- Incision and drainage remain the primary treatment option for MRSA related skin infections. Additional treatment with antibiotics may depend on clinical assessment. Vancomycin or daptomycin are the agents of choice for the treatment of invasive MRSA infections.
- Vancomycin is considered to be one of the powerful antibiotics which is usually used in treating MRSA. However, this drug is slow on acting on bacteria. Some bacteria may also get resistant to this drug.
- As per research, a combo of three drugs or antibiotics may kill deadly staph infections. These antibiotics include meropenem, piperacillin, and tazobactam. These are from a class of antibiotics called beta-lactams that are not effective if given individually, however a combination of these three drugs is said to destroy MRSA. The researchers also found that these drugs did not produce any other genetic change in MRSA bacteria.
- Linezolid, daptomycin, telavancin, and ceftaroline are drugs that have received regulatory approval in the last decade for the treatment of MRSA. Other drugs or antibiotics which may be effective on MRSA include trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, quinupristin/dalfopristin, clindamycin, tetracycline, or Doxycycline/minocyclin,e and Rifampin. All these drugs may be given individually or in combination depending on the patient's condition.
- Enhance the immunity power by keeping the body fit. Eating a healthy and hygienic diet may help the immune system to fight MRSA.
- Patients who have severe MRSA may be admitted to the hospital and kept in isolation. Treatment may include depending on the severity of such patients.
What is MRSA?
MRSA or Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus is a type of bacteria that is resistant to the most common and powerful antibiotics. This bacterium has developed resistance to a group of commonly used antibiotics such as methicillin and penicillin-like drugs. Due to its resistance to these antibiotics, the MRSA is also called superbug.
MRSA may be present on the skin for a long time without causing any harm. However, if it gets into the blood or body (through a wound or break in the skin) it may cause severe infection which may be difficult to treat. This bacterium may also delay wound and infection healing capabilities.
MRSA may spread from one person to another through casual contact or through contact with objects that have become covered with the bacteria. If MRSA is in the lungs, it can be spread in tiny drops of liquid when a person coughs, sneezes, or laughs. It may also be spread from objects that touch the mouth.
What are the common signs and symptoms of MRSA?
How can we prevent MRSA?
MRSA may be prevented with proper hygiene:
- Washing hands often especially during wounds. Use soap and water or an alcohol-based hand gel.
- Cough into a tissue and throw it away. Using a face mask is the most appropriate way to avoid any type of infection.
- Eat the right diet and keeping body fit through exercise may help in building up the immune system to fight MRSA and other pathogens.
- Avoiding unhealthy lifestyle like smoking, alcohol, stress, etc
- Take good care of your skin is one of the important ways to prevent MRSA
- Skin infections may need to be covered in sterile gauze to avoid spreading MRSA to others.
- Avoid sharing personal items may be helpful in preventing MRSA and other deadly pathogens
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