Common Medical Abbreviations & Terms Center

Doctors, pharmacists, and other health-care professionals use abbreviations, acronyms, and other terminology for instructions and information in regard to a patient's health condition, prescription drugs they are to take, or medical procedures that have been ordered. There is no approved this list of common medical abbreviations, acronyms, and terminology used by doctors and other health- care professionals. You can use this list of medical abbreviations and acronyms written by our doctors the next time you can't understand what is on your prescription package, blood test results, or medical procedure orders. Examples include:

  • ANED: Alive no evidence of disease. The patient arrived in the ER alive with no evidence of disease.
  • ARF: Acute renal (kidney) failure
  • cap: Capsule.
  • CPAP: Continuous positive airway pressure. A treatment for sleep apnea.
  • DJD: Degenerative joint disease. Another term for osteoarthritis.
  • DM: Diabetes mellitus. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes
  • HA: Headache
  • IBD: Inflammatory bowel disease. A name for two disorders of the gastrointestinal (BI) tract, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis
  • JT: Joint
  • N/V: Nausea or vomiting.
  • p.o.: By mouth. From the Latin terminology per os.
  • q.i.d.: Four times daily. As in taking a medicine four times daily.
  • RA: Rheumatoid arthritis
  • SOB: Shortness of breath.
  • T: Temperature. Temperature is recorded as part of the physical examination. It is one of the "vital signs."
Read more: Common Medical Abbreviations & Terms Article


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