cromolyn, Nasalcrom, Gastrocrom (Intal, Opticrom are discontinued)

  • Pharmacy Author:
    Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

    Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Jay W. Marks, MD
    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD, is a board-certified internist and gastroenterologist. He graduated from Yale University School of Medicine and trained in internal medicine and gastroenterology at UCLA/Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

Asthma Attack Treatment

What brand names are available for cromolyn?

Nasalcrom, Gastrocrom

Is cromolyn available as a generic drug?

GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes

Do I need a prescription for cromolyn?

No (nasal solution). Yes (other forms)

What are the side effects of cromolyn?

Common side effects include:

Allergic reactions also can occur. Increased spasm of the breathing tubes (bronchospasm), throat irritation, and cough are the most common side effects from oral inhalation of cromolyn. Taking a beta-adrenergic bronchodilator (for example, albuterol) prior to the cromolyn can prevent these side effects. Cromolyn intranasal spray can produce sneezing and nasal irritation, but these effects generally are short-lived following each application. Use of cromolyn eye drops can produce irritation of the eye. This effect also is generally short-lived.

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Asthma Symptoms, Causes, and Medications

What is the dosage for cromolyn?

Cromolyn nebulized solution: 20 mg inhaled via nebulizer 2 or 4 times daily. Intranasal spray: Adults and children 2 years of age and older can use one spray in each nostril three or four times daily. If necessary, the dose may be increased to 6 times daily.

Ophthalmic (eye) solution: The usual dose in adults and children 4 years of age and older is one or two drops in each eye 4 to 6 times per day. Relief may be evident within a few days but several weeks of therapy may be required.

Oral concentrate solution: The recommended dose is 200 mg 4 times daily 30 minutes prior to meals.

Which drugs or supplements interact with cromolyn?

No drug interactions have been described with cromolyn.

Is cromolyn safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?

There are no adequate studies in pregnant women.

What else should I know about cromolyn?

What preparations of cromolyn are available?

Intranasal Spray: 5.2 mg/spray; Nebulized Solution: 10 mg/ml: Opthalmic Solution: 4% (1.6 mg/drop); Oral Concentrate: 100 mg/5 ml.

How should I keep cromolyn stored?

Cromolyn should be kept at room temperature, 20 C - 25 C (68 F - 77 F).

Reference: FDA Prescribing Information

Quick GuideAsthma Symptoms, Causes, and Medications

Asthma Symptoms, Causes, and Medications

Summary

Cromolyn (Nasalcrom, Gastrocrom [Intal, Opticrom are discontinued]) is an inhaled via nebulizer prescribed for the treatment of chronic asthma and exercised induced asthma, controlling symptoms of hay fever, and allergy conjunctivitis. Side effects drug interactions, warnings and precautions, and pregnancy information should be reviewed prior to taking this drug.

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See more info: cromolyn on RxList
Reviewed on 5/22/2015
References
Reference: FDA Prescribing Information

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