Colon polyps are common growths on the inner lining of the colon. Colon polyps may become cancerous. There are several different types of colon polyps, and the chance of the polyp becoming cancerous depends on the type, size, and histology. Blood in the stool or rectal bleeding are the most common symptoms of colon polyps. Treatment for colon polyps depend on the type, size, and histology. Read more: Colon Polyps: Symptoms, Causes, Cancer Risk, Treatment, and Prevention Article
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Colorectal Cancer: Symptoms, Signs, Screening, Stages
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Health Screening Tests Every Woman Needs
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Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) Causes, Symptoms, Treatment
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Colon Cancer: How Your Diet Can Affect Colorectal Cancer
Diet, including nutrient, antioxidant, and vitamin intake, affects colon cancer risk. Certain dietary factors either decrease or...
Screening Tests Every Man Should Have
Getting the right screening test at the right time is one of the most important things a man can do for his health. Learn at what...
What Is a Polyp? Nasal, Colon, and Other Polyps
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Picture of Colon
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Picture of Colon
The part of the large intestine that serves to remove water from digested food and let the remaining material, solid waste called...
Picture of Intestines
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Picture of Colon Cancer
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Related Disease Conditions
Stool Color, Changes in Color, Texture, and Form
Stool color changes can very from green, red, maroon, yellow, white, or black. Causes of changes of stool color can range from foods a person eats, medication, diseases or conditions, pregnancy, cancer, or tumors. Stool can also have texture changes such as greasy or floating stools. Stool that has a uncharacteristically foul odor may be caused by infections such as giardiasis or medical conditions.
Blood in the Stool (Rectal Bleeding, Hematochezia)
Blood in the stool or rectal bleeding (hematochezia) refers to the passage of bright red blood from the anus. Common causes include anal fissures, hemorrhoids, diverticulitis, colitis, Crohn's disease, colon and rectum polyps, and cancer. The color of the blood in the stool may provide information about the origin of the bleeding. The color of stool with blood in it may range from black, red, maroon, green yellow, gray, or white, and may be tarry, or sticky. Treatment of blood in the stool depends on the cause.
Colitis refers to inflammation of the inner lining of the colon. Symptoms of the inflammation of the colon lining include diarrhea, pain, and blood in the stool. There are several causes of colitis, including infection, ischemia of the colon, inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, infectious colitis like C. difficile, or microscopic colitis). Treatment depends on the cause of the colitis.
Cancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and is not contagious. Cancer can be treated through chemotherapy, a treatment of drugs that destroy cancer cells.
10 Natural Remedies for Colon Cleansing
A colon cleanse is the act of flushing out or cleaning the large intestine. They may be performed by professionals called colonic hygienists. In spite of insufficient research to support its benefits, the goal of colon cleansing is to clear the colon of any stagnant, supposedly toxic waste encrusted on the walls of the large intestine.
Colon cancer (bowel cancer) is a malignancy that arises from the inner lining of the colon. Most, if not all, of these cancers develop from colonic polyps. Removal of these precancerous polyps can prevent colon cancer.
The Digestion Process (Parts, Organs, and Functions)
Digestion is the complex process of turning the food you eat into the energy you need to survive. The digestive process also involves creating waste to be eliminated, and is made of a series of muscles that coordinate the movement of food. Learn more about digestion and the body parts that make it possible, including the mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon, rectum, anus, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder.
Symptoms of 12 Serious Diseases and Health Problems
Learn how to recognize early warning signs and symptoms of serious diseases and health problems, for example, chronic cough, headache, chest pain, nausea, stool color or consistency changes, heartburn, skin moles, anxiety, nightmares, suicidal thoughts, hallucinations, delusions, lightheadedness, night sweats, eye problems, confusion, depression, severe pelvic or abdominal pain, unusual vaginal discharge, and nipple changes. The symptoms and signs of serious health problems can be caused by strokes, heart attacks, cancers, reproductive problems in females (for example, cancers, fibroids, endometriosis, ovarian cysts, and sexually transmitted diseases or STDs), breast problems (for example, breast cancer and non-cancer related diseases), lung diseases (for example, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD, lung cancer, emphysema, and asthma), stomach or digestive diseases (for example, cancers, gallbladder, liver, and pancreatic diseases, ulcerative colitis, or Crohn's disease), bladder problems (for example, urinary incontinence, and kidney infections), skin cancer, muscle and joint problems, emotional problems or mental illness (for example, postpartum depression, major depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), mania, and schizophrenia), and headache disorders (for example, migraines, or "the worst headache of your life), and eating disorders and weight problems (for example, anorexia or bulimia).
Cancer Risk Factors and Causes
Though it's difficult to say why some people develop cancer while others don't, research shows that certain risk factors increase a person's odds of developing cancer. These risk factors include growing older, family history of cancer, diet, alcohol and tobacco use, and exposure to sunlight, ionizing radiation, certain chemicals, and some viruses and bacteria.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
The inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). The intestinal complications of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis differ because of the characteristically dissimilar behaviors of the intestinal inflammation in these two diseases.
What Causes a Person to Have a Colostomy Bag?
A colostomy bag is a small bag that collects stool after someone has had colostomy surgery. Learn the signs of problems that may lead to a colostomy, what causes them, how doctors order them, and what you can do to treat them.
Is Bright Red Blood in the Stool Serious?
The presence of blood in the stool needs to be evaluated by your doctor. In most cases, the bright red blood in stools is not an immediate threat to life. The most common causes are piles, anal polyps, anal fissures and colitis (inflammation of the large bowel).
Gardner's Syndrome (Familial Adenomatous Polyposis)
Gardners' syndrome, or familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), is an inherited condition in which cancer of the colon and rectum develop. Colon polyps and growths may develop as early as the teens. If these polyps are not removed, they will become cancerous. There are different inheritance patterns for familial adenomatous polyposis.
Colon Cancer Prevention
Colorectal cancer is both curable and preventable if it is detected early and completely removed before the cancerous cells metastasize to other parts of the body. Colonoscopy and flexible sigmoidoscopy (along with digital rectal examination and stool occult blood testing) are both effective at preventing colo-rectal cancers and detecting early colo-rectal cancers.
Disease Prevention in Women
Disease prevention in women includes screening tests that are a basic part of prevention medicine. All screening tests are commonly available through your general doctor. Some specialized tests may be available elsewhere.
Disease Prevention in Men
Disease prevention in men includes routine screening tests that are part of basic prevention medicine. Take an active role in your own health care and discuss screening tests with your doctor early in life. Age of screening and timing of screening depends upon the condition being assessed.
Local ResourcesFind a local Gastroenterologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Colonoscopy Procedure and Preparation
- Is A Colon Resection A Major Surgery?
- Fecal Occult Blood Test
- How Painful Is a Colonoscopy?
- Endoscopy vs. Colonoscopy
- Is an Anoscopy Painful?
- Screening Tests for Cancer
- Sigmoidoscopy vs. Colonoscopy
- Does a Right Hemicolectomy Remove the Appendix?
- Virtual Colonoscopy
- What Is the Difference Between EMR and ESD?
- Colon and Colorectal Cancer Screening
- Bowel Diversion Surgery: Ileostomy, Colostomy, Ileoanal Reservoir, and Continent Ileostomy
- Barium Enema
- What Is Flexible Sigmoidoscopy?
- What Is a TME Surgery?
- Questions To Ask Before Surgery
- What Is A Colon Resection?
- What Is Laparoscopic Left Colectomy/Hemicolectomy?
- Abdominal Pain Causes
- Colon Cancer Prevention And Fiber?
- Colon Cancer and Polyp Screening Guidelines
- Colon Cancer Silences Howard Keel
- Doctors Answer Digestion Questions
- Can virtual colonoscopy replace actual colonoscopy
- What Does a Barium Enema Test For?
- Ask the Experts - Gastroentrology (Digestion)
Medications & Supplements
- magnesium citrate (Citrate of Magnesia, Citroma)
- celecoxib (Celebrex)
- Cox-2 Inhibitors
- Sutab (sodium sulfate, magnesium sulfate, and potassium chloride)
- What Does Sedation Feel Like?
- Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) and Electrolytes
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- diatrizoate meglumine and diatrizoate sodium-solution, Gastrografin, MD-Gastroview
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- Udenyca (pegfilgrastim-cbqv)
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Prevention & Wellness
- Key Factors That Raise Your Odds for Early-Onset Colon Cancer
- Could Viagra, Cialis Help Boost Colon Cancer Survival?
- Bacterial Blood Infections Tied to Heightened Colon Cancer Risk
- For Patients on Blood Thinners, GI Bleeding May Signal Colon Cancer: Study
- Strong Support Network Is Key to Women's Cancer Recovery: Study
- Exercise Is Good Medicine for Advanced Colon Cancer
- Are You Still Putting Off Colon Cancer Screening?
- Yogurt Might Help Men Avoid Colon Cancer: Study
- Colon Cancer Striking More Under 50, and More Often in Western States
- Choose the Right Colon Cancer Screening Option
- Exercise Might Slow Colon Cancer's Advance
- Colon Cancer Usually Diagnosed Late in Under-50 Adults
- Aspirin Can Help Prevent Colon Cancer, But Many at Risk Don't Take It
- Too Much TV Raises Women's Odds for Early-Onset Colon Cancer: Study
- Many Patients With Polyps Delay Follow-up Colonoscopy: Study
- A Healthy Diet Is Never Too Late With Colon Cancer
- Bug Behind Stomach Cancer Also Linked to Colon Cancer
- Obesity Doubles Odds for Colon Cancer in Younger Women
- Going Vegetarian to Cut Colon Cancer Risk
- Colon Polyp Type May Be Key to Cancer Risk
- Want to Help Beat Colon Cancer? Live Healthy
- Red Meat Tied to Higher Colon Cancer Risk for Women
- Study Confirms Lifesaving Value of Colonoscopy
- Calcium Supplements Tied to Higher Odds of Colon Polyps
- Family History of Colon Cancer Calls for Earlier Screening
- Vitamin E, Selenium Don't Cut Colon Cancer Risk: Study
- Vitamin D, Calcium May Not Prevent Colon Cancer After All
- New Colorectal Cancer Screening Test Approved
- New Colon Polyp Removal Method May Be Easier on Patients
- Too Much Sitting Tied to Higher Risk of Colon Polyps in Men
- Current Colon Cancer Screening Guidelines Might Miss Some Patients
- New Prep for Colon Screen Uses Four Pills, Not Liquid Laxative
- Genes May Be Key for Patients With Multiple Colon Polyps
- Health Tip: Help Prevent Colon Polyps
- Sigmoidoscopy Cuts Colon Cancer Cases, Deaths
- Blacks, Hispanics Have Higher Colon Polyp Risk Than Previously Thought
- The Laxative-Free 'Virtual Colonoscopy'
- New Stool Test Might Aid in Early Detection of Colon Cancer
- Many Cancer Deaths Prevented by Colonoscopy
- Could Listening to Mozart Help Doctors Spot Colon Polyps?
- New Colon Cancer Screening Test in the Works
- Polyp-Finding Skill Is Key to Colonoscopy Success
- Single Screening Cuts Colon Cancer Risk
Digestive Disorders Resources
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