Chronic pain is pain (an unpleasant sense of discomfort) that persists or progresses over a long period of time. In contrast to acute pain that arises suddenly in response to a specific injury and is usually treatable, chronic pain persists over time and is often resistant to medical treatments. Read more: Chronic Pain Article
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Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Symptoms & Treatment
What is rheumatoid arthritis (RA)? Learn about juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Discover rheumatoid arthritis (RA) symptoms,...
Low Back Pain: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Relief
Do you suffer from low back pain? Watch this slideshow to see common triggers of lower back pain and what kind of treatments you...
Fibromyalgia Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment
What is fibromyalgia? Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that causes pain and stiffness of the tendons, muscles, and joints....
Pain Management: Surprising Causes of Pain
What’s causing your pain? Learn the common causes of lower back pain, as well as pain in the knee, stomach, kidney, shoulder,...
Migraine or Tension Headache? Symptoms, Triggers, Treatments
What does a migraine headache feel like compared to a tension headache? Learn to spot migraine symptoms early, how to identify...
Nerve Pain: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Options
Learn about nerve pain symptoms, causes, and treatment options. Discover medications, treatments, and natural remedies that can...
Gout Attack Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, and Diet
Gout attacks (gouty arthritis) are caused by crystals of uric acid deposits. Learn about symptoms, causes, treatments and...
Pain Management: 15 Easy Ways to Reduce Chronic Pain
Chronic pain can be a symptom of many conditions, including arthritis, headaches, and others. Comprehensive pain management...
Back Pain: 16 Back Pain Truths and Myths
Which mattress is best for back pain? Back pain conditions are very common. Learn the causes of upper and lower back pain. Find...
Picture of Fibromyalgia
A syndrome characterized by chronic pain, stiffness, and tenderness of muscles, tendons, and joints without detectable...
Osteoarthritis (OA): Treatment, Symptoms, Diagnosis
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease affecting both cartilage and bone. Joints most often affected by...
Exercises for Knee Osteoarthritis and Joint Pain
Learn about osteoarthritis and exercises that relieve knee osteoarthritis pain, stiffness and strengthen the knee joint and...
12 Surprising Headache Triggers Tips
Painful headaches can ruin your productivity and quality of life. But what triggers headaches and migraines? Learn some...
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Exercises Slideshow: Joint-Friendly Fitness Routines
Regular exercise boosts fitness and helps reverse joint stiffness for people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Our experts offer...
Chronic Pain Syndrome: Treatment and Management for CPS
What is chronic pain syndrome (CPS)? See causes, symptoms and treatment options including medications. Learn about pain...
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) Symptoms and Diagnosis
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) can occur at any age for men or women. Learn more about the causes of chronic fatigue syndrome...
Better Sex After 50
It's never too late to improve your sex life. Learn how to overcome common health conditions affecting those over 50 such as...
What Does It Mean When Your Whole Body Aches?
Body aches are a symptom of the flu, arthritis, autoimmune disease, infections like Lyme disease, and other conditions. Body pain...
Addicted to Pills: The Health Risks of Drug Abuse
What is drug abuse? Learn about prescription drug abuse and over-the-counter (OTC) drugs, including depressants, pain relievers,...
Related Disease Conditions
Headaches can be divided into two categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. Migraine headaches, tension headaches, and cluster headaches are considered primary headaches. Secondary headaches are caused by disease. Headache symptoms vary with the headache type. Over-the-counter pain relievers provide short-term relief for most headaches.
Common Medical Abbreviations List
Doctors, pharmacists, and other health-care professionals use abbreviations, acronyms, and other terminology for instructions and information in regard to a patient's health condition, prescription drugs they are to take, or medical procedures that have been ordered. There is no approved this list of common medical abbreviations, acronyms, and terminology used by doctors and other health- care professionals. You can use this list of medical abbreviations and acronyms written by our doctors the next time you can't understand what is on your prescription package, blood test results, or medical procedure orders. Examples include: ANED: Alive no evidence of disease. The patient arrived in the ER alive with no evidence of disease. ARF: Acute renal (kidney) failure cap: Capsule. CPAP: Continuous positive airway pressure. A treatment for sleep apnea. DJD: Degenerative joint disease. Another term for osteoarthritis. DM: Diabetes mellitus. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes HA: Headache IBD: Inflammatory bowel disease. A name for two disorders of the gastrointestinal (BI) tract, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis JT: Joint N/V: Nausea or vomiting. p.o.: By mouth. From the Latin terminology per os. q.i.d.: Four times daily. As in taking a medicine four times daily. RA: Rheumatoid arthritis SOB: Shortness of breath. T: Temperature. Temperature is recorded as part of the physical examination. It is one of the "vital signs."
Lower Back Pain
There are many causes of back pain. Pain in the low back can relate to the bony lumbar spine, discs between the vertebrae, ligaments around the spine and discs, spinal cord and nerves, muscles of the low back, internal organs of the pelvis and abdomen, and the skin covering the lumbar area.
Bursitis of the hip results when the fluid-filled sac (bursa) near the hip becomes inflamed due to localized soft tissue trauma or strain. Symptoms include stiffness and pain around the hip joint. If the hip bursa is not infected, hip bursitis can be treated with ice compresses, rest, and anti-inflammatory and pain medications.
Shoulder and Neck Pain
Shoulder and neck pain may be caused by bursitis, a pinched nerve, whiplash, tendinitis, a herniated disc, or a rotator cuff injury. Symptoms also include weakness, numbness, coolness, color changes, swelling, and deformity. Treatment at home may incorporate resting, icing, and elevating the injury. A doctor may prescribe pain medications and immobilize the injury.
Cancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and is not contagious. Cancer can be treated through chemotherapy, a treatment of drugs that destroy cancer cells.
Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome (TMJ)
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome is a disorder that causes symptoms like pain, clicking, and popping of the jaw. TMJ is caused by injury to the temporomandibular joint. Stress, poor posture, jaw trauma, genetic predisposition, and inflammatory disorders are risk factors for the condition. A variety of self-care measures (application of ice, use of over-the-counter pain medication, massage, relaxation techniques) and medical treatment options (dental splint, Botox, prescription medications, surgery) are available to manage TMJ. The prognosis of TMJ is good with proper treatment.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a GI (gastrointestinal) disorder with signs and symptoms that include abdominal pain, bloating, increased gas (flatulence), abdominal cramping, diarrhea, constipation, and food intolerance.Two new tests are now available that may help diagnose irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea and constipation (IBS-M) irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea (IBS-D), and irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C). Treatment for IBS includes diet changes, medications, and other lifestyle changes to manage symptoms.
Neck Pain (Cervical Pain)
Neck pain (cervical pain) may be caused by any number of disorders and diseases. Tenderness is another symptom of neck pain. Though treatment for neck pain really depends upon the cause, treatment typically may involve heat/ice application, traction, physical therapy, cortisone injection, topical anesthetic creams, and muscle relaxants.
Buildup of uric acid crystals in a joint causes gouty arthritis. Symptoms and signs include joint pain, swelling, heat, and redness, typically of a single joint. Gout may be treated with diet and lifestyle changes, as well as medication.
Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction (SI Joint Pain)
Sacroiliac joint (SI) dysfunction is a general term to reflect pain in the SI joints. Causes of SI joint pain include osteoarthritis, abnormal walking pattern, and disorders that can cause SI joint inflammation including gout, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, and ankylosing spondylitis. Treatment includes oral medications, cortisone injections, and surgery.
Vaginal Pain (Vulvodynia)
Vulvodynia or vaginal pain, genital pain is a condition in which women have chronic vulvar pain with no known cause. There are two types of vulvodynia, generalized vulvodynia and vulvar vestibulitis. Researchers are trying to find the causes of vulvodynia, for example, nerve irritation, genetic factors, hypersensitivity to yeast infections, muscle spasms, and hormonal changes.The most common symptoms of vaginal pain (vulvodynia) is burning, rawness, itching, stinging, aching, soreness, and throbbing. There are a variety of treatments that can ease the symptoms of vulvodynia (vaginal pain).
Migraine headache is a type of headache associated with a sensitivity to light, smells, or sounds, eye pain, severe pounding on one side of the head, and sometimes nausea and vomiting. The exact cause of migraine headaches is not known. Triggers for migraine headaches include certain foods, stress, hormonal changes, strong stimuli (loud noises), and oversleeping. Treatment guidelines for migraines include medicine, pain management, diet changes, avoiding foods that trigger migraines, staying hydrated, getting adequate sleep, and exercising regularly. Prevention of migraine triggers include getting regular exercise, drinking water daily, reducing stress, and avoiding trigger foods.
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation of the joints, the tissue around the joints, as well as other organs in the body. Because it can affect multiple other organs of the body, rheumatoid arthritis is referred to as a systemic illness and is sometimes called rheumatoid disease. The 16 characteristic early RA signs and symptoms include the following. Anemia Both sides of the body affected (symmetric) Depression Fatigue Fever Joint deformity Joint pain Joint redness Joint stiffness Joint swelling Joint tenderness Joint warmth Limping Loss of joint function Loss of joint range of motion Many joints affected (polyarthritis)
Occipital Neuralgia (Headache)
Occipital neuralgia is a type of headache that involves inflammation or irritation of occipital nerves. Signs and symptoms include a stabbing and throbbing head pain, and an aching pain in the upper back of the head and neck. Potential causes include infection, irritation, or trauma of the occipital nerves. This type of headache is diagnosed by physical examination findings and imaging tests. Treatment involves a multidisciplinary approach that includes massage, rest, physical therapy, heat, muscle relaxants, and anti-inflammatory drugs. Invasive procedures and even surgery may be considered if first-line treatments fail to bring relief from the chronic pain of this type of headache.
Pinched Nerve (Symptoms, Locations, Causes, Treatment, and Prognosis)
A pinched nerve causes pain, numbness, or tingling in the affected area due to pressure on a nerve. Carpal tunnel and sciatica are two examples of conditions caused by a pinched nerve. A pinched nerve is diagnosed by taking a patient history and performing a physical examination. Electromyography may be performed. Treatment for a pinched nerve depends on the underlying cause.
Acute injuries, medical conditions, and chronic use conditions are causes of knee pain. Symptoms and signs that accompany knee pain include redness, swelling, difficulty walking, and locking of the knee. To diagnose knee pain, a physician will perform a physical exam and also may order X-rays, arthrocentesis, blood tests, or a CT scan or MRI. Treatment of knee pain depends upon the cause of the pain.
Ankle Pain (Tendinitis)
Ankle pain is commonly due to a sprain or tendinitis. The severity of ankle sprains ranges from mild (which can resolve within 24 hours) to severe (which can require surgical repair). Tendinitis of the ankle can be caused by trauma or inflammation.
Arthritis (Joint Inflammation)
Arthritis is inflammation of one or more joints. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, warmth, swelling, redness and pain. There are over 100 types of arthritis, including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, lupus, gout, and pseudogout.
Medical Marijuana (Medical Cannabis)
Medical marijuana (medical cannabis) is a medicine that is plant based. There are two species of medical marijuana; 1) Cannabis sativa, and 2) Cannabis indica. Medical marijuana is used to treat pain, nausea, anxiety, MS, insomnia, seizures, and muscle spasms. Medical cannabis is legal in a variety of states in the US. A card or licence is required to purchase medical marijuana in states where it is legal; however, medical cannabis is against Federal law. Medical marijuana comes in a variety of products, for example, gummy bears and other candy, muffins, cookies, drinks, salves, ointments, creams, oils, and wax.
Peripheral neuropathy is a problem with the functioning of the nerves outside of the spinal cord. Symptoms may include numbness, weakness, burning pain (especially at night), and loss of reflexes. Possible causes may include carpel tunnel syndrome, shingles, vitamin or nutritional deficiencies, and illnesses like diabetes, syphilis, AIDS, and kidney failure. Peripheral neuropathy is diagnosed with exams and tests. Treatment for the condition depends on the cause. Usually, the prognosis for peripheral neuropathy is good if the cause can be successfully treated or prevented.
Nausea and Vomiting (Causes, Natural Remedies, Diet, Medication)
Nausea is an uneasiness of the stomach that often precedes vomiting. Nausea and vomiting are not diseases, but they are symptoms of many conditions. There are numerous cases of nausea and vomiting. Some causes may not require medical treatment, for example, motion sickness, and other causes may require medical treatment by a doctor, for example, heart attack, lung infections, bronchitis, and pneumonia. Some causes of nausea and vomiting may be life threatening, for example, heart attack, abdominal obstruction, and cancers. Treatment of nausea and vomiting depends upon the cause.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms vary from person to person, and can last for days to months without periods of remission. Symptoms of MS include sexual problems and problems with the bowel, bladder, eyes, muscles, speech, swallowing, brain, and nervous system. The early symptoms and signs of multiple sclerosis usually start between age 20 and 40. MS in children, teens, and those over age 40 is rare. Treatment options for multiple sclerosis vary depending on the type and severity of symptoms. Medications may be prescribed to manage MS symptoms.
Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental and physical). The causes of fatigue are generally related to a variety of conditions or diseases, for example, anemia, mono, medications, sleep problems, cancer, anxiety, heart disease, and drug abuse.Treatment of fatigue is generally directed toward the condition or disease that is causing the fatigue.
Trigger Finger (Stenosing Tenosynovitis)
Trigger finger (stenosing tenosynovitis) is a condition in which a finger tries to snap closed while gripping. This painful condition is caused by inflammation or scarring around the digit's tendon. Anti-inflammatory medication, stretching, and ice are suitable treatments for trigger finger.
Bursitis of the knee results when any of the three fluid-filled sacs (bursae) become inflamed due to injury or strain. Symptoms include pain, swelling, warmth, tenderness, and redness. Treatment of knee bursitis depends on whether infection is involved. If the knee bursa is not infected, knee bursitis may be treated with ice compresses, rest, and anti-inflammatory and pain medications.
Headache Home Remedies
Headaches are a common complaint for many people. There are many types of headaches such as migraine, tension, cluster, and the general run of the mill headache. These 17 natural home remedies -- for example, exercise, meditation, hydration, yoga, caffeine, essential oils such as lavender and butterbur, herbs, and supplements like magnesium -- can soothe and relieve some headaches.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Life Expectancy
Multiple sclerosis or MS is an autoimmune disorder in which brain and spinal cord nerve cells become demyelinated. This damage results in symptoms that may include numbness, weakness, vertigo, paralysis, and involuntary muscle contractions. Different forms of MS can follow variable courses from relatively benign to life-threatening. MS is treated with disease-modifying therapies. Some MS symptoms can be treated with medications.
Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis caused by inflammation, breakdown, and eventual loss of cartilage in the joints. Also known as degenerative arthritis, osteoarthritis can be caused by aging, heredity, and injury from trauma or disease.
Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory disease, primarily involving the small and large intestine, but which can affect other parts of the digestive system as well. Abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, fever, and weight loss are common symptoms.
Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain condition characterized by symptoms such as fatigue, sleep disturbances, and tender points. Stress reduction, exercise, and medication are the standard treatments for fibromyalgia.
Elbow pain is most often the result of tendinitis, which can affect the inner or outer elbow. Treatment includes ice, rest, and medication for inflammation. Inflammation, redness, warmth, swelling, tenderness, and decreased range of motion are other symptoms associated with elbow pain. Treatment for elbow pain depends upon the nature of the patient's underlying disease or condition.
Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS)
Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a condition that causes pain in the mouth. BMS may be caused by menopause, dry mouth or allergies. Signs and symptoms include tingling or numbness of the tip of the tongue, bitter or metallic taste, and dry or sore mouth. Treatment depends upon the cause of your burning mouth syndrome.
The common bunion, an enlargement of the inner portion of the joint at the base of the big toe, primarily affects women. The signs and symptoms of bunions include inflammation, redness, tenderness, and pain of the first metatarsophalangeal joint. The little toe may also develop a bunion (tailor's bunion). Rest, walking shoes, stretching, cold packs, and anti-inflammatory medications may alleviate pain. Surgery is also a treatment option.
Sleep Disorders (How to Get a Good Night's Sleep)
A number of vital tasks carried out during sleep help maintain good health and enable people to function at their best. Sleep needs vary from individual to individual and change throughout your life. The National Institutes of Health recommend about 7-9 hours of sleep each night for older, school-aged children, teens, and most average adults; 10-12 for preschool-aged children; and 16-18 hours for newborns. There are two stages of sleep; 1) REM sleep (rapid-eye movement), and 2) NREM sleep (non-rapid-eye movement). The side effects of lack of sleep or insomnia include: Irritability Tiredness Feeling sleepy during the day Concentration or memory problems Lack of sleep and insomnia can be caused by medical conditions or diseases, medications, stress, or pain. The treatment for lack of sleep and insomnia depends upon the cause.
Pain management and treatment can be simple or complex, according to its cause. There are two basic types of pain, nociceptive pain and neuropathic pain. Some causes of neuropathic pain include: complex regional pain syndrome, interstitial cystitis, and irritable bowel syndrome. There are a variety of methods to treat chronic pain, which are dependant on the type of pain experienced.
Drug addiction is a chronic disease that causes drug-seeking behavior and drug use despite negative consequences to the user and those around him. Though the initial decision to use drugs is voluntary, changes in the brain caused by repeated drug abuse can affect a person's self-control and ability to make the right decisions and increase the urge to take drugs. Drug abuse and addiction are preventable.
Degenerative Disc Disease & Sciatica
Degenerative disc disease makes the disc more susceptible to herniation (rupture) which can lead to localized or radiating pain. The pain from degenerative disc or joint disease of the spine is usually treated conservatively with intermittent heat, rest, rehabilitative exercises and medications to relieve pain, muscle spasm and inflammation.
Pain that originates in the face is referred to as trigeminal neuralgia. This pain may be caused by: an injury, an infection in the face, a nerve disorder, or it can occur for no known reason. Trigeminal neuralgia can be treated with antiseizure medications. Some antidepressant drugs also have significant pain relieving effects.
Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is a painful complication of shingles. Symptoms include severe pain, itchy skin, and possible weakness or paralysis of the area. There is no treatment for postherpetic neuralgia that is effective for all patients.
A frozen shoulder (adhesive capsulitis) is when the shoulder joint experiences a significant loss in its range of motion due to inflammation, scarring, or injury. Treatment involves anti-inflammatory medication, cortisone injections, and physical therapy.
Whiplash is a common injury to a person's neck following a car accident (in most cases). Symptoms include: headache, neck pain, neck and shoulder stiffness, shoulder pain, fatigue, dizziness, jaw pain, arm pain, weakness of the arm(s), visual disturbances, and tinnitus. Diagnosis is generally with a physical exam, X-rays, or possibly an MRI. Treatment generally includes physical therapy and time.
Psoriatic arthritis is a disease that causes skin and joint inflammation. Symptoms and signs include painful, stiff, and swollen joints, tendinitis, and organ inflammation. Treatment involves anti-inflammatory medications and exercise.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Intestinal Problems of IBD)
The inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). The intestinal complications of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis differ because of the characteristically dissimilar behaviors of the intestinal inflammation in these two diseases.
The five types of spondylolisthesis include dysplastic, isthmic, degenerative, traumatic, and pathologic. The most common symptom of spondylolisthesis is lower back pain. Treatment depends on the type and severity of spondylolisthesis. Surgery is required in some cases of spondylolisthesis.
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS or SEID)
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) or systemic exertion intolerance disease (SEID) is a debilitating and complex disorder characterized by profound fatigue that lasts six months or longer, is not improved by bed rest, and may be worsened by physical or mental activity.
Enjoying a satisfying sex life as we age is important to both physical and mental health. As we age, diseases and conditions may pose challenges in our sexual health, and sexual experiences. Learn how to manage your conditions and still have a gratifying sex life as you age.
Herpes Viral Infections of the Eye
Herpes of the eye occurs due to herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1). Symptoms of herpes of the eye include pain in and around the eye, rash or sores on the eyelids, redness, swelling, and cloudiness of the cornea.
Neuropathic pain is a chronic condition that leads to ongoing pain symptoms. Patients can be predisposed to developing neuropathic pain who have conditions such as: diabetes, cancer, stroke, HIV, vitamin deficiencies, shingles, and multiple sclerosis. Patient history and nerve testing are used to diagnose neuropathic pain. Antidepressants, antiseizure medications, and other types of medications are used to treat neuropathic pain. Many people with neuropathic pain are able to attain some level of relief.
Pelvic Pain (in Women and Men)
Pelvic pain is described as pain, usually in the lower pelvic area. Causes of acute and chronic pelvic pain in women include endometriosis, ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage, menstrual cramps, ovarian cysts, tumors, or fibroids, ovulation, and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or congestion syndrome, vulva pain, and rarely cancer. Pelvic pain during pregnancy may be caused by miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy (tubal pregnancy), preterm or premature labor, and placental abruption. Causes of pelvic pain in men include prostate problems, testicular pain, and groin pain. Causes of pelvic pain in men and women include kidney stones, appendicitis, UTIs, IBD, and STDs. Signs and symptoms associated with pelvic pain depend on the cause, but man include pain during or after sexual intercourse, abdominal pain, distension, and tenderness, diarrhea, constipation, vaginal discharge or bleeding, blood, pus, in the urine, cloudy urine, blood in the stool, stool color changes, and low back pain. The cause of pelvic pain is diagnosed by a physical exam, blood tests, and imaging procedures. Treatment for pelvic pain depends on the cause.
Lumbar Spinal Stenosis
Lumbar stenosis can be caused by degenerative arthritis (the most common cause), tumor, infection, or metabolic disorders (Paget's disease of the bone). Symptoms include low back pain, weakness, pain, numbness, and loss of sensation in the legs. Other conditions may cause similar symptoms of lumbar stenosis, including diabetic neuropathy, claudication, and peripheral vascular disease. Lumbar stenosis may be treated with medication or surgery.
Head and Neck Cancer
Head and neck cancer is cancer of the oral cavity, salivary glands, paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, or lymph nodes in the upper part of the neck. These cancers account for 3% to 5% of cancers in the U.S. Tobacco and alcohol use are important risk factors. Treatment may involve surgery, radiation therapy, and/or chemotherapy.
The cornea is the clear outer layer of the eye. If it is damaged by disease, infection, or injury, vision problems may occur. Corneal problems can be detected by having an eye exam. Corneal problems can be prevented by protecting the eyes from injury and avoiding contact with people who have eye infections.
Insomnia (Symptoms, Causes, Remedies, and Cures)
Insomnia is the perception or complaint of inadequate or poor-quality sleep because of difficulty falling asleep; waking up frequently during the night with difficulty returning to sleep; waking up too early in the morning; or unrefreshing sleep. Secondary insomnia is the most common type of insomnia. Treatment for insomnia include lifestyle changes, cognitive behavioral therapy, and medication.
Menstrual cramps (pain in the belly and pelvic area) are experienced by women as a result of menses. Menstrual cramps are not the same as premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Menstrual cramps are common, and may be accompanied by headache, nausea, vomiting, constipation, or diarrhea. Severity of menstrual cramp pain varies from woman to woman. Treatment includes OTC or prescription pain relief medication.
Pain Management: Musculoskeletal Pain
Natural menopause is the permanent ending of menstruation that is not brought on by any type of medical treatment. For women undergoing natural menopause, the process is described in three stages: perimenopause, menopause, and postmenopause. However, not all women undergo natural menopause. Some women experience induced menopause as a result of surgery or medical treatments, such as chemotherapy and pelvic radiation therapy.
Most often, caregivers take care of other adults who are ill or disabled. Less often, caregivers are grandparents raising their grandchildren. The majority of caregivers are middle-aged women. Caregiving can be very stressful, so it's important to recognize when it's putting to much strain on you and to take steps to prevent/relieve stress.
Alternative Treatment for MS (CAM for MS)
The term alternative therapy, in general, is used to describe any medical treatment or intervention that has not been scientifically documented or identified as safe or effective for a specific condition. Alternative therapy encompasses a variety of disciplines that range from diet and exercise to mental conditioning to lifestyle changes.
Inclusion Body Myositis (IBM)
Inclusion body myositis (IBM) is a progressive muscle disorder characterized by muscle inflammation, weakness, and atrophy (wasting). It is a type of inflammatory myopathy. IBM develops in adulthood, usually after age 50.
Osteoarthritis vs. Osteoporosis Differences and Similarities
Arthritis is defined as painful inflammation and joint stiffness. Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis and the most common cause of chronic joint pain, affecting over 25 million Americans. Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis that involves the entire joint. Osteoporosis is not a type of arthritis. It is a disease that mainly is caused by a loss of bone tissue that is not limited to the joint areas. It is possible for one person to have both osteoarthritis and osteoporosis. The differences in the signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis and osteoporosis include; pain, stiffness, and joint swelling, joint deformity, crackle sounds when the joint is moving, and walking with a limp. Osteoporosis is called the "silent disease" because it can progress for years without signs and symptoms before it is diagnosed, severe back pain, bone fractures, height loss, and difficulty or inability to walk. The differences in the causes of osteoarthritis and osteoporosis are that osteoarthritis usually is caused by wear and tear on the joints. Osteoporosis usually is caused by one or more underlying problems, for example, calcium and vitamin D deficiencies. Treatment for osteoarthritis and osteoporosis are not the same. There is no cure for osteoarthritis or osteoporosis.
Pain Management: Neuropathic Pain
Neuropathic pain is chronic pain resulting from injury to the nervous system. The injury can be to the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) or the peripheral nervous system (nerves outside the brain and spinal cord).
Local ResourcesFind a local Pain Management Physician in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Cortisone Injection
- CT Scan vs. MRI
- MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging Scan)
- Trigger Point Injection
- Joint Aspiration (Arthrocentesis)
- Total Hip Replacement
- Nerve Conduction Velocity Test
- Spinal Fusion
- Nerve Blocks
- Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation
- Tommy John Surgery (Ulnar Collateral Ligament Reconstruction)
- Headache: Questions To Ask Your Doctor About Headaches
- Pain and Stress: Endorphins: Natural Pain and Stress Fighters
- Pain Management Over-The-Counter
- Pharmacy Visit, How To Get The Most Out of Your Visit
- Pain (Acute and Chronic)
- The Cox-2 Inhibitors Controversy: Q&A with Dr. Shiel
- Phantom Limb Pain: Mirror Therapy Treatment
- Doctors Answer Pain Questions
- Broken Bone Causes
- Migraine Symptoms
- Why Am I So Tired? The Many Causes of Fatigue
- Grapefruit Juice and Drug Interactions
- Herniated Disc - Epidural Cortisone Injections
- Stress: The Long-Term Effects
Medications & Supplements
- Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
- Oxycodone vs. Tramadol for Pain
- Ibuprofen vs. Meloxicam (Mobic) for Pain
- acetaminophen (Tylenol, Tylenol Arthritis Pain, Tylenol Ext, Little Fevers Children's Fever/Pain)
- Oxycodone vs. Hydrocodone
- aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid, Bayer, Ecotrin, and others)
- Pain Medications (Narcotics)
- Acetaminophen vs. Ibuprofen for Pain (Differences in Side Effects and Dosage)
- Lyrica (pregabalin)
- tramadol (Ultram)
- Lyrica vs. Gabapentin: Differences between Pain Relief and Uses
- meloxicam (Mobic) Side Effects
- codeine (for Pain)
- Cymbalta (duloxetine)
- naproxen (Aleve, Anaprox, Naprelan, Naprosyn)
- ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, Nuprin)
- Oxycodone vs. Codeine
- Ibuprofen (Advil) vs. Naproxen (Aleve): Comparison of Differences
- oxycodone controlled-release - oral, Oxycontin
- tramadol/acetaminophen - oral, Ultracet
- fentanyl - transdermal, Duragesic
- ketoprofen sustained-action capsule - oral, Oruvail
- celecoxib - oral, Celebrex
- celecoxib (Celebrex)
- Dilaudid vs. Percocet for Pain
- Oxycodone vs. Vicodin (hydrocodone/acetaminophen) for Pain
- Cox-2 Inhibitors
- Oxycodone for Pain (OxyContin, Roxicodone, Oxecta, Oxaydo, Xtampza ER, Roxybond)
- MSM (methylsulfonylmethane) Dietary Supplement
- hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Vicodin, Norco)
- Baclofen vs. Flexeril (Side Effects and Interactions)
- Benzodiazepines vs. Narcotics (Opioids)
- tramadol and acetaminophen (Ultracet)
- Dilaudid vs. Oxycodone
- Percocet (oxycodone and acetaminophen, Roxicet, Tylox, Oxycet)
- Aleve (naproxen) vs. Celebrex (celecoxib)
- Aspirin vs. Aleve (Naproxen)
- Ketorolac vs. ibuprofen (Advil)
- Dilaudid vs. Fentanyl (Pain Strength Comparison and Side Effects)
- cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril, Amrix, Fexmid)
- Aspirin vs. Tylenol (acetaminophen)
- hydromorphone (Dilaudid)
- Cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril) vs. naproxen (Aleve)
- Hydrocodone vs. Hydromorphone (Differences between Side Effects)
- Ketorolac vs. tramadol
- fentanyl patch (Duragesic)
- Aspirin vs. NSAIDs (Side Effect and Use Differences)
- sumatriptan, Imitrex, Alsuma, Imitrex STATdose System, Sumavel DosePro
- Percocet vs. Lortab
- Tramadol (Ultram) Side Effects
- misoprostol, Cytotec
- Ibuprofen and Plavix (Side Effects and Interactions)
- nortriptyline (Pamelor)
- orphenadrine (Norflex)
- gabapentin (Gralise) vs. duloxetine (Cymbalta)
- Lyrica vs. Tramadol
- carisoprodol (Soma)
- Ketorolac vs. diclofenac
- propoxyphene (Darvon, Dolene)
- etodolac, Lodine (Discontinued)
- OTC Pain Relievers and Fever Reducers
- carbamazepine, Tegretol, Tegretol XR , Equetro, Carbatrol, Epitol, Teril
- Tofacitinib citrate (Xeljanz)
- Savella (milnacipran)
- fenoprofen (Nalfon)
- Ketorolac vs. naproxen (Aleve)
- zolmitriptan (Zomig, Zomig-ZMT)
- oxaprozin (Daypro)
- Tylenol (acetaminophen) Side Effects, Warnings, and Interactions
- Cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril) vs. amitriptyline (Elavil)
- Aspirin Therapy (Guidelines for Heart Attack and Stroke Prevention)
- Lyrica vs. Hydrocodone
- propoxyphene and acetaminophen (Darvocet)
- hydromorphone extended release - oral, Exalgo
- hylan G-F 20 (Synvisc)
- Simponi, Simponi Aria (golimumab)
- meperidine - injection, Demerol
- Ultram (tramadol) Side Effects, Warnings, and Interactions
- methadone - injection, Dolophine
- methadone (Dolophine; Methadose)
- fentanyl lozenge - buccal, Actiq
- morphine extended-release capsule - oral, Avinza
- choline magnesium salicylate, Trilisate
- methadone concentrate - oral, Methadose
- narcotic analgesic/aspirin/caffeine - oral
- morphine sustained-action capsule - oral, Kadian
- methadone dispersible tablet - oral, Methadose
- Ketorolac vs. Ibuprofen
- Ultram ER
- Roxicodone 15 30 mg
- Vicodin ES
- Codeine Sulfate
- Imitrex Injection
- Darvon Compound
- Imitrex Nasal Spray
Prevention & Wellness
- Don't Believe Online Claims for Pot's 'Benefits'
- Patients, Not Hospitals, Most Important to Spinal Fusion Outcomes
- CBD Medicine May Help Ease Another Form of Seizure
- Time to Rethink Ideas About Exercise, Sickle Cell Disease?
- New Sickle Cell Disease Drug Approved by FDA
- Construction Workers at Very High Odds for Opioid and Drug Abuse
- Health Tip: Hand Swelling During Exercise
- 'Swimmer's Shoulder' Strikes 3 in 4 Teen Competitors
- Windy, Humid Days Could Bring More Pain
- Interest in CBD Products Keeps Soaring, but Health Experts Wary
- Health Tip: The 'Wall Test' For Good Posture
- Health Tip: Taking Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
- How to Manage Your Osteoarthritis
- U.S. Government Urges Caution When Taking Patients Off Opioid Painkillers
- Humans May Possess Ability to Regrow Cartilage
- Pain Relief: When to Use Cold, When to Use Heat
- 'Smartphone Slouching' More Serious Than It Sounds
- Musician Sia Reveals Painful Ehlers-Danlos Struggle
- Prescription Opioids Linked to Poor Outcomes in Kidney Patients
- New Prosthetic Leg Can Feel Touch, Reduce 'Phantom Limb' Pain
- The Alexander Technique: What Could It Do for You?
- Many Americans Eyeing CBD, Pot as Pain Relievers Without Knowing Risks
- CBD Is the Rage, But More Science Needed on Safety, Effectiveness
- Fewer Opioid Painkillers Can Still Control Surgery Pain
- Many Doctors Refusing Care of People Prescribed Opioids
- Pure CBD Won't Make You Fail a Drug Test, But…
- Health Tip: Chiropractors and Back Pain
- Health Tip: Symptoms of Tennis Elbow
- Medical Marijuana Won't Help Ease Opioid Crisis: Study
- Another Study Casts Doubt on Safety of Herbal Drug Kratom
- For Many, Pot Is Now an Alternative to Opioids or Sleep Meds
- Meet 'Huggable,' the Robot Bear Who's Helping Hospitalized Kids
- More Than 5 Million U.S. Cancer Survivors Deal With Chronic Pain
- How to Head Off a Pain in the Neck
- Opioids Prescribed in Hospital Often Tied to Long-Term Use
- Legalizing Medical Pot Won't Ease Opioid Crisis: Study
- WHO Opioid Guidelines Too Lax: U.S. Lawmakers
- Less Pain, More Car Crashes: Legalized Marijuana a Mixed Bag
- Scientists Spot Unexpected Player in Fibromyalgia
- 1 in 4 American Workers Struggles With Back Pain
- Quantity, Not Type of Opioid Matters for Post-Op Dependency
- Health Tip: Joint Popping and Cracking
- Medical Marijuana Use Rising Among Cancer Patients
- Sixty People Charged in Massive Opioid Painkiller Investigation
- Insurers' Denials of Opioid Coverage Spurs CDC to Clarify Guidelines
- Health Tip: Dealing with Tendinitis Pain
- Opioid Rxs Decreasing, But Not for All Doctors
- One-Third of U.S. Kids Have Back Pain, Study Says
- Dry Eye and Migraines Might Be Linked: Study
- AHA News: Opioid Crisis Brings Concerns About Heart Dangers
- AHA News: Opioid Meds Pose Danger to Kidney Disease Patients
- Medical Pot: An Elixir for the Elderly?
- Before Teen Is Prescribed Opioids, Look at Family's Drug Use
- Kratom-Related Poisonings Are Soaring, Study Finds
- FDA Fell Short in Preventing Fentanyl Abuse Crisis, Report Claims
- Why Do More and More Americans Use Medical Marijuana?
- 'Mindfulness' Might Help Some Conquer Chronic Pain
- Gene Therapy Shows Promise Against Sickle Cell Disease
- Acupressure Is Good Medicine for Breast Cancer Survivors
- Expert Panel Says Two Back Pain Procedures May Be Useless
- Opioid Prescriptions Almost Twice as Likely for Rural vs. Urban Americans
- Are Some Opioid Abusers Using Their Pets to Get the Drugs?
- Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Patients Get Short Shrift in ERs
- At Risk for an Opioid OD? There's an App for That
- Many Medical Marijuana Patients Drive While High
- 'Meaningful' Activities May Mean Healthier Old Age
- Can Herbal Drug Kratom Kill?
- Runaway Immune System May Play Role in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
- Physical Therapy Can Help You Avoid Opioids When Joint Pain Strikes
- Nagging Low Back Pain? Try Mindfulness
- Opioids Plus Other Drugs a Deadly Mix for Heavy Users
- Health Tip: Manage Pain With Opioids
- Next for Disabling Back Pain? New Discs From Patients' Own Cells
- How to Avoid Suitcase Strain This Holiday Season
- Health Tip: Think You Have a Broken Toe?
- Workers' Comp Often a Gateway to Opioid Abuse: Study
- An Expert's Guide to Avoiding Back Pain
- Health Tip: Know the Risk Factors for Lower Back Pain
- Brain Scans Suggest Pain of Fibromyalgia Isn't Imaginary
- Three New Genes Linked to Chronic Back Pain
- For Pain Relief, Why Not Try Drug-Free Alternatives
- Opioid Overdose Crisis May Have Begun Decades Ago
- Reports Warn of Growing Opioid Crisis Among Seniors
- Acupuncture: A New Look at an Ancient Remedy
- 1 in 12 Americans Lives With Debilitating Chronic Pain
- Mindfulness May Be a Buffer Against Pain
- Could a Placebo Pill Help Ease Your Back Pain?
- New Treatment Approved for Opioid Dependence
- Chronic Pain May Drive Some to Suicide
- More Aging Boomers Are Embracing Pot
- Opium Poppy Genome Research May Aid Painkiller Production
- Monkey Trials Raise Hope for Non-Addictive Opioid Alternative
- Warning Letters Target Illegal Online Sales of Opioid Meds: FDA
- As Opioid Epidemic Rages, Painkiller Prescriptions Don't Drop
- Can Arthritic Dogs (and Their Owners) Benefit From Stem Cell Injections?
- Most Seniors Uninformed on Opioid Use
- Majority in U.S. Support Medical Pot, Think It Could Fight Opioid Crisis
- Where Are Opioid Painkillers Prescribed the Most?
- Supplement May Ease the Pain of Sickle Cell Disease
- Chronic Pain Patients Ask FDA to Ease Opioid Prescribing Restrictions
- Medical Marijuana a Hit With Seniors
- Risky Prescribing Boosts Opioid Death Risk
- Trump Carried Counties With High Opioid Use: Study
- Have Insurers Played a Role in Opioid Crisis?
- Pot Still a Drug of Choice for Many U.S. Adults
- First Ketamine Guidelines for Pain Released
- Patients on Opioids OK With Lower Doses
- Health Tip: Is Hand Therapy Right For You?
- Exercises for Chronic Health Conditions
- Avoid 'Text Neck' From Your Cellphone
- Safety Info for Opioids Found Lacking
- Doctors Curbing First-Time Prescriptions for Opioids
- Former U.S. House Speaker Boehner Now Backs Marijuana Legalization, Joins Cannabis Company Board
- Health Tip: Taming Bursitis
- Older Americans Support Medical Marijuana: Poll
- Millions Get Wrong Treatment for Back Pain: Study
- A Surgery-Free Fix for Bad Knees?
- Is Herbal Drug Kratom a Health Friend or Foe?
- Do Over-the-Counter Painkillers Alter Emotions, Reasoning?
- Losing Weight Eases Obesity-Related Pain. But How Much Is Enough?
- Opioids Aren't America's Only Painkiller Problem
- Opioid Abuse Rises When Prescriptions Are Renewed
- Packets That Turn Opioid Painkillers Into Useless Gel Offered at Walmart
- Health Tip: Sit and Stand Up Straight
- Insights Into Pain Relief From the Family That Can't Feel Pain
- Drug May Help Surgical Patients Stop Opioids Sooner
- Chronic Pain Common Among Those Who OD on Opioids
- Opioids Not the Only Answer for Pain Relief in the ER
- Senator Wants Law Changed After 60 Minutes Story on Opioid Crisis
- Around the World, Too Little Relief for Pain
- Cigna Says No to OxyContin
- Makers of Quick-Release Opioid Painkillers Must Provide Doctor Training
- Post-Op Opioids: How Much Is Enough?
- ERs Prescribing Opioids at Lower Doses, Shorter Durations
- CDC Launches Opioid Campaign in Hard-Hit States
- Lady Gaga's Fibromyalgia Puts Illness in the Spotlight
- Too Few New Antibiotics in Development: WHO
- Lady Gaga Has Fibromyalgia
- Managing Pain Can Be a Puzzle After Breast Cancer
- Early Rotator Cuff Surgery Helps Return to Activity
- How You Think About Your Arthritis Makes a Difference
- Longer Prescriptions Make Opioid Abuse More Likely: Study
- Hernia Patients May Need Fewer Opioids After Surgery, Study Finds
- Many Prescribed Opioids Even After Overdose
- Study Finds Options to Opioid Use After Knee Surgery
- Marijuana May Help Ease Nerve Pain, Review Finds
- 2 of 3 U.S. Patients Keep Unused Painkillers After Surgery
- Doctors May Be Over-Prescribing Seizure Drugs to Treat Pain
- Doctors Still Overprescribing Opioids in U.S.
- 7-Fold Spike Seen in Opioid-Linked Fatal Car Crashes
- New Surgery May Fix Tough-to-Treat Rotator Cuff Tears
- Health Tip: Adapting After Hip Replacement
- Easing Opioid Dose May Improve Pain and Quality of Life
- Ending U.S. Opioid Abuse Epidemic Will Take Years: Report
- Health Tip: Battling Muscle Cramps?
- U.S. Opioid Prescriptions Fall, But Numbers Still High: CDC
- Health Tip: Are You at Risk for a Herniated Disk?
- Reaching Beyond the Prescription Pad to Treat Pain
- Don't Let Summer Strain Your Back
- When Is an Opioid Safe to Take?
- Guided Exercise May Help Chronic Fatigue Patients: Study
- Acupuncture May Be Effective Painkiller in the ER
- 1 in 5 Weight-Loss Surgery Patients Using Opioids Years Later
- Chronic Pain Common in Adults With Depression, Anxiety
- Persistent Pain May Lead to Memory Troubles
- Breast-Feeding May Reduce Pain From C-Section
- Gene Therapy Might Someday Mend Badly Broken Bones
- Don't Let Your Garden Get You Down
- Babies Born Addicted to Opioids Often Struggle With Learning
- Could Germs in the Gut Give Rise to Chronic Fatigue Syndrome?
- 'Mindfulness' Probably Won't Cure Your Back Pain: Study
- Healing Hands: Massage May Ease Chronic Back Pain
- Many Opioid Addictions Surface After Surgery, Study Finds
- Chiropractors Not Magicians When It Comes to Chronic Back Pain
- Are There Two Forms of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome?
- Knee Replacement Doesn't Always Pay, Researchers Say
- What Drugs Work Best for Diabetic Nerve Pain?
- Many Talks on End-of-Life Wishes End in Confusion, Study Shows
- Steroid Shots Offer No Long-Term Relief for Low-Back Pain
- Shingles Vaccine Cuts Chronic Pain, Hospitalizations
- Mediterranean Diet May Ease Chronic Pain of Obesity
- FDA Throws Cold Water on Whole Body Cryotherapy
- Wireless Arm Patch May Blunt Migraine Pain
- Many Opioid Addicts in Treatment Take Narcotics on the Side
- Try Drug-Free Options First for Low Back Pain, New Guidelines Say
- Opioids and Alcohol a Dangerous Cocktail
- U.S. Report Cites the Good and Bad on Marijuana
- Everyday Pain Relievers May Be Linked to Hearing Loss in Some Women
- What You Need to Know When Prescribed an Opioid Painkiller
- U.S. Doctors Still Over-Prescribing Drugs: Survey
- Specially Designed Video Game Might Ease 'Phantom Limb' Pain
- Opioids No Better Than Ibuprofen for Pain After Car Crash: Study
- A Benefit of Back Pain Surgery: Better Sex
- New Spine Stimulation Device Provides Pain Relief
- Researchers: We Found Area of Brain That Responds to Placebo
- Doctors Try Brain-Training to Curb 'Phantom Limb Pain'
- Many Take Opioids Reluctantly for Back Pain: Survey
- 'Fake Pills' May Help Ease Back Pain
- Health Tip: Need Pain Relief?
- Number of Americans With Severe Joint Pain Keeps Rising
- DEA Puts Quota on Production of Opioid Painkillers
- Study: Yoga as Good as Physical Therapy for Back Pain
- Could Prescribed NSAID Painkillers Raise Heart Failure Risk?
- Ketamine May Treat Migraine, Chronic Pain
- What Is Kratom? Why Does the DEA Want to Ban It?
- Review Suggests Safe, Effective Ways to Relieve Pain Without Meds
- Non-addictive Painkiller Shows Promise in Animal Trials
- Medical Marijuana's Pain Relief May Work Better for Men
- Health Tip: Work Through Chronic Pain
- Veterans' Painkiller Abuse Can Raise Odds for Heroin Use
- Study Finds Links Between Chronic Pain, Depression in Couples
- U.S. DEA Denies Request to Ease Federal Pot Rules
- Addiction Risk Low for Seniors Taking Post-Op Opioids: Study
- Doctors Urged to Prescribe Lower Doses of Opioids, No Refills
- 1 in 5 Opioid Users Also Might Be Abusing Seizure Drug: Study
- Health Tip: If You Have Pain in Your Shins
- Fentanyl-Laced 'Norco' Is Lethal, Report Warns
- New Guidelines Issued for Cancer Patients' Post-Treatment Pain
- Health Tip: Ease Arthritis Pain With Warm Water
- Helping a Child Manage a Chronic Illness
- Opioid Abusers Missing Out on Addiction-Fighting Drug
- Why Kicking the Opioid Habit Can Be So Tough
- Common Surgeries Raise Risk for Opioid Dependence: Study
- Beware Whole Body Cryotherapy Claims, FDA Warns
- Health Tip: Self-Manage Chronic Illness
- Tighter Opioid Laws in U.S. Haven't Eased Misuse
- Alternative Medicine Taking Hold Among Americans: Report
- Health Tip: Osteoporosis Shouldn't Be Ignored
- The Childhood Incidents That Increase Later Suicide Risk
- Patients Often Prescribed Extra Painkillers, Many Share Them
- Fewer Injured Workers Getting Opioid Prescriptions in Some States
- Experimental Drug Acts Fast Against Chronic Migraine
- Prince Died From Potent Prescription Painkiller: Autopsy
- Antidepressants Not Just for Depression Any More
- Drug Protects Lung Function in Kids With Sickle Cell: Study
- Chronic Pain May Trigger Many Cases of Painkiller Addiction: Survey
- What a Change in DEA's Pot Rules Might Mean for Medical Research
- Painkiller Addiction Relapse More Likely for Some
- Sleepy Teens Are Risk-Taking Teens
- Freezing Technique May Ease 'Phantom Limb' Pain for Amputees
- Anti-Addiction Drug May Help Curb Painkiller, Heroin Dependence
- Vivitrol Cuts Relapse Risk in Opioid Addicts
- Obama Seeks to Expand Opioid Addiction Treatment
- FDA Wants Generic Narcotic Painkillers to Be Abuse-Deterrent
- FDA Orders Warning Labels on Prescription Narcotic Painkillers
- CDC Issues Tough New Guidelines on Use of Prescription Painkillers
- Health Tip: Help Prevent Back Pain During Sleep
- Painkillers Don't Ease Disability Due to Nerve Damage: Study
- Many Chronic Pain Sufferers May Overuse Nonprescription Painkillers
- Did Painkiller Crackdown Cause Heroin Epidemic?
- Could Doctor Bias Be Affecting Your Treatment?
- Painkillers Often Gateway to Heroin for U.S. Teens: Survey
- Opioids: What Patients -- and Doctors -- Think
- Prescriptions Continue for Most Who Survive Painkiller ODs: Study
- Primary Care Docs the Leading Prescribers of Narcotic Painkillers: Study
- Electrical Stimulation May Ease Low Back Pain for Some
- More Americans Seek Treatment for Painkiller, Heroin Abuse
- Acupuncture May Ease Neck Pain Over Long Term
- Prescription Drug Use on the Rise in U.S.
- Health Tip: Avoid Back Pain While Feeding Baby
- Ex-NFL Star Helps Spread the Word on Risks Posed by Painkillers
- Brain Chemistry May Change to Cope With Pain
- Prescription Naproxen as Good as Narcotic Painkillers for Low Back Pain: Study
- Prescription Painkiller Abuse Rate Down, But Many Are Addicted: Study
- Medical Marijuana Seems Safe for Chronic Pain Patients, Study Finds
- Back Pain Patients Seek Pain Relief First, Mobility Second
- Chronic Pain Linked to ADHD
- Florida Laws May Help Lower Abuse of Prescription Painkillers
- 25 Million U.S. Adults Struggle With Daily Pain
- Yeast's New Use: Making Narcotic Painkillers
- This Many Million Adults Say They're in Pain Daily
- U.S. Medical Groups Join to Fight Prescription Painkiller Abuse
- Study Finds Drinking May Ease Fibromyalgia Pain, But Doctors Wary
- Pain Often Hinders Seniors With Dementia
- Better Sleep May Mean Less Chronic Pain
- Many Don't Tell Docs About Using Alternative Therapies for Pain
- Antidepressant, Painkiller Combo May Raise Risk of Brain Bleed
- FDA Strengthens Warning on NSAIDs and Heart Risk
- Many Doctors Underestimate Risks of Prescription Painkillers: Survey
- Shingles Vaccine Appears to Cut Odds of Long-Term Pain
- Do Certain Medicines Raise Murder Risk?
- Health Tip: Sleeping With Chronic Pain
- Medical Pot-Painkiller Combo Isn't Always Recipe for Abuse
- Insomniacs May Be More Sensitive to Pain
- Spinal Stimulation System Relieves Pain Without Tingling
- ER Doctors Cautious When Prescribing Narcotic Painkillers: Study
- 'Tamper-Proof' Narcotic Painkiller May Be Curbing Abuse: Study
- One-Quarter of Narcotic Painkillers Misused, Study Shows
- Obesity, Smoking, Drinking, Depression: All Linked to Low Back Pain
- British Scientists Spot Brain's Pain Center
- Painkiller-Addicted Babies a Growing U.S. Concern, Especially in Fla.
- Does Long-Term Acetaminophen Use Raise Health Risks?
- Health Tip: Avoid Overdosing on Pain Medication
- Acupuncture Less Effective for Skeptics
- Some Jobs Are a Pain in the Back
- Many Women of Childbearing Age Take Narcotic Painkillers: CDC
- Brain Scans Give New Clues to Chronic Pain
- A Virtual Refuge From Real Pain
- U.S. Doctors Cutting Back on Painkiller Prescriptions: Study
- Painkiller Tramadol Linked to Low Blood Sugar
- Abuse-Resistant Prescription Painkiller Approved
- Health Tip: Seek Treatment for a Broken Toe
- Three-Quarters of Young Baseball Players Have Arm Pain
- Pain, Depression Tied to Delirium Risk After Surgery for Seniors
- Certain Painkillers Tied to Raised Risk of Death After Stroke
- Almost 1 in 5 Americans Plagued by Constant Pain, Survey Suggests
- Health Tip: Why People Seek Counseling
- Health Tip: Coping With Chronic Pain
- Anesthetic During Breast-Removal Surgery May Reduce Long-Term Pain
- Acupuncture May Not Help Chronic Knee Pain, Study Finds
- Doctors' Group Issues Painkiller Guidelines
- U.S. Pledges Millions to Study Ways to Ease Soldiers' Pain
- Deaths From Narcotic Painkillers Quadrupled in Past Decade: CDC
- 'Doctor-Shopping' for Painkillers Common After Broken-Bone Surgery, Study Finds
- Fewer Painkiller Deaths in States With Medical Marijuana: Study
- Many U.S. Workers on Disability Use Narcotic Painkillers, Study Finds
- Painkillers May Halve Risk of Breast Cancer Return in Obese Women: Study
- Lidocaine Injection May Help Treat Fibromyalgia, Study Suggests
- Skip the Steroids for Shoulder Pain?
- Tough-to-Abuse Formulation of Oxycodone Approved
- FDA Approves Hard-to-Abuse Narcotic Painkiller
- Could 'Phone Care' Ring in New Approach to Pain Relief?
- Don't Blame Bad Weather for Your Aching Back
- More Painkillers May Raise Heart Risks for Older Women: Review
- Prescriptions for Powerful Painkillers Vary Widely Among States: CDC
- Many U.S. Vets Suffer Chronic Pain, Take Narcotic Painkillers: Study
- Training Programs Protect Young Athletes From ACL Tears: Report
- Genes May Help Determine Your Pain Threshold
- FDA OKs Quick-Acting Antidote for Prescription Painkiller Overdose
- Brief Whiplash Treatment Works as Well as Lengthy Therapy, Study Finds
- Electrical Brain Stimulation Might Help Fibromyalgia Patients
- Doctors Often Comply When Patients Ask for Advertised Drugs: Study
- ERs Dispensing More Narcotic Painkillers: Study
- Pain Can Plague Women After Knee Replacement Surgery
- Hormones Might Offer Relief From Chronic Pain, Small Study Suggests
- Study Finds 1 in 3 Tennesseans Uses Narcotic Painkillers Each Year
- FDA-Approved Painkiller Zohydro Concerns Critics
- Groups Push FDA to Revoke Approval of Highly Potent Painkiller
- Tarantula Venom Has Painkiller Potential: Study
- Amputee's 'Phantom Limb' Pain Eased by Virtual Arm Technology
- Many Patients Have Pain After Heart Surgery, Study Finds
- FDA Panel Sees No Heart-Safety Advantage With Naproxen
- FDA Advisers Revisit Heart Risks Posed by Painkillers
- Most Crash Victims Don't Plan to Sue: Study
- Your Brain Structure Might Influence Pain Tolerance
- Health Tip: Deal With Chronic Pain
- Vitamin D Supplements May Help Ease Fibromyalgia Pain: Study
- Meditation May Reduce Mild Depression, Anxiety
- Many Women Still Have Pain One Year After Breast Cancer Surgery
- Many Women Suffer Persistent Pain After Mastectomy
- Adjust the Lights, Hold the Morphine?
- Acetaminophen and Alcohol a Bad Mix, Study Suggests
- Brain Scans Show Fibromyalgia Patients Process Pain Differently
- Tylenol and Alcohol a Bad Mix, Study Suggests
- FDA OKs New Hydrocodone Painkiller
- Fibromyalgia Might Be Harder on Younger Patients, Study Finds
- Gene Makeup May Help Explain Amputees' Chronic Pain
- Weight-Loss Surgery May Add to Painkiller Dependence, Study Says
- Opioids Not Winning the Battle Against Pain, Study Suggests
- FDA Announces New Safety Measures for Narcotic Painkillers
- Health Tip: You May Need Surgery for Low Back Pain
- Partner's Chronic Pain Can Interfere With Your Sleep
- Ultrasound Device Might Be a Mood Booster
- Sharp Rise in Drug Overdoses Among U.S. Women: CDC
- Knee Replacement Often Beneficial for Rheumatoid Arthritis: Study
- Weather Doesn't Trigger Fibromyalgia Symptoms, Study Finds
- High Doses of Common Painkillers May Raise Risk for Heart Trouble
- Migraine, Chronic Back Pain Tied to Higher Suicide Risk
- Pain a Common Problem for People With COPD
- Erectile Dysfunction Tied to Long-Term Narcotic Use in Men
- Using Marijuana to Treat Pain? A Pill May Outlast a Puff
- Stem Cells to Relieve Low Back Pain?
- For First Time, Pain 'Signature' Spotted on Brain MRIs
- Chronic Pain Often Follows Stroke
- Health Tip: Don't Ignore Pain During Exercise
- Antidepressant Lessens Chemo-Related Pain
- Steroid Shots Disappoint in Back Pain Study
- Health Tip: Dealing With Low Back Pain
- When It Comes to Spine Surgery, There Is No 'July Effect': Study
- Brain Scan Study Suggests Docs 'Feel' Your Pain
- FDA Panel Weighs Tougher Restrictions on Some Prescription Painkillers
- Many Suffer Chronic Pain After Breast Cancer Surgery, Study Finds
- Health Tip: In Chronic Pain?
- Obese Patients May Have Less Success With Back Surgery
- 'Love Hormone' May Aid Women's Recovery After Childbirth
- Back Pain May Ease for Smokers Who Quit: Study
- As Doctors Go High-Tech, Staff Injuries May Rise
- Is Childhood Intelligence Linked to Pain Problems in Adulthood?
- Steroid Injections for Back Pain May Lower Bone Mass
- More Sleep May Help Some People Feel Less Pain
- Too Much or Too Little Activity Can Spur Knee Problems
- Chronic Pain Is Often a Family Affair, Study Finds
- Back Pain? Steroid Shots May Raise Fracture Risk
- Are Knee Injuries Tied to Menstrual Cycle?
- Pain Level After Car Crash Could Depend on Your Genes, Studies Say
- Tainted Steroid Injections May Affect Those Treated for Joint Pain
- Many Hospitalized Children Experience Severe Pain: Report
- Health Tip: Considering Counseling?
- Chronic Pain May Cost U.S. $635 Billion a Year
- NFL Docs Urge More Caution With Key Pain Med
- Acupuncture Pain Relief Is Real, Researchers Say
- Health Tip: Living With Fibromyalgia
- Epilepsy Drug Gabapentin Calms Chronic Cough
- Pain Reported by Nearly Half With Type 2 Diabetes
- Happy Feet: Plastic Surgery for Best Foot Forward
- Methadone for Pain Relief Leading Cause of Fatal Overdoses: CDC
- Health Tip: Signs of a Herniated Disk
- Chronic Pain May Depend on Emotional Reaction to Injury
- Few Patients Should Get Metal-on-Metal Hip Implants, FDA Panel Says
- FDA Probing Safety of Metal-on-Metal Hip Implants
- Chronic Abuse of Prescription Drugs Skyrocketing
- 1 in 10 Fibromyalgia Patients Uses Marijuana to Ease Pain
- Low Vitamin B6 Linked to Inflammation
- Mental Health Woes Raise Odds for Prescription Painkiller Abuse
- Obesity, Diabetes May Raise Complications After Joint Replacement
- Exercise Appears to Ease Nerve-Damage Pain in Rat Study
- Medical Marijuana Dispensaries Don't Boost Local Crime: Study
- Cell Transplant Tested as Treatment for Nerve Pain in Mice
- Athletes Really Do Play Through the Pain
- Back Pain Therapy Often Yields Early Benefits: Study
- Health Tip: When Your Knee is Unstable
- Health Tip: Help Prevent Back Pain
- One Baby per Hour Born Drug Dependent
- Adjusting Your Attitude About Chronic Pain May Help You Sleep
- 1/3 With Arthritis Report Anxiety or Depression
- Fatigue Not a Factor in Fibromyalgia Pain, Study Says
- 'Off-Label' Drug Use Appears Common
- Dentists Play Key Role in Detecting Oral Cancer
- Less Invasive Hernia Procedure Easier on Patients: Study
- Seniors' Long-Term Use of Strong Painkillers a Concern
- FDA Panel Recommends Second Chance for New Class of Painkillers
- Researchers ID Gene for Neck Disorder
- People in Poor Neighborhoods Have More Pain, Study Finds
- Health Tip: Preventing Back Pain Among New Moms
- Skin Tests Catch Metal Sensitivity Before Joint Replacement
- Kids With Gender Noncomformity at Increased Risk for Abuse
- Obesity Linked to Worse Fibromyalgia Symptoms
- Health Tip: Before You Start an Exercise Program
- Does Obesity Cause Pain?
- Insomnia Can Be Dangerous, But There's Rest for the Weary
- Exercise, Talk Therapy by Phone May Help Relieve Fibromyalgia Pain
- Study: Music Can Ease Pain
- Are the Benefits of Vitamin D Overhyped?
- Spouse's Reaction May Affect Pain Management
- Experimental Treatment May Help Relieve Back Pain
- Women's Sleep Problems Linked to Fibromyalgia Risk
- 40 U.S. Deaths a Day from Prescription Painkillers
- Combination Therapy Needed to Fight Chronic Pain
- ER Docs Frustrated, Burned Out by Repeat Patients: Survey
- Pain Relief Strategy: Cross Your Arms?
- Chronic Pain of Fibromyalgia Takes Toll on Everyday Life
- Meditation May Reduce Pain
- Therapy, Exercise Help Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
- NSAID Pain Relievers Raise Heart Risks
- Women Weigh in on Breast-Conserving Surgery
- Marijuana Relieves Chronic Pain, Research Shows
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome in the Brain
- New Pain Drug May Be Alternative to Oxycodone
- Lack of Sleep Triggers 'Migraine' Proteins
- Sleeping Pill May Treat Fibromyalgia Pain
- People With Fibromyalgia Prone to Falls
- Gender Gap in Prescription Pain Drug Abuse
- Negative Outlook Prolongs Back Pain
- Words Really Do Hurt
- Short Bursts of Activity Ease Fibromyalgia
- Brief Meditation Training Brings Pain Relief
- Chronic Pain: Does Vitamin D Help?
- The Truth About Vitamin D
- OxyContin (oxycodone) Questions and Answers
- Lyrica FAQ
- Aspirin FAQ
- Chronic Pain: Specific References for Chronic Pain
- Arthritis: Alternative Ways to Easing Arthritis Pain
- Bextra Gets New Warning On Label
- Pfizer Suspends Sales of Bextra
- Cox-2 Inhibitors: FDA Announces Series of Changes to the Class of Marketed Non-Steroidal
- Chronic Pain: Living With Pain
- Pain Management FAQs
- Pain Management and Intimacy
- Gynecological Disorders - Research
- FDA Makes Statement on Naproxen (Aleve)
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