- Bacterial Infections 101 Pictures Slideshow
- Take the Tummy Trouble Quiz
- Hepatitis C Slideshow Pictures
- Cefdinir vs. cefixime (Suprax) quick comparison of the differences
- What are cefdinir and cefixime? What type of antibiotics are they?
- What infections do cefdinir vs. cefixime treat (uses)?
- What are the differences in the side effects of cefdinir vs. cefixime?
- What is the dosage for cefdinir vs. cefixime?
- What drugs or supplements interact with cefdinir vs. cefixime?
- Are cefdinir or cefixime safe to take during pregnancy or while breastfeeding?
Cefdinir vs. cefixime (Suprax) quick comparison of the differences
- Cefdinir and cefixime (Suprax) are 3rd generation cephalosporin antibiotics used to treat a wide range of infections, for example:
- Cefdinir and cefixime have similar side effects that include:
- Side effects of cefdinir that are different from cefixime include vaginal yeast infection.
- Rare side effects of cefdinir include:
- Side effects of cefixime that are different from cefdinir include:
- Both cefdinir and cefixime may cause a potentially serious condition called pseudomembranous colitis (Clostridium difficile colitis, C. diff), a bacterial infection of the colon.
- If you are allergic to penicillin-type antibiotics, you also may be allergic to cefdinir or cefixime.
- Rare, but serious allergic reactions to cefdinir and cefixime include:
What are cefdinir and cefixime? What type of antibiotics are they?
Cefdinir and cefixime (Suprax) are partially man made (semi-synthetic) 3rd generation antibiotics that belong to the drug class called cephalosporins. Bacteria cannot survive without a cell wall, so cephalosporins prevent the bacteria from multiplying, which then prevents bacteria from forming the walls that surround them.
What infections do cefdinir vs. cefixime treat (uses)?
Cefdinir and cefixime both are used for the treatment of a wide variety of bacterial infections , for example, infections of the:
- Middle ear (otitis media)
- Tonsils (tonsillitis)
- Throat (strep throat)
- Larynx (laryngitis)
- Sinuses (sinusitis)
- Bronchi (bronchitis)
- Lungs (pneumonia)
- Skin and other soft tissues
Cefdinir additional uses
Cefdinir also is used for the treatment of:
- Urinary tract infections
- Acute bacterial bronchitis in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
Cefdinir is not active against pseudomonas.
What are the differences in the side effects of cefdinir vs. cefixime?
Cefdinir side effects
Cefdinir generally is well tolerated. The most common side effects are:
Rare side effects include:
Cefdinir may cause false test results with some tests for sugar in the urine.
Like most antibiotics, cefdinir may cause a condition called pseudomembranous colitis (Clostridium difficile colitis or C. diff), a potentially serious bacterial infection of the colon. Patients who develop signs of pseudomembranous colitis after starting cefdinir (diarrhea, fever, abdominal pain, and possibly shock) should contact their doctor immediately.
Persons who are allergic to the penicillin class of antibiotics, for example, amoxicillin, amoxicillin and clavulanic acid (Augmentin), which are related to cephalosporins, may or may not be allergic to cephalosporins.
Cefixime side effects
Common side effects of cefixime include:
- abdominal pain,
- vomiting and,
- skin rash.
Other side effects include:
What is the dosage for cefdinir vs. cefixime?
- Cefdinir is taken once or twice daily, depending on the type and severity of the infection.
- The capsules or suspension can be taken with or without food.
- Patients with advanced kidney disease may need to take lower doses to prevent accumulation of cefdinir since it is eliminated from the body by the kidneys.
- For adult infections the usual dose is 300 mg every 12 hours or 600 mg per day for 5-10 days depending on the nature and severity of the infection.
- The recommended dose for children 6 months to 12 years of age is 7 mg/kg every 12 hours or 14 mg/kg per day for 5-10 days depending on the type of infection.
- For most infections, once daily dosing is as effective as twice daily dosing, although once daily dosing has not been evaluated for the treatment of skin infections or pneumonia.
- The recommended adult dose for middle ear infections, tonsillitis, sore throat, strep throat, and urinary tract infections is 400 mg once daily or divided and given as 200 mg every 12 hours.
- Pediatric patients (6 months and older) have a recommended dose of 8 mg/kg/day once daily or in two doses of 4/mg/kg every 12 hours.
What drugs or supplements interact with cefdinir vs. cefixime?
Cefdinir drug and supplement interactions
- Aluminum or magnesium containing antacids reduce the absorption of cefdinir from the intestine. Separating the administration of cefdinir and such antacids by two hours prevents this interaction.
- Iron supplements also reduce the absorption of cefdinir. Separating the administration of cefdinir and iron supplements by two hours prevents this interaction. There have been reports of reddish stool in patients who have received cefdinir. This could be due to the formation of a chemical complex between cefdinir and iron in the stomach.
Cefixime drug and supplement interactions
- Probenecid (Benemid) may increase the blood concentration of cefixime by decreasing removal of cefixime by the kidney. This interaction sometimes is used to enhance the effect of cephalosporins.
- Combining cefixime with aminoglycosides (for example, tobramycin [TobraDex] produces additive bacterial killing effects but also may increase the risk of harmful effects to the kidney.)
- Exenatide (Byetta) may delay or reduce the absorption of cephalosporins. Cephalosporins should be administered one hour before exenatide.
- Cefixime may cause a false positive urine ketone test.
Are cefdinir or cefixime safe to take during pregnancy or while breastfeeding?
- There are no adequate studies of cefdinir in pregnant women; however, studies in animals suggest no important effects on the fetus.
- Cefdinir is not secreted in human milk.
Latest Cold and Flu News
Cefdinir and cefixime (Suprax) are 3rd generation antibiotics called cephalosporins. Cefdinir and cefixime share similar side effects like abdominal pain, headache, rash, vaginitis, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting. However, there are differences in the side effects of both drugs; for example, cefdinir may cause yeast infections while cefixime does not. Other differences in the side effects of these two drug are that cefixime may cause include, joint pain, fever, itching, and dizziness while cefdinir does not.
Cephalosporins like cefdinir and cefixime treat wide variety infections caused by bacteria; for example, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes (the cause of strep throat), Hemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, E. coli, Klebsiella, Proteus mirabilis, Salmonella, Shigella, and Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
The differences in the side effects of and Dosage, drug interactions, and pregnancy and breastfeeding for cefdinir and cefixime vary by drug.
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) Quiz
COPD is a combination of three conditions? Take this quiz to learn the three conditions that make up the pulmonary disease called...
Ear Infection Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ
Is it possible to prevent ear infections? Take the Ear Infection (Otitis Media) Quiz to learn the risks, causes, symptoms and...
Do I Have Pneumonia? Symptoms & Signs
Pneumonia can be deadly. Take the Pneumonia Quiz on MedicineNet to learn more about this highly contagious, infectious disease....
Strep (Streptococcal) Throat Infection Quiz: Test Your Infectious Disease IQ
Take the Strep (Streptococcal) Throat Infection Quiz to learn about causes, symptoms, treatments, prevention methods, diagnosis,...
What happens within the body when a person develops bronchitis? Take this quick quiz to learn the causes, symptoms, treatments,...
Urinary Tract Infection Quiz
How would you know if you had urinary tract infection (UTI)? Take the Urinary Tract Infection in Adult Quiz to learn the causes,...
Picture of The Clap (Gonorrhea)
A sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoea. See a picture of The Clap (Gonorrhea) and...
Picture of Bronchitis
Acute bronchitis usually comes on quickly and gets better after several weeks. See a picture of Acute Bronchitis and learn more...
Picture of Strep Throat
Strep infection often produces a distinct pattern of white patches in the throat and on the tonsils, as well as red swollen...
Picture of Bronchioles
A tiny tube in the air conduit system within the lungs that is a continuation of the bronchi and connects to the alveoli (the air...
Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) Symptoms, Diagnosis, Medication
Understand urinary tract infection (UTI) through pictures. Our experts describe urinary tract infection symptoms like pelvic...
Sore Throat or Strep Throat? How to Tell the Difference
Explore the types and causes of a sore throat through pictures, including strep throat, and learn how to find relief from that...
Ear Infection Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment
Learn about the causes and symptoms of ear infections and how they are diagnosed and treated. Read about treatments such as ear...
Bronchitis Symptoms and Treatments
Is bronchitis contagious? Learn about bronchitis, an inflammation of the lining of the lungs. Bronchitis can be aggravated from...
Bladder Infections: UTI Causes, Symptoms, Treatments
Urinary tract infections (UTI), including bladder infections, affect women and men, causing UTI symptoms like kidney infection....
COPD Lung Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment
COPD is a pulmonary disorder caused by obstructions in the airways of the lungs leading to breathing problems. Learn about COPD...
Related Disease Conditions
Urinary Tract Infection in Adults
Second Source article from Government...
Tonsillitis (Adnoiditis, Symptoms, Home Treatment, Pictures, Causes)
Tonsillitis is a contagious infection with symptoms of bad breath, snoring, congestion, headache, hoarseness, laryngitis,...
Pneumonia is inflammation of the lungs caused by fungi, bacteria, or viruses. Symptoms and signs include cough, fever, shortness...
Sore throat (throat pain) usually is described as pain or discomfort in the throat area. A sore throat may be caused...
Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women (STD)
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are among the most common infectious diseases in the United States. STDs can be spread...
Strep Throat (Treatment, Causes, Home Remedies)
Strep throat is a bacterial infection of the throat. Signs and symptoms of strep throat include headache, nausea, vomiting, sore...
Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection of the bladder, kidneys, ureters, or urethra. E. coli, a type of bacteria that...
COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) Symptoms, Causes, Stages, Life Expectancy
COPD or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a lung condition caused by smoking tobacco, exposure to secondhand smoke, and/or...
Ear Infection (Otitis Media)
Middle ear infection or inflammation (otitis media) is inflammation of the middle ear. There are two forms of this type of ear...
Gonorrhea In Women
Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection transmitted during sexual contact. In women, symptoms include a yellow vaginal discharge,...
STDs in Men
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections transmitted during sexual contact. They may be caused by viruses, bacteria,...
Enjoying a satisfying sex life as we age is important to both physical and mental health. As we age, diseases and conditions may...
Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Pregnancy (STDs)
When you are pregnant, many sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) can be especially harmful to you and your baby. These STDs...
Bronchitis (Acute) Contagoius Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, and Recovery Time
Bronchitis is inflammation of the airways in the lung. Acute bronchitis is is short in duration (10 to 20 days) in comparison...
Laryngitis is an inflammation of the voice box (vocal cords). The most common cause of acute laryngitis is infection, which...
Urinary Tract Infections in Children
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are very common in children. Symptoms and signs include fever and abdominal pain. Associated...
Sore Throat Home Remedies (Soothe, Pain Relief)
Natural and home remedies for sore throat symptoms and pain relief include essential oils, licorice gargles, slippery elm...
Is Pneumonia Contagious?
Pneumonia is inflammation of the lung usually caused by bacterial or viral infection (rarely, also by fungi) that causes the air...
Is a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) Contagious?
Bacteria such as E. coli or Pseudomonas can cause a urinary tract infection (UTI). The incubation period for a UTI ranges from...
Is a Yeast Infection Contagious?
Yeast are a fungi that has many types. A type of yeast that can cause infection in humans is called Candida. Candida can infect...
Is Strep Throat Contagious?
Strep throat is caused by group A streptococcus bacterium. Symptoms of strep throat include sore throat, white patches or spots...
Is Tonsillitis Contagious?
Tonsillitis is a common infection, especially in kids. Tonsillitis is caused by viruses and bacteria like the flu and herpes...
Is a Sinus Infection Contagious?
Sinus infection (sinusitis) is infection (viral, bacterial, or fungal) or inflammation of the sinuses. Symptoms of sinus...
Is a Staph Infection Contagious?
A staph infection is caused by the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus. Staph can cause boils, food poisoning, cellulitis, toxic shock...
Is Laryngitis Contagious?
Laryngitis is inflammation and swelling of the voice box (larynx). Causes of laryngitis are viral, bacterial, fungal, strenuous...
Is Sore Throat (Pharyngitis) Contagious?
The medical term for a sore throat is pharyngitis. There are many causes of a sore throat such as medications, diseases (GERD,...
Ear Infection Home Treatment
Infections of the outer, middle, and inner ear usually are caused by viruses. Most outer (swimmer's ear) and middle ear...
Inner Ear Infection (Symptoms, Signs, Treatments, Home Remedies)
An inner ear infection or otitis interna is caused by viruses or bacteria and can occur in both adults and children. An inner...
What Is the Best Treatment for Impetigo?
Impetigo is a bacterial skin infection that causes a rash that forms blisters and can ooze pus, causing a crust. Impetigo can be...
Treatment & Diagnosis
Medications & Supplements
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.