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- What is cyanocobalamin tablets, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What are the side effects of cyanocobalamin tablets?
- What is the dosage for cyanocobalamin tablets?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with cyanocobalamin tablets?
- Are cyanocobalamin tablets safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about cyanocobalamin tablets?
What is cyanocobalamin tablets, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- Cyanocobalamin or vitamin B12 is an essential B-vitamin that is classified as a water-soluble vitamin. Food sources of vitamin B12 include fish, shellfish, meats, and dairy products. Vitamin B12 is necessary for growth, reproduction of cells (for example, production of red blood cells, and the production of myelin that protects nerves and proteins within the nucleus of cells. Vitamin B12 also plays an important role in the breakdown or metabolism of fats and carbohydrates and production of proteins. Vitamin B12 deficiency may result in anemia, gastrointestinal problems, and nerve damage.
What brand names are available for cyanocobalamin tablets?
Vitamin B12, B12
Is cyanocobalamin tablets available as a generic drug?
Do I need a prescription for cyanocobalamin tablets?
What are the side effects of cyanocobalamin tablets?
Common side effects of cyanocobalamin include:
Other possible side effects of cyanocobalamin include:
What is the dosage for cyanocobalamin tablets?
- The recommended dose for treating vitamin B12 deficiency is 1000 mcg daily.
- The recommended dose for preventing vitamin B12 deficiency is 1500 mg or 2500 mcg (sublingual tablets) daily.
- The dose for treating hyperhomocysteinemia is 400 mg daily in combination with folic acid.
Which drugs or supplements interact with cyanocobalamin tablets?
Are cyanocobalamin tablets safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
What else should I know about cyanocobalamin tablets?
What preparations of cyanocobalamin tablets are available?
- Tablets: 100, 250, 500, and 1000 mcg
- Tablet (extended release): 1000 mcg; Tablet (sublingual): 2500 mcg
- Capsules: 250 and 500 mg
How should I keep cyanocobalamin tablets stored?
- Tablets should be stored at room temperature, 20 C to 25 C (68 F to 77 F).
Latest MedicineNet News
Oral cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12) is prescribed to prevent or treat vitamin B12 deficiency and to treat hyperhomocysteinemia. Side effects, drug interactions, dosing, storage, and pregnancy and breastfeeding information should be reviewed prior to taking this product.
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Anemia is the condition of having less than the normal number of red blood cells or less than the normal quantity of hemoglobin in the blood. The oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood is, therefore, decreased. There are several types of anemia such as iron deficiency anemia (the most common type), sickle cell anemia, vitamin B12 anemia, pernicious anemia, and aplastic anemia. Symptoms of anemia may include fatigue, malaise, hair loss, palpitations, menstruation, and medications. Treatment for anemia includes treating the underlying cause for the condition. Iron supplements, vitamin B12 injections, and certain medications may also be necessary.
Pernicious anemia is a blood disorder in which the body does not make enough red blood cells due to a lack of vitamin B12 in the blood. Pernicious anemia can develop from a lack of a protein that helps the body absorb vitamin B12, not getting enough B12 in the diet, and certain intestinal conditions that interfere with the absorption of vitamin B12 such as Crohn's disease, celiac sprue, or ulcerative colitis. There is no cure for pernicious anemia, thus treatment is life-long.
Peripheral neuropathy is a problem with the functioning of the nerves outside of the spinal cord. Symptoms may include numbness, weakness, burning pain (especially at night), and loss of reflexes. Possible causes may include carpel tunnel syndrome, shingles, vitamin or nutritional deficiencies, and illnesses like diabetes, syphilis, AIDS, and kidney failure. Peripheral neuropathy is diagnosed with exams and tests. Treatment for the condition depends on the cause. Usually, the prognosis for peripheral neuropathy is good if the cause can be successfully treated or prevented.
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