Congestive heart failure (CHF) refers to a condition in which the heart loses the ability to function properly. Heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, myocarditis, and cardiomyopathies are just a few potential causes of congestive heart failure.
Signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure may include fatigue, breathlessness, palpitations, angina, and edema. Physical examination, patient history, blood tests, and imaging tests are used to diagnose congestive heart failure.
Treatment of heart failure consists of lifestyle modification and taking medications to decrease fluid in the body and ease the strain on the heart. The prognosis of a patient with congestive heart failure depends on the stage of the heart failure and the overall condition of the individual.Read more: 12 Congestive Heart Failure Symptoms, Stages, Causes, and Life Expectancy Article
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Local ResourcesFind a local Cardiologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)
- Angioplasty and Stents
- Echocardiogram (Echocardiography, Diagnostic Cardiac Ultrasound)
- Exercise Stress Test
- Pneumococcal Vaccination (Pneumonia Vaccine)
- Coronary Artery Bypass Graft
- Chest X-Ray
- Cardiac Catheterization
- Coronary Angiogram
- CT Coronary Angiogram
- Heart Transplant
- Coronary Heart Disease Screening Tests (CAD)
- Swollen Testicles (Testicular Swelling)
- Shortness of Breath (Dyspnea)
- Leg Swelling
- Swollen Ankles and/or Swollen Feet
- Fatigue, Tiredness, and Lethargy
- Cyanosis (Turning Blue)
- Low Urine Output
- Frequent Urination
- Chronic Cough
- Proteinuria (Protein in the Urine)
- Pleurisy (Pleuritis)
- How to Choose a Doctor
- Doctor: Checklist to Take To Your Doctor's Appointment
- Heart Failure
- Doctor: Getting the Most from Your Doctor's Appointment
- Heart Disease FAQs
- Heart Failure FAQs
- Heart Failure: What Killed George Carlin?
- What Is a Hospitalist?
- Elizabeth Taylor Dies of Congestive Heart Failure
- Cilostazol: New Claudication Drug
- Heart Failure ... Old Drug, New Therapy
- Coping with a Bad Disease - Community Counts
- Shortness of Breath & VP Cheney
- The Death of Joan Rivers: Endoscopy and Anesthesia Risks
- Doctors Answer Heart Health Questions
- Causes of Palpitations
- Congestive Heart Failure Treatment
- Enlarged Spleen (Splenomegaly) Causes
- Cardiac Arrest Symptoms and Causes
- Congestive Heart Failure Symptoms
Medications & Supplements
- enalapril - oral, Vasotec
- ramipril - oral, Altace
- lisinopril - oral, Prinivil, Zestril
- trandolapril - oral, Mavik
- quinapril - oral, Accupril
- fosinopril - oral, Monopril
- furosemide solution- oral, Lasix
- carvedilol - oral, Coreg
- bumetanide - injection, Bumex
- valsartan - oral, Diovan
- furosemide - injection
- captopril - oral, Capoten
- metoprolol extended-release - oral, Toprol XL
- furosemide - oral, Lasix
- metolazone - oral, Zaroxolyn
- hydrochlorothiazide - oral, Microzide
- triamterene/hydrochlorothiazide - oral, Dyazide, Maxzide
- METOPROLOL EXTENDED RELEASE-ORAL
- NITROGLYCERIN-INJECTION, Nitro-Bid, Tridil
- ENALAPRILAT-INJECTABLE, Vasotec IV
- ACE Inhibitors (Side Effects, List of Names, Uses, and Dosage)
- Beta Blockers (Drug Class, List of Brand and Generic Names)
- Aldactone (spironolactone)
- Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARBs)
- furosemide (Lasix)
- atorvastatin (Lipitor) vs. simvastatin (Zocor)
- Thiazides (Diuretics)
- coenzyme q10, ubiquinone, ubidecarenone
- Lipitor (atorvastatin)
- torsemide (Demadex)
- metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol XL)
- lisinopril (Zestril, Prinivil, Qbrelis) ACE Inhibitor
- digoxin (Lanoxin, Lanoxin Pediatric)
- carvedilol (Coreg)
- Beta Blocker Side Effects (Adverse Effects)
- Calcium Channel Blockers (CCBs)
- hydralazine (Apresoline)
- Zocor (simvastatin) vs. Crestor (rosuvastatin)
- Diamox, Diamox Sequels (acetazolamide)
- nitroglycerin, Nitro-Bid, Nitro-Dur, Nitrostat, Transderm-Nitro, Minitran, Deponit, Nitrol
- Congestive Heart Failure Medications
- amlodipine, Norvasc
- captopril, Capoten
- triamterene and hydrochlorothiazide
- hydrochlorothiazide (Microzide, Hydrodiuril, Ezide, and Hydro-Par have been discontinued)
- ramipril, Altace
- dopamine (hydrochloride; Intropin - Discontinued in the US)
- warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven)
- bisoprolol, Zebeta
- metolazone, Zaroxolyn, Diulo (Discontinued); Mykrox (Discontinued)
- isosorbide mononitrate, Imdur, Ismo, Monoket
- chlorthalidone, Thalitone (Hygroton discontinued brand in USA)
- benazepril (Lotensin HTC)
- felodipine (Plendil)
- fosinopril sodium, Monopril
- amiodarone, Cordarone, Nextrone, Pacerone
- mycophenolate mofetil (CellCept)
- trandolapril, Mavik
- enalapril, Vasotec, Epaned
- lisinopril and hydrochlorothiazide, Zestoretic, Prinzide
- quinapril, Accupril
- valsartan/hydrochlorothiazide (Diovan HCT)
- digitalis medicine-oral, Crystodigin
- isosorbide dinitrate (Isordil Titradose, Dilatrate-SR, Isochron)
- eplerenone - oral, Inspra
- indapamide, Lozol (Discontinued)
- benazepril and hydrochlorothiazide, Lotensin HCT
- hawthorn (crataegus laevigata) - oral
- dobutamine (injection; Dobutrex has been discontinued)
- enalapril and hydrochlorothiazide, Vaseretic
- Entresto (sacubitril and valsartan)
- milrinone lactate-injection, Primacor
- captopril and hydrochlorothiazide, Capozide
- Lotensin Hct
- Altace Capsules
- Coreg CR
- Primacor IV
Prevention & Wellness
- Heart Failure Patients Shouldn't Stop Meds Even if Condition Improves: Study
- NIH Halts Stem Cell Trial for Heart Failure Due to Concerns About Fake Data
- Too Much Meat, Dairy Tied to Heart Failure Risk
- Steep Price Hikes Led to Drop in Use of 2 Heart Drugs at U.S. Hospitals
- Many Chronic Illnesses Linked to Suicide Risk
- Are Blood Thinners Overused in Patients With Irregular Heartbeat?
- Heart Disease Could Cost U.S. $1 Trillion Per Year By 2035: Report
- Jury Still Out on Whether to Screen All Adults for Sleep Apnea
- Study Ties Alcohol Abuse to Increased Heart Risks
- Sharp Drop in Blood Pressure After Rx May Be Risky for Some Heart Patients
- Heart Failure Hospitalizations on the Rise in U.S.
- Device Plus 'Aggressive' Drug Strategy May Curb Severe Heart Failure
- FDA Approves New Biological Drug for Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Do Hospital ICUs Raise Costs Without Boosting Survival?
- Antidepressant No Help to Heart Failure Patients: Study
- Aspirin Often Wrongly Prescribed for Atrial Fibrillation
- Mixed News on Drinking and Heart Health
- Type 2 Diabetes, Heart Disease a Dangerous Combo
- Study Ties Implanted Defibrillators to Long-Term Complications
- Waistline May Predict Heart Disease Better Than Weight
- Waistline May Predict Heart Disease Better Than Weight
- Gene Therapy Shows Early Promise Against Heart Failure
- Pregnancy After 40 May Boost Risk of 'Bleeding' Stroke Later: Study
- Doctor-Patient Emails Can Help the Chronically Ill
- Diabetes Takes a Toll on Women's Hearts
- Botox: An Rx for Irregular Heartbeat After Cardiac Surgery?
- Corlanor Approved for Chronic Heart Failure
- Procedure May Beat Drug in Patients With Heart Failure, Irregular Heartbeat
- Are Too Many Heart Failure Patients Getting IV Fluids?
- Gel Implant Might Help Fight Heart Failure
- Most in U.S. Aren't Suitable Kidney Donors, Study Says
- Deaths From Heart Disease Down, Up for Blood Pressure, Irregular Heartbeat
- Heart Transplant ‘Breakthrough' Shows Promise
- For Heart Failure Patients, Shortness of Breath When Bending May Signal Problem
- Country Singer Randy Travis Suffers a Stroke
- Heart Scarring May Be More Dangerous Than Thought, Study Suggests
- Avastin Won't Extend Breast Cancer Survival: Study
- HeartWare Device Approved for Heart Transplant Hopefuls
- Regular Exercise May Help Seniors Stave Off Heart Failure
- What to Do Now to Lower Heart Disease Risk Later
- U.S. Adults Face Substantial Heart Disease Risk: Study
- Midlife Fitness May Mean Healthier Old Age, Study Finds
- Half of Heart Patients Make Medication Errors
- Early Surgery May Benefit Some With Heart Infection
- Stem Cell Study Shows Promising Results Against Heart Failure
- Statins May Help Prevent Irregular Heartbeat in Elderly
- Exercise Can Help Fight Heart Failure
- Screening for Other Health Problems May Aid COPD Survival
- Seniors Stop Taking Heart Drugs In Medicare 'Donut Hole'
- Role of Screening, Monitoring in Early Kidney Disease Unclear
- Common Blood Pressure Drug Safe for Heart Failure: Study
- Omega-3 Supplements No Help Against Repeat Heart Trouble: Review
- Health Benefits of Chocolate Growing
- FDA Adds More Warnings to Antidepressant's Label
- Pay-for-Performance Hospitals Don't Offer Better Care: Study
- Both Too Little and Too Much Sleep Bad for the Heart: Study
- Higher Spending Tied to Better Outcomes in Ontario Hospitals
- Sleep Apnea Treatment May Help Ward Off Heart Failure: Study
- Hip Fracture Patients Often Have Other Health Problems
- Even Mild Dehydration May Cause Emotional, Physical Problems
- AHA: Sex Safe for Most Heart Patients
- Insomnia Can Be Dangerous, But There's Rest for the Weary
- Why Some People Live to 110
- Racial Disparities Seem to Persist in Depression Diagnosis
- Health Highlights: Dec. 19, 2011
- Higher Hospital Admissions Equal Higher Readmissions: Study
- Foods With Vitamin C May Help Heart Failure Patients
- New Research Calls Salt Guidelines Into Question
- New Guidelines on Frequent Cause of Sudden Death in Athletes
- Blood Pressure Drugs at Bedtime May Cut Heart Risk
- 4 Simple Steps to a Healthy Heart
- Study: Memory Loss Boosts Risk of Death
- FDA Warning on Atrial Fibrillation Drug Multaq
- Simple Sugar May Speed Heart Attack Recovery
- Heart Benefits From Cutting Back on Salt?
- Painkillers Linked to Heart Rhythm Disorder
- Study: Chantix May Be Linked to Heart Risk
- Metformin: Safer for Heart Than Older Diabetes Drugs?
- FDA: New Warning for Procrit, Epogen, Aranesp
- Sleep Deprivation Plus Stress Hurts Blood Pressure
- Underused Treatments Could Save Lives From Heart Failure
- New Guidelines: Treat High Blood Pressure in Over-80s
- Elizabeth Taylor Dies of Heart Failure
- Collaborative Care for Depression Has Heart Benefit
- Wireless Sensor Monitors Heart Failure Patients
- Alcohol May Raise Risk of Irregular Heart Rhythm
- Aromatase Inhibitors May Raise Heart Risks