- Side Effects
- Drug Interactions
- Pregnancy & Breastfeeding
- What Else to Know
Generic Name: coenzyme Q10
Brand and Other Names: CoQ10, ibedenone, mitoquinone, ubidecarenone, ubiquinone, vitamin Q10
Drug Class: Herbals
What is coenzyme Q10, and what is it used for?
Coenzyme Q10 is a fat-soluble compound found in virtually all the cell membranes in the body, and in the highest concentrations in the heart, liver, kidneys and pancreas. Coenzyme Q10 is a member of the ubiquinone family of compounds that is naturally synthesized in the body. It is also available from dietary sources such as fatty fish, organ meats, poultry, eggs, vegetable oils, whole grains, nuts, legumes, and certain fruits and vegetables.
Coenzyme Q10 is taken as a dietary supplement to reduce symptoms and improve outcomes in many cardiovascular conditions including congestive heart failure, heart attack (myocardial infarction), chest pain (angina), and high blood pressure (hypertension), and many other conditions such as mitochondrial diseases, muscular dystrophies, and statin-induced muscle pain (myalgia). Coenzyme Q10 may also be taken to supplement natural deficiency due to primary coenzyme Q10 deficiency, a rare genetic disorder, or secondary deficiency.
Coenzyme Q10 plays a vital role in the transfer of protons and electrons in mitochondria and lysosomes. Mitochondria are intracellular organelles which convert carbohydrates and fats into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the form of energy cells can use. Lysosomes in the cells contain the digestive enzymes that break down cellular debris. Coenzyme Q10 is also an antioxidant that prevents cellular damage from oxidative stress caused by reactive oxygen species (ROS), also known as free radicals.
The suggested uses of coenzyme Q10 include:
- Cardiovascular conditions such as:
- Congestive heart failure (CHF)
- Myocardial infarction (MI)
- Myocardial injury during procedures such as angioplasty
- Reperfusion injury from free radicals after an MI
- Prior to cardiac surgeries such as bypass or transplantation
- Angina pectoris
- Heart damage from chemotherapy drugs
- Chronic fatigue syndrome
- To boost the immune system in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
- Diabetes mellitus
- Mitochondrial diseases
- Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, an inherited disorder that affects multiple systems including the brain, nervous system and muscles
- Muscle wasting diseases (muscular dystrophies)
- Primary coenzyme Q10 deficiency
- Secondary coenzyme Q10 deficiency
- Muscle pain associated with statin use
- Gum (periodontal) disease
- To prevent plaque formation (atherosclerosis) in arteries
- To delay aging and improve age-related decline in vitality and energy
Clinical studies show some evidence that coenzyme Q10 use may be beneficial in some of the above conditions, particularly in the prevention of damage to the heart from heart disease or surgery and primary coenzyme Q10 insufficiency, however, there is inconclusive evidence for its efficacy in most of the conditions.
Research is ongoing (orphan designation) on the use of Coenzyme Q10, in conditions that include the following:
- Huntington’s disease
- Mitochondrial cytopathies
- Pediatric congestive heart failure
- Epidermolysis bullosa
Use coenzyme Q10 with caution in the following circumstances:
- Biliary obstruction
- Other concurrent antihypertensive therapies
- Concurrent cancer chemotherapy
- Concurrent radiation therapy
- Insufficiency in liver function
What are the side effects of coenzyme Q10?
Side effects of coenzyme Q10 include:
- Abdominal discomfort
- Reduced appetite
- Allergic skin rashes
- Elevated liver function test results
- Lowering of blood pressure
This is not a complete list of all side effects or adverse reactions that may occur from the use of this drug.
Call your doctor for medical advice about serious side effects or adverse reactions. You may also report side effects or health problems to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
What are the dosages of coenzyme Q10?
There is no established standard dose of coenzyme Q10. Different supplement brands might have different ingredients and strengths. Follow directions on product labels and consult a healthcare professional before using.
- 50-200 mg orally daily
- Congestive heart failure (CHF): 100 mg/day divided two to three times daily orally
- Myocardial preservation for heart surgery: 200 mg/day orally
- Published studies indicate that coenzyme Q10 has low toxicity and does not induce serious adverse effects.
- In case of overdose, any adverse effects may be treated with symptomatic and supportive care.
What drugs interact with coenzyme Q10?
Inform your doctor of all medications you are currently taking, who can advise you on any possible drug interactions. Never begin taking, suddenly discontinue, or change the dosage of any medication without your doctor’s recommendation.
- Coenzyme Q10 has no known severe or serious interactions with other drugs.
- Moderate interaction of coenzyme Q10 include:
- Mild interactions of coenzyme Q10 include:
- insulin aspart
- insulin detemir
- insulin glargine
- insulin glulisine
- insulin lispro
- insulin NPH
- insulin regular human
The drug interactions listed above are not all of the possible interactions or adverse effects. For more information on drug interactions, visit the RxList Drug Interaction Checker.
It is important to always tell your doctor, pharmacist, or health care provider of all prescription and over-the-counter medications you use, as well as the dosage for each, and keep a list of the information. Check with your doctor or health care provider if you have any questions about the medication.
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
- During pregnancy, the use of coenzyme Q10 supplements (100 mg twice daily) from 20 weeks gestation was found to be safe
- There are no studies on safety of coenzyme Q10 use in breastfeeding women; avoid use
What else should I know about coenzyme Q10?
- In general, coenzyme Q10 appears safe and well tolerated by most people
- Consult with your healthcare provide before taking coenzyme Q10 because of its potential side effects and interactions with certain medications
- Coenzyme Q10 is marketed as an herbal supplement and is not stringently regulated by the FDA like prescription drugs; products may differ in formulations and strengths; exercise caution in choosing your product
- Your Guide to Hepatitis C Medications
- CDC Raises Alarm About Meningitis Threat to Patients Visiting Mexican Surgical Clinics
- What Is Irritable Bowel Syndrome?
- New Approach to Transplants Could Boost Supply of Donor Hearts
- Experts Warn of Heart Dangers From Smoke of Canadian Wildfires
- More Health News »
Coenzyme Q10 is a nutrient and dietary supplement used to reduce symptoms and improve outcomes in many cardiovascular conditions including congestive heart failure, heart attack (myocardial infarction), chest pain (angina) and high blood pressure (hypertension), and many other conditions such as mitochondrial diseases, muscular dystrophies and statin-induced muscle pain (myalgia). Side effects of coenzyme Q10 include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, heartburn, abdominal discomfort, reduced appetite, allergic skin rashes, elevated liver function test results, and lowering of blood pressure. Do not take if breastfeeding.
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
What Is High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)? Symptoms, Treatments
What causes high blood pressure (hypertension)? What is normal blood pressure? Know the warning signs and symptoms of high blood...
Heart Disease: Causes of a Heart Attack
Heart disease prevention includes controlling risk factors like diet, exercise, and stress. Heart disease symptoms in women may...
Am I Having a Heart Attack? Symptoms of Heart Disease
Heart attacks symptoms vary greatly for men and women, from anxiety and fatigue to nausea and sweating. Learn the warning signs...
Hypertension: What High Blood Pressure Can Do to Your Body
High blood pressure puts you at risk for a number of other conditions. Here's what to look out for.
How to Lower Blood Pressure: Exercise and Tips
Trying to lower high blood pressure (hypertension)? Discover exercises good for lowering blood pressure, along with other...
Hypertension: 15 Surprising Things That Raise Your Blood Pressure
Salt, worry, and anger aren't the only things that can raise your blood pressure. Risk factors like loneliness and birth control...
What Are Normal Blood Pressure Ranges by Age For Men and Women?
What is normal, low and high blood pressure? Find charts of blood pressure readings and ranges for men and women of different...
Hypertension: Worst Foods for High Blood Pressure
Diagnosed with high blood pressure or trying to avoid it? Stay away from these foods.
Heart Disease: Best and Worst Foods for Heart Failure
Learn which dietary changes help your heart, and which ones make it work harder.
Chest Pain Quiz
What causes chest pain? If you have chest pain, does it mean you're having a heart attack? Take the quiz to learn what diseases...
High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) Quiz: Symptoms, Signs & Causes
Take this quiz and test your IQ of high blood pressure (hypertension), the cardiovascular disease that causes most strokes and...
Fibromyalgia Quiz: What Is Fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia could be the reason for your constant, deep bodily pain. Learn more about this painful condition with the...
Heart Failure Quiz
What is heart failure? Learn about this dangerous condition, as well as who is at risk, and what to do about it.
Picture of Hypertension
High blood pressure, defined as a repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg -- a systolic pressure above 140...
Picture of Blood Pressure
The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. See a picture of Blood Pressure and learn more about the...
What Is Fibromyalgia (Fibro)? Symptoms, Causes, Helpful Treatments
What is fibromyalgia? Learn the possible causes of fibro, along with standard and alternative treatments for this chronic...
Picture of Fibromyalgia
A syndrome characterized by chronic pain, stiffness, and tenderness of muscles, tendons, and joints without detectable...
Costochondritis: Treatment for Sternum Pain
Do you have sternum pain or rib pain? What is costochondritis? Learn about costochondritis symptoms such as chest wall pain and...
Fibromyalgia Relief: Treatments and Tips to Ease Pain and Other Symptoms
What is fibromyalgia? Learn about fibromyalgia symptoms such as trigger points (also called tender points), learn what causes...
Fibromyalgia Pain Relief: Stretching and Strength Exercises
Living with fibromyalgia is painful. By making simple exercise modifications, you can boost your energy, decrease pain and...
How Can I Lower My Blood Pressure Immediately, Naturally? Chart
Can you lower your high blood pressure immediately? Explore 9 ways such as exercise, healthy eating, rest, and more that can help...
Fibromyalgia: Easy Home Exercises to Manage Fibromyalgia Pain
Fibromyalgia leaves you tired and achy, but regular exercise can help reduce fatigue and pain. WebMD shows you exercises you can...
Fibromyalgia: 9 Ways to Avoid Fibromyalgia Pain and Fatigue
See how to sleep better, reduce stress, and soothe fibromyalgia muscle pain. WebMD answers questions about alternative therapies,...
Related Disease Conditions
Blood Pressure Readings: Chart, Normal, High, Low
Blood pressure is the force applied by the blood over the inner walls of the arteries. Although the average blood pressure for a person remains constant, it shows minor fluctuations throughout the day—declining while relaxing and momentarily increasing while being excited or under stress. An increase in resting blood pressure can scar, stiffen, or harden the arteries.
Why Is My Bottom Blood Pressure Number High?
Isolated diastolic hypertension (IDH) occurs when your systolic blood pressure is normal, and only your diastolic blood pressure is high (over 80 mm Hg). Causes of high diastolic blood pressure include a high-sodium diet, obesity, lack of physical activity, excessive alcohol consumption, stress and anxiety.
High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
High blood pressure (hypertension) is a disease in which pressure within the arteries of the body is elevated. About 75 million people in the US have hypertension (1 in 3 adults), and only half of them are able to manage it. Many people do not know that they have high blood pressure because it often has no has no warning signs or symptoms. Systolic and diastolic are the two readings in which blood pressure is measured. The American College of Cardiology released new guidelines for high blood pressure in 2017. The guidelines now state that blood normal blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg. If either one of those numbers is higher, you have high blood pressure. The American Academy of Cardiology defines high blood pressure slightly differently. The AAC considers 130/80 mm Hg. or greater (either number) stage 1 hypertension. Stage 2 hypertension is considered 140/90 mm Hg. or greater. If you have high blood pressure you are at risk of developing life threatening diseases like stroke and heart attack.REFERENCE: CDC. High Blood Pressure. Updated: Nov 13, 2017.
What Does Chest Pain on the Left Side Above a Female Breast Mean?
Chest pain on the left side above a female breast can have a variety of causes. Learn the signs of chest pain on the left side, what may cause it, how doctors diagnose it, and what you can do to treat it.
How Can I Lower My Blood Pressure in Minutes?
Learn how to lower your high blood pressure quickly and how to better manage this condition.
What Is Normal Blood Pressure and Pulse by Age?
The American Heart Association outlines that a normal blood pressure reading of 120/80 mm Hg for adults. Here is a chart that breaks down the ideal blood pressure range by age.
How to Lower My Blood Pressure Immediately
If you face any complications of high blood pressure such as a stroke or heart attack, contact your physician without any delay. Do not attempt home remedies in such grave situations. If you have high blood pressure, without any complications, the first thing to do is to calm down and lie flat.
What Is Considered Stroke-Level High Blood Pressure?
Blood pressure readings above 180/120 mmHg are considered stroke-level and require immediate medical attention. Check out the center below for more medical references on hypertension, including multimedia (slideshows, images, and quizzes), related diseases, treatment, diagnosis, medications, and prevention or wellness.
Heart Attack Symptoms and Early Warning Signs
Recognizing heart attack symptoms and signs can help save your life or that of someone you love. Some heart attack symptoms, including left arm pain and chest pain, are well known but other, more nonspecific symptoms may be associated with a heart attack. Nausea, vomiting, malaise, indigestion, sweating, shortness of breath, and fatigue may signal a heart attack. Heart attack symptoms and signs in women may differ from those in men.
What Is Normal Blood Pressure for a 60-Year-Old?
According to current guidelines from the American Heart Association, normal blood pressure for adults under the age of 65 is any blood pressure below 120/80 mmHg.
How Do You Check Your Blood Pressure With Fingers?
Most doctors recommend the use of a blood pressure machine to check blood pressure. An individual may check heart rate with their fingers, but not blood pressure.
Is 120 Over 60 a Good Blood Pressure Reading?
If your systolic blood pressure is normal (between 100-120), and your diastolic blood pressure is lower (60 or below), you are considered to have low blood pressure, or isolated diastolic hypotension. Low diastolic blood pressure should be monitored closely.
Is 150 Over 90 a Good Blood Pressure?
Blood pressure of 150/90 mmHg comes under the category of stage I hypertension and means that you have high blood pressure.
Is 110/60 a Too Low Blood Pressure?
A blood pressure reading of 110/60 mmHg is usually not considered a low blood pressure.
Can a Chest Muscle Strain Feel Like a Heart Attack?
Chest muscle strains can cause sudden, acute pain that feels like a heart attack. Learn the signs of a chest muscle strain, what causes it, how doctors diagnose it, and what you can do to treat it. A panic attack is an intense wave of fear accompanied by symptoms like sweating, shaking, dizziness and others. A heart attack is a blockage in blood flow to the heart. The symptoms of a heart attack and panic attack are similar, but they have different outcomes.
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)
Congestive heart failure (CHF) refers to a condition in which the heart loses the ability to function properly. Heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, myocarditis, and cardiomyopathies are just a few potential causes of congestive heart failure. Signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure may include fatigue, breathlessness, palpitations, angina, and edema. Physical examination, patient history, blood tests, and imaging tests are used to diagnose congestive heart failure. Treatment of heart failure consists of lifestyle modification and taking medications to decrease fluid in the body and ease the strain on the heart. The prognosis of a patient with congestive heart failure depends on the stage of the heart failure and the overall condition of the individual.
Chest pain is a common complaint by a patient in the ER. Causes of chest pain include broken or bruised ribs, pleurisy, pneumothorax, shingles, pneumonia, pulmonary embolism, angina, heart attack, costochondritis, pericarditis, aorta or aortic dissection, and reflux esophagitis. Diagnosis and treatment of chest pain depends upon the cause and clinical presentation of the patient's chest pain.
What Are the Newest Treatments for Fibromyalgia?
Although large-scale studies are still needed to confirm their effectiveness, the newest FDA-approved treatments for fibromyalgia include Quell and milnacipran.
What Is the Blood Pressure of a Very Fit Person?
Studies show that a very fit person who exercises regularly will have a lower resting blood pressure (usually below 120/80 mm Hg) than someone who leads a sedentary lifestyle.
What Heart Rate Is a Heart Attack?
While no one particular heart rate qualifies as a heart attack, a rapid heart rate outside 60 to 100 beats per minute should be monitored closely.
Second Source article from WebMD
How Do You Know If You're Having a Fibromyalgia Attack?
What is a fibromyalgia attack, and what can trigger one? Learn the signs of fibromyalgia and some of the treatment options for this condition.
Hypertension-Related Kidney Disease
Second Source WebMD Medical Reference
Which ACE Inhibitor Is the Best for Hypertension?
The best ACE inhibitors for hypertension include Trandolapril, Enalapril, and Ramipril.
How Is Diastolic Hypertension Treated?
Diastolic hypertension, where only your diastolic blood pressure is elevated, may be treated with lifestyle changes such as weight loss, reducing your sodium intake or alcohol consumption, and quitting smoking. Medications may be prescribed in more severe cases.
Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain condition characterized by symptoms such as fatigue, sleep disturbances, and tender points. Stress reduction, exercise, and medication are the standard treatments for fibromyalgia.
Heart failure (congestive) is caused by many conditions including coronary artery disease, heart attack, cardiomyopathy, and conditions that overwork the heart. Symptoms of heart failure include congested lungs, fluid and water retention, dizziness, fatigue and weakness, and rapid or irregular heartbeats. There are two types of congestive heart failure, systolic or left-sided heart failure; and diastolic or right-sided heart failure. Treatment, prognosis, and life-expectancy for a person with congestive heart failure depends upon the stage of the disease.
Heart Attack (Myocardial Infarction)
A heart attack occurs when a blood clot completely obstructs a coronary artery supplying blood to the heart muscle. Learn about warning signs, causes, complications, risk factors, and treatment.
Is A Manual Blood Pressure More Accurate?
Manual blood pressure gives accurate results when used correctly by a trained person. However, manual blood pressure measurement is not the recommended type of blood pressure monitoring for home use because it requires some training.
Can You Take Turmeric if You Take Blood Pressure Medicine?
Turmeric is one of the most used spices in Asian cuisine. This yellow spice has been hailed for its healing properties for centuries. A turmeric latte is touted for its myriad health benefits. Turmeric contains several anti-inflammatory compounds collectively called curcuminoids.
Which Is More Important: Systolic or Diastolic Blood Pressure?
Systolic blood pressure is often given more attention as a risk factor for heart disease. However, both systolic and diastolic blood pressure are equally important in monitoring the health of your heart.
Angina is chest pain due to inadequate blood supply to the heart. Angina symptoms may include chest tightness, burning, squeezing, and aching. Coronary artery disease is the main cause of angina but there are other causes. Angina is diagnosed by taking the patient's medical history and performing tests such as an electrocardiogram (EKG), blood test, stress test, echocardiogram, cardiac CT scan, and heart catheterization. Treatment of angina usually includes lifestyle modification, medication, and sometimes, surgery. The risk of angina can be reduced by following a heart healthy lifestyle.
Can You Take Turmeric with Blood Pressure Medication?
Turmeric may not react well with some medications, including blood pressure medication.
Things to Know About High Blood Pressure Treatment
High blood pressure (hypertension) means high pressure (tension) in the arteries. Treatment for high blood pressure include lifestyle modifications (alcohol, smoking, coffee, salt, diet, exercise), drugs and medications such as ACE inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, beta blockers, diuretics, calcium channel blockers (CCBs), alpha blockers, clonidine, minoxidil, and Exforge.
How Do I Know If I Have High or Low Blood Pressure Numbers?
High or low blood pressure can lead to serious health conditions. Learn more about what you should do if your pressure is outside the ideal range.
Can Drinking Water Lower Your Blood Pressure?
Keeping well hydrated by drinking six to eight glasses of water daily (even more if working in hot and humid conditions) is beneficial for the blood pressure. High blood pressure (BP) or hypertension is a condition caused by the persistent high pressure of blood against the walls of arteries. It is also called systolic pressure (constantly greater than 139 mmHg) or diastolic pressure (constantly more than 89 mmHg).
Is It Okay to Take Blood Pressure Multiple Times?
International hypertension societies recommend taking multiple blood pressure measurements over several days.
What Are the 4 Stages of Congestive Heart Failure?
The New York Heart Association developed the four stages of congestive heart failure depending on the functional capabilities of the heart which includes Class I, Class II, Class III, and Class IV.
18 Ways to Lower Blood Pressure Without Medication
Lifestyle changes and home remedies are effective in controlling high blood pressure (hypertension). Check out the center below for more medical references on hypertension, including multimedia (slideshows, images, and quizzes), related disease conditions, treatment and diagnosis, medications, and prevention or wellness.
How Long Can You Live With Heart Failure?
What is the life expectancy of people with heart failure? Learn about survival rates, determining factors, and lifestyle changes that may help increase your life expectancy.
Heart Attack vs. Stroke Symptoms, Differences, and Similarities
Heart attack usually is caused by a clot that stops blood flow supplying oxygen to an area of heart muscle, which results in heart muscle death. Stroke or "brain attack" is caused by a loss of blood supply to the brain (usually a blood clot) or by hemorrhagic stroke (bleeding within the brain), which results in brain tissue death. Both heart attack and stroke usually come on suddenly, produce similar symptoms, can be disabling, and can be fatal. The classic symptoms and warning signs of heart attack are different. Classic heart attack warning signs are chest pain or discomfort, shortness of breath, pain that radiates to the shoulders, back, arms, belly, jaw, or teeth, sweating, fainting, and nausea and vomiting. Moreover, woman having a heart attack may have additional symptoms like abdominal pain or discomfort, dizziness, clammy skin, and moderate to severe fatigue. The classic symptoms and warning signs that a person is having a stroke are confusion or loss of consciousness, sudden severe headache, speech problems, problems seeing out of one or both eyes, and numbness or weakness of only one side of the body. Moreover, a woman having a stroke may have additional warning symptom and signs like shortness of breath, disorientation, agitation, behavioral changes, weakness, nausea, vomiting, seizures, and hiccups. Recognition of stroke symptoms is vital for emergency treatment. The acronym "FAST" stands for recognition of Facial drooping, Arm weakness, Speech difficulty, and a Time for action. If you experience the symptoms heart attack or stroke (FAST) or see them develop in another person, then contact 911 immediately.
Heart Attack vs. Heartburn
Heartburn is a symptom of another disease or medical problem and can be described as a feeling of burning in the chest accompanied by symptoms of nausea, vomiting, or a sour taste or food stuck in the back of the throat. Heart attack occurs when an artery in the heart is completely blocked by a blood clot, which causes that portion of heart muscle to die. Heart attack also has symptoms of chest pain, nausea, and vomiting, however, other warning signs and symptoms of a heart attack are unusual weakness or fatigue, and persistent and/or increased severity of symptoms over a few minutes. Heart attack is a life threatening emergency. If you think you or someone you are with is having a heart attack, call 911 immediately for urgent medical treatment. It may save your life.
What Foods Can I Eat to Lower My Blood Pressure Immediately?
What is high blood pressure and how can you lower it? Learn the best foods to help lower your blood pressure immediately.
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is a disorder of the muscles and joints that causes pain and stiffness in the arms, neck, shoulders, and buttocks. Treatment for polymyalgia rheumatica aims to reduce inflammation with aspirin, ibuprofen, and low doses of cortisone medications.
What Are the Side Effects After a Heart Attack?
Here are 9 possible side effects that may occur following a heart attack, which are all serious medical complications that may be life-threatening.
Can High Blood Pressure (HBP) Cause Blood in Urine?
Blood in your urine is also known as hematuria. Very rarely, it is caused by high blood pressure (HBP) — also known as hypertension.
33 Causes of Chest Pain: Signs and Symptoms
Chest pain may be caused by many conditions. Learn when chest discomfort, pressure, and tightness is a medical emergency. Find out the most likely causes of left-sided chest pain and chest pain when breathing. Read about potential underlying causes of chest pain including muscle pain, coronary artery disease, coronary artery dissection, esophageal conditions, gallbladder problems, GERD, heart attack, lung problems, and more. Discover how chest pain in women differs from that in men.
What Are the Best Fruits for Lowering Blood Pressure?
The best fruits for lowering blood pressure include citrus fruits, berries, bananas, pomegranates, prunes, and melons.
Which Blood Pressure Number Is the Most Important?
The blood that flows through the arteries (blood vessels carrying blood from the heart to other parts of the body) exerts pressure against the arterial walls. The number above (120) is called the systolic blood pressure and the number below (80) is called the diastolic blood pressure. Though both readings are important, many doctors believe that systolic blood pressure is a better predictor of complications of hypertension, such as heart disease or stroke.
What Are the 4 Stages of Hypertension?
Learn the four stages of hypertension, which include normal, elevated blood pressure, stage I hypertension, and stage II hypertension.
Hypertension-Induced Chronic Kidney Disease
Hypertension-induced chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a long-standing kidney condition that develops over time due to persistent or uncontrolled high blood pressure (hypertension).
Rheumatoid Arthritis vs. Polymyalgia Rheumatica
Polymyalgia rheumatica and rheumatoid arthritis are two diseases that manifest in a similar manner.
What Are the Four Signs of an Impending Heart Attack?
A heart attack occurs when the blood vessel that supplies blood to your heart (coronary artery) gets blocked – partially or completely. The lack of blood supply means the heart does not get enough oxygen or nutrients.
The Most Severe Symptoms of Fibromyalgia
The pain from fibromyalgia can be intense and constant. It can be severe enough to keep you home from work and other activities.
Heart Attack Treatment
A heart attack involves damage or death of part of the heart muscle due to a blood clot. The aim of heart attack treatment is to prevent or stop this damage to the heart muscle. Heart attack treatments included medications, procedures, and surgeries to protect the heart muscle against injury.
What Are the Top Drinks to Lower Blood Pressure?
The top drinks for lowering blood pressure include beverages that are rich in nutrients and low in sodium and fats. Learn the 10 best blood-pressure-lowering drinks here.
How Long Does It Take to Recover From a Heart Attack?
While it takes most people about 6-8 months to recover after a heart attack, overall recovery time depends on your general health, how severe the attack was, the type of treatment you received and when you received it.
Why Does Alcohol Cause Hypertension?
Alcoholic beverages are regular drinks in most parts of the world. No one knows how alcohol causes hypertension, but it may be due to the effects of alcohol endothelium, nervous system, cortisol levels or other body systems.
What Foods Trigger Fibromyalgia Pain?
Foods that trigger fibromyalgia pain vary from one person to the next. But in general, processed foods, refined carbohydrates, unhealthy fats and red meats can worsen your symptoms.
Can High Blood Pressure Hurt My Eyes?
Unfortunately, yes. Suffering from untreated or poorly controlled high blood pressure for a long time can be detrimental to your eyes. Several eye diseases are directly or indirectly caused by high blood pressure (hypertension).
What Are the Stages of Muscular Dystrophy?
Muscular dystrophy causes progressive muscle weakness, and each stage causes different symptoms that will affect your child’s development.
Rheumatoid Arthritis vs. Fibromyalgia
Though rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and fibromyalgia have similar symptoms, RA is an autoimmune disease and fibromyalgia is a chronic pain syndrome. RA symptoms include joint redness, swelling, and pain that lasts more than 6 weeks. Fibromyalgia symptoms include widespread pain, tingling feet or hands, depression, and bowel irritability. Home remedies for both include stress reduction, exercise, and getting enough sleep.
What Foods Are Good for Fibromyalgia?
If you suffer from fibromyalgia, eating a diet of fruits, vegetables and lean proteins that are rich in nutrients can boost your overall health and help you manage your symptoms.
What Are the Differences Between Heart Attack, Cardiac Arrest and Stroke?
Heart attack, stroke, and cardiac arrest are severe medical conditions (emergencies) that need immediate medical treatment. Learn the differences between a heart attack, cardiac arrest, and stroke below.
What Causes Congestive Heart Failure?
Congestive heart failure is a chronic disease that progresses with time if left untreated. Heart failure can occur due to diseases of the heart, the blood vessels supplying oxygen and nutrients to the heart, or sometimes from factors outside the heart (extracardiac causes). With proper management, people who have congestive heart failure can lead nearly normal lives, depending on the severity of the condition.
How Long Can you Live With Muscular Dystrophy?
What is muscular dystrophy? Learn the signs of muscular dystrophy, what causes it, how doctors diagnose it, and how to treat it.
What Can I Eat To Lower My Blood Pressure Immediately?
Learn what you can eat to lower your blood pressure to a more healthy level and help you manage hypertension.
What Are the Fastest Ways to Treat Angina?
Learn what medical treatments can help ease your angina symptoms and speed up your recover.
What Is Normal Blood Pressure by Age?
What is normal blood pressure? Learn about normal blood pressure by age and the risk factors of hypertension.
What Are the Signs Your Blood Pressure Is Too High?
What is high blood pressure, and how do you lower it? Learn the signs of high blood pressure and what to do if your blood pressure numbers go above a healthy range.
What Are the Symptoms of a Heart Attack in Women?
Many women think that the typical signs of a heart attack like crushing chest pain and shortness of breath can be easily recognized and cannot be missed. The 4 silent signs of a heart attack are fatigue, chest pain, pain in the upper back, shoulder, arms, neck or jaw, and sleep disturbances.
What Are Abnormal Blood Pressure Number Ranges?
Abnormal blood pressure, especially high blood pressure, is a common issue with no initial symptoms. Learn how to keep your blood pressure in the normal range.
What Does a Fibromyalgia Attack Feel Like?
Symptoms may begin after acute psychological stress, physical trauma, surgery, or other systemic infections. Sometimes, there may be no identifiable trigger.
Heart Attack Pathology: Photo Essay
A heart attack is a layperson's term for a sudden blockage of a coronary artery. This photo essay includes graphics, pictures, and illustrations of diseased heart tissue and the mechanisms that lead to coronary artery disease, and possible heart attack. A coronary artery occlusion may be fatal, but most patients survive it. Death can occur when the occlusion leads to an abnormal heartbeat (severe arrhythmia) or death of heart muscle (extensive myocardial infarction).
Can I Check My Blood Pressure With My Phone?
The force of the blood against the walls of the blood vessels carrying blood from the heart to other sites in the body (the arteries) is called blood pressure. The heart pumps blood into the arteries as it contracts (systole).
What Will Happen if Your Blood Pressure is Too High?
High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, can have negative consequences on your health. Learn what happens if your blood pressure is too high, the causes of high blood pressure, and what you can do to treat it.
How Often Should Blood Pressure be Checked?
People older than 40 years should check their blood pressure once a year, while those between 18 and 40 years old should check it every three to five years.
What Is a Widowmaker Heart Attack?
A Widowmaker is a type of heart attack, which is deadlier than most others. A widowmaker heart attack occurs when the left ascending artery (LAD) that supplies blood to the front part of the heart (largest part) is clogged-up because of clots in the arterial wall. This causes the death of heart muscle in this area, medically termed myocardial infarction. Because the widowmaker damages a major portion of the heart, timely management is necessary to prevent fatalities.
What Can I Do to Relieve Angina Pain?
Learn what medical treatments can help ease your angina pain symptoms and help you manage this condition.
How Do You Strengthen Your Heart After Heart Failure?
You can strengthen your heart after heart failure by making recommended changes to your diet, exercising regularly, and adopting healthy habits.
Can People With Fibromyalgia Live Normal Lives?
People with fibromyalgia can live a normal and active life if they have the support of a physician.
Heart Attack Prevention
Heart disease and heart attacks can be prevented by leading a healthy lifestyle with diet, exercise, and stress management. Symptoms of heart attack in men and women include chest discomfort and pain in the shoulder, neck, jaw, stomach, or back.
What Is the Best Treatment for Muscular Dystrophy?
Learn what medical treatments can help with your muscular dystrophy symptoms and speed up your recovery.
What Does an Angina Attack Feel Like?
Angina is chest pain caused by a lack of oxygen supply to the heart. Learn the signs of an angina attack, what causes it, how doctors diagnose it, and what you can do to treat it.
How Many Types of Muscular Dystrophy Are There?
Muscular dystrophy is a genetic disease that weakens and wastes away skeletal muscle. There are 30 different types of muscular dystrophy that fall into nine major categories. Learn what the symptoms of muscular dystrophy are, how you get muscular dystrophy, and what treatments there are for muscular dystrophy.
What Foods Are Good to Treat Heart Failure?
If you have mild-to-moderate heart failure, you may lead a nearly normal life by making some lifestyle changes. Foods that are good to treat heart failure include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, low-fat protein, nuts, legumes, and unsaturated fats.
Myofascial Pain Syndrome Vs Fibromyalgia
Most people with chronic pain and fatigue in their muscles tend to have either fibromyalgia or myofascial pain syndrome (MPS). Fibromyalgia is a condition characterized by widespread musculoskeletal (involving the muscles and bones) pain accompanied by fatigue, sleep, memory, and mood issues.
Does Fibromyalgia Qualify You for Medical Marijuana?
Whether fibromyalgia qualifies for medical marijuana depends on your state’s regulations.
What Are the New Blood Pressure Guidelines for Seniors?
Hypertension or high blood pressure (high BP) is a medical condition where the pressure in the blood vessels is persistently elevated. The heart pumps blood into the arteries, which circulate blood to all parts of the body. In cases of high blood pressure, the heart has to work harder to push the blood column ahead.
What Is High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)?
High blood pressure or hypertension is when the blood pressure readings consistently range from 140 or higher for systolic or 90 or higher for diastolic. Blood pressure readings above 180/120 mmHg are dangerously high and require immediate medical attention.
What Are the First Signs of a Heart Attack in a Woman?
A heart attack happens when a blocked artery prevents blood from reaching your heart. Some people, especially women, may have a heart attack without any chest pain or pressure, but may experience chest tightness and aching.
Is Pseudotumor Cerebri the Same as Intracranial Hypertension?
Pseudotumor cerebri (PTC) is also called idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). The condition causes symptoms similar to a brain tumor.
What Is “Normal” Blood Pressure?
Normal blood pressure is when the pressure is less than or upto 120/80 mmHg. The value 120 denotes the systolic pressure, and the value 80 denotes the diastolic pressure.
Is Irritable Bowel Syndrome Part of Fibromyalgia?
Yes, they are associated with each other. Fibromyalgia is linked with several different conditions, including IBS. IBS is also linked to other conditions that are not fibromyalgia.
Vitamins & Exercise: Heart Attack Prevention Series
Vitamins and exercise can lower your risk for heart attack and heart disease. Folic acid, vitamins, and homocysteine levels are interconnected and affect your risk for heart disease or heart attack. For better heart health, avoid the following fried foods, hard margarine, commercial baked goods, most packaged and processed snack foods, high fat dairy, and processed meats such as bacon, sausage, and deli meats.
Can Angina Lead to a Heart Attack?
Angina, or angina pectoris, is a sudden chest pain caused by low blood flow to the heart. Yes, some types of angina attacks can lead to heart complications.
Fibromyalgia: Treatment, Symptoms & Causes
Fibromyalgia is a common neurologic health problem that causes widespread pain and tenderness in the body. It is accompanied by fatigue, disturbances in thought and memory, low moods, and extreme anxiety about the physical symptoms.
Can You Still Exercise With Heart Failure?
Performing light to moderate exercises is a great way to strengthen your heart muscles after being diagnosed with heart failure.
What Is Muscular Dystrophy?
There are more than 30 types of muscular dystrophy that cause progressive muscle weakness, including Duchenne Becker (DMD), Becker (BMD), and more. Muscular dystrophy symptoms also include scoliosis (sideways curved spine), difficulty in walking or running, dysphagia (difficulty swallowing), muscle pain, breathing problems, and others.
Heart Attack Prevention Overview
Heart attacks are the major causes of unexpected, sudden death among men and women. A heart attack also is a significant cause of heart failure. The process of developing atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) begins early in life. Heart attack prevention should begin in childhood because the atherosclerosis process can not be reversed. The risk of having a heart attack increases if you have diseases or conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and other heart conditions.
What Is a Normal Blood Pressure Check?
A normal blood pressure check should be below 120/80 mmHg in adults (18 years and older).
High Blood Pressure Symptoms
Most people with high blood pressure have no signs or symptoms, even if blood pressure readings reach dangerously high levels. In some patients, symptoms may include fatigue, headaches, dizziness, confusion, sweating, chest pain and vision problems.
What Causes High Blood Pressure in Children?
Research states that kidney disease is the main cause of high blood pressure in children; however, here are the other potential causes of hypertension in kids.
What Is the Drug of Choice for Hypertension?
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are the drug of choice for hypertension. Learn about other high blood pressure medications.
What Are Usually the First Signs of Muscular Dystrophy?
Depending on the type of muscular dystrophy, initial symptoms may include muscle weakness, difficulty walking, frequent falls, limited movement, and more.
Can You Have Sex Right After a Heart Attack?
It is important not to put any pressure on yourself or your heart after heart attack. Initially, you might feel less interested in sex. That is perfectly normal, and the feeling goes away quickly.
How Does High Blood Pressure Affect Pregnancy?
High blood pressure during pregnancy can cause serious complications. Learn more about the signs of and risks associated with the condition.
What Does a Sudden Heart Attack Feel Like?
In most cases, a sudden heart attack may feel like pain, pressure, fullness, or squeezing in the chest that lasts for a few minutes or goes away and comes back.
What Is the Proper Way to Take Your Blood Pressure?
Nowadays, you can easily measure your blood pressure at home using an automated blood pressure machine or sphygmomanometer. Here’s how to do it step-by-step to make sure you’re doing it the right way.
Muscular Dystrophy Types & Causes of Each Form
Muscular dystrophies are a group of genetic diseases causing progressive weakness and loss of muscle mass. There are more than 30 types of muscular dystrophy that result in muscle weakness. Over time, the muscles get weaker, disturbing the gait (a person’s manner of walking) and the ability to perform daily activities.
Can Kawasaki Disease Cause Heart Failure?
Approximately 50 percent of children with Kawasaki disease may develop inflammation of the heart muscle and potentially heart failure, in severe cases.
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Fibromyalgia FAQs
- High Blood Pressure FAQs
- Chest Pain FAQs
- Heart Failure FAQs
- High Blood Pressure Symptoms
- Blood Pressure Guidelines
- Heart Attack: A Tale of Two Heart Attacks
- Heart Failure: What Killed George Carlin?
- Heart Attack Risk and Medicated Stents
- Angina: Don't Take It Lightly
- Fibromyalgia Treatments Without Drugs
- FLAP Doubles Risk of Heart Attack
- The Cox-2 Inhibitors Controversy: Q&A with Dr. Shiel
- Heart Attack Prevention From a Doctor's Perspective
- Salt, DASH, High Blood Pressure
- Blood Pressure - Low-Fat Diet, Fruits & Veggies!
- High Blood Pressure and Exercise
- Chest Pain: Heart, Esophagus, or ?
- Fibromyalgia Treatment...Methods Using Available Medicines
- Heart Attack - New Blood Test For Earlier Accurate Diagnosis
- Cancer,Stroke & Heart Attack Risks- ReducedThrough Walking
- Heart Health- Little Aspirin A Day Stops Big Heart Attack!
- Heart Failure ... Old Drug, New Therapy
- Heartburn or Heart Attack? Emergency In Flight
- Proven measures to prevent heart attacks and strokes?
- Any promising measures that may prevent heart attacks?
- High Blood Pressure: Questions To Ask Your Doctor
- Inherited High Blood Pressure in a Teenager
- ARBs & ACE Inhibitors...Powerful Blood Pressure Treatment
- ARBs and ACE Inhibitors..Hidden Benefits
- Hypertension In The Elderly - Deserves More Attention
- What Does Hypertension Urgency Mean?
- Does Blood Pressure Change Depending on Your Position?
- Is There a Test for Fibromyalgia?
- Can Blood Pressure Make Gout Worse?
- Are Home Blood Pressure Readings Reliable?
- What Should Cholesterol Levels Be After Heart Attack?
- Can Paxil Treat Fibromyalgia Pain?
- What's The Difference Between Myofascial Pain and Fibromyalgia?
- Sciatica Pain Vs. Fibromyalgia Pain: What Are The Differences?
- What Could Cause Chest Pain in Children?
- How Do You Check for Congestive Heart Failure?
- Do Women Have Different Heart Attack Symptoms?
- Can I Still Get Heart Disease if I Take Blood Pressure Medication?
- Will My Diet Slip Increase the Risk of Heart Attack?
- How Do I Treat Fibromyalgia Pain?
- Can Asthma Cause a Heart Attack?
- Do I Have Angina?
- Does Menopause Cause High Blood Pressure?
- Can I Lift Weights with High Blood Pressure?
- Fibromyalgia: 3 Things to Do
- Congestive Heart Failure Treatment
- Angina Diagnosis
- Angina Symptoms
- Pain Relievers and High Blood Pressure
- Congestive Heart Failure Symptoms
- Lowering Blood Pressure: It's a 2-Step Process
- Heart Healthy Diet: Hypertension & Heart Disease
- High Blood Pressure: Improve Your Lifestyle
- Blood Pressure Elevation Established as Risk for Kidney Failure
Medications & Supplements
Prevention & Wellness
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.