Celiac disease is a condition in which a person has inflammation of the small intestinal mucosa when exposed to gluten in the diet. Symptoms of celiac disease include bloating, nausea, diarrhea, and abdominal discomfort. Treatment is a gluten free diet. Some individuals may have refractory celiac disease in which they do not respond to a gluten free diet.Read more: Celiac Disease Article
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Celiac Disease Quiz: What Is Celiac Disease?
Could celiac disease be the cause of your tummy troubles? Take the Celiac Disease Quiz to learn what certain foods may be doing...
Type 1 Diabetes Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ
What are the causes of type 1 diabetes? Take this quiz and challenge your knowledge of causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatments...
Liver Disease Quiz: Fatty Liver Disease, Cirrhosis & Symptoms
What is liver disease? Take the Liver Disease Quiz and test your knowledge about this organ and its function.
Picture of Colon
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Picture of Intestines
The intestines are a long, continuous tube running from the stomach to the anus. See a picture of the Intestines and learn more...
Picture of Thyroid
The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the front of the neck just below the Adams apple. See a picture of the Thyroid...
Gluten-Free Diet: Popular Gluten-Free Foods in Pictures
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Digestive Disorders: Common Misconceptions
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Thyroid Problems Explained
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The Most Common Food Allergies for Kids and Adults
What common food allergens cause the most problems for adults and children? See this list of common food allergies and learn to...
How to Get Rid of Nausea and Vomiting
What is nausea? Do you want to know how to get rid of nausea and how to stop vomiting? Learn home remedies for nausea,...
Celiac Disease: Symptoms, Gluten in Foods, Gluten Allergy Tests, and More
Do you suffer from celiac disease? Learn about diet, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatments for this digestive disorder that occurs...
Super Tips to Boost Digestive Health: Bloating, Constipation, and More
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Digestive Health: Why Am I Bloated?
Bloating is a sign and symptom of gas in the stomach or GI tract. Certain foods or health problems like constipation may cause...
Related Disease Conditions
Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2)
Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes are referred to as type 1 (insulin dependent) and type 2 (non-insulin dependent). Symptoms of diabetes include increased urine output, thirst, hunger, and fatigue. Treatment of diabetes depends on the type.
Intestinal Gas (Belching, Bloating, Flatulence)
Gas (intestinal gas) means different things to different people. Everyone has gas and eliminates it by belching, burping, or farting (flatulence). Bloating or abdominal distension is a subjective feeling that the stomach is larger or fuller than normal. Belching or burping occurs when gas is expelled from the stomach out through the mouth. Flatulence or farting occurs when intestinal gas is passed from the anus. Causes of belching or burping include drinking too rapidly, anxiety, carbonated drinks, habit, and swallowing air. Learn about causes of intestinal gas, foods that cause gas and bloating, treatments that reduce excessive gas and soothe gas pain, and much more.
Diarrhea is a change is the frequency and looseness of bowel movements. Symptoms associated with diarrhea are cramping, abdominal pain, and the sensation of rectal urgency. Causes of diarrhea include viral, bacterial, or parasite infection, gastroenteritis, food poisoning, and drugs. Absorbents and anti-motility medications are used to treat diarrhea.
Microscopic Colitis (Lymphocytic Colitis and Collagenous Colitis)
Microscopic colitis (lymphocytic colitis and collagenous colitis) is a disease of inflammation of the colon. Microscopic colitis is only visible when the colon's lining is examined under a microscope. The cause of microscopic colitis is not known. Symptoms of microscopic colitis are chronic watery diarrhea and abdominal pain or cramps. Microscopic colitis is diagnosed through biopsies of several areas of the colon. There is no standardized treatment for microscopic colitis; however, eliminating NSAIDs, and treatment medications such as Imodium, Lomotil, Petpo-Bismol, Entocort EC, and mesalamine (Asacol) have been helpful in some individuals.
Abdominal Pain (Causes, Remedies, Treatment)
Abdominal pain can have many causes that range from mild to severe. Some of these causes include bloating, gas, colitis, endometriosis, food poisoning, GERD, IBS (irritable bowel syndrome), ovarian cysts, abdominal adhesions, diverticulitis, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, gallbladder disease, liver disease, and cancers. Signs and symptoms of the more serious causes include dehydration, bloody or black tarry stools, severe abdominal pain, pain with no urination or painful urination. Treatment for abdominal pain depends upon the cause.
Anemia is the condition of having less than the normal number of red blood cells or less than the normal quantity of hemoglobin in the blood. The oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood is, therefore, decreased. There are several types of anemia such as iron deficiency anemia (the most common type), sickle cell anemia, vitamin B12 anemia, pernicious anemia, and aplastic anemia. Symptoms of anemia may include fatigue, malaise, hair loss, palpitations, menstruation, and medications. Treatment for anemia includes treating the underlying cause for the condition. Iron supplements, vitamin B12 injections, and certain medications may also be necessary.
Lactose intolerance is a common problem where a person's digestive system cannot digest lactose. Signs and symptoms include: Diarrhea Gas Abdominal pain Abdominal bloating Abdominal distention (swelling) Nausea There are several tests to diagnose lactose intolerance. Treatment is generally made with dietary changes, supplements, and adaptation to small amounts of milk.
The most common food allergies are to eggs, nuts, milk, peanuts, fish, shellfish, strawberries and tomatoes. Symptoms and signs include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, itching, hives, eczema, asthma, lightheadedness, and anaphylaxis. Allergy skin tests, RAST, and ELISA tests may be used to diagnose a food allergy. Though dietary avoidance may be sufficient treatment for mild allergies, the use of an Epipen may be necessary for severe food allergies.
The Digestion Process (Parts, Organs, and Functions)
Digestion is the complex process of turning the food you eat into the energy you need to survive. The digestive process also involves creating waste to be eliminated, and is made of a series of muscles that coordinate the movement of food. Learn more about digestion and the body parts that make it possible, including the mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon, rectum, anus, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder.
Nausea and Vomiting (Causes, Natural Remedies, Diet, Medication)
Nausea is an uneasiness of the stomach that often precedes vomiting. Nausea and vomiting are not diseases, but they are symptoms of many conditions. There are numerous cases of nausea and vomiting. Some causes may not require medical treatment, for example, motion sickness, and other causes may require medical treatment by a doctor, for example, heart attack, lung infections, bronchitis, and pneumonia. Some causes of nausea and vomiting may be life threatening, for example, heart attack, abdominal obstruction, and cancers. Treatment of nausea and vomiting depends upon the cause.
Type 1 Diabetes (Symptoms, Causes, Diet, Treatment, Life Expectancy)
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (juvenile) is an auto-immune disease with no known cause at this time, although there are a few risk factors. Symptoms of type 1 diabetes include frequent urination, unintentional weight loss, dry and itchy skin, vision problems, wounds that heal slowly, and excessive thirst. Type 1 diabetes is diagnosed with blood tests. A healthy lifestyle and controlling blood glucose levels can improve life expectancy.
Stool Color, Changes in Color, Texture, and Form
Stool color changes can very from green, red, maroon, yellow, white, or black. Causes of changes of stool color can range from foods a person eats, medication, diseases or conditions, pregnancy, cancer, or tumors. Stool can also have texture changes such as greasy or floating stools. Stool that has a uncharacteristically foul odor may be caused by infections such as giardiasis or medical conditions.
There are several types of thyroid disorders including hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, goiters, thyroid nodules, and thyroid cancer. Symptoms vary by condition. Diagnosis is made with blood tests, scans, ultrasound, or biopsy. Treatments depend on the disorder and can include medication or surgery.
Blood Clots (in the Leg)
Blood clots can occur in the venous and arterial vascular system. Blood clots can form in the heart, legs, arteries, veins, bladder, urinary tract and uterus. Risk factors for causes of blood clots include high blood pressure and cholesterol, diabetes, smoking, and family history. Symptoms of a blood clot depend on the location of the clot. Some blood clots are a medical emergency. Blood clots are treated depending upon the cause of the clot. Blood clots can be prevented by lowering the risk factors for developing blood clots.
Liver disease can be cause by a variety of things including infection (hepatitis), diseases, for example, gallstones, high cholesterol or triglycerides, blood flow obstruction to the liver, and toxins (medications and chemicals). Symptoms of liver disease depends upon the cause and may include nausea, vomiting, upper right abdominal pain, and jaundice. Treatment depends upon the cause of the liver disease.
Osteopenia is a bone condition characterized by bone loss that is not as severe as in osteoporosis. Bone fracture is the typical symptom of osteopenia, though the condition may be present without symptoms. Treatment involves lifestyle modifications (quitting smoking, not drinking in excess) and ensuring an adequate intake of vitamin D and calcium.
Vitamin D Deficiency
Vitamin D deficiency has been linked with rickets, cancer, cardiovascular disease, severe asthma in children and cognitive impairment in older adults. Causes include not ingesting enough of the vitamin over time, having limited exposure to sunlight, having dark skin, and obesity. Symptoms include bone pain and muscle weakness. Treatment for vitamin D deficiency involves obtaining more vitamin D through supplements, diet, or exposure to sunlight.
Why Am I So Bloated and Gassy?
Bloating is a feeling that your abdomen is distended or larger than normal, but it does not necessarily mean that it is. Gas (flatulence) also can be a problem if you are bloated. Common, less serious causes of bloating are eating too fast, too much, or too many fatty foods; swallowing air; pregnancy; and menstruation. Cancer and IBD (ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease) are examples the more serious causes of bloating. Examples of foods and drinks that cause bloating are high fiber foods if you don't eat them regularly; eventually the bloating and gassiness will resolve if you eat them on a regular basis; fatty greasy foods, dairy products (for example, cheese, ice cream, milk, and yogurt); foods high in salt (for example, processed, frozen, and canned foods), and artificial sweeteners. Some doctors and other health care professionals recommend natural remedies like chamomile or peppermint tea, or pumpkin to relieve bloating. Examples of OTC medicine (medicine available without a prescription) and other products that may relieve bloating and gassiness are, Gas-X, Beano, Pepto Bismol, Metamucil, probiotics, and Ex-Lax for constipation associated with bloating. If you have persistent or severe gas and bloating, and if you have any of these symptoms see a doctor or other healthcare professional, shortness of breath, heart palpitations, chest pain, bloody diarrhea, fever, or if you think you are or may be pregnant.
Local ResourcesFind a local Gastroenterologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Liver Disease FAQs
- Celiac Disease Celiac Sprue FAQs
- Type 1 Diabetes FAQs
- Digestive Disease Myths
- Doctors Answer Digestion Questions
- Does Celiac Disease Cause Diabetes?
- Celiac Disease Symptoms
- Stool Color Change Causes
- Does Vitamin D Deficiency Cause Symptoms?
- Ask the Experts - Gastroentrology (Digestion)
Medications & Supplements
- azathioprine (Azasan)
- prednisone (Prednisone Intensol, Rayos) Corticosteroid
- cyanocobalamine (Vitamin B12)
- cyclosporine microemulsion solution - oral, Gengraf, Neoral
- cyclosporine microemulsion capsule - oral, Gengraf, Neoral
- cyclosporine solution - oral, Sandimmune
- vitamin K-1, phytonadione (Mephyton)
- vitamin k - oral, Mephyton
- cyclosporine - intravenous, Sandimmune
- cyclosporine - oral, Sandimmune
- Digestive Enzymes Oral
- cyanocobalamin - nasal, Nascobal
Prevention & Wellness
- Could Certain Chemicals Trigger Celiac Disease?
- Crafting With Dry Pasta, Play-Doh Safe for Kids With Gluten Sensitivity: Study
- Lots of Gluten During Toddler Years Might Raise Odds for Celiac Disease
- Getting in Step With Whole Grains
- Health Tip: Living With Celiac Disease
- Cereals Recalled Due to Undeclared Gluten
- Dining Out With Allergies Is Tough, But These Steps Can Help
- Goodbye 'Gluten-Free'? Celiac Disease Vaccine May Make It Possible
- Gluten-Free Craze a 'Double-Edged Sword' for Celiac Patients
- One-Third of 'Gluten-Free' Restaurant Foods in U.S. Are Not: Study
- Mom-to-Be's High-Gluten Diet Linked to Type 1 Diabetes in Baby
- Gluten-Free Kids' Foods Fall Short on Nutrition
- Health Tip: Avoiding Gluten in Medication
- Health Tip: Going Gluten-Free?
- Where There's Type 1 Diabetes, Celiac Disease May Follow
- Is Gluten-Free Such a Good Idea?
- Eating Gluten-Free Without a Medical Reason?
- A Surprising Culprit Behind Celiac Disease?
- FDA Approves 1st Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Risk Tests
- Study Links Celiac Disease, Anorexia
- Downside to Gluten-Free Diets: Diabetes Risk?
- Some Health Fads May Not Be All That Healthy
- Possible Drawback to Gluten-Free: Toxic Metals
- Study Ties Inflammation, Gut Bacteria to Type 1 Diabetes
- Health Tip: Managing Celiac Disease
- Early Introduction of Eggs, Peanuts May Cut Kids' Allergy Risk: Study
- What's Behind the Gluten-Free Trend?
- Number of Americans on Gluten-Free Diet Tripled in 5 Years
- Celiac Disease Risk May Be Tied to Time, Place of Birth
- Is Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity Real?
- Researchers Uncover Surprises About Celiac Disease
- Genetically Modified Crops Are Safe: Review
- More Gluten Before Age 2 Linked to Celiac Disease in At-Risk Kids
- Celiac Disease Doesn't Seem to Boost Dementia Risk: Study
- Health Tip: Make Good Gluten-Free Choices
- Almost 2 Million Boxes of Cheerios Recalled
- Study Links Early Infections to Celiac Risk
- Celiac Disease in Family May Up Your Risk for Related Disorders
- Probiotic Supplements May Contain Traces of Gluten
- Study Links Celiac Disease to Nerve Damage
- Growth Checks in Children Might Spot Celiac Disease
- Allergy Tests and Food Diets: What Parents Need To Know
- No Link Seen Between Celiac Disease, Infertility
- Gluten Isn't the Only Culprit in Celiac Disease, Study Says
- Infant's Early Diet Doesn't Change Celiac Disease Risk, Study Finds
- Gluten-Free Diet May Lift the 'Fog' of Celiac Patients, Study Says
- Raised Risk of Heart Trouble Seen in Celiac Disease Patients
- Quinoa May Be Safe Grain for People With Celiac Disease
- Gluten-Free Diet May Help Protect Bones in People With Celiac Disease
- Celiac Disease vs. 'Gluten-Sensitive'
- FDA Defines 'Gluten-Free' for Food Labels
- Is a Gluten-Free Diet Right for You?
- Gluten-Free and Worry-Free in Georgia
- Celiac Disease Shouldn't Keep Family From BBQ Fun: Experts
- Gluten Allergy May Play Role in Gastro Woes in Kids With Autism
- Good Diet Helps People Manage Celiac Disease
- Early Exposure to Gluten May Help Babies Avoid Celiac Risk: Study
- A Pill So People With Celiac Disease Can Eat Freely?
- Scientists Working Toward Pill for Celiac Disease
- Most Americans With Celiac Disease Don't Realize It: Study
- Most on Gluten-Free Diet Don't Have Celiac Disease
- Effects of High Blood Pressure Drug May Mimic Celiac Disease
- Health Tip: Avoiding Gluten
- Migraines More Likely for People With Celiac Disease, Study Says
- Diagnostic Scans Tied to Radiation Risk for Gastro Patients
- Health Tip: Celiac Disease May Trigger These Symptoms
- Gluten Sensitivity: Fact or Fad?
- Celiac Disease in Women Linked to Depression Risk
- Some 'Gluten-Free' Beers Really Aren't: Study
- Gluten in Cosmetics Threaten Those With Celiac Disease
- More People May Benefit From Going Gluten-Free
- New Treatment for Celiac Disease?
- Celiac, Crohn's Disease Share Common Genetic Links
- 'Autism Diet' May Not Improve Symptoms
- Lactose Intolerance: Too Little Is Known