Cancer pain results from the tumor pressing on nerves or invading bones or organs. Cancer treatments like chemotherapy, radiation, or surgery can also cause pain. Over-the-counter pain relievers, prescription medications, radiation, biofeedback, and relaxation techniques are just some treatments for cancer pain. Read more: Cancer Pain Article
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Understanding Cancer: Metastasis, Stages of Cancer, and More
Learn the basics about cancer including types, causes, how it spreads, symptoms and signs, stages and treatment options. Read...
Prostate Cancer Symptoms, PSA Test, Treatments
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men. Learn the signs and symptoms of prostate cancer, along with causes and...
Cervical Cancer Symptoms, Stages, and Treatment
Cervical cancer is commonly caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infections. Learn about vaccines to prevent cervical cancer. Get...
Ovarian Cancer Symptoms, Signs, Stages
Ovarian cancer symptoms and signs include abdominal pain, bloating, frequent urination, and a feeling of fullness. Ovarian cancer...
Nerve Pain: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Options
Learn about nerve pain symptoms, causes, and treatment options. Discover medications and natural remedies to relieve nerve pain.
Signs of Cancer in Women: Symptoms You Can't Ignore
Cancer symptoms can surprise women if they don't know what to watch out for. 15 cancer symptoms women ignore such as weight loss,...
Signs of Cancer in Men: Could it Be Cancer?
See pictures of which 15 cancer symptoms men ignore such as skin changes, difficulty swallowing, rapid weight loss, a breast...
Related Disease Conditions
Cancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and is not contagious. Cancer can be treated through chemotherapy, a treatment of drugs that destroy cancer cells.
Brain Tumor: Warning Symptoms, Types, Causes, Treatments, and Cure
A brain tumor can be either non-cancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant), primary, or secondary. Common symptoms of a primary brain tumor are headaches, seizures, memory problems, personality changes, and nausea and vomiting. Causes and risk factors include age, gender, family history, and exposure to chemicals. Treatment is depends upon the tumor type, grade, and location.
Multiple myeloma is a form of cancer that develops in plasma cells, the white blood cells that make antibodies. Symptoms include bone pain, weakness, extreme thirst, nausea, frequent urination, and broken bones. Treatment of multiple myeloma depends upon the staging and symptoms of the disease.
Bone cancer is a rare type of cancer that occurs in cells that make up the bones. Primary bone cancer that arises in bone cells is different than metastatic bone cancer, which is cancer that arises in another part of the body and then spreads to the bones. Hereditary and environmental factors likely contribute to the risk of bone cancer. Signs and symptoms of bone cancer may include pain, the presence of a mass or lump, and bone fractures. There are different types of bone cancer (osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma, pleomorphic sarcoma, fibrosarcoma). Treatment for bone cancer may include surgical removal of the tumor, chemotherapy, radiation, and/or a stem cell transplant. The prognosis for bone cancer depends on the type of cancer and the extent of spread.
Cervical Cancer (Cancer of the Cervix)
Cervical cancer is cancer of the entrance to the womb (uterus) caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Regular pelvic exams, Pap testing and screening can detect precancerous changes in the cervix. Cervical cancer can be prevented by a vaccine. The most common signs and symptoms are an increase in vaginal discharge, painful sex, and postmenopausal bleeding. The prognosis and survival rate depends upon the stage at which the cancer was diagnosed.
There are many types of ovarian cancer, epithelial carcinoma is the most common. Women with a family history of ovarian cancer have an increased risk of developing the disease. Some ovarian cancer symptoms include abdominal pain, nausea, diarrhea, constipation, and abnormal vaginal bleeding, however, they usually do not present until the disease has progressed. Early diagnosis is important for successful treatment.
Pain management and treatment can be simple or complex, according to its cause. There are two basic types of pain, nociceptive pain and neuropathic pain. Some causes of neuropathic pain include: complex regional pain syndrome, interstitial cystitis, and irritable bowel syndrome. There are a variety of methods to treat chronic pain, which are dependant on the type of pain experienced.
Thymoma is an uncommon cancer of the thymus gland. Many thymomas are asymptomatic. When symptoms do occur, they include chest pain, shortness of breath, and cough. Treatment of thymomas includes surgery, and sometimes, radiation and chemotherapy. The prognosis for thymoma is excellent when it is found in the early stages.
Tumor grade is a system used to classify cancer cells in how likely the tumor is to grow and how abnormal they look under a microscope. Tumor grade is not the same as tumor stage. A biopsy is taken to determine if the tumor is benign (non cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).
Male Breast Cancer
Male breast cancer accounts for 1% of all breast cancers, and most cases are found in men between the ages of 60 and 70. A man's risk of developing breast cancer is one in 1,000. Signs and symptoms include a firm mass located below the nipple and skin changes around the nipple, including puckering, redness or scaling, retraction and ulceration of the nipple. Treatment depends upon staging and the health of the patient.
Treatment for bladder cancer depends on the stage of the disease, the grade of the tumor, and the type of bladder cancer. Options for treatment include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and biological therapy.
Signs and symptoms of penile cancer include a lump on the penis and redness, irritation, or a sore on the penis. Risk of penis cancer is higher in uncircumcised men, due to a higher risk of HPV infection. Other risk factors include being over 60, having phimosis, having poor hygiene, using tobacco products, and having many sex partners. Prognosis and treatment depend upon the tumor's location and size, the stage of the cancer, and whether the cancer was recently diagnosed or if it recurred.
Hodgkin's vs. Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Both Hodgkin's disease (sometimes referred to as Hodgkin's lymphoma) and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma are cancers that originate in a type of white blood cell known as a lymphocyte, an important component of the body's immune system.
Second Source article from Government
There are several types of kidney cancer, including renal cell cancer (renal adenocarcinoma or hypernephroma), transitional cell carcinoma, and Wilms tumor. Symptoms of kidney cancer include blood in the urine, an abdominal lump or mass, chronic pain in the side, and tiredness. Treatment of kidney cancer -- which may include surgery, arterial embolization, radiation therapy, biological therapy or chemotherapy -- depends upon the stage of the disease and the patient's overall health.
Breast cancer is an invasive tumor that develops in the mammary gland. Breast cancer is detected via mammograms, breast self-examination (BSE), biopsy, and specialized testing on breast cancer tissue. Treatment of breast cancer may involve surgery, radiation, hormone therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy. Breast cancer risk may be lowered by managing controllable risk factors.
Urethral cancer is a rare form of cancer that primarily affects white females, people over 60 years of age, and those who have stds or who experience frequent urinary tract infections. Symptoms and signs of urethral cancer include blood in the urine, interrupted urine flow and discharge from the urethra. Treatment involves surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men after skin cancer. Risk factors include age, family history, ethnicity, and diet. Prostate cancer is diagnosed by digital rectal exam, prostate specific antigen (PSA) test, and prostate biopsy. Symptoms may include frequent need to urinate, incontinence, pain, blood in the urine, fatigue, and more. Prognosis and treatment depend on cancer staging. Watchful waiting, surgery, radiation, cryotherapy, and other management strategies are available. Research and clinical trials strive to find new and better treatments for prostate cancer.
Anal cancer, cancer located at the end of the large intestine, has symptoms that include anal or rectal bleeding, anal pain or pressure, anal discharge or itching, a change in bowel movements, and/or a lump in the anal region. Treatment for anal cancer may involve radiation, chemotherapy, or surgery and depends upon the stage of the cancer, its location, whether cancer is eradicated after the first treatment, and whether the patient has HIV.Anal cancer is usually curable when found localized. Early detection remains the key to long-term survival as it is in many forms of cancer.
Neuroblastoma is a type of cancer that usually afflicts children under 5 years of age. The cancer forms in the adrenal glands, neck, chest, or spinal cord. Symptoms include bulging eyes, bone pain, dark eye circles, a lump in the neck, chest, or abdomen, weakness, or swollen stomach. Treatment depends upon the risk group, which is determined by staging, the child's age, tumor histology, and the tumor biology.
Hodgkin's disease is a cancer of the lymphatic system with symptoms that include unexplained, recurring fevers, unexplained weight loss, itchy skin, and painless swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck, underarm, and groin. Treatment for adult Hodgkin's disease depends on the staging of the disease, the size of the lymph nodes, and the health of the patient.
Gallbladder cancer is a rare form of cancer with symptoms that include jaundice, abdominal pain, fever, nausea and vomiting, abdominal lumps, and bloating. Risk factors include being female and Native American. Treatment of gallbladder cancer depends upon the stage of the cancer, the type of gallbladder cancer, and whether the cancer can be removed by surgery.
Breast Cancer Prevention
Lifestyle changes, a healthy antioxidant-rich diet, exercise, and weight reduction can help reduce a woman's risk of developing breast cancer. It's important to be aware of how risk factors such as family history, lifestyle factors, breast conditions, radiation therapy, and hormonal factors may influence your chances of developing breast cancer. Mammography and breast self-examinations are crucial steps in breast cancer prevention.
What Are the Early Warning Signs of Stomach Cancer?
Stomach cancer, in its early stages, rarely shows any warning signs or symptoms. Due to its gradual and seemingly silent progress, stomach cancer is usually hard to detect in its early stages. Signs and symptoms include loss of appetite, weight loss, belly pain and others.
Most often, caregivers take care of other adults who are ill or disabled. Less often, caregivers are grandparents raising their grandchildren. The majority of caregivers are middle-aged women. Caregiving can be very stressful, so it's important to recognize when it's putting to much strain on you and to take steps to prevent/relieve stress.
What Is the Most Common Head and Neck Cancer?
Cancer in the head and neck region may affect your mouth (oral cavity), tongue, parts of the throat (pharynx), nose or nasal sinuses, salivary glands, gums, tonsils, voice-box (larynx) and middle ear. Globally, approximately 550,000 people are diagnosed with head and neck cancer (HNC) every year.
Local ResourcesFind a local Oncologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging Scan)
- How Long a Person Can Live With Multiple Myeloma?
- What Are the Side Effects of Having Your Left Adrenal Gland Removed?
- How Long Can You Live With Liver Cancer?
- Does Liver Cancer Spread Quickly?
- What Are the Side Effects of Having Your Right Adrenal Gland Removed?
- Radiation Therapy
- What Is a Gastrojejunostomy Procedure?
- What Is the #1 Cause of Pancreatic Cancer?
- What Is a TME Surgery?
- How Long Does Tracheal Resection Take?
- Is Multiple Myeloma Cancer Curable?
- What Is a Transhiatal Esophagectomy?
Medications & Supplements
- Oxycodone vs. Tramadol for Pain
- prednisone (Prednisone Intensol, Rayos) Corticosteroid
- ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, Nuprin)
- Oxycodone vs. Hydrocodone
- naproxen (Aleve, Anaprox, Naprelan, Naprosyn)
- codeine (for Pain)
- Oxycodone for Pain (OxyContin, Roxicodone, Oxecta, Oxaydo, Xtampza ER, Roxybond)
- Dilaudid vs. Percocet for Pain
- clonidine (Catapres, Catapres-TTS)
- Benzodiazepines vs. Narcotics (Opioids)
- Hydrocodone vs. Hydromorphone (Differences between Side Effects)
- Dilaudid vs. Fentanyl (Pain Strength Comparison and Side Effects)
- Pain Medications (Narcotics)
- Percocet (oxycodone and acetaminophen, Roxicet, Tylox, Oxycet)
- Oxycodone vs. Vicodin (hydrocodone/acetaminophen) for Pain
- Percocet vs. Lortab
- gabapentin (Neurontin)
- Ketorolac vs. tramadol
- Ketorolac vs. hydrocodone
- hydromorphone (Dilaudid)
- fentanyl patch (Duragesic)
- Dandelion (Taraxacum officinal)
- nortriptyline (Pamelor)
- ondansetron (Zofran, Zofran ODT, Zuplenz)
- Side Effects of Zofran (ondansetron)
- carbamazepine, Tegretol, Tegretol XR , Equetro, Carbatrol, Epitol, Teril
- hydrocodone (Zohydro ER)
- cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan)
- meperidine - injection, Demerol
- Targeted Therapy: What Are The 10 Hallmarks of Cancer?
- fentanyl tablet - buccal, Fentora
- Proleukin (aldesleukin) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- fentanyl lozenge - buccal, Actiq
- daratumumab (Darzalex)
- Keytruda (pembrolizumab)
- Targeted Therapy: What Is Oncogenic Addiction in Cancer Cells?
- alemtuzumab (Campath)
- Olinvyk (oliceridine)
- Side Effects of Neupogen (filgrastim)
- Clariscan (gadoterate meglumine)
- Targeted Therapy: What Is Replicative Immortality in Cancer?
- sonidegib (Odomzo)
- Side Effects of Sandostatin (octreotide acetate)
- granisetron transdermal system (patch), Sancuso
- Targeted Therapy: What Are Targeted Antiangiogenic Cancer Therapies?
- Targeted Therapy: What Drugs Target the Tumor Microenvironment?
- Targeted Therapy: What Is the Function of A Tumor Suppressor Gene?
- Lenvima (lenvatinib)
- Cyramza (ramucirumab)
- Gavreto (pralsetinib)
- Fludeoxyglucose F 18 Injection
- Akynzeo (netupitant and palonosetron)
- Targeted Therapy: What Is Apoptosis in Cancer Cells?
- Side Effects of Trexall (methotrexate)
- Side Effects of Odomzo (sonidegib)
- Balversa (erdafitinib)
- Erbitux (cetuximab)
- Lynparza (olaparib)
- Subsys (fentanyl)
- Side Effects of Hydrea (hydroxyurea)
- Targeted Therapy: What Are Invasion and Metastasis in cancer?
- Sancuso (granisetron transdermal patch system)
- How Can Immunotherapy Be Used in Pediatric Cancer?
Prevention & Wellness
- Fewer U.S. Cancer Patients Are Dying From Suicide, Study Finds
- Alcohol Plays Role in U.S. Cancer Cases, Deaths: Report
- Kids With Cancer Not at Greater Risk for Severe COVID
- Fans Could Help Cancer Patients Breathe Easier: Study
- For Cancer Patients, Holiday Season Can Be a Stressful Time
- Should Cancer Survivors Be Prioritized for COVID Vaccine?
- When COVID Strikes Cancer Patients, Men Fare Worse
- Cancer Takes Heavy Toll on Women's Work and Finances: Study
- Tumors Have Their Own Bacterial Colonies That Could Guide Cancer Care
- FDA Approves Koselugo for Pediatric Neurofibromatosis Type 1
- Coping With Cancer During the COVID-19 Pandemic
- New Drug Helps Shrink Inoperable Tumors in Kids
- How Is Cancer Oncology Adapting to COVID-19?
- How Is Coronavirus Causing Disruptions in Cancer Care?
- CRISPR Gene Editing Creates 'Designer' Immune Cells That Fight Cancer
- Health Risks Persist for Young Cancer Survivors
- Cervical Cancer Could All But Disappear in North America by 2040
- Psychedelic Drug Eases Cancer Patients' Distress Long Term
- Tazverik Approved to Treat Metastatic, Locally Advanced Epithelioid Sarcoma
- Nearly 20 Years Later, Cancer Rates Higher in 9/11 First Responders
- Targeted Ultrasound Destroys Cancer Without Harming Healthy Cells: Study
- Stomach Cancer Appears Different in Younger Patients
- Brukinsa Approved for Relapsed, Refractory Mantle Cell Lymphoma
- Lung Cancer Report Delivers Good, Bad News
- Many Cancer Docs Don't Discuss Costs of Pricey Gene Tests
- 'I Wish I Had Known Sooner': Alex Trebek Issues PSA on Pancreatic Cancer
- New Treatment Offers Hope for Kids With Deadly Nerve Cancer
- U.S. Government Urges Caution When Taking Patients Off Opioid Painkillers
- Alex Trebek Says Chemo Is Making Hosting 'Jeopardy!' a Lot Tougher
- Fungal Invasion May Drive Some Pancreatic Cancers
- Drug Trio Improves Odds Against Advanced Pancreatic Cancer
- Sick Americans Turning to Medical Pot for Help
- Alex Trebek Heading Back to Chemo After Cancer Numbers Go 'Sky High'
- Doubt Over Long-Term Use of Hormone Rx for Recurrent Prostate Cancer
- Paperwork, High Costs Could Mean Worse Survival for Lung Cancer Patients
- Drug Offers Hope Against a Tough-to-Treat Blood Cancer
- Fewer Opioid Painkillers Can Still Control Surgery Pain
- New Study Finds a Family Risk for Blood Cancer
- Is an Elusive U.S. Total Ban on Asbestos Finally in Sight?
- Meet 'Huggable,' the Robot Bear Who's Helping Hospitalized Kids
- Looking to Whales for Insight on Human Cancers
- Health Tip: Managing Nausea for Cancer Patients
- Medical Marijuana Use Rising Among Cancer Patients
- Balversa Approved for Advanced Bladder Cancer
- With Weeks to Live, Many Cancer Patients Try Useless Treatments
- Many Cancer Patients Take Alternative Meds But Don't Tell Their Doctors
- Insurers' Denials of Opioid Coverage Spurs CDC to Clarify Guidelines
- AHA News: How Can Therapy for Heart Attack Patients Help Cancer Survivors?
- One Key Step Can Help Cancer Patients Quit Smoking
- Why Do More and More Americans Use Medical Marijuana?
- 'Mindfulness' Might Help Some Conquer Chronic Pain
- Even a Little Exercise May Help Cancer Patients Live Longer
- Health Tip: Nurture Your Emotional Health as a Cancer Patient
- Testicular Cancer a Bigger Threat to Young Men
- Chemo 'Cocktail' Embraced as Pancreatic Cancer Breakthrough
- Many Mistakenly Believe Alternative Therapies Can Cure Cancer
- Common Drug Shows Promise Against Lymphedema
- Therapy Dogs Can Spread MRSA, But Antibacterials Help Prevent the Danger
- New Treatment Approved for Common Skin Cancer
- Therapeutic Vaccine Shows Promise Against a Range of Cancers
- Doctors Use Bacteria as Weapon Against Cancer
- Nobel Prize Goes to Cancer Immunotherapy Pioneers
- 5 Facts Every Woman Should Know About Ovarian Cancer
- Chronic Pain May Drive Some to Suicide
- Many Who Battle Cancer Stay Strong Mentally
- Health Tip: Talking About Your Cancer Diagnosis
- Drug Combo Fights Melanoma That Has Spread to Brain
- Tibsovo Approved for Acute Myeloid Leukemia
- Cancer Survival Drops With Complementary Therapy: Study
- Flight Attendants Show Higher Cancer Risks
- Men May Gain More From Cancer Immunotherapy
- What Causes Cancer? Misconceptions Abound
- Cancer Docs: We Need More Research on Medical Marijuana
- New Drugs May Be Big Advance in Lung Cancer Care
- A Light Breakfast Might Cut Cost of Pricey Prostate Cancer Drug
- Researchers Making Inroads Against Ovarian Cancer
- Task Force Issues Stronger Skin Cancer Prevention Guidelines
- Study Confirms Lifesaving Value of Colonoscopy
- Judge To Review Claims That Roundup a Cancer Risk
- Health Tip: Surviving Cancer Mentally
- Reaching Beyond the Prescription Pad to Treat Pain
- New Guidelines Issued for Cancer Patients' Post-Treatment Pain
- Tighter Opioid Laws in U.S. Haven't Eased Misuse
- Prince Died From Fentanyl Overdose
- Opioids: What Patients -- and Doctors -- Think
- Prescriptions Continue for Most Who Survive Painkiller ODs: Study
- Methadone for Pain Relief Leading Cause of Fatal Overdoses: CDC
- Could Sunlight Lower Your Odds for Pancreatic Cancer?
- Esophageal Cancer Surgery Can Leave Lingering Health Problems, Study Says
- FDA Panel Recommends Second Chance for New Class of Painkillers
- Health Highlights: Jan. 24, 2012
- Health Highlights: Jan. 23, 2012
- Common Prostate Cancer Treatment May Be Less Risky Than Thought
- Combination Therapy Needed to Fight Chronic Pain
- Smoking May Worsen Cancer Pain
- Exercise Recommended for Cancer Patients
- Pain Relievers May Reduce Cancer Risk