- What Is It?
What is a sleep-disordered breathing condition?
Sleep disorders that cause difficulty in breathing during sleep are known as sleep-disordered breathing conditions. Obstructive sleep apnea is the most common type of sleep-disordered breathing condition. Other disorders of this type are as follows:
- Obstructive sleep apnea: This results in the obstruction of the air passage. This results in cessation of breath during sleep.
- Snoring: This occurs when the flow of breathing makes the tissue of the throat vibrate, creating a loud noise.
- Central sleep apnea: This causes the body to stop breathing during sleep in an off-and-on cycle.
- Sleep-related groaning: It occurs as a prolonged sound that resembles groaning while exhaling during sleep.
Who are at risk of getting sleep-disordered breathing conditions?
Patients with the following conditions are at an increased risk of getting sleep-disordered breathing:
- Large neck circumference (more than 40 cm)
- Retrognathia (back-set jaw)
- Macroglossia (large tongue)
- Small mandible (lower jaw of the teeth) and maxilla (upper jaw of the teeth)
- Overbite (overlapping of lower teeth by the upper)
- Enlarged tonsils
- Elongated and low-lying uvula
- Reduced nasal opening
- Abnormalities in the facial structure
Additionally, poor sleep hygiene and excessive alcohol or sedative use can contribute to sleep-disordered breathing.
Men are at a higher risk of acquiring these disorders compared with women.
What are the symptoms of sleep-disordered breathing conditions?
The symptoms can be classified as those manifesting during the daytime and those manifesting during the nighttime.
- The symptoms occurring during sleep are
- Loud snoring
- Diaphoresis (sweating)
- Nocturia (urination at night)
- Teeth grinding
- Vivid or strange dreams
- Nocturnal restlessness
- Insomnia with frequent awakenings
- Gastroesophageal reflux
- Choking attacks
The symptoms observed during the daytime are:
How does a physician diagnose sleep-disordered breathing?
The physician performs a physical examination and may ask about your medical history and sleep history.
- Polysomnogram is a sleep study that requires you to stay at a sleep center overnight.
- Multiple sleep latency tests (MSLT) measures your daytime sleepiness.
- Lab tests such as thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) may be performed.
- Radiologic tests such as computed tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to identify obstruction sites.
How is sleep-disordered breathing treated?
Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the most effective method to manage sleep-disordered breathing. It delivers air pressure through a mask while sleeping. The air pressure is somewhat higher than the surrounding air and is enough to keep the upper airways open.
Management of sleep-disordered breathing includes the following other drugs:
- Alteration of body positioning during sleep: sleeping on the back helps to solve this problem
- Elimination of contributory factors such as obesity, alcohol, and sedatives
- Use of a mouthpiece to correct snoring or obstructive sleep apnea
- Medications such as Vivactil (protriptyline) or Provigil (modafinil)
- Aminophylline, Diamox (acetazolamide), L-tryptophan, Narcan (naloxone), Lioresal (baclofen), bromocriptine, Anafranil (clomipramine) and Compazine (prochlorperazine) have been tried with limited success.
What sleep-disordered breathing conditions are treated with a CPAP machine?
A continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machine treats the following sleep-disordered breathing conditions:
- Obstructive sleep apnea
CPAP also reduces the following conditions in patients with obstructive sleep apnea:
Latest Sleep News
Daily Health News
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Top CPAP Machine to Treat sleep-disordered breathing Related Articles
Sleep apnea is defined as a reduction or cessation of breathing during sleep. The three types of sleep apnea are central apnea, obstructive apnea (OSA), and a mixture of central and obstructive apnea. Central sleep apnea is caused by a failure of the brain to activate the muscles of breathing during sleep. OSA is caused by the collapse of the airway during sleep. OSA is diagnosed and evaluated through patient history, physical examination and polysomnography. There are many complications related to obstructive sleep apnea. Treatments are surgical and non-surgical.
Sleep DisordersLearn about the different types of sleep disorders such as insomnia and sleep apnea. Explore the symptoms, causes, tests and treatments of sleep disorders.
What Are the Warning Signs of Sleep Apnea?Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder in which an individual’s breathing frequently stops during sleep. The inadequate breathing causes oxygen levels in the blood to drop and disturb sleep.
What Does a Narcoleptic Attack Feel Like?With narcolepsy, you may experience attacks in which you can fall asleep in the middle of any activity. These attacks are known as “narcoleptic sleep attacks.” In between sleep attacks, you have normal levels of alertness, particularly if you are doing activities that keep you alert.
What Is CPAP Therapy?CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) breathing machines include a pump for air and a mask that fits over the mouth and nose. It's common use is to push airflow into the lungs of people who have trouble breathing during sleep (sleep apnea). CPAP machines should not be used for breathing support in COVID-19 coronavirus disease patients. The devices may deliver adequate oxygen, but they also aerosolize the virus in the infected person’s breath and spread it around the area, increasing infection risk.