- Incision and drainage remain the primary treatment option for MRSA related skin infections. Additional treatment with antibiotics may depend on clinical assessment. Vancomycin or daptomycin are the agents of choice for the treatment of invasive MRSA infections.
- Vancomycin is considered to be one of the powerful antibiotics which is usually used in treating MRSA. However, this drug is slow on acting on bacteria. Some bacteria may also get resistant to this drug.
- As per research, a combo of three drugs or antibiotics may kill deadly staph infections. These antibiotics include meropenem, piperacillin, and tazobactam. These are from a class of antibiotics called beta-lactams that are not effective if given individually, however a combination of these three drugs is said to destroy MRSA. The researchers also found that these drugs did not produce any other genetic change in MRSA bacteria.
- Linezolid, daptomycin, telavancin, and ceftaroline are drugs that have received regulatory approval in the last decade for the treatment of MRSA. Other drugs or antibiotics which may be effective on MRSA include trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, quinupristin/dalfopristin, clindamycin, tetracycline, or Doxycycline/minocyclin,e and Rifampin. All these drugs may be given individually or in combination depending on the patient's condition.
- Enhance the immunity power by keeping the body fit. Eating a healthy and hygienic diet may help the immune system to fight MRSA.
- Patients who have severe MRSA may be admitted to the hospital and kept in isolation. Treatment may include depending on the severity of such patients.
What is MRSA?
MRSA or Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus is a type of bacteria that is resistant to the most common and powerful antibiotics. This bacterium has developed resistance to a group of commonly used antibiotics such as methicillin and penicillin-like drugs. Due to its resistance to these antibiotics, the MRSA is also called superbug.
MRSA may be present on the skin for a long time without causing any harm. However, if it gets into the blood or body (through a wound or break in the skin) it may cause severe infection which may be difficult to treat. This bacterium may also delay wound and infection healing capabilities.
MRSA may spread from one person to another through casual contact or through contact with objects that have become covered with the bacteria. If MRSA is in the lungs, it can be spread in tiny drops of liquid when a person coughs, sneezes, or laughs. It may also be spread from objects that touch the mouth.
What are the common signs and symptoms of MRSA?
How can we prevent MRSA?
MRSA may be prevented with proper hygiene:
- Washing hands often especially during wounds. Use soap and water or an alcohol-based hand gel.
- Cough into a tissue and throw it away. Using a face mask is the most appropriate way to avoid any type of infection.
- Eat the right diet and keeping body fit through exercise may help in building up the immune system to fight MRSA and other pathogens.
- Avoiding unhealthy lifestyle like smoking, alcohol, stress, etc
- Take good care of your skin is one of the important ways to prevent MRSA
- Skin infections may need to be covered in sterile gauze to avoid spreading MRSA to others.
- Avoid sharing personal items may be helpful in preventing MRSA and other deadly pathogens
Updated information on MRSA infections: (https://www.clinicaladvisor.com/home/features/updated-information-%E2%80%A8on-mrsa-infections/)
Top Can you get rid of MRSA completely? Related Articles
Common Medical Abbreviations & Terms
Doctors, pharmacists, and other health-care professionals use abbreviations, acronyms, and other terminology for instructions and information in regard to a patient's health condition, prescription drugs they are to take, or medical procedures that have been ordered. There is no approved this list of common medical abbreviations, acronyms, and terminology used by doctors and other health- care professionals. You can use this list of medical abbreviations and acronyms written by our doctors the next time you can't understand what is on your prescription package, blood test results, or medical procedure orders. Examples include:
- ANED: Alive no evidence of disease. The patient arrived in the ER alive with no evidence of disease.
- ARF: Acute renal (kidney) failure
- cap: Capsule.
- CPAP: Continuous positive airway pressure. A treatment for sleep apnea.
- DJD: Degenerative joint disease. Another term for osteoarthritis.
- DM: Diabetes mellitus. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes
- HA: Headache
- IBD: Inflammatory bowel disease. A name for two disorders of the gastrointestinal (BI) tract, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis
- JT: Joint
- N/V: Nausea or vomiting.
- p.o.: By mouth. From the Latin terminology per os.
- q.i.d.: Four times daily. As in taking a medicine four times daily.
- RA: Rheumatoid arthritis
- SOB: Shortness of breath.
- T: Temperature. Temperature is recorded as part of the physical examination. It is one of the "vital signs."
gentamicinGentamicin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic used to prevent and treat many types of bacterial infections, and is typically administered as an injection. Gentamicin is also used to prevent surgical infections, and to treat conditions such as cystic fibrosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, and infective endocarditis. Common side effects of gentamicin may include reduced urine output, kidney damage, vertigo, dizziness, hearing loss, ringing in the ears (tinnitus), balance problems (vestibular), impaired coordination, balance and speech (ataxia), gait instability, skin reactions (swelling, rash, itching), and others.
Is MRSA Contagious?MRSA stands for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. MRSA typically spreads through person-to-person contact, but it can also spread via aerosolized droplets. An MRSA skin infection will rapidly become painful, swollen, drain pus, and be warm to the touch.
linezolidLinezolid is an antibiotic used to treat serious bacterial infections of the skin and soft tissue, and pneumonia. Side effects in children include diarrhea/loose stools, nausea, vomiting, headache, abdominal pain, vertigo, anemia, and others. Side effects in adults include headache, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, rash, vaginal yeast infection (moniliasis), fungal infection, and others. Consult your doctor if pregnant or breastfeeding.
minocyclineMinocycline is a tetracycline antibiotic used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections, including Rocky Mountain spotted fever, typhus fever, respiratory tract infections, and others. It is also used to treat acne. Do not take if pregnant due to the risk of fetal harm. Do not take if breastfeeding. Common side effects of minocycline include fatigue, dizziness, vertigo, headache, fatigue, drowsiness (somnolence), convulsions, intracranial hypertension, fever, discoloration of secretions, tooth and oral cavity discoloration, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and others.
MRSA InfectionMRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) bacteria causes skin infections with the following signs and symptoms: cellulitis, abscesses, carbuncles, impetigo, styes, and boils. Normal skin tissue doesn't usually allow MRSA infection to develop. Individuals with depressed immune systems and people with cuts, abrasions, or chronic skin disease are more susceptible to MRSA infection.
MRSA SlideshowMRSA and staph infections are caused by a 'super bug' resistant to antibiotics. Learn causes, symptoms, and treatment options of the highly contagious infection, MSRA.
MRSA Quiz!It's the MRSA Quiz! For the carriers among us, you'd be surprised that the infectious superbug is lurking on this body part! Take the quiz and learn how to keep this Staph infection at bay.
mupirocinMupirocin is an antibiotic that is used topically for the treatment of impetigo, MRSA, and staph infections. The nasal spray may be prescribed for individuals that come into contact with patients infected with MRSA, or other infectious diseases. Side effects are uncommon and mild with mupirocin. The most frequent side effects are burning, stinging, pain, and itching at the area of application.