Dengue fever is contracted from the bite of a striped Aedes aegypti mosquito. Symptoms and signs of dengue include headache, fever, exhaustion, severe joint and muscle pain, rash, and swollen glands. Since dengue is caused by a virus, there is no specific medicine to treat it. Treatment instead focuses on relieving the symptoms. Read more: Dengue Fever Article
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Related Disease Conditions
Headaches can be divided into two categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. Migraine headaches, tension headaches, and cluster headaches are considered primary headaches. Secondary headaches are caused by disease. Headache symptoms vary with the headache type. Over-the-counter pain relievers provide short-term relief for most headaches.
Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension)
Low blood pressure, also referred to as hypotension, is blood pressure that is so low that it causes symptoms or signs due to the low flow of blood through the arteries and veins. Some of the symptoms of low blood pressure include light-headedness, dizziness, and fainting if not enough blood is getting to the brain. Diseases and medications can also cause low blood pressure. When the flow of blood is too low to deliver enough oxygen and nutrients to vital organs such as the brain, heart, and kidneys; the organs do not function normally and may be permanently damaged.
Swollen Lymph Nodes (Glands)
Lymph nodes help the body's immune system fight infections. Causes of swollen lymph nodes (glands) may include infection (viral, bacterial, fungal, parasites). Symptoms of swollen lymph nodes vary greatly, but may include fever, night sweats, toothache, sore throat, or weight loss. Causes of swollen lymph nodes also vary, but may include cancer, the common cold, mono, chickenox, HIV, and herpes. The treatment of swollen lymph nodes depends upon the cause.
The word "rash" means an outbreak of red bumps on the body. The way people use this term, "a rash" can refer to many different skin conditions. The most common of these are scaly patches of skin and red, itchy bumps or patches all over the place.
What Causes Abdominal Pain?
Abdominal pain can have many causes that range from mild to severe. Some of these causes include bloating, gas, colitis, endometriosis, food poisoning, GERD, IBS (irritable bowel syndrome), ovarian cysts, abdominal adhesions, diverticulitis, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, gallbladder disease, liver disease, and cancers. Signs and symptoms of the more serious causes include dehydration, bloody or black tarry stools, severe abdominal pain, pain with no urination or painful urination. Treatment for abdominal pain depends upon the cause.
Fever in Adults and Children
Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37 C), in practice, a person is usually not considered to have a significant fever until the temperature is above 100.4 F (38 C). Fever is part of the body's own disease-fighting arsenal; rising body temperatures apparently are capable of killing off many disease-producing organisms.
Medical shock is a life-threatening medical condition. There are several types of medical shock, including: septic shock, anaphylactic shock, cardiogenic shock, hypovolemic shock, and neurogenic shock. Causes of shock include: heart attack, heart failure, heavy bleeding (internal and external), infection, anaphylaxis, spinal cord injury, severe burns, chronic vomiting or diarrhea. Low blood pressure is the key sign of sock. Treatment is dependant upon the type of shock.
Nosebleeds are common in dry climates during winter months, and in hot dry climates with low humidity. People taking blood clotting medications, aspirin, or anti-inflammatory medications may be more prone to nosebleeds. Other factors that contribute to nosebleed are trauma (including nose picking, especially in children), rhinitis (both allergic and nonallergic), and high blood pressure. First-aid treatments for a nosebleed generally do not need medical care. Frequent or chronic nosebleeds may require medical treatment such as over-the-counter (OTC) medication, and prevention of nose picking.
Pneumonia is inflammation of the lungs caused by fungi, bacteria, or viruses. Symptoms and signs include cough, fever, shortness of breath, and chills. Antibiotics treat pneumonia, and the choice of the antibiotic depends upon the cause of the infection.
Sore throat (throat pain) usually is described as pain or discomfort in the throat area. A sore throat may be caused by bacterial infections, viral infections, toxins, irritants, trauma, or injury to the throat area. Common symptoms of a sore throat include a fever, cough, runny nose, hoarseness, earaches, sneezing, and body aches. Home remedies for a sore throat include warm soothing liquids and throat lozenges. OTC remedies for a sore throat include OTC pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen. Antibiotics may be necessary for some cases of sore throat.
What Are the 5 Types of Fever?
Fever is a sign that your body is fighting an infection or illness. Learn the signs of fever, what causes fever, how doctors diagnose fever, and what you can do to treat fever.
Nausea and Vomiting
Nausea is an uneasiness of the stomach that often precedes vomiting. Nausea and vomiting are not diseases, but they are symptoms of many conditions. There are numerous cases of nausea and vomiting. Some causes may not require medical treatment, for example, motion sickness, and other causes may require medical treatment by a doctor, for example, heart attack, lung infections, bronchitis, and pneumonia. Some causes of nausea and vomiting may be life-threatening, for example, heart attack, abdominal obstruction, and cancers. Treatment of nausea and vomiting depends upon the cause.
Myocarditis is an inflammation of the heart muscle and can be caused by a variety of infections, conditions, and viruses. Symptoms of myocarditis include chest pain, shortness of breath, fatigue, and fluid accumulation in the lungs. Treatment mainly involves preventing heart failure with medication and diet, as well as monitoring for heart rhythm abnormalities.
What Is Chagas Disease?
Chagas disease is an infection caused by the T. cruzi parasite. Symptoms of Chagas disease include rash, swollen lymph nodes, fever, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, and the Romaña sign. An ELISA test is used to diagnose Chagas disease. Treatment depends upon the phase of the disease and the patient's age.
Muscle Pain (Myofascial Pain Syndrome)
Muscle pain (myofascial pain syndrome) is muscle pain in the body's soft tissues due to injury or strain. Symptoms include muscle pain with tender points and fatigue. Treatment usually involves physical therapy, massage therapy, or trigger point injection.
Bioterrorism is a form of terrorism where there is the intentional release of biological agents such as viruses, germs, or bacteria. Diseases caused by bioterrorism agents include anthrax, botulism, plague, smallpox, tularemia, brucellosis, food poisoning, Q fever, ricin toxin poisoning, cholera, epidemic typhus, viral encephalitis, XDR TB, and MDR TB.
POTS (POT Syndrome, Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome)
POT syndrome (POTS, postrual orthostatic tachycardia syndrome) is a nervous system disorder that causes lightheadedness and fainting when a person stands up. Treatment may include increasing blood volume and regulating circulatory problems that are responsible for the disorder.
Zika Virus (Zika Fever)
The Zika virus is transmitted by the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito. Symptoms and signs of a Zika virus infection include conjunctivitis, headache, joint pain, fever, rash, and muscle aches. Treatment for Zika virus infections aims to alleviate symptoms.
Travelers should prepare for their trip by visiting their physician to get the proper vaccinations and obtain the necessary medication if they have a medical condition or chronic disease. Diseases that travelers may pick up from contaminated water or food, insect or animal bites, or from other people include: malaria, meningococcal meningitis, yellow fever, hepatitis A, typhoid fever, polio, and cholera.
Viral Hemorrhagic Fever
Viral hemorrhagic fever(s), or VHFs are a group of illnesses caused by distinct families of viruses. Many of these viruses are life-threatening, and classified as biosafety level four (BSL-4) pathogens. Viral hemorrhagic fever viruses are caused arenaviruses, filoviruses, bunyaviruses, and flaviviruses. The viruses are carried in rodents and transmitted through urine, fecal, saliva, or other body excretions from the infected rodents. Symptoms of viral hemorrhagic fever include marked fatigue, dizziness, muscle aches, loss of strength, fever, and exhaustion. Severely ill patients may also suffer shock coma, seizures, delirium, kidney failure, or nervous system malfunction. There is no established cure for viral hemorrhagic fever.
Chikungunya Virus (Chikungunya Infection)
Chikungunya virus is an infection spread (transmitted) through a bite from an infected mosquito. Common symptoms of Chikungunya virus infection include joint pain, headache, rash, and fever. There is no drug or vaccine available to treat or prevent Chikungunya virus infections. Some medicines and home remedies may help relieve symptoms of Chikungunya virus infection.
What Should I Know About Dengue Fever?
Dengue fever, also called breakbone fever, is an illness caused by the dengue virus. It is caused when a female Aedes mosquito carrying the virus bites a healthy person. This disease is mainly found in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world.
Treatment & Diagnosis
Medications & Supplements
- Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
- aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid, Bayer, Ecotrin, and others)
- acetaminophen (Tylenol, Tylenol Arthritis Pain, Tylenol Ext, Little Fevers Children's Fever/Pain)
- codeine (for Pain)
- Dengvaxia (dengue tetravalent vaccine, live)
- Side Effects of Dengvaxia (dengue tetravalent vaccine, live)
Prevention & Wellness
- Global Warming Means Spread of Malaria, Dengue
- Dengue Fever Infection and Death in Florida
- 11 Dengue Fever Cases Confirmed in Florida
- Asian Tiger Mosquito Showing Up in Illinois
- Could 9 in 10 Cases of Dengue Be Prevented?
- Researchers Alter Mosquitoes to Resist Dengue Infection
- Bacteria Could Be Weapon Against Mosquito-Borne Dengue
- Chinese Scientists Cut Local Numbers of Dangerous Mosquito by 94%
- Dengue Vaccine Approved by FDA
- Climate Change Will Aid Spread of Disease-Bearing Mosquitoes
- New, Natural Pesticides Effective Against Mosquitoes: Study
- Thirsty Mosquitoes May Bite More in Droughts
- Even a Mosquito's Spit May Help Make You Sick
- Dengue Vaccine Use Should Be Restricted: WHO
- Treeless Tropics, More Disease-Carrying Mosquitoes?
- Fresno Program Aims to Eliminate Zika-Carrying Mosquitoes
- Travelers Bring Malaria Back to U.S., With High Costs
- Scientists Probe Zika's Path to the Fetus
- Scientists Create Mosquitoes Resistant to Dengue Virus
- Mosquitoes Can Deliver Zika/Chikungunya Double Whammy
- Dengue Vaccine Could Make Disease Worse: Study
- U.S. Army, French Drugmaker to Join Forces on Zika Vaccine
- Dengue Virus May Bolster Zika's Attack
- Bacteria Experiment May Point Way to Slow Zika's Spread
- Doctors Issue Call to Combat Climate Change
- New Dengue Virus Vaccine Shows Promise
- Zika Virus: What You Should Know
- Hawaii Facing Rise in Dengue Fever Cases
- Virus-Carrying Mosquitoes Spreading to New Regions
- Dengue Fever Vaccine Shows Some Promise in Trial
- Mosquito-Borne Chikungunya Virus May Be Headed for U.S.
- Chikungunya Virus: Questions and Answers
- Texas Woman's Death Highlights Danger of Overlooking Dengue Fever
- Scientists Seek to Take Bite Out of Mosquito Problem
- Asian Tiger Mosquito Could Spread U.S. Disease
- Homegrown Strain of Dengue Fever Virus Pinpointed in Florida
- Mosquitoes Can Become Desensitized to DEET
- Climate Change May Bring Another Mosquito-Borne Illness to U.S.
- New Vaccine Offers Some Protection Against Dengue
- Health Highlights: June 22, 2012
- Health Highlights: June 21, 2012
- Dengue Fever a Major Cost Burden in Puerto Rico
- Dengue Fever Cases Subside in Florida, But Threat Remains
- Shark-Derived Drug May Treat Viruses
- Germ-Infected Mosquitoes Can't Spread Dengue
- FDA OKs Test for Dengue Fever
- Surfing Great Andy Irons -- Dengue Death?
- Too Soon to Tell Whether Dengue Fever Will Spread in U.S.
- Avoid Mosquito Bites to Prevent Dengue Fever in Florida: Expert
- Dengue Infection Re-Emerges in Florida: CDC
- 6 Insect Repellents Get High Marks
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