders; however, it is thought to be a combination of biological variables. Treatment for factitious disorders include a healthcare team.
Alzheimer's Disease Patient Caregiver Guide
Caring for a loved one or patient with Alzheimer's can become a difficult and overwhelming task at times. This guide helps caregivers of individual's with Alzheimer's deal with communicating, bathing, and dressing; as well as problem solving with incontinence, sleeping, wandering; and coping with difficulties Alzheimer's patients present.
Dysthymia is a less severe form of chronic depression. Symptoms and signs include insomnia, suicidal thoughts, guilt, empty feeling, loss of energy, helplessness, sluggishness, and persistent aches and pains. Treatment may involve psychotherapy, electroconvulsive therapy, and antidepressants.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Early Warning Signs and Types
Multiple sclerosis (MS) can be thought of as an immune-mediated inflammatory process involving different areas of the central nervous system (CNS) at various points in time. Early warning signs and symptoms of MS in children, teens, and adults are similar; however, children and teens with pediatric also may have seizures and a complete lack of energy. Adults with MS do not have these signs and symptoms. Other signs and symptoms of MS include inflammation of the optic nerve (optic neuritis), changes in vision, Wiping or having tissues around the eye and moving the eye may be painful, and double vision. There are four types of MS, relapsing remitting MS (RRMS), secondary progressive MS (SPMS), primary progressive MS (PPMS), and progressive relapsing MD (PRMS).
Enjoying a satisfying sex life as we age is important to both physical and mental health. As we age, diseases and conditions may pose challenges in our sexual health, and sexual experiences. Learn how to manage your conditions and still have a gratifying sex life as you age.
Alternative Treatment for MS (CAM for MS)
The term alternative therapy, in general, is used to describe any medical treatment or intervention that has not been scientifically documented or identified as safe or effective for a specific condition. Alternative therapy encompasses a variety of disciplines that range from diet and exercise to mental conditioning to lifestyle changes.
Binswanger's disease is a type of vascular dementia that is caused by damage to the blood vessels that feed deep areas of the brain. Symptoms of the disease may include memory loss, mood changes, and difficulty with decision making. There is no specific treatment for Binswanger's disease. Symptoms may be managed with antidepressants and atypical antipsychotic drugs. Management of underlying diseases, including hypertension and diabetes, may help. Binswanger's disease is progressive and there is no cure.
Most often, caregivers take care of other adults who are ill or disabled. Less often, caregivers are grandparents raising their grandchildren. The majority of caregivers are middle-aged women. Caregiving can be very stressful, so it's important to recognize when it's putting to much strain on you and to take steps to prevent/relieve stress.
What Is Major Depressive Disorder?
The American Psychiatric Association defines major depressive disorder (depression) as a common, but serious, medical illness that negatively affects how one feels, thinks and acts. Depression causes sadness and/or a loss of interest in activities once enjoyed. Depression can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems and decrease a person’s ability to function at work and home.
Depression and Suicide
Depression is a psychiatric illness that affects one in six people in the United States. Nearly two-thirds of people with depression do not realize that they have a treatable illness and do not seek treatment. Depression could happen when there is a decrease in the functional balance of the brain chemicals e.g., serotonin and norepinephrine.
How to Recognize Symptoms of Suicidal Behavior
People who contemplate suicide see it as a solution to run away from the problems that seem never-ending to them. If they get help in the form of counseling and emotional support at an earlier stage, they can be saved. Some of their words and actions can give you clues if they are at risk of hurting themselves.
Local ResourcesFind a local Psychiatrist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Depression FAQs
- Happiness FAQs
- Grief Bereavement Mourning FAQs
- Bipolar Disorder Mania FAQs
- PTSD: Disaster Survivors Face PTSD Risk
- Mental Health: Questions to Ask When Choosing a Provider and Doctor
- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), More Common Than You Think
- Male Menopause
- Grapefruit Juice and Drug Interactions
- Herbs: Toxicities and Drug Interactions
- Catherine Zeta-Jones: A Case of Bipolar II Disorder
- Diet and Depression: How Food Can Help with Depression Symptoms
Medications & Supplements
- Lexapro (escitalopram) Side Effects, Warnings, and Interactions
- Rexulti (brexpiprazole)
- Antidepressants (Depression Medications)
- Zoloft (sertraline) Side Effects, Warnings, and Interactions
- Wellbutrin (buproprion) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- Lexapro (escitalopram)
- Ativan Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- Side Effects of Effexor (venlafaxine)
- Lexapro vs. Wellbutrin: Differences between Side Effects and Uses
- Citalopram (Celexa)
- Side Effects of Seroquel (quetiapine)
- Anxiolytics (for Anxiety) Drug Class Side Effects
- lorazepam (Ativan)
- MAOIs (Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors, MAOI)
- Side Effects of Trintellix (vortioxetine)
- aripiprazole (Abilify, Aristrada)
- Cymbalta (duloxetine)
- Cymbalta (duloxetine) vs. Effexor (XR, venlafaxine) Differences in Uses, Dose, and Withdrawal
- Side Effects of Elavil (amitriptyline)
- olanzapine (Zyprexa, Zydis)
- Trazodone (Desyrel)
- Aldactone (spironolactone) Side Effects, Interactions, and Warnings
- Side Effects of Paxil (paroxetine)
- brexpiprazole (Rexulti)
- perphenazine and amitriptyline hydrochloride (Etrafon - brand no longer available in the US)
- Cymbalta vs. Wellbutrin Comparison
- Celexa vs. Cymbalta (Comparison of Differences and Similarities)
- Lexapro vs. Prozac
- venlafaxine, Effexor XR (Effexor has been discontinued in the US)
- St. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum)
- clomipramine (Anafranil)
- nortriptyline (Pamelor)
- Side Effects of Pamelor (nortriptyline)
- Turnera diffusa (Damiana)
- vortioxetine (Trintellix - formerly known as Brintellix)
- desvenlafaxine (Pristiq, Khedezla)
- Medicines that Cause Depression
- Buspar vs. Zoloft (Differences between Side Effects and Uses)
- Stimulants (ADHD)
- nefazodone (Serzone)
- doxepin (Sinequan and Adapin are discontinued brand in the US; Silenor)
- desipramine (Norpramin)
- trimipramine (Surmontil)
- bupropion extended release (Forfivo XL)
- Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs) vs. Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)
- Side Effects of Serzone (nefazodone)
- Side Effects of Remeron (mirtazapine)
- Side Effects of Surmontil (trimipramine)
- Side Effects of Etrafon (perphenazine/amitriptyline)
Prevention & Wellness
- More Are Turning to Pot When Depressed – But Does It Help or Harm?
- Isolation, Loneliness of Lockdowns Is Tough on America's Seniors
- Seniors With Depression Show Resilience in Face of Pandemic
- Vitamin D Won't Reduce Risk of Depression
- 10 Factors Affect Alzheimer's Disease Risk
- Amid Pandemic, Fears That Older Americans Are Feeling 'Expendable'
- AHA News: Persistent Depression Might Increase Heart Disease Risk for Women With HIV
- Can Talk Therapy Heal the Body, Too?
- Insomnia May Forecast Depression, Thinking Problems in Older People
- Therapy by Phone Helps Parkinson's Patients Manage Depression
- Is the 'Gratitude Movement' Overrated? Study Finds It Has Limits
- AHA News: Stroke Survivors Might Need Better Screening for Depression
- Health Tip: Healthy Ways to Deal With Sadness
- Hong Kong Unrest Leaves Millions to Struggle With PTSD, Depression
- Veterans' Study Shows Genetic Origins of Anxiety
- People With Depression Are Turning to Pot for Relief: Study
- Magic Mushroom Ingredient Could Treat Depression
- Exercise Reduces Depression, Even With a Family History
- Can You Beat the Blues With 'Downward Dog'?
- Grandma Isn't So Lonely After All
- Are You Lonely? Your Tweets Offer Important Clues, Experts Say
- Risks Mount for Lonely Hearts After Cardiac Surgery
- What Works Best to Treat Depression?
- How to Wait Out a Blue Mood
- What Treatments Work Best to Prevent Suicide?
- Exercise Your Blues Away
- AHA News: Age Could Be Key to Women's Worse Quality of Life Post-Stroke
- AHA News: Here's Why Stroke Survivors Need to Pay Attention to Bone Health
- Depression, Alzheimer's Might Be Part of Same Process in Some Aging Brains: Study
- It's Not Just College Kids: Many Seniors Are Binge Drinking, Too
- The Happiness Dividend: Longer, Healthier Lives
- Easing Depression Can Bring Longer Life to People With Diabetes
- How Are You Feeling? Check Your Wristband
- 1 in 5 People Living in Conflict Areas Has a Mental Health Problem
- For People With Heart Failure, Loneliness Can Mean Worse Care
- Healthy Food May Boost Mood
- Health Tip: Antidepressant Precautions
- Elder Abuse On the Rise in America
- Nutritional Supplements Don't Ward Off Depression: Study
- 1 in 3 Young Adults Suffers From Loneliness in U.S.
- FDA Approves Ketamine-Like Drug for Severe Depression
- Poor Health Compounds Loneliness in Seniors
- Health Tip: Beat the Winter Blues
- Could Germs in Your Gut Send You Into Depression?
- Mindfulness Might Ease Menopause Symptoms
- Is Air Pollution a Downer?
- Simple Treatments to Banish Winter Blues
- Social Support Key to Good Mental Health After Stroke: Study
- 'Meaningful' Activities May Mean Healthier Old Age
- Listen Up! Hearing Loss Tied to Late-Life Depression
- The Link Between Social Media and Depression
- 3 in 4 Americans Struggle With Loneliness
- Many Say Ketamine Eased Their Depression, But Is It Safe?
- Brexit Had Brits Turning to Antidepressants: Study
- Stimulating One Brain Area May Ease Tough-to-Treat Depression
- Anti-Seizure Drug May Be New Weapon Against Depression
- Ketamine Being Used as Unapproved Treatment for Depression
- Could a Blood Test Help Spot Severe Depression?
- Never Ignore Depression
- A Lonely Heart Poses a Big Health Risk
- Depression May Dampen Memory
- Scientists Pinpoint Dozens of Genes That Increase Risk of Depression
- When 'Nest Egg' Vanishes, Death Risk Rises
- Depression Could Be a Risk Factor for A-Fib: Study
- Pfizer Recalls Effexor Antidepressant
- Isolation, Loneliness May Raise Death Risk for Elderly
- High Medical Bills Driving Some Americans to Extreme Measures
- Palliative Care Eases Suffering for Seniors at End of Life: Study
- Medicare Coverage Gap May Cause Seniors to Forgo Antidepressants
- Antidepressants Might Raise Fall Risk in Nursing Homes
- Newer Antidepressants Work Equally Well, Study Finds
- Loneliness May Disrupt Sleep
- Bright Light Eases Depression in Elderly People
- New Links Seen Between Depression and Diabetes
- Holiday Safety and Health Tips
- FDA: Boxed Warning on Serious Mental Health Events to be Required for Chantix
- Obesity Linked with Mood and Anxiety Disorders
- Teaching Old Muscles New Tricks
- Depression and Aging
- Depression: The Link Between Depression and Other Mental Illnesses
- Depression: Major Depression
- Psychotic Depression
- Depression Resources
- Depression Caused by Chronic Illnesses
- Exercise and Depression
- Diagnosing Depression
- Depression: Alternative Therapies for Depression
- St. Johns Wort for Depression
- Suicide: Recognizing the Signs of Suicide
- Sleep and Aging
- Sleep and Depression
- Erectile Dysfunction Related Depression