- Side Effects
- Drug Interactions
- Pregnancy & Breastfeeding
- What Else to Know
Generic Name: cortisone
Drug Class: Corticosteroids, Systemic
What is cortisone, and what is it used for?
Cortisone is a synthetic corticosteroid prodrug that is converted into cortisol in the body. Cortisol is a natural steroid hormone produced in the cortex region of the adrenal glands, hence known as a corticosteroid.
Cortisone is an anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive drug used to control or reduce inflammation caused by a wide variety of conditions. Cortisone is also used to treat chronic adrenal insufficiency and to supplement inadequate natural cortisol production.
Cortisone inhibits pro-inflammatory signals and promotes anti-inflammatory signals. Cortisone binds to glucocorticoid receptors, protein molecules on cell membranes and activates multiple processes that help reduce inflammation, including:
- Controls the rate of protein synthesis
- Inhibits release of proinflammatory substances
- Prevents migration and aggregation of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN), types of white cells such as neutrophils, eosinophils and basophils that release inflammatory substances
- Reduces capillary permeability to prevent the leakage of inflammatory cells and proteins (cytokines) into the inflammation site
- Prevents migration of fibroblasts, cells that form extracellular matrix, the supportive structure of tissue, and prevents scar tissue formation
Cortisone is administered as oral tablets to treat both adult and pediatric patients with conditions that include the following:
- Severe allergic states: Bronchial asthma, atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, drug hypersensitivity reactions, perennial or seasonal allergic rhinitis, and serum sickness
- Dermatologic diseases: Severe psoriasis, severe seborrheic dermatitis, bullous dermatitis herpetiformis, exfoliative dermatitis, mycosis fungoides, pemphigus, and severe erythema multiforme (Stevens-Johnson syndrome)
- Endocrine disorders: Primary or secondary adrenocortical insufficiency, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, hypercalcemia associated with cancer, and nonsuppurative thyroiditis
- Gastrointestinal conditions: Acute episodes of regional enteritis and ulcerative colitis
- Blood disorders: Acquired (autoimmune) hemolytic anemia, congenital (erythroid) hypoplastic anemia, red blood cell anemia (erythroblastopenia), immune thrombocytopenia and secondary thrombocytopenia in adults
- Cancers: Palliative management of leukemias and lymphomas in adults and acute leukemia of childhood
- Ophthalmic conditions: Severe, acute, and chronic allergies and inflammations involving the eye such as allergic conjunctivitis, allergic corneal marginal ulcers, anterior segment inflammation, chorioretinitis, diffuse posterior uveitis and choroiditis, keratitis, herpes zoster ophthalmicus, iritis and iridocyclitis, optic neuritis, and sympathetic ophthalmia
- Rheumatic disorders: As adjunctive therapy for short-term to tide over an acute episode in acute gouty arthritis, acute and subacute bursitis, acute nonspecific tenosynovitis, ankylosing spondylitis, epicondylitis, posttraumatic osteoarthritis, psoriatic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), including juvenile RA, and synovitis of osteoarthritis; and as maintenance therapy or during an exacerbation in select case of acute rheumatic carditis, systemic dermatomyositis (polymyositis), and systemic lupus erythematosus
- Respiratory diseases: Aspiration pneumonitis, berylliosis, fulminating or disseminated pulmonary tuberculosis used concurrently with appropriate antituberculosis chemotherapy, Loeffler syndrome not manageable by other means, symptomatic sarcoidosis
- Kidney diseases: To promote urination and remission of protein in urine (proteinuria) associated with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome or lupus erythematosus
- Others: Tuberculous meningitis with subarachnoid block or impending block used concurrently with appropriate antituberculous chemotherapy, and trichinosis with neurologic or myocardial involvement
- Do not prescribe to patients with hypersensitivity to any of the components in the cortisone formulation.
- Do not use cortisone in patients with systemic fungal infection.
- Cortisone is not intended for intravenous use.
- Use the lowest possible dose to control the condition, particularly in elderly patients, and when dosage can be reduced, reduce gradually.
- Corticosteroids can cause suppression of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, and potential for adrenal insufficiency after discontinuation, lasting for months. Institute corticosteroid replacement therapy in situations of stress during that period.
- Discontinuation of cortisone can cause withdrawal symptoms including fever, myalgia, arthralgia, and malaise even in patients without adrenal insufficiency. Withdraw with gradual tapering of dose.
- Patients on corticosteroid therapy subjected to unusual stress may require increased dosage of rapid-acting corticosteroids before, during, and after the stressful situation.
- Prolonged use of corticosteroids suppresses the immune system and may increase the risk of secondary infection, activate latent infections, mask acute infection, prolong or exacerbate viral infections, or limit response to killed or inactivated vaccines. Patients should be advised to avoid exposure to chickenpox or measles.
- Patients receiving immunosuppressive doses of corticosteroids should not take live or live, attenuated vaccines.
- Do not use corticosteroids for cerebral malaria or viral hepatitis.
- Amebiasis should be ruled out in patients who have recently traveled to tropical climates or those who have unexplained diarrhea, before initiation of cortisone.
- Use of cortisone in active tuberculosis should be restricted to cases of fulminating or disseminated tuberculosis (TB) in which it is used in conjunction with an appropriate antituberculous regimen. Patients with latent TB should be closely monitored.
- Prolonged use of corticosteroid can lead to cataracts, glaucoma, ocular inflammation and secondary eye infections.
- Cortisone can elevate blood pressure, cause water and sodium retention and increase excretion of potassium and calcium. Patients may require dietary salt restriction and potassium and calcium supplementation.
- Use cortisone with caution in patients with heart failure and/or hypertension.
- Use with caution in patients who have had a recent myocardial infarction. Rupture of left ventricular wall has been reported with corticosteroid use.
- Use with caution in patients with diabetes, corticosteroids can cause hyperglycemia.
- Prolonged use of corticosteroids is associated with development of Kaposi sarcoma, consider discontinuing therapy.
- Corticosteroid use is associated with psychiatric disturbances and exacerbation of pre-existing psychiatric conditions.
- Corticosteroids may cause mood and behavioral disturbances, caution the patient, family and caregivers.
- Acute myopathy has been reported with high-dose corticosteroids given concomitantly with neuromuscular blocking agents or in patients with neuromuscular transmission disorders. it may involve ocular and/or respiratory muscles, monitor creatine kinase.
- Use with caution in myasthenia gravis, may exacerbate symptoms.
- High doses and/or long-term use of corticosteroids have been known to increase bone loss and osteoporotic fractures, use with caution in patients with osteoporosis.
- Use cortisone with caution in gastrointestinal disease because of perforation risk.
- Use with caution in patients with ocular herpes simplex because of possible corneal perforation.
- Use with caution in kidney or liver function impairment, may cause fluid retention.
- Use with caution in patients with a history of seizure disorder, seizures have been reported with adrenal crisis.
- Changes in thyroid status may necessitate dosage adjustments.
- Do not use in the management of head injury, increased mortality has been reported in patients receiving high-dose intravenous methylprednisolone to manage head injuries.
- Corticosteroids may slow down growth and development in pediatric patients, monitor growth regularly.
What are the side effects of cortisone?
Common side effects of cortisone include:
- Reduced intestinal carbohydrate absorption
- Intestinal perforation
- Increased appetite
- Weight gain
- Fluid retention
- Sodium retention
- Reduced serum potassium (hypokalemia)
- Increased alkalinity of body fluids due to hypokalemia (hypokalemic alkalosis)
- Negative nitrogen balance
- Male pattern growth in women (hirsutism)
- Menstrual disorders
- Heart failure in susceptible patients
- Heart muscle (myocardial) rupture after recent heart attack (myocardial infarction)
- Blood clot block in blood vessel (thromboembolism)
- Tiny spots on skin due to bleeding under the skin (petechiae)
- Hives (urticaria)
- Thinning (atrophy) of skin
- Bruising of skin (ecchymosis)
- Redness of skin (erythema)
- Allergic dermatitis
- Excessive sweating (diaphoresis)
- Hypersensitivity reactions
- Swelling under the skin and mucous membranes (angioedema)
- Impaired wound healing
- Bulging eyes (exophthalmos)
- Nosebleed (epistaxis)
- Increased intracranial pressure
- Feeling unwell (malaise)
- Joint pain (arthralgia)
- Steroid-induced muscle disease (myopathy)
- Tendon rupture
- Asymmetric muscle wasting in lower limbs (amyotrophy)
- Long bone fracture
- Aseptic tissue death (necrosis) of femoral or humeral head
Less common side effects of cortisone include:
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
- Blood clot in vein (venous thrombosis)
- Rapid and irregular heart rate in the atria (atrial fibrillation)
- Abdominal distension
- Peptic ulcer
- Ulcerative inflammation of the esophagus (esophagitis)
- Inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis)
- Mood swings
- Pressured speech
- Brittle bones (osteoporosis)
- Vertebral compression fractures
- Glaucoma, an eye condition with high intraocular pressure that damages the optic nerve
- High blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia)
- Onset or exacerbation of diabetes mellitus
- Adrenal suppression
- Development of Cushing syndrome and cushingoid features such as:
- Moon face
- Abnormal fat deposits
- Weight gain around the midsection and upper back
- Abnormally elevated blood fat levels (dyslipidemia)
- Redistribution of body fat
- Growth retardation in children
Call your doctor immediately if you experience any of the following symptoms or serious side effects while using this drug:
- Serious heart symptoms include fast or pounding heartbeats, fluttering in your chest, shortness of breath, and sudden dizziness;
- Severe headache, confusion, slurred speech, severe weakness, vomiting, loss of coordination, feeling unsteady;
- Severe nervous system reaction with very stiff muscles, high fever, sweating, confusion, fast or uneven heartbeats, tremors, and feeling like you might pass out; or
- Serious eye symptoms include blurred vision, tunnel vision, eye pain or swelling, or seeing halos around lights.
This is not a complete list of all side effects or adverse reactions that may occur from the use of this drug. Call your doctor for medical advice about serious side effects or adverse reactions. You may also report side effects or health problems to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
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What are the dosages of cortisone?
- 5 mg
- 10 mg
- 25 mg
- 2.5 mg/kg/day orally divided every 8 hours or 25-300 mg/day orally each day or divided every 12 hours
- 1-5 mg/kg intramuscularly each day
- 0.5-0.75 mg/kg/day orally divided every 8 hours or 25-35 mg/day
- 0.25-0.35 mg/kg intramuscularly each day
- 2.5 mg-10 mg/kg/day orally or 20-300 mg/m2/day orally divided every 6-8 hours
- 0.5-0.75 mg/kg/day orally or 20-25 mg/sq.meter/day orally divided every 8 hours
- There is insufficient data on acute cortisone overdose. Chronic high doses because of prolonged therapy can cause many conditions including hypertension, hyperlipidemia, hyperglycemia, osteoporosis, electrolyte disturbances, immune suppression, and susceptibility to infections.
- Cortisone overdose treatment includes adjusting the dosage or discontinuing cortisone, as well as initiating symptomatic and supportive treatment.
What drugs interact with cortisone?
Inform your doctor of all medications you are currently taking, who can advise you on any possible drug interactions. Never begin taking, suddenly discontinue, or change the dosage of any medication without your doctor’s recommendation.
- Severe interactions of cortisone include:
- Cortisone has serious interactions with at least 73 different drugs.
- Cortisone has moderate interactions with at least 232 different drugs.
- Cortisone has minor interactions with at least 121 different drugs.
The drug interactions listed above are not all of the possible interactions or adverse effects. For more information on drug interactions, visit the RxList Drug Interaction Checker.
It is important to always tell your doctor, pharmacist, or health care provider of all prescription and over-the-counter medications you use, as well as the dosage for each, and keep a list of the information. Check with your doctor or health care provider if you have any questions about the medication.
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
- There are no adequate and well-controlled studies of cortisone use in pregnant women. There is some suggestion (not fully substantiated) of slightly increased cleft palate risk if corticosteroids are used in pregnancy.
- Use cortisone during pregnancy only if the benefits to the mother outweigh potential fetal risks. Monitor infants born to mothers who have received substantial doses of cortisone during pregnancy for signs of hypoadrenalism.
- Cortisone is present in breast milk and may suppress growth, interfere with natural (endogenous) corticosteroid production, or cause other untoward effects in the breastfed infant. Breastfeeding should be avoided while on cortisone treatment.
What else should I know about cortisone?
- Take cortisone exactly as prescribed, do not take higher or more frequent doses.
- Do not take live or live, attenuated vaccines while receiving cortisone treatment.
- Corticosteroids can increase susceptibility to infections. Take precautions to avoid exposure to infections.
- Report to your physician if you develop infections or severe allergic reactions.
- Corticosteroids may cause mood and behavioral disturbances, notify your physician if you notice any unexplained mood or behavioral changes.
- Store safely out of reach of children.
- In case of overdose, contact your physician or Poison Control.
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Cortisone is a synthetic corticosteroid prodrug that is converted into cortisol in the body. Cortisone is an anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive drug used to control or reduce inflammation caused by a wide variety of conditions such as severe allergies, psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, rheumatoid arthritis, and others. Cortisone is also used to treat chronic adrenal insufficiency and to supplement inadequate natural cortisol production. Common side effects of cortisone include nausea, indigestion, reduced intestinal carbohydrate absorption, intestinal perforation, increased appetite, weight gain, fluid retention, and others. Consult your doctor if pregnant or breastfeeding.
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Rheumatoid Arthritis vs. Polymyalgia Rheumatica
Polymyalgia rheumatica and rheumatoid arthritis are two diseases that manifest in a similar manner.
Eye allergy (or allergic eye disease) are typically associated with hay fever and atopic dermatitis. Medications and cosmetics may cause eye allergies. Allergic eye conditions include allergic conjunctivitis, conjunctivitis with atopic dermatitis, vernal keratoconjunctivitis, and giant papillary conjunctivitis. Dry eye, tear-duct obstruction, and conjunctivitis due to infection are frequently confused with eye allergies. Eye allergies may be treated with topical antihistamines, decongestants, topical mast-cell stabilizers, topical anti-inflammatory drugs, systemic medications, and allergy shots.
Rheumatoid Arthritis vs. Lupus: Differences and Similarities
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and lupus are two varieties of autoimmune diseases that cause flare-ups. While RA attacks the immune system on the joints, lupus involves many other parts of the body besides the joints. Common RA symptoms involve warm, swollen, and painful joints; morning stiffness in the joints or stiffness after inactivity, joint deformity, fever, fatigue, etc. Lupus symptoms include Malar rash (butterfly-shaped rash involving the cheeks and bridge of the nose), fever, joint pain in the absence of joint deformity, etc.
How Do You Get Rid of Contact Dermatitis Fast?
For mild contact dermatitis, the following simple home remedies can help get rid of the rash fast.
Cold, Flu, Allergy Treatments
Before treating a cold, the flu, or allergies with over-the-counter (OTC) medications, it's important to know what's causing the symptoms, which symptoms one wishes to relieve, and the active ingredients in the OTC product. Taking products that only contain the medications needed for relieving your symptoms prevents ingestion of unnecessary medications and reduces the chances of side effects.
11 Home Remedies for Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a long-term disorder that progressively affects many parts of the body. Home remedies, diet, and lifestyle changes can help reduce pain and discomfort associated with RA alongside medical treatment. Home remedies alone cannot effectively treat RA or prevent the progression of the disease.
Arthritis in Knee: 4 Stages of Osteoarthritis
Painful joint swelling is called arthritis. Osteoarthritis is due to wear and tear of the joints over many years. Arthritis maye develop in any joint, including the fingers, hips and knees. Usually, patients with arthritis feel pain in their joints even after moderate movements. There are four stages of osteoarthritis of the knee.
17 Early Signs of Arthritis in the Back
Arthritis in the back arises due to the inflammation of facet joints in the spine or sacroiliac joints between the spine and the pelvis. Some of the early signs of arthritis in the back include back pain, stiffness, swelling, bone grinding, loss of flexibility, fatigue, muscle spasms and other symptoms.
What Causes Sudden Allergies in Adults?
Can you develop allergies as an adult? Learn about what causes sudden adult-onset allergies and how you can recognize the symptoms.
Allergy Treatment Begins at Home
Avoiding allergy triggers at home is one of the best ways to prevent allergy symptoms. Controlling temperature, humidity, and ventilation are a few ways to allergy-proof the home. Cleaning, vacuuming, and using HEPA air filters also helps control allergies.
What Foods Trigger Arthritis Attacks?
Exercising regularly and eating a healthy diet can help you manage arthritis. Learn which foods to avoid and which foods to eat with arthritis.
Can Rheumatoid Arthritis Be Caused by Stress?
Rheumatoid arthritis can be caused by and result in stress, as well as other conditions such as gastrointestinal problems (IBD).
Can Rheumatoid Arthritis Affect Your Ability to Walk? 9 Limitations
Rheumatoid arthritis can impair your walking ability and result in the following nine types of functional limitations.
Peanut allergies causes signs and symptoms that include hives, itching, redness, and a rash. Severe reactions may cause decreased blood pressure, lightheadedness, difficulty breathing, nausea, and behavioral changes. Someone with a peanut allergy should have an EpiPen with them at all times.
What Nuts Are the Worst for Allergies?
A nut allergy develops when the body's immune system becomes oversensitive to a particular protein in a nut. Nuts that are the worst for allergies include peanuts, walnuts, pecans, almonds, Brazil nuts and pine nuts.
The Best Treatment for Stasis Dermatitis
The most effective way to treat stasis dermatitis is by controlling the disease.
Do Steroids Help With Arthritis?
Arthritis is the inflammation of one or more joints in the body. The disease is one of the most common chronic health conditions in the United States. Steroids are a class of drugs that reduce inflammation and have a suppressing effect on the immune system.
Rheumatoid Arthritis vs. Fibromyalgia
Though rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and fibromyalgia have similar symptoms, RA is an autoimmune disease and fibromyalgia is a chronic pain syndrome. RA symptoms include joint redness, swelling, and pain that lasts more than 6 weeks. Fibromyalgia symptoms include widespread pain, tingling feet or hands, depression, and bowel irritability. Home remedies for both include stress reduction, exercise, and getting enough sleep.
What Are the Four Stages of Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease categorized into the following four stages and classifications. Learn the causes, symptoms, and complications of RA below.
Can You Eat Avocado if You Have a Nut Allergy?
Since avocado is classified as a fruit and not a tree nut, you should be able to eat avocados even if you have a nut allergy. However, some studies have shown that avocados have similar proteins as chestnuts. So if you’re allergic to chestnuts, you may have to avoid avocados.
Does Hand Grip Help With Arthritis?
Because your hands are engaged in multiple functions every day, hand strength is a powerful predictor of your overall capacity to function and how severe your arthritis is.
Rheumatoid Arthritis vs. Arthritis
Arthritis is a general term used to describe joint disease. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a type of arthritis in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the joints, causing chronic inflammation.
Insect Sting Allergies
The majority of stinging insects in the United States are from bees, yellow jackets, hornets, wasps, and fire ants. Severity of reactions to stings varies greatly. Avoidance and prompt treatment are essential. In selected cases, allergy injection therapy is highly effective.
Rheumatoid Arthritis vs. Ankylosing Spondylitis
Learn the differences between rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis below.
What Is the Most Common Tree Nut Allergy?
The most common nut allergies are cashew, walnut, hazelnut and pistachio. In the U.S. the most common nut allergy is cashew, followed by walnut. In the U.K. the most common nut allergy is hazelnut.
Is Neurodermatitis an Autoimmune Disease?
Researchers have suggested that there may be a link between neurodermatitis and autoimmune diseases, but the exact cause of the condition is unknown.
Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (JRA)
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) annually affects one child in every thousand. There are six types of JRA. Treatment of juvenile arthritis depends upon the type the child has and should focus on treating the symptoms that manifest.
What Does Psoriatic Arthritis Joint Pain Feel Like?
Psoriatic arthritis may lead to various degrees of inflammation, swelling, stiffness, and pain in the joints, especially on one side of the body. Pain caused in the joints can be debilitating and reduce mobility.
Do Allergy Desensitization Shots Work?
Allergies happen when your immune system overreacts to harmless substances called allergens. Allergy desensitization shots make your body less likely to react to allergen.
How Serious Is Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disorder that typically affects the joints and other body parts. If not diagnosed early and appropriately treated, RA can lead to permanent deformities, disabilities, and serious systemic complications.
Sinus Infection vs. Allergies
Both sinus infections and allergies (allergic rhinitis) cause symptoms such as runny or stuffy nose and fatigue. Sinus infection (known as sinusitis) is inflammation of the sinuses, caused by infection from bacteria, viruses, and/or fungi (molds). Allergic rhinitis occurs when certain allergies cause nasal symptoms. When a person with allergies breathes in an allergen, such as pollen, dust, or animal dander, symptoms such as runny or stuffy nose, itching, sneezing, and fatigue occur.
How Do You Get Rid of Neurodermatitis?
Treatment of neurodermatitis generally aims to control severe itching, prevent scratching, and address underlying causes. Learn about how to get rid of neurodermatitis.
Are Food Allergies Passed Down Genetically?
A food allergy is a condition that causes your immune system to fight against a particular part of food — which is called an allergen. Food allergies can be hereditary — that is, parents can pass the likelihood of developing a food allergy to their children through genes that code for inherited traits.
What Is the Life Expectancy of Someone With Psoriatic Arthritis?
Psoriatic arthritis is not life-threatening, but it can reduce a patient’s life expectancy by three years. Here is how to properly manage the disease.
Early Signs of Arthritis in the Fingers
The earliest signs of arthritis are pain, swelling and stiffness. If these symptoms are experienced in the fingers, it is likely because of rheumatoid arthritis. The signs and symptoms of arthritis in the fingers include popping sounds, joint deformity, warmth, mucus cysts and bone spurs.
Early Signs of Arthritis in the Feet
There are more than 30 joints in the ankle and feet. Arthritis can affect one or multiple joints in the feet. Excess weight, hereditary tendencies, old injuries, and poor footwear are a few predisposing factors of arthritis.
What Causes Allergy Flare-ups?
During certain seasons, allergies can make you miserable. Learn what causes allergy flare-ups during spring and summer.
How Do You Calm Down an Allergy Attack?
Here are thirteen tips to calm an allergy attack and put an end to constant sneezing, itching, and congestion.
Is Crohn's Disease Related to Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Since Crohn’s disease causes inflammation of the body, including the joints, sufferers are at a greater risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis.
What Does Dermatitis Herpetiformis Look Like?
Dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) or Duhring’s disease looks similar to herpes lesion (a cluster of dew drops over skin) but is not caused by herpes virus. It is characterized by a cluster of red, itchy, bumpy skin rashes that may affect the elbows, knees, buttocks, lower back, and scalp. The rash can also be confused with eczema or acne.
Safest Rheumatoid Arthritis Drugs During Pregnancy
None of the drugs used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is completely safe during pregnancy. You must discuss with your physician regarding the decision to use, modify, or stop any medications.
Will Psoriatic Arthritis Cripple Me?
Psoriatic arthritis is a long-standing inflammatory disorder that affects three out of every 10 people with psoriasis. It cannot be cured, but some treatments may prevent it from worsening. There is no way to predict whose psoriatic arthritis may destroy their joints.
What Is the Difference Between Arthritis and Osteoarthritis?
Arthritis is a broad term that refers to the inflammation of the joints. There are over 100 types of arthritis, and osteoarthritis is the most common type.
Drug Allergy (Medication Allergy)
Drug or medication allergies are caused when the immune system mistakenly creates an immune response to a medication. Symptoms of a drug allergic reaction include hives, rash, itchy skin or eyes, dizziness, nausea, diarrhea, fainting, and anxiety. The most common drugs that people are allergic to include penicillins and penicillin type drugs, sulfa drugs, insulin, and iodine. Treatment may involve antihistamines or corticosteroids. An EpiPen may be used for life-threatening anaphylactic symptoms.
What Is the Difference Between Allergy and Hay Fever?
Hay fever is a type of allergy that occurs in response to specific allergens and typically lasts for months. Learn more about allergies vs. hay fever.
COVID-19 vs. Allergies
Though there is some overlap in allergy and COVID-19 signs and symptoms there are also significant differences. Symptoms that they have in common include headache, fatigue, tiredness, shortness of breath, wheezing, and sore throat. Fever does not occur with allergies but is one of the defining symptoms of COVID-19 infections.
Atopic Dermatitis vs. Eczema
Atopic dermatitis and eczema both refer to skin conditions. Atopic dermatitis is a cause of eczema, which refers to skin conditions that cause inflammation and irritation. The terms are sometimes used interchangeably. Eczema is not a condition in itself, but a description for a group of skin diseases that cause skin inflammation and irritation.
Breastfeeding With Rheumatoid Arthritis
You can breastfeed your baby even if you have rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, you must always consult your doctor before you start the process.
Osteoarthritis vs. Rheumatoid Arthritis
Osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are chronic joint disorders. RA is also an autoimmune disease. OA and RA symptoms and signs include joint pain, warmth, and tenderness. Over-the-counter pain relievers treat both diseases. There are several prescription medications that treat RA.
What Is the Most Common Cause of Septic Arthritis in Kids?
Septic arthritis can be caused by bacterial, fungal or viral infections. Staphylococcus aureus, a type of bacteria, is the most common cause of septic arthritis in infants. Septic arthritis is a general term for any joint pain caused by infection of the joint.
How Do You Stop Arthritis From Progressing in Your Hands?
Learn these simple tips and tricks to help stop the progression of arthritis in your hands.
Is Rheumatoid Arthritis Caused by Sugar?
Despite insufficient evidence, studies have found that people with rheumatoid arthritis may experience worsening symptoms with sugary foods.
Rheumatoid Arthritis vs. Osteoarthritis Hands
Two of the most frequent types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Latex allergy is a condition where the body reacts to latex, a natural product derived from the rubber tree. The reaction can either be delayed and cause a skin rash or immediate, which can lead to anaphylaxis. Avoiding latex is the most effective way to prevent an allergic reaction.
How Can You Live With Arthritis in Your Back?
Arthritis in the back can be extremely painful and in some cases debilitating. However, effective ways to manage and live with the condition.
Early Signs of Arthritis in the Knee
Arthritis refers to the redness and swelling of the joints. It usually develops slowly over 10 to 15 years, interfering with daily life activities. Knowing the early signs of arthritis can help you take appropriate treatment and incorporate modifications in your diet and lifestyle.
What Are the Five Types of Psoriatic Arthritis?
Understanding the five types of psoriatic arthritis can help you identify the first signs and symptoms, which can then lead to a proper diagnosis and treatment from your doctor.
Why Won’t My Allergy Symptoms Go Away?
Allergies happen when your body's immune system reacts to certain substances as though they are harmful. Allergy symptoms may not go away unless you avoid your triggers, stick to your medications, find the right combination of medications, and consider surgery.
Does Rheumatoid Arthritis Run in Families?
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that tends to run in families. Your likelihood of getting RA, however, is not determined by family history of the disease alone. It is also influenced by environmental factors such as age, obesity and smoking.
Early Signs of Arthritis in Shoulder
Early signs and symptoms of arthritis in the shoulder include pain in the shoulder joint that's worse when lifting heavy objects, pain that radiates down the arm and shoulder joint sounds like grinding, clicking, and crackling.
What Is the Fastest Way to Fix Seasonal Allergies?
Seasonal allergies are common and tend to ramp up during the spring and summer. Learn about how to get rid of seasonal allergies fast with these 13 home remedies.
Atopic Dermatitis vs Contact Dermatitis
The word dermatitis refers to inflammation (redness and swelling) of the skin. Dermatitis includes various skin conditions that cause irritation or rashes on the skin. It generally causes no serious harm to the body and does not mean that the affected person’s skin is infected or unhygienic.
How Do I Know if My Knee Pain Is Arthritis?
If you have knee pain from arthritis you might notice symptoms including stiffness and swelling, increased pain and swelling in the morning or after sitting, increased pain after activity, 'locking' or 'sticking' of the knee, and weakness or buckling in the knee.
What Causes Nose Allergies?
Nose allergies can be caused by irritants such as pollen, animal dander, and household dust. Learn about symptoms, treatment, and prevention.
Non-Radiographic Axial Spondyloarthritis (nr-axSpA)
Non-radiographic spondyloarthritis (nr-axSpA) is an inflammatory arthritis that mainly affects the joints of the spine. Morning stiffness and back pain are the usual symptoms of nr-axSpA. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, exercise, and biologics are treatments for nr-axSpA.
Can Rheumatoid Arthritis Cause Heart Failure?
Rheumatoid arthritis can increase the risk of various cardiovascular diseases including heart failure and pericarditis. Heart failure is one of the common causes of increased mortality in people with RA.
How Do I Know If It's Carpal Tunnel or Arthritis?
Carpal tunnel syndrome and arthritis have different etiologies; thus, they manifest differently in the hand. Your doctor may subject you to physical examination, radiological tests, and neurological evaluation to diagnose.
Does JIA Arthritis Go Away?
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is either a short-term or chronic condition. There is no cure for JIA and treatment aims to improve symptoms and achieve remission.
Can Rheumatoid Arthritis Cause Carpal Tunnel?
Carpal tunnel syndrome is one of the common complications of rheumatoid arthritis. Learn the symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome.
How Is Psoriatic Arthritis Diagnosed?
Psoriatic arthritis is a painful joint condition associated with psoriasis that is diagnosed through imaging and blood tests when accompanying symptoms are present.
What Is The First Line Treatment For Psoriatic Arthritis
The treatment of psoriatic arthritis aims at controlling the inflammation of the joint. The first-line therapy differs in psoriatic arthritis as per severities. In mild psoriatic arthritis, the mainstay of treatment includes anti-inflammatory agents such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Apart from NSAIDs, the following drugs are also effective as a first-line treatment for mild psoriatic arthritis
Can Osteoarthritis Be Cured?
Osteoarthritis cannot be cured or reversed; however, effective treatment can reduce its progression and slow down complications.
Early Signs of Arthritis in the Wrist
Wrist arthritis is inflammation (swelling) of one or more joints of the wrist. Wrist arthritis is long-lasting or permanent and eventually causes severe joint damage. The early signs of arthritis in the wrist include morning stiffness, redness, tenderness, pain, swelling, weakness, warmth and other symptoms.
Rheumatoid Arthritis vs. Gout
Although gout is often mistaken for rheumatoid arthritis, learn the differences associated with the causes, symptoms, and treatments below.
Rheumatoid Arthritis vs. Psoriatic Arthritis
Here are the differences between rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis.
What Are the Symptoms of Ragweed Allergy?
The common symptoms of ragweed allergy are sneezing, runny nose, itchy, watery red eyes, headache, nasal congestion, eye swelling, rashes and coughing.
Early Signs and Symptoms of Arthritis in Thumb
The earliest sign and symptom of thumb arthritis is pain, swelling, and tenderness with activities that involve pinching action. The pain may be dull, achy, or sharp at the base of the thumb. The pain can occur when we grip, grasp, or pinch an object or use the thumb to apply force.
How Can I Improve My Grip Strength With Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by gradual joint inflammation and degeneration. Here are five exercises that reduce muscle stiffness and improve pain due to RA.
What Are the 4 Signs of Osteoarthritis?
The signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis may vary depending on the severity of the condition. Learn four signs, two types, and other associated conditions.
What Are Typical Allergy Symptoms?
Allergy symptoms differ depending on the type of allergy and body part involved. For example, food allergies may cause different symptoms than nasal allergies or eye allergies. The severity of symptoms may also vary, ranging from mild irritation to a life-threatening reaction called anaphylaxis.
Rheumatoid Arthritis vs. Juvenile Arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis and juvenile arthritis are both types of inflammatory arthritis; however, learn their differences below.
How Can I Help My Child With a Peanut Allergy?
Since there is no cure for peanut allergies, prevention and keeping an epinephrine injector (EpiPen) on hand is key to helping your child’s allergy.
What Is the Main Cause of Osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic degenerative disease of the joints affecting middle-aged and elderly people. It involves the breakdown of cartilage and associated inflammatory changes in the adjacent bone. It is a leading cause of chronic disability, affecting 30 million people in the United States alone.
What Can Trigger Contact Dermatitis? Causes and Symptoms
Learn the common triggers, causes, and symptoms of contact dermatitis below.
What Foods Cause Oral Allergy Syndrome?
Oral allergy syndrome, also called pollen food allergy syndrome or PFAS, is a type of food allergy caused by certain allergens found in both pollen and raw vegetables and fruits and some nuts. Foods that cause oral allergy syndrome include those in the birch, grass and ragweed families.
Should I Exercise Outside if I Have Allergies?
An allergy is a condition in which the immune system overresponds to a foreign substance. With the right treatment and precautions, you can completely eliminate allergy flare-ups during your outdoor workout.
Does Rheumatoid Arthritis Increase Cardiovascular Risk?
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune and inflammatory disease, which usually affects joints, and can increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
What Are the 3 Common Types of Arthritis?
The 3 most common types of arthritis include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and gout.
Osteoarthritis and Treatment
Painful swelling of the joints due to wear and tear over many years is called osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis may develop in any joint that includes the fingers, hips, and knees. There are many treatment options available to curb the complications of arthritis.
What Are 5 Common Risk Factors to Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder (the body's immune system mistakenly attacks its own cells). Certain factors increase the risk of RA.
Why Are Allergies So Bad Right Now 2021?
Scientists believe that allergies are getting worse because of climate change.
Do Anti-Inflammatories Help Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder. Anti-inflammatory medications can help address symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis.
How Do You Tell If Your Child Has Allergies or a Cold?
Colds and allergies have different causes, but both involve the body's immune system. Since the symptoms of allergies and the symptoms of a cold overlap, it can be hard to tell which one your child has.
Are Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis the Same?
Psoriatic arthritis is a type of inflammatory arthritis that occurs due to joint inflammation in people with psoriasis; however, not every person with psoriasis gets psoriatic arthritis.
What Are the Main Causes of Psoriatic Arthritis?
Although the exact cause of psoriatic arthritis is unknown, researchers believe it involves a complex mechanism of genetics, environmental factors, and the immune system.
How Do You Get Tested for Food Allergies?
If you develop symptoms of a food allergy, your doctor will have you undergo a skin test or blood test to determine which foods you are allergic to.
What Are Typical Seasonal Allergy Symptoms?
Typical seasonal allergy symptoms include a stuffy or runny nose, sneezing, coughing, watery eyes, congestion, and a sore throat.
Is Food Intolerance the Same as Food Allergy?
Food intolerance is a condition in which an individual has difficulty in digesting certain foods. Consumption of these foods manifests as physical symptoms such as bloating, loose motion, gases, and bellyache. Food intolerance is quite common. Most people are aware of the foods that disagree with them.
What Can Trigger Psoriatic Arthritis?
Triggers of psoriatic arthritis differ from person to person. Learn the nine most common triggers that cause flare-ups of inflammation in some people.
Is My Sore Throat Allergies or COVID-19?
Sore throat can be a symptom of allergies or COVID-19, and it can be difficult to tell which one you have. Understanding the difference between these two illnesses can help.
Can Fall Allergies Cause Sinus Headaches?
Fall allergies can cause symptoms such as sneezing, congestion, and sinus headache. Learn more about causes, treatment, and prevention of fall allergies.
Can Psoriasis Lead to Psoriatic Arthritis?
It is well established that both psoriatic arthritis and psoriasis are linked. Nearly 30 percent of people with psoriasis develop psoriatic arthritis.
How Is COVID-19 Different From Allergies?
COVID-19 symptoms are often similar to symptoms of seasonal allergies, so it is important to know how to tell the difference. Learn how to distinguish between the two.
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Skin Test for Allergy
- What Are the Four Stages of Osteoarthritis?
- What Is the Best Treatment for Arthritis?
- Allergy Shots
- What Is the Best Treatment for Osteoarthritis?
- How Do You Get Tested for Allergies?
- How to Differentiate Between the Signs and Symptoms of COVID-19, Allergies, Cold, and Flu?
- Physical and Occupational Therapy for Arthritis
- Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
- Contact Dermatitis
- Food Allergy
- Latex Allergy
- Seborrheic Dermatitis
- Atopic Dermatitis
- Makeup Allergy
- Allergy Attacks? Fight Back
- Allergies- Easing Sneezing: House Cleaning Tips
- Eye Allergy
- Drug Allergy
- Arthritis Treatment Update
- Peanut Allergy
- Insect Sting Allergy
- Arthritis Pain Relief Update
- Allergy: Winning the War Against Allergies
- Arthritis and Active Sports
- Allergy: Taking the Sting Out of Insect Allergies
- Peanut and Other Food Allergies -- Scott Sicherer, MD
- Asthma and Allergies and Your Child
- Allergies, Control Your Spring
- Allergies: Mold and More:Battling Indoor Allergens
- Allergies FAQs
- Rheumatoid Arthritis FAQs
- Eczema FAQs
- Psoriatic Arthritis FAQs
- Osteoarthritis FAQs
- Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA): 17 Warning Signs of Serious Complications
- Will Rheumatoid Arthritis Nodules Go Away?
- Living With Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Is Inflammatory Arthritis the Same as Rheumatoid Arthritis?
- What if I get COVID-19 with Rheumatoid Arthritis?
- Rheumatoid Arthritis vs. Osteoarthritis
- Is HCQ Safe For Pregnant Women With Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)?
- Why Does Pregnancy Affect the Course of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)?
- Can Rituximab Be Taken By Breastfeeding Women With Rheumatoid Arthritis?
- Are Corticosteroids Safe for Pregnant and Nursing Women with Rheumatoid Arthritis?
- Is Anakinra (Kineret) Safe for Pregnant Women with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)?
- How Does Pregnancy Affect the Course of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)?
- Patient Story: Rheumatoid Arthritis Symptoms
- Rheumatoid Arthritis Joint Symptoms and Signs: What Do They Mean?
- Rheumatoid Arthritis: Which Patients Do Best?
- Are Hives Always Caused by an Allergy?
- 5 Surprising Facts About Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Patient Story: Rheumatoid Arthritis and Pregnancy
- Air Pollution and Allergies: A Connection?
- Rheumatoid Arthritis: Questions for Your Doctor
- Allergies: Don't Sneeze at Allergy Relief
- Rheumatoid Arthritis & Diabetes Gene (PTPN22)
- Food Allergies vs. Food Intolerance
- Sesame Seed Allergy: A Growing Problem?
- Celebrex - New Arthritis Drug
- Arava Approved For Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Arthritis - Whether Weather Affects Arthritis
- Arthritis Medications
- Questions To Ask Your Doctor - Allergy
- Smoking: A New Risk - Rheumatoid Arthritis
- What Not to Eat When You Have Arthritis
- Ultrasound Imaging of Joints in Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
- What Can You Give a Toddler for Severe Cough?
- Can You Be Allergic to Ceclor for Hepatitis B?
- Do Crohn's Patients Get a Specific Type of Arthritis?
- What Kind of Doctor Treats Ankylosing Spodylitis & Reactive Arthritis?
- Can You Be Too Young for a Knee Replacement?
- Do NSAIDs Interact With Coumadin?
- What Are the Side Effects of Remicade for Rheumatoid Arthritis?
- Should You Avoid Drinking Soda with Rheumatoid Arthrits?
- What Kind of Joint Injections Treat Osteoarthritis?
- Can You Get a Cartilage Transplant?
- Can Glucosamine Treat Arthritis?
- What Are Strategies to Deal With Mite Allergies ?
- Do Anti-Mite Carpet Cleaners Help Mite Allergies?
- Are Women More Susceptible to Osteoarthritis?
- Can Milk Allergy Cause Rheumatoid Arthritis?
- Osteoarthritis of the Hands
- Are Hidradenitis and Rheumatoid Arthritis Related?
- Can Psoriasis Be Caused by Allergy?
- Can You Prevent Osteoarthritis?
- Does Lipitor Help Rheumatoid Arthritis?
- Do Allergy Drugs Interact with Synthroid?
- Can My Diet Improve Arthritis?
- Is Skin Discoloration a Side Effect of Cortisone Injection?
- What's the Rheumatoid Arthritis Prognosis?
- What Are Home Remedies for Rheumatoid Arthritis?
- Seborrheic Dermatitis Treatment
- Allergy to Stinging Insects Can Be Life Threatening
- 5 Food Allergy Myths
- Patient Story: Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment
- Rheumatoid Arthritis: Living With a Chronic Disease
- Osteoarthritis Symptoms
- Herniated Disc - Epidural Cortisone Injections
- Food Allergy: The Facts
Medications & Supplements
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