- What is clomiphene-oral, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What brand names are available for clomiphene-oral?
- Is clomiphene-oral available as a generic drug?
- Do I need a prescription for clomiphene-oral?
- What are the side effects of clomiphene-oral?
- What is the dosage for clomiphene-oral?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with clomiphene-oral?
- Is clomiphene-oral safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about clomiphene-oral?
What is clomiphene-oral, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
Clomiphene is an oral medication used for stimulating ovulation. It binds to estrogen receptors in the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, ovary, endometrium, vagina, and cervix. It causes production of hormones (gonadotropins) by the pituitary which stimulates ovulation. The FDA approved clomiphene in February 1967.
What are the side effects of clomiphene-oral?
The most common side effects of clomiphene are:
- ovarian enlargement,
- stomach discomfort,
- breast discomfort,
- blurred vision,
- nausea, and
Other important side effects include
What is the dosage for clomiphene-oral?
The recommended dose is 50 to 100 mg orally for 5 days. The initial dose is 50 mg which may be increased to 100 mg if there is no response. Dosage may be repeated as early as 30 days after the previous treatment.
Which drugs or supplements interact with clomiphene-oral?
: No drug interactions are listed in the prescribing information.
Is clomiphene-oral safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
Clomiphene should not be taken by pregnant women since it does not offer any benefit to pregnant women.
NURSING MOTHERS: It is not known whether clomiphene is excreted into breast milk. It may reduce lactation in some women.
What else should I know about clomiphene-oral?
What preparations of clomiphene-oral are available?
Tablets: 50 mg
How should I keep clomiphene-oral stored?
Tablets should be stored at room temperature, 15 C to 30 C (59 F to 86 F).
Daily Health News
Clomiphene (Clomid) is a drug prescribed to stimulate ovulation in women with ovulatory dysfunction who are not pregnant, do not have abnormal bleeding or ovarian cysts, and have normal liver function. Side effects, drug interactions, and dosing information should be reviewed prior to taking this medication.
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Infertility Quiz: Test Your IQ of Infertility
What is the medical definition of infertility? Take the Infertility Quiz to learn the risks and treatment of infertility. Our...
Infertility: Types, Treatments, and Costs
Learn about infertility symptoms and types of treatment such as IVF, acupuncture, and natural methods to get pregnant. Read about...
Related Disease Conditions
Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters)
Signs and symptoms of pregnancy vary by stage (trimester). The earliest pregnancy symptom is typically a missed period, but...
Getting Pregnant (Tips for Trying to Conceive)
Trying to get conceive, or become pregnant can be challenging, frustrating, and an emotional rollercoaster for some couples. A...
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), also known by the name Stein-Leventhal syndrome, is a hormonal problem that causes women to...
Infertility is the diminished ability to conceive a child. Infertility can be a problem with both men and women. Infertility in...
Pregnancy and Drugs (Prescription and OTC)
Taking prescription medications or over-the-counter drugs or supplements should be discussed with your doctor. There are some...
Treatment & Diagnosis
Medications & Supplements
Prevention & Wellness
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.