What does type 2 diabetes mean?
Type 2 diabetes is a long-term medical condition in which the body is not able to regulate blood sugar (glucose) level because of the inability of the body to properly use insulin. The lack of normal insulin activity can be due to resistance of the body toward insulin, deficiency of insulin or excessive production of hormones that oppose the action of insulin in the body.
How do you get type 2 diabetes?
An individual can get type 2 diabetes because of a number of factors that reduce insulin action or quantity in the body. The disease involves complex interactions between the environment and genes and confounded by a diabetogenic lifestyle (including excessive caloric intake, inadequate caloric expenditure, obesity). Some studies propose that pollutants in the environment may play a role in the development and progression of type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Some of the main risk factors causing type 2 diabetes are:
- 45 years of age and older
- Overweight individuals
- Family history of type 2 diabetes
- Hispanic, Native American, African American, Asian American or Pacific Islander descent
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol and lipids
- Pre-diabetes: A condition in which blood sugars are higher than normal but still not high enough to be labelled diabetes
- History of developing diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes mellitus) or of delivering a baby with a birth weight of over nine pounds
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
- Diet rich in processed carbohydrates
What are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes?
The symptoms of diabetes can be so subtle that many patients are diagnosed by detection from routine heath evaluations rather than during visits for diabetes-related symptoms.
Can type 2 diabetes be cured?
Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong condition that cannot be cured. However, patients with diabetes can lead a normal life with the help of drugs and adopting a healthy lifestyle. The goals of diabetes management are to eliminate symptoms and prevent the development of complications. Many drugs, both oral and injectable, are available for diabetes management.
Type 2 diabetes care can be optimally provided by a team of health professionals with expertise in diabetes. They work in collaboration with the patient and their family. Management includes:
Is type 2 diabetes serious?
Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong disease that affects various organs in the body. It is a serious disease with many devastating complications that can be prevented with appropriate treatment.
Some complications of type 2 diabetes include:
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Top Can Type 2 Diabetes be Cured Related Articles
Do Certain Ethnic Groups Have a Higher Risk of Diabetes?One out of every 10 people in the United States has diabetes. Pacific Islanders, Alaskan natives and American Indians have the highest prevalence rates of diabetes among groups studied in the United States Census.
Body Blood Sugar LevelsHigh blood sugar can be a sign of diabetes or prediabetes. The drugs that treat it sometimes cause low blood sugar too. WebMD helps guide you through the effects of both.
Low-Sugar Drink IdeasSearching for low-sugar drink ideas? This pictures slideshow has eleven beverages ideal for people with diabetes and those looking to cut down on sugary drinks. Learn to make diet lemonades, fruit smoothies, ginger ale, cafe mochas and more.
Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2)Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes are referred to as type 1 (insulin dependent) and type 2 (non-insulin dependent). Symptoms of diabetes include increased urine output, thirst, hunger, and fatigue. Treatment of diabetes depends on the type.
Type 2 Diabetes Diet PlanA type 2 diabetes diet or a type 2 diabetic diet is important for blood sugar (glucose) control in people with diabetes to prevent complications of diabetes. There are a variety of type 2 diabetes diet eating plans such as the Mediterranean diet, Paleo diet, ADA Diabetes Diet, and vegetarian diets.Learn about low and high glycemic index foods, what foods to eat, and what foods to avoid if you have type 2 diabetes.
Does My Toe Need Amputation?Toe amputation is a common procedure performed by a wide variety of healthcare providers. One of the most common indications for toe amputation is patients with a diabetic foot. Toe amputation is usually performed as a last resort when medical treatment fails, or the toe cannot be salvaged. Complications of toe amputation include pain, swelling, bruising, blood clotting, and hematoma (blood clot).
Insulin Pump for DiabetesAn insulin pump is designed to deliver insulin directly to a patient with diabetes. They are about the size of a standard beeper. The pump is attached to under the skin (usually on the abdomen). The amount of insulin required will depend on lifestyle (exercise, sleep patterns, activity level, and diet).
Type 2 Diabetes QuizWhat causes type 2 diabetes? Can it be prevented? Take this online quiz and challenge your knowledge of this common condition. Also, get the truth about myths and facts!
Type 2 Diabetes SignsLearn about type 2 diabetes warning signs, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options. Find out why thirst, headaches, and infections could be signs of diabetes. Discover the treatment options for people with type 2 diabetes, including medicines and lifestyle improvements.
What Diseases Does an Endocrinologist Treat?Hormones are secreted by the endocrine glands of the body. Different hormones have different actions. Each hormone acts on a specific body part. An endocrinologist is a specialist doctor who treats imbalances of hormones in the endocrine system.
What Is Transmetatarsal Amputation?Transmetatarsal amputation (TMA) involves surgical removal of a part of the foot that includes the metatarsals. TMA is a relatively common operation performed to treat a severely infected foot or a foot with lack of oxygen supply (ischemic). Surgeons resort to this type of surgery when all other nonsurgical options to save the foot or limb have failed. Removing the infected part prevents the infection from spreading to the other parts of the limb and thus saves the limb in the long run.
What Percentage of Japanese Have Diabetes?The prevalence of diabetes has been on the rise in Japan in recent years. The increase can be ascribed to a sedentary lifestyle and increased fat consumption.
When Are Digital Amputations Performed?A digital amputation is the surgical removal of a portion of a finger, which can include the tip, end, or joint due to severe injury or elective surgery for a condition that has affected the finger. Surgery can restore sensation and function to the injured finger. Complications of digital amputation include infection, poor wound healing, persisting numbness or allergy, stiffness, abnormal growth, loss of function in the amputated part, painful nerve regeneration following the injury, and adverse reaction to anesthesia (headache, drowsiness, and vomiting). Typical recovery is two to three months.
Which is Worse - Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes?Learn about the similarities and differences between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes.