- Side Effects
- Drug Interactions
- Pregnancy & Breastfeeding
- What Else to Know
Generic Name: ciprofloxacin ophthalmic
Brand Name: Ciloxan
What is ciprofloxacin ophthalmic drops, and what is it used for?
Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic that is used to treat bacterial infections. Ciprofloxacin belongs to the fluoroquinolone class of antibiotics which includes levofloxacin (Levaquin), ofloxacin (Floxin), gatifloxacin (Tequin), norfloxacin (Noroxin), moxifloxacin (Avelox), and others. Ciprofloxacin interferes with bacterial DNA uncoiling and replication, which ultimately leads to bacterial cell death. Ciprofloxacin, like other fluoroquinolone antibiotics, targets a wide range of bacteria. Targeted organisms include Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Serratia marcescens, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and the viridans group of Streptococcus. Ciprofloxacin ophthalmic solution was approved in March 1998.
What are the side effects of ciprofloxacin ophthalmic drops?
It is common to have white crust or crystals (precipitate) into the eye or on the eyelid during treatment; they dissolve in a few weeks. Other common side effects include:
- unpleasant taste in the mouth immediately after instilling the drop,
- discomfort of the eye,
- the sensation that something is in the eye.
The eye can also appear tired, stained, or swollen.
What is the dosage for ciprofloxacin ophthalmic drops?
The dose for bacterial eye infections in adults and children 1 year old or greater is 1 to 2 drops every 2 hours in the infected eye for 2 days, followed by 1-2 drops every 4 hours for 5 days. For corneal ulcers in this population, instill 2 drops into the eye every 15 minutes for 6 hours, followed by 2 drops every 30 minutes for the rest of day 1. On day 2, 2 drops should be used every hour, followed by 2 drops every 4 hours on days 3 to 14.
Which drugs interact with ciprofloxacin ophthalmic drops?
There are no known significant drug interactions with ciprofloxacin ophthalmic solution.
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
Use during pregnancy has not been adequately evaluated. Ophthalmic use may lead to some systemic absorption, so caution should be used.
What else should I know about ciprofloxacin ophthalmic drops?
What preparations of ciprofloxacin-ophthalmic drops are available?
Ophthalmic Solution 0.3%
How should I keep ciprofloxacin-ophthalmic drops stored?
Ciprofloxacin solution should be stored at room temperature, between 15 C to 30 C (59 F to 86 F), or may be refrigerated and stored between 2 C to 8 C (36 F to 46 F). Protect from light.
- Surgery Doesn't Get Safer When Patient, Surgeon Are Same Gender
- Got GERD? Eat This Way to Help Avoid Symptoms
- Want to Avoid Knee Replacement? Build Up Your Thighs
- Breathing in Coal-Based Pollution Could Be Especially Deadly: Study
- Scans Show Brain Changes in People With Long COVID
- More Health News »
Ciprofloxacin ophthalmic solution (Ciloxan) is a prescription antibiotic eye drop solution. Side effects, drug interactions, dosage, and pregnancy safety information should be reviewed prior to using this medication.
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Recognize These Common Eye Problems
Eye diseases can cause damage and blindness if not treated soon enough. Learn the warning signs and symptoms of common eye...
Pink Eye (Conjunctivitis) Symptoms, Causes, Treatments
How do you get pink eye? And how contagious is pinkeye? If you woke up with crusty eyelids and red, swollen eyes, you may have...
Dry Eye Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ
What causes dry eye? Take this quiz to learn about dry eye syndrome and what can be done about it.
Eye Problems & Conditions Quiz
What do you know about your eyes? Take this quick quiz to learn about a range of eye diseases and conditions.
Eye Health: Why Are My Eyes Watery?
Always tearing up? Everyday things can make your eyes water, but so can some medical conditions.
Picture of Eye Allergies
Severe allergic eye symptoms can be very distressing and are a common reason for visits to the allergist or ophthalmologist. See...
Picture of Eye Anatomy Detail
The eye has a number of components which include but are not limited to the cornea, iris, pupil, lens, retina, macula, optic...
Related Disease Conditions
Pink Eye (Conjunctivitis)
Pinkeye, also called conjunctivitis, is redness or irritation of the conjunctivae, the membranes on the inner part of the eyelids and the membranes covering the whites of the eyes. These membranes react to a wide range of bacteria, viruses, allergy-provoking agents, irritants, and toxic agents.
How Can I Relieve Eye Pain at Home?
Eye pain (ocular pain) is also called ophthalmalgia and is a common complaint. It may be perceived as a throbbing, burning, or itching sensation. Eye pain may be unilateral or in both eyes. It may be due to something as trivial as eye strain or as serious as brain infection.
A corneal ulcer is an open sore on the cornea. Infection is a common cause of corneal ulcer. Symptoms and signs of corneal ulcer include redness, eye pain and discharge, blurred vision, photophobia, and a gray or white spot on the cornea. Treatment depends upon the cause of the corneal ulcer.
Eye allergy (or allergic eye disease) are typically associated with hay fever and atopic dermatitis. Medications and cosmetics may cause eye allergies. Allergic eye conditions include allergic conjunctivitis, conjunctivitis with atopic dermatitis, vernal keratoconjunctivitis, and giant papillary conjunctivitis. Dry eye, tear-duct obstruction, and conjunctivitis due to infection are frequently confused with eye allergies. Eye allergies may be treated with topical antihistamines, decongestants, topical mast-cell stabilizers, topical anti-inflammatory drugs, systemic medications, and allergy shots.
Is Diverticulitis Contagious?
Diverticulitis is an inflammation of the diverticula or diverticulum. Diverticulitis causes are either infectious or noninfectious, however, it is not contagoius. Symptoms of diverticulitis include: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, gas, constipation, changes in bowel habits, bloating, constipation, fever, abdominal tenderness, swollen abdomen, fistula formation, and lower left abdominal pain.
Crohn's Disease vs. Ulcerative Colitis
Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are diseases that cause inflammation of part of or the entire digestive tract (GI). Crohn's affects the entire GI tract (from the mouth to the anus), while ulcerative colitis or ulcerative colitis only affects the large and small intestine and ilium. Researchers do not know the exact cause of either disease. About 20% of people with Crohn's disease also have a family member with the disease. Researchers believe that certain factors may play a role in causing UC. Both Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are a type of inflammatory bowel disease or IBD. Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis both have similar symptoms and signs, for example, nausea, loss of appetite, fatigue, weight loss, episodic and/or persistent diarrhea, fever, abdominal pain and cramping, rectal bleeding, bloody stools, joint pain and soreness, eye redness, or pain. Symptoms unique to Crohn’s disease include anemia and skin changes. Symptoms of unique to ulcerative colitis include certain rashes, and an urgency to defecate (have a bowel movement). Doctors diagnose both diseases with similar tests and procedures. While there is no cure for either disease, doctors and other health care professionals can help you treat disease flares, and manage your Crohn's or ulcerative colitis with medication, diet, nutritional supplements, and/or surgery.
The cornea is the clear outer layer of the eye. If it is damaged by disease, infection, or injury, vision problems may occur. Corneal problems can be detected by having an eye exam. Corneal problems can be prevented by protecting the eyes from injury and avoiding contact with people who have eye infections.
How Do You Treat an Eye Infection?
Most eye infections are treated with a combination of medications and home remedies, although treatment varies depending on the cause: bacterial, viral, or fungal.
What Are the Types of Eye Care?
Many common eye disorders resolve without treatment and some may be managed with over-the-counter (OTC) products. It's important to visit a physician or ophthalmologist is the problem involves the eyeball itself or the condition hasn't improved after 72 hours of use of an OTC eye care product.
Is Pinkeye Contagious?
Pinkeye (conjunctivitis) is inflammation of the conjunctiva. Whether pinkeye is contagious depends upon what is causing the irritation. With pinkeye, people may experience swollen eyelids, a pinkish color in the whites of the eyes, eye discharge, photophobia, increased tear production, and itching.
What Does An Eye Infection Look Like?
An eye infection may bring about the following changes in the eye: A pink tint in the whites of the eye, swollen red or purple eyelids, crusty lashes or lids, and/or discharge of fluids which may be yellow, green or clear.
What Are Some Common Eye Infections?
An eye infection is a condition in which viruses, bacteria or other microbial agents may attack the eye. This can cause itching around the eyes or the eyes may turn pink. The infection can affect the eyelid, cornea or conjuctiva (inside lining of the eyelid).
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Eyes and Eye Conditions FAQs
- Dry Eye FAQs
- Is Pink Eye Painful?
- How Long Does It Take for Pinkeye to Go Away?
- Is Pinkeye Caused by Feces?
- What Will Happen if Pinkeye Is Left Untreated?
- Drugs: The Most Common Medication Errors
- Medication Disposal
- Dangers of Mixing Medications
- Drugs: Buying Prescription Drugs Online Safely
- How Long Is Pink Eye Contagious?
- Antibiotics 101
Medications & Supplements
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
FDA Prescribing Information.