Cocaine is an addictive stimulant that is smoked, snorted, and injected. Crack is cocaine that comes in a rock crystal that is heated to form vapors, which are then smoked. Cocaine has various effects on the body, including dilating pupils, constricting blood vessels, increasing body temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure. Read more: Cocaine and Crack Addiction Article
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Related Disease Conditions
Headaches can be divided into two categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. Migraine headaches, tension headaches, and cluster headaches are considered primary headaches. Secondary headaches are caused by disease. Headache symptoms vary with the headache type. Over-the-counter pain relievers provide short-term relief for most headaches.
What Causes Abdominal Pain?
Abdominal pain can have many causes that range from mild to severe. Some of these causes include bloating, gas, colitis, endometriosis, food poisoning, GERD, IBS (irritable bowel syndrome), ovarian cysts, abdominal adhesions, diverticulitis, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, gallbladder disease, liver disease, and cancers. Signs and symptoms of the more serious causes include dehydration, bloody or black tarry stools, severe abdominal pain, pain with no urination or painful urination. Treatment for abdominal pain depends upon the cause.
High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
High blood pressure (hypertension) is a disease in which pressure within the arteries of the body is elevated. About 75 million people in the US have hypertension (1 in 3 adults), and only half of them are able to manage it. Many people do not know that they have high blood pressure because it often has no has no warning signs or symptoms. Systolic and diastolic are the two readings in which blood pressure is measured. The American College of Cardiology released new guidelines for high blood pressure in 2017. The guidelines now state that blood normal blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg. If either one of those numbers is higher, you have high blood pressure. The American Academy of Cardiology defines high blood pressure slightly differently. The AAC considers 130/80 mm Hg. or greater (either number) stage 1 hypertension. Stage 2 hypertension is considered 140/90 mm Hg. or greater. If you have high blood pressure you are at risk of developing life threatening diseases like stroke and heart attack.REFERENCE: CDC. High Blood Pressure. Updated: Nov 13, 2017.
A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding (hemorrhagic). Symptoms of a stroke may include: weakness, numbness, double vision or vision loss, confusion, vertigo, difficulty speaking or understanding speech. A physical exam, imaging tests, neurological exam, and blood tests may be used to diagnose a stroke. Treatment may include administration of clot-busting drugs, supportive care, and in some instances, neurosurgery. The risk of stroke can be reduced by controlling high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and stopping smoking.
Pregnancy (Week by Week, Trimesters)
Signs and symptoms of pregnancy vary by stage (trimester). The earliest pregnancy symptom is typically a missed period, but others include breast swelling and tenderness, nausea and sometimes vomiting, fatigue, and bloating. Second trimester symptoms include backache, weight gain, itching, and possible stretch marks. Third trimester symptoms are additional weight gain, heartburn, hemorrhoids, swelling of the ankles, fingers, and face, breast tenderness, and trouble sleeping. Eating a healthy diet, getting a moderate amount of exercise, also are recommended for a healthy pregnancy. Information about the week by week growth of your baby in the womb are provided.
A toothache is pain on or around a tooth. It may have a variety of causes, including a cavity, abscess, or even sinusitis. Toothache symptoms include pain, headache, earache, bad taste in the mouth, and gum swelling. Dental X-rays and other tests performed by a dentist are used to diagnose the cause of a toothache. Toothache treatment depends on the underlying cause. Taking proper care of the teeth and gums can help prevent toothache.
Nosebleeds are common in dry climates during winter months, and in hot dry climates with low humidity. People taking blood clotting medications, aspirin, or anti-inflammatory medications may be more prone to nosebleeds. Other factors that contribute to nosebleed are trauma (including nose picking, especially in children), rhinitis (both allergic and nonallergic), and high blood pressure. First-aid treatments for a nosebleed generally do not need medical care. Frequent or chronic nosebleeds may require medical treatment such as over-the-counter (OTC) medication, and prevention of nose picking.
Drug addiction is a chronic disease that causes drug-seeking behavior and drug use despite negative consequences to the user and those around him. Though the initial decision to use drugs is voluntary, changes in the brain caused by repeated drug abuse can affect a person's self-control and ability to make the right decisions and increase the urge to take drugs. Drug abuse and addiction are preventable.
Nausea and Vomiting
Nausea is an uneasiness of the stomach that often precedes vomiting. Nausea and vomiting are not diseases, but they are symptoms of many conditions. There are numerous cases of nausea and vomiting. Some causes may not require medical treatment, for example, motion sickness, and other causes may require medical treatment by a doctor, for example, heart attack, lung infections, bronchitis, and pneumonia. Some causes of nausea and vomiting may be life-threatening, for example, heart attack, abdominal obstruction, and cancers. Treatment of nausea and vomiting depends upon the cause.
Domestic violence, or intimate partner abuse, is when one person in an intimate relationship uses any means to control the other person. It may take many forms, including emotional, psychological, physical, sexual, or economic abuse. Risk factors for domestic violence include drug and alcohol abuse, unemployment, and having a relationship with the victim. Part of treating domestic violence involves keeping the victim safe and developing a safety plan for home and the workplace.
An abscessed tooth is an infection within a tooth that has spread to the root. Symptoms of an abscessed tooth may include pain, swelling, tenderness, redness, and the presence of a pus-filled lesion on the gum. A dental professional diagnoses an abscessed tooth and dental X-rays may be required. An abscessed tooth is treated with a root canal.
Heart Attack (Myocardial Infarction)
A heart attack happens when a blood clot completely obstructs a coronary artery supplying blood to the heart muscle. A heart attack can cause chest pain, heart failure, and electrical instability of the heart.
Palpitations are uncomfortable sensations of the heart beating hard, rapidly, or irregularly. Some types of palpitations are benign, while others are more serious. Palpitations are diagnosed by taking the patient history and by performing an EKG or heart monitoring along with blood tests. An electrophysiology study may also be performed. Treatment of palpitations may include lifestyle changes, medication, ablation, or implantation of a pacemaker. The prognosis if palpitations depends on the underlying cause.
Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension and fear characterized by symptoms such as trouble concentrating, headaches, sleep problems, and irritability. Anxiety disorders are serious medical illnesses that affect approximately 19 million American adults. Treatment for anxiety may incorporate medications and psychotherapy.
Vasculitis (arteritis, angiitis) is a general term for a group of uncommon diseases which feature inflammation of the blood vessels. Each form of vasculitis has its own characteristic pattern of symptoms. The diagnosis of vasculitis is definitively established after a biopsy of involved tissue demonstrates the pattern of blood vessel inflammation. Treatment is directed toward decreasing the inflammation of the arteries and improving the function of affected organs.
Sleep Disorders (How to Get a Good Night's Sleep)
A number of vital tasks carried out during sleep help maintain good health and enable people to function at their best. Sleep needs vary from individual to individual and change throughout your life. The National Institutes of Health recommend about 7-9 hours of sleep each night for older, school-aged children, teens, and most average adults; 10-12 for preschool-aged children; and 16-18 hours for newborns. There are two stages of sleep; 1) REM sleep (rapid-eye movement), and 2) NREM sleep (non-rapid-eye movement). The side effects of lack of sleep or insomnia include: Irritability Tiredness Feeling sleepy during the day Concentration or memory problems Lack of sleep and insomnia can be caused by medical conditions or diseases, medications, stress, or pain. The treatment for lack of sleep and insomnia depends upon the cause.
Endocarditis, a serious infection of one of the four heart valves is caused by growth of bacteria on one of the heart valves; leading to an infected massed called a "vegetation." The infection can be caused by having bacteria in the bloodstream after dental work, colonoscopy, or other similar procedures. Endocarditis symptoms include fever, fatigue, weakness, chills, aching muscles and joints, night sweats, edema in the legs, feet, or abdomen, malaise, shortness of breath and small skin lesions. Treatment for endocarditis is generally aggressive antibiotic treatment.
Cocaine and Crack Abuse
Second Source article from Government
Suicide is the process of intentionally ending one's own life. Approximately 1 million people worldwide commit suicide each year, and 10 million to 20 million attempt suicide annually.
Compulsive gambling is a disorder that affects millions in the U.S. Symptoms and signs include a preoccupation with gambling, lying to family or loved ones to hide gambling, committing crimes to finance gambling, and risking importance relationships and employment due to gambling. Treatment may incorporate participation in Gamblers' Anonymous, psychotherapy, and medications like carbamazepine, topiramate, lithium, naltrexone, antidepressants, clomipramine, and fluvoxamine.
What Causes Kleptomania?
Kleptomania refers to an irresistible and recurring urge to steal in the absence of the need or inability to afford the stolen items. It is a rare and serious mental health condition. The actual cause of kleptomania is still being researched. Kleptomania may be caused by neurotransmitters, genetics, psychiatric disorders and other risk factors.
Children's health is focused on the well-being of children from conception through adolescence. There are many aspects of children's health, including growth and development, illnesses, injuries, behavior, mental illness, family health, and community health.
What Is Aortic Dissection?
Aortic dissection is a small tear in the large blood vessel that leads from the heart and supplies blood to the body. Symptoms of aortic dissection include a tearing or ripping pain, nausea, sweating, weakness, shortness of breath, sweating, or fainting. Treatment depends on the type of aortic dissection, and the severity of the tear in the aorta.
Seizure vs. Seizure Disorders: What's the Difference?
Seizures and seizure disorders are not the same medical problems. A seizure happens when the electrical activity in the brain is uncontrolled. There are about 40 different types of seizure disorders, in which epilepsy is one. Symptoms depend on the type of disorder, but can include loss of consciousness, uncontrolled twitching or shaking of one side, or the entire body.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection left untreated causes AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). Still incurable, AIDS describes immune system collapse that opens the way for opportunistic infections and cancers to kill the patient. Early symptoms and signs of HIV infection include flu-like symptoms and fungal infections, but some people may not show any symptoms for years. Highly active antiretroviral therapy (ART) is the standard treatment for HIV infection. These combination drug regimens have made HIV much less deadly, but a cure or vaccine for the pandemic remains out of reach. HIV is usually transmitted through sexual contact or sharing IV drug needles, but can also infect someone through contact with infected blood. Sexual abstinence, safe sex practices, quitting IV drugs (or at least using clean needles), and proper safety equipment by clinicians and first responders can drastically reduce transmission rates for HIV/AIDS.
First Aid and CPR
First aid is providing medical assistance to someone a sick or injured person. The type of first aid depends on their condition. Preparedness is key to first aid, like having basic medical emergency kits in your home, car, boat, or RV. Many minor injuries may require first aid, including cuts, puncture wounds, sprains, strains, and nosebleeds. Examples of more critical first aid emergencies include heart attacks, strokes, seizures, and heatstroke.
Kidney Dysplasia: In Infants and Children
Kidney dysplasia is a condition in which one or both of a baby's kidneys do not develop normally. In kidney dysplasia, cysts replace normal kidney tissue. Signs of kidney dysplasia include enlarged kidneys and, rarely, high blood pressure. A child with kidney dysplasia may not have any symptoms. Genes and maternal exposure to certain drugs may cause kidney dysplasia. Regular checkups should include blood pressure measurements, kidney function tests, and urine testing for protein.
Ecstasy (MDMA), Rohypnol, ketamine and GHB are a few of the different types of drugs abused at bars, raves and parties. Rohypnol may produce amnesia, GHB may result in sleep, coma, or death, and ketamine can cause dreamlike states and hallucinations. Treatment of club drug addiction focuses on monitoring and managing withdrawal symptoms.
How Do I Confront My Teen About Drugs?
Rules surrounding drug use should be clear and consistent to encourage your teen to follow them.
What Is Substance Use Disorder?
Substance use disorder (or drug addiction) is a psychiatric disorder in people. In the disorder, people uncontrollably use a substance (legal or illegal drugs or medications) despite harmful consequences.
Local ResourcesFind a local Psychiatrist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Mouth Sores
- Difficulty With Speech
- Loss of Smell (Anosmia)
- Enlarged Heart
- Seizure (Epilepsy)
- Decreased Appetite
- Painful Erection (Priapism)
- Doctor: Checklist to Take To Your Doctor's Appointment
- How to Choose a Doctor
- Doctor: Getting the Most from Your Doctor's Appointment
Medications & Supplements
- Lyrica vs. Gabapentin: Differences between Pain Relief and Uses
- acetaminophen (Tylenol, Tylenol Arthritis Pain, Tylenol Ext, Little Fevers Children's Fever/Pain)
- Citalopram (Celexa)
- clonidine (Catapres, Catapres-TTS)
- propranolol, Inderal, Inderal LA, Innopran XL
- topiramate, Topamax, Qudexy XR, Topamax Sprinkle, Topiragen, Trokendi XR
- naloxone (Narcan, Evzio, Narcan Nasal Spray)
- Types of Addiction and Substance Abuse Medications
- vigabatrin powder packets - oral
- vigabatrin - oral
- Kloxxado (naloxone hydrochloride)
Prevention & Wellness
- Rideshare Apps Could Be Saving Lives, Study Shows
- AHA News: Pandemic-Fueled Drug Abuse Threatens Hearts, Lives
- Rising U.S. Deaths After Users Mix Coke, Meth With an Opioid
- Lockdowns Tied to Temporary Drops in Illicit Drug Seizures
- Drugged Driving a Growing Threat on America's Roads
- In Philadelphia, an Animal Tranquilizer Is Driving Deadly Rise in Opioid ODs
- Meth Overdose Deaths Are Surging in America, With Minorities Most at Risk
- Two-Drug Combo May Help Fight Meth Addiction
- 1 in 3 High School Seniors Who Misuse Prescription Opioids Turn to Heroin
- 5 Years, No Fatal ODs: Study Finds 'Safe Injection Sites' Can Save Lives
- Deadly New Synthetic Opioid 'Iso' Hits American Streets
- Meth Use, Addiction on the Rise Among Americans: CDC
- Opioid OD Deaths Fall Despite Growing Use of Synthetic Drugs: CDC
- 5 Tips for Fighting Addiction
- Use of Club Drug 'Special K' Could Be Underreported
- U.S. Heroin Use Nearly Doubled Over Two Decades
- Can Siri or Alexa Help You Beat Addiction? Don't Count on It
- U.S. Saw Big Rise in Meth, Fentanyl Use in 2019
- Opioid-Meth Habit Particularly Hard to Break
- Vaping, Opioids and 'Anti-Vaxxers' Top Health Stories of 2019
- Report Finds Americans' Health Is Flagging
- One Region Is Being Hit Hardest by U.S. Opioid Crisis
- Federal Judge Rules Drug Injection Sites Don't Break Drug Laws
- Coming Soon: A 'Pot Breathalyzer'?
- Boom in Pot 'Concentrates' Could Pose Addiction Risk for Teens
- Mixing Marijuana With Opioids May Not Be Good for Mental Health
- America Has a Huge -- and Very Costly -- Drug Habit
- All U.S. Adults Should Be Screened for Illicit Drug Use, National Panel Urges
- Lethal Deception: Deaths From Cocaine Laced With Fentanyl on the Rise
- Many Young Americans Regret Online Posts Made While High
- Drug Experimentation and Summer a Dangerous Duo
- U.S. Drug OD Deaths Fall for First Time in Three Decades
- Teens' Opioid Abuse May Be Gateway to Heroin
- Marijuana Use by U.S. Teens Has Jumped 10-fold Since 1990s
- 'Secret Shopper' Study Finds Many Who Need Addiction Treatment Can't Get It
- Health Tip: Naloxone Fast Facts
- Heroin ODs Have Started Declining in Some States
- More Than 600,000 Opioid Abusers Raising Kids in U.S.
- Fentanyl Becoming a Deadly Accomplice in Cocaine, Meth Abuse
- Not Just Opioids: Deaths Tied to Cocaine, Meth Are Soaring, Too
- Overdose Attempts Skyrocket Among Teens, Young Adults: Study
- U.S. Teen Opioid Deaths Soaring
- Fatal Drug ODs Surging Among Young Americans
- Many 'Gen Xers' Desolate as They Navigate Adulthood: Study
- In Most States, Insurance Won't Cover Addiction Treatments
- Many Heroin Users Unprepared for Fentanyl OD
- Which Misused Prescription Meds Send Americans to the ER?
- U.S. Deaths From Suicide, Substance Abuse Reach Record High
- Opioid Overdose Deaths Quadruple, Centered in 8 States
- Use of 'Zombie' Drug Rare Among High School Seniors: Study
- As More Smoke Pot, Are Their Jobs at Risk?
- Opioid Prescriptions Almost Twice as Likely for Rural vs. Urban Americans
- 1-800-662-HELP: Too Few Opioid Users Aware of Lifesaving Helpline
- Today's More Potent Pot Means Higher Odds for Dependence: Study
- Hospitalizations Rising Among the Homeless
- New Approach to Opioid Crisis: Supervised Heroin Injection Programs?
- 'Huffing' Deodorant Cost One Teen His Life
- Many Drugstores Won't Dispense Opioid Antidote as Required
- Cocaine Cut With Anti-Worming Drug May Cause Brain Damage
- U.S. Opioid Overdose Deaths Reach New Record
- Fentanyl-Laced Crack Cocaine a Deadly New Threat
- Firsthand 9/11 Exposure Fueling Alcohol- and Drug-Related Deaths: Study
- Test Strips for Fentanyl May Help Prevent ODs
- High Schoolers on Heroin Abuse Other Drugs, Too
- Using Cocaine? Fingerprints Might Tell
- Cocaine, Other Drugs Detected in Carrie Fisher's System After Her Death
- Longer Addiction Treatment Is Better, Study Confirms
- When Cocaine's in the Mix, Safe Sex May Not Be
- Mouse Study Shows Cocaine Ravages Brain Cells
- Magnetic Brain Stimulation Might Treat Cocaine Addiction
- How Amphetamines, Cocaine Harm the Brain
- Cocaine Can Cause Heart Problems: Study
- Weed Use Up, Cocaine Use Down, U.S. Report Finds
- Cocaine Use Spurs Steep, Short-Term Rise in Stroke Risk: Study
- Laser Therapy Switches Cocaine Addiction On, Off in Rats: Study
- Many Cocaine Deaths Determined by Genes, Study Says
- Cocaine Raises Heart Risks for Fit, Young Adults: Study
- Illegal 'Bath Salts' Mimic Cocaine in the Brain: Study
- Cocaine Habit Might Speed Brain Aging
- More 'Safety' Workers Testing Positive for Drugs
- Fetal Cocaine Exposure May Not Affect Kids' Academics: Study
- Rat Study Sheds Light on Cocaine Addiction
- Contaminated Cocaine Can Cause Flesh to Rot
- As Temperatures Rise, So Do Cocaine Deaths
- Key to Cocaine Addiction May Lead to Treatment
- Key Protein May Fight Cocaine Addiction
- Vaccine May Treat Cocaine Addiction
- Honey Bees on Cocaine 'Dance' When Food Is Found