What is HPV?
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a type of virus that is different from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and herpes virus (HSV). It is the most common cause of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in the United States. HPV infects about 14 million people, including teens, each year in the United States. HPV is not a single type of virus, rather it is a group of many viruses characterized by lab studies and the typical type of warts (papillomas) that they cause. Papillomas are small growths or lumps that have outward nipple-like or finger-like fronds. Most HPV infections may go away without causing any health problems. Some HPV infections can cause genital warts or cancers such as cervical cancer (cancer of the lower part or neck of the uterus), head and neck cancer and cancer of the anus or penis.
Can you get rid of HPV once you have it?
In most cases, human papillomavirus (HPV) infections can go away on their own. Currently, there is no cure for HPV. However, there is an effective and a safe vaccine with a lasting effect available for HPV. Once you are infected, you can manage the symptoms caused by HPV
- Medications: Papillomas or genital and skin warts can be removed or treated with certain medications. Certain creams or ointments can be applied to the genital warts to get rid of them. They include podofilox, imiquimod and trichloroacetic acid (TCA).
- Cryotherapy: Warts can be treated by cryotherapy, which involves freezing the warts with liquid nitrogen.
- Cautery: Cauterizing the warts with heat or a laser can destroy them.
- Surgery: Warts can be removed by surgical treatment.
- Regular screening: Routine screening for women between the ages of 21 65 is important to prevent cervical cancer or manage it in its early stages. Screening can also detect abnormal cervical cells, which can typically be treated to prevent cervical cancer. Most HPV-related cancers are treatable when diagnosed early.
How can you prevent HPV?
You can protect yourself from human papillomavirus (HPV) and its complications by using the following options
- Getting vaccinated: The HPV vaccine is a quite safe, effective and lasting means of preventing the infection and associated complications including cancers caused by HPV. The CDC recommends HPV vaccination for all preteens (girls and boys) aged 11 to 12 years (it can start at 9 years too) to protect them from HPV infections that can cause cancer later in life. Teens and young adults through 26 years of age who did not start or finish the vaccine doses also need HPV vaccination.
- Getting screened for cervical cancer: Experts recommend routine screening for women aged 21 ro 65 years to prevent cervical cancer or manage it in its early stages.
- Using latex condoms every time during sex: Using condoms the right way can lower the chances of getting HPV. Condoms may not fully protect against HPV because it can infect areas not covered by a condom.
- Being in a mutually monogamous relationship: Staying in a mutually monogamous relationship or having sex only with someone who only has sex with you can lower the chances of being infected with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) including HPV.
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Can a Woman Give a Man HPV?Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a type of virus that is different from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and herpes virus (HSV). It is the most common cause of sexually transmitted disease (STD) in the United States. Yes, human papillomavirus (HPV) can be transmitted from a woman to man and vice versa.
HPV TestThe Cervista HPV test (human papillomavirus infection test in women) is a screening test used with other tests such as Pap smear and colposcopy for screening the two HPV types most likely to cause cancer, and to identify all "high-risk" HPV types. Cervista HPV test is not recommended for routine screening or for women under the age of 30.
Gardasil HPV VaccineGardasil is the first vaccine available on the market to prevent cervical cancer, genital warts, and precancerous genital lesions due to HPV. The CDC recommends the HPV vaccine for girls 11 and 12 years of age. Girls as young as nine may begin the vaccine. The vaccine is also recommended for females between the ages of 13 through 26 who have not been previously vaccinated.
Genital Warts PicturesA wart in the moist skin of the genitals or around the anus. See a picture of Genital Warts (HPV) and learn more about the health topic.
Genital Warts in Men (HPV)The HPV virus (genital warts) in men can cause health problems. Genital warts are confined primarily to the moist skin of the genitals or around the anus. Genital warts are caused by the human papillomaviruses (HPVs), which are transmitted through sexual contact.
Genital Warts (HPV) Infection in Women
Genital warts is a sexually transmitted infection (STI, STD) caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). It is the most common STD in the US. The warts can appear anywhere on the skin where sexual contact has occurred.
The warts look like raised, flesh-colored lumps or bumps that have a cauliflower-like appearance. Signs and symptoms of genital warts in women include vaginal, vulva, or groin pain, itching, and burning where the wart(s) is.
Treatment can remove warts or lesions, but it does not prevent spread of the virus, and the warts usually grow back. Removing genital warts does not prevent the infection from spreading elsewhere on the body.
There is no cure for genital warts, and there is no vaccine to prevent them; however, there is a vaccine to prevent infection from four common types of HPV. Gardasil vaccine available for female adolescents and teens to prevent HPV infection and cervical cancer.
How Effective Is a LEEP Procedure?Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) is used to remove abnormal or potentially cancerous regions in the cervix (mouth of the uterus). Research has shown that this procedure is as effective as other treatments (laser ablation, cold knife conization and cold therapy or cryotherapy) that are used to destroy or remove the suspicious areas in the cervix.
How Long Does It Take To Recover From a LEEP Procedure?LEEP is a procedure to remove cancerous tissue from the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus located at the top of the vagina. The cervix takes about 4 to 6 weeks to recover from a LEEP procedure.
HPV (Human Papillomavirus) InfectionHPVs or human papillomaviruses are a group of viral infections of the skin and mucous membranes. Certain high-risk types of HPV infection cause certain cancers (cervical, penile, anal, vaginal, and oral). There are no signs or symptoms of HPV infection. HPV infection is an extremely common STD and is highly contagious. People are at higher risk of getting HPV infection if they have multiple sex partners, a weakened immune system, or breaks in the skin. HPV vaccinations prevent HPV infection. Treatment for HPV infection is antiviral medication. There is no cure for HPV infection.
What Causes Human Papillomavirus Infection (HPV)?Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common viral infection that is transmitted through sexual activity. People can get an HPV infection by having vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone infected with the virus. HPV infections often resolve without treatment and do not cause any health problems. A persistent HPV infection though may lead to warts, cancer of the mouth and throat, and cervical cancer.
What Does the Conization of Cervix Mean?The cervix is the mouth of the uterus that opens further into the vagina. Conization or cone biopsy of the cervix is a surgical procedure in which a small cone-shaped or cylindrical wedge of tissue is removed from the cervix (mouth of the uterus).