- What is carisoprodol, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What are the uses for carisoprodol?
- What are the side effects of carisoprodol?
- What is the dosage for carisoprodol?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with carisoprodol?
- Is carisoprodol safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about carisoprodol?
What is carisoprodol, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- Carisoprodol is an oral muscle relaxant. Its exact mechanism of action is unknown. It may work by altering communication among nerves in parts of the brain that control the sensation of pain and in the spinal cord.
- The FDA approved carisoprodol in April 1959.
What are the uses for carisoprodol?
Carisoprodol is used together with rest and physical therapy for the short-term relief of acute painful muscle and skeletal conditions in adults. It is only used for 2 to 3 weeks.
What brand names are available for carisoprodol?
Is carisoprodol available as a generic drug?
Do I need a prescription for carisoprodol?
What are the side effects of carisoprodol?
The most common side effects of carisoprodol are:
- Inability to sleep
- Abnormal heart beat
Serious side effects of carisoprodol include:
- Hives (angioedema)
- Serious allergic reactions (anaphylaxis)
- Low blood pressure
Carisoprodol is not a controlled substance. Patients may become dependent on carisoprodol, and discontinuation after long-term use may cause withdrawal symptoms.
What is the dosage for carisoprodol?
- The recommended dose of carisoprodol is 250 or 350 mg three times daily and at bedtime.
- The recommended treatment duration is 2 to 3 weeks.
- To avoid withdrawal symptoms, carisoprodol should be stopped gradually if it has been used for a long duration.
Which drugs or supplements interact with carisoprodol?
- Carisoprodol interacts with other medications and drugs that slow the brain's processes, such as alcohol, barbiturates, benzodiazepines (for example, lorazepam [Ativan]), and narcotics, accentuating their effects and causing drowsiness.
- Omeprazole (Prilosec) and fluvoxamine (Luvox) may reduce the elimination of carisoprodol, leading to increased side effects.
- St. John's Wort and rifampin (Rifadin) increase the elimination of carisoprodol, possibly resulting in a reduced effect.
Is carisoprodol safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- There are no adequate studies of carisoprodol in pregnant women.
- Carisoprodol accumulates in breast milk in concentrations twice those of the mother's blood. The effects of carisoprodol on the infants of lactating mothers are unknown. Therefore, caution should be used when using carisoprodol in women who are breastfeeding.
What else should I know about carisoprodol?
What preparations of carisoprodol are available?
Tablets: 250 and 350 mg.
How should I keep carisoprodol stored?
Tablets should be stored between 15-30 C (59-86 F).
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Carisoprodol (Soma) is a medication prescribed for the treatment of relief of short-term acute painful muscle and skeletal conditions in adults. Side effects may include irritability, insomnia, depression, headache, dizziness, and nervousness. Dosing, drug interactions, and pregnancy and breastfeeding safety should be reviewed prior to taking this medication.
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Muscle spasms are involuntary muscle contractions that come on suddenly and are usually quite painful. Dehydration, doing strenuous exercise in a hot environment, prolonged muscle use, and certain diseases of the nervous system may cause muscle spasms. Symptoms and signs of a muscle spasm include an acute onset of pain and a possible bulge seen or felt beneath the skin where the muscle is located. Gently stretching the muscle usually resolves a muscle spasm.
Acute injuries, medical conditions, and chronic use conditions are causes of knee pain. Symptoms and signs that accompany knee pain include redness, swelling, difficulty walking, and locking of the knee. To diagnose knee pain, a physician will perform a physical exam and also may order X-rays, arthrocentesis, blood tests, or a CT scan or MRI. Treatment of knee pain depends upon the cause of the pain.
Lower Back Pain (Lumbar Spine Pain)
There are many causes of back pain. Pain in the low back can relate to the bony lumbar spine, discs between the vertebrae, ligaments around the spine and discs, spinal cord and nerves, muscles of the low back, internal organs of the pelvis, and abdomen, and the skin covering the lumbar area.
Shoulder and Neck Pain
Shoulder and neck pain may be caused by bursitis, a pinched nerve, whiplash, tendinitis, a herniated disc, or a rotator cuff injury. Symptoms also include weakness, numbness, coolness, color changes, swelling, and deformity. Treatment at home may incorporate resting, icing, and elevating the injury. A doctor may prescribe pain medications and immobilize the injury.
Sacroiliac (SI) Joint Pain
Sacroiliac (SI) joint pain is a general term to reflect pain in the SI joints. Causes of SI joint pain include osteoarthritis, abnormal walking pattern, and disorders that can cause SI joint inflammation including gout, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, and ankylosing spondylitis. Treatment includes oral medications, cortisone injections, and surgery.
Pain management and treatment can be simple or complex, according to its cause. There are two basic types of pain, nociceptive pain and neuropathic pain. Some causes of neuropathic pain include: complex regional pain syndrome, interstitial cystitis, and irritable bowel syndrome. There are a variety of methods to treat chronic pain, which are dependant on the type of pain experienced.
Ankle Pain (Tendonitis)
Ankle pain is commonly due to a sprain or tendinitis. The severity of ankle sprains ranges from mild (which can resolve within 24 hours) to severe (which can require surgical repair). Tendinitis of the ankle can be caused by trauma or inflammation.
Neck Pain (Cervical Pain)
Neck pain (cervical pain, cervicalgia) may be caused by any number of disorders and diseases. Tenderness is another symptom of neck pain. Though treatment for neck pain really depends upon the cause, treatment typically may involve heat/ice application, traction, physical therapy, cortisone injection, topical anesthetic creams, and muscle relaxants.
Muscle Pain (Myofascial Pain Syndrome)
Muscle pain (myofascial pain syndrome) is muscle pain in the body's soft tissues due to injury or strain. Symptoms include muscle pain with tender points and fatigue. Treatment usually involves physical therapy, massage therapy, or trigger point injection.
Arthritis, bursitis, IT band syndrome, fracture, and strain are just some of the causes of hip pain. Associated symptoms and signs include swelling, tenderness, difficulty sleeping on the hip, and loss of range of motion of the hip. Treatment depends upon the cause of the hip pain but may include anti-inflammatory medications and icing and resting the hip joint.
Whiplash is a common injury to a person's neck following a car accident (in most cases). Symptoms include headache, neck pain, neck and shoulder stiffness, shoulder pain, fatigue, dizziness, jaw pain, arm pain, weakness of the arm(s), visual disturbances, and tinnitus. Diagnosis is generally with a physical exam, X-rays, or possibly an MRI. Treatment generally includes physical therapy and time.
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