What are the main risk factors for multiple sclerosis (MS)?
Multiple sclerosis (MS) results when your immune system attacks the cells of the brain and spinal cord. It is an autoimmune disease, a condition in which the body’s immune system is misdirected and attacks its own cells.
- Age: MS can occur at any age, but the most common age group is 15 to 60 years.
- Sex: MS is more common in women than in men.
- Genes: Although MS is not hereditary, you are more likely to get MS if you have a family history of MS.
- Infections: Certain viral and bacterial infections.
- Vitamin D Deficiency: Low vitamin D levels.
- Race: MS is more common among people of northern European or Scandinavian ancestry. Caucasians have a higher chance of getting MS than those of African heritage.
- Inflammatory bowel disease
The factors listed above often act interdependently to cause MS rather acting in isolation. For example, female individuals with a family history of MS are more likely to get MS compared with those females who have no family history of MS.
Can stress cause MS?
There is no definitive evidence to say that stress is a cause for MS. Stress can, however, make it difficult for a person to manage MS symptoms. Many patients also report that stress triggered their MS symptoms or caused a relapse. In the absence of scientific evidence, stress cannot be considered as a specific cause of developing MS.
For a better quality of life, however, keeping stress under control is advisable. This will improve overall wellbeing and would also help the physician and the patient judge the response to treatment in a better way.Regular exercise and mindful eating have been found to control the stress levels and overall health of people with MS.
What are the complications of MS?
MS can lead to the following complications:
What is the life expectancy of a person with MS?
It is not possible to tell with certainty how many years a person with MS will live. MS is generally not considered a fatal disease.
Some studies have suggested that people with MS might have a lower life expectancy than the general population. Researchers have found out that over the past three decades, the life expectancy of people with MS has increased. However, when compared with the general population, people with MS may have a 5 to 10 years shorter life expectancy.
With improvements in the treatment options, people with MS can lead a fairly normal life. Besides seeking treatment for MS, people with MS may need to get treatment for other medical conditions they may have. It is important for those with MS to embrace a healthy lifestyle with regular exercise as it has a great role in improving their overall health and longevity.
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Who Gets Multiple Sclerosis
Study Shows Life Expectancy for People with MS Increasing Over Time, But Still Lower Than the General Population
Top Can Stress Cause Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Related Articles
Botox to Treat Multiple Sclerosis (MS)Botulinum toxin is a muscle-relaxing medication used to decrease spasticity related to multiple sclerosis and other neurological conditions. Botulinum toxin is derived from the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. There are three types of botulinum toxin available for therapeutic use.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS)Multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms vary from person to person, and can last for days to months without periods of remission. Symptoms of MS include sexual problems and problems with the bowel, bladder, eyes, muscles, speech, swallowing, brain, and nervous system. The early symptoms and signs of multiple sclerosis usually start between age 20 and 40. MS in children, teens, and those over age 40 is rare. Treatment options for multiple sclerosis vary depending on the type and severity of symptoms. Medications may be prescribed to manage MS symptoms.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Life ExpectancyMultiple sclerosis or MS is an autoimmune disorder in which brain and spinal cord nerve cells become demyelinated. This damage results in symptoms that may include numbness, weakness, vertigo, paralysis, and involuntary muscle contractions. Different forms of MS can follow variable courses from relatively benign to life-threatening. MS is treated with disease-modifying therapies. Some MS symptoms can be treated with medications.
Making an MS Friendly HomeAdults with multiple sclerosis may be at risk for injuries, hazards, and falling at home. Some simple home modifications can protect your health and safety and facilitate fall prevention. Reduce your risk of accidents and prevent hazards with these tips.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Early Warning Signs and TypesMultiple sclerosis (MS) can be thought of as an immune-mediated inflammatory process involving different areas of the central nervous system (CNS) at various points in time. Early warning signs and symptoms of MS in children, teens, and adults are similar; however, children and teens with pediatric also may have seizures and a complete lack of energy. Adults with MS do not have these signs and symptoms. Other signs and symptoms of MS include inflammation of the optic nerve (optic neuritis), changes in vision, Wiping or having tissues around the eye and moving the eye may be painful, and double vision. There are four types of MS, relapsing remitting MS (RRMS), secondary progressive MS (SPMS), primary progressive MS (PPMS), and progressive relapsing MD (PRMS).
MS QuizMultiple Sclerosis is a debilitating neurological condition. Take the MS Quiz to test your knowledge of the causes, symptoms, risks and treatments.
MS SlideshowLearn about multiple sclerosis (MS) causes, symptoms, and treatment for this autoimmune disease that attacks the nerves of the central nervous system and damages myelin affecting the brain and spinal cord.
Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms PictureSymptoms of multiple sclerosis may be single or multiple and may range from mild to severe in intensity and short to long in duration. See a picture of Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms and learn more about the health topic.