In some cases, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) may go away without medical treatment. This depends on the body’s immune system, but such cases have a high chance of relapse. Hence, it is always advisable to contact your doctor if you have symptoms. PID is a serious infection that can cause severe pain and infertility. Patients with PID may not have symptoms initially or may only have flu-like symptoms. Most women with PID do not even realize they have PID. This makes PID a challenging condition to diagnose. Untreated PID is sometimes life-threatening. The infection may spread to other parts of the body. The longer a patient has PID, the more likely it may become dangerous. It’s important to have any symptoms checked out by a doctor and get tested regularly for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
What is the real meaning of PID?
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the female reproductive organs that can damage parts of the female reproductive system (the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, etc.). PID happens when bacteria move from your vagina and cervix to other parts of the body. It can lead to severe and constant pain and other serious health problems such as infertility. PID may be used to refer to numerous more specific conditions, including:
- Endometriosis (a condition in which the tissues that normally grow in the womb grow outside the womb)
- Salpingitis (inflammation of the tubes in the womb)
- Parametritis (inflammation of the tissues that surround the womb)
- Oophoritis (inflammation of one of the ovaries)
- Tubo-ovarian abscess (pus in the fallopian tubes or ovaries)
- Pelvic peritonitis (inflammation of the tissues surrounding the pelvis)
What are the common symptoms of PID?
Below are a few common symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID):
- An unusual discharge from the vagina
- Bad vaginal odor
- Fever (100.4°F or higher)
- Joint pain
- Burning sensation during urination
- Pain in the lower abdomen
- Pain and/or bleeding during sex
- Bleeding between periods
- Nausea and vomiting
- Low backache
- Generalized weakness
- Swollen lymph nodes
Rarely, patients may also complain of pain in the upper right side of the stomach
What are the common causes of PID?
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is more common in young, sexually active women. The common causes of PID include:
- Untreated sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as chlamydia or gonorrhea are the most likely causes of PID.
- Having more than one sex partner or having a sex partner who has multiple sex partners can cause PID.
- Having sex during menstruation or just afterward because the cervix (entrance to the uterus) may not be protected, and it is easier for the bacteria that can cause PID to enter the uterus during menstruation.
- Recurrent vaginal douching (washing the vagina with water or a mixture of fluids to eliminate odors and clean the vagina) can push bacteria into the reproductive organs and cause PID. Douching may also hide the signs of PID.
- Smoking impairs the immune system, and it cannot fight against an infection of the uterus as efficiently as it would otherwise do.
- Rarely, PID may develop after a miscarriage or termination of pregnancy, after having a baby, or after a procedure such as insertion of an intrauterine device (IUD) or coil.
- Having genetic factors that may influence the risk of PID
- Women who have already had PID are at a higher risk of another episode.
What are the complications of PID?
Some of the complications of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) are as follows:
- Long-term pelvic/abdominal pain
- Formation of a scar tissue both outside and inside the fallopian tubes that can lead to tubal blockage
- Ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy outside the womb)
- Infertility (inability to get pregnant)
- Cystitis (inflammation of the urinary bladder)
- Recurrent episodes of PID
- Pain during sexual activity
- Heavy loss of blood due to PID may lead to anemia
- Emotional distress
- Death (rare)
How is PID treated?
Treatment may include painkillers and antibiotics used to treat gonorrhea, chlamydia, streptococci, and other gram-negative bacteria. PID is usually treated with at least two antibiotics that are effective against a wide range of infectious agents. These antibiotics can be given by mouth or injection. Women with severe PID or pregnant women may need to stay in the hospital and get antibiotics through a vein (intravenous). Sometimes, surgery may be needed to drain a pocket of infection or an abscess. Aggressive treatment of PID is recommended for women with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who may be more likely to require surgical intervention.
Latest Healthy Living News
Daily Health News
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Top Can PID Go Away on Its Own? Related Articles
What Is a Pelvic Exam?A pelvic exam is a routine exam for women. Physicians use a pelvic exam to look for conditions in particular organs of a woman's body including the genital organs, uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes, ovaries, bladder, and rectum. Pelvic exams can evaluate several conditions. Some of these conditions include sexually-transmitted infections, such as gonorrhea, syphilis, Trichomonas, human papillomavirus, and Chlamydia, bacterial vaginosis, yeast infections, urinary tract infections, abnormal uterine bleeding, fibroid tumors, ovarian cysts, infertility, polycystic ovary syndrome, rectal bleeding, and endometriosis.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is the most common and serious complication of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), aside from AIDS, among women. The signs and symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease include: fever, vaginal discharge with a foul odor, abdominal pain, including pain during intercourse, and irregular vaginal bleeding. Pelvic inflammatory disease can scar the Fallopian tubes, ovaries, and related structures and lead to ectopic pregnancies, infertility, chronic pelvic pain, and other serious consequences. Pelvic inflammatory disease treatment includes several types of antibiotics.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) QuizWhat are risk factors for pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and how is it spread? Take this quiz to test your knowledge of this condition.
Can You Have a Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Without Having an STD?In about 10% of cases, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) may occur without having an STD. The majority of PID is sexually transmitted. The most common causative microorganisms of PID are sexually transmitted and include gonorrhea, chlamydia, trichomonas and mycoplasma.
What Is a Pelvic Osteotomy for an Acetabular Dysplasia?An osteotomy is a surgical procedure that involves cutting and reshaping of a bone. A pelvic osteotomy is a means by which the hip is stabilized. This aids in preventing early osteoarthritis in patients with acetabular dysplasia. A pelvic osteotomy is performed to reshape a shallow hip socket to better accommodate the ball of the hip joint (femoral head).
Pelvic Pain (in Women and Men)
Pelvic pain is described as pain, usually in the lower pelvic area. Causes of acute and chronic pelvic pain in women include endometriosis, ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage, menstrual cramps, ovarian cysts, tumors, or fibroids, ovulation, and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or congestion syndrome, vulva pain, and rarely cancer. Pelvic pain during pregnancy may be caused by miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy (tubal pregnancy), preterm or premature labor, and placental abruption. Causes of pelvic pain in men include prostate problems, testicular pain, and groin pain. Causes of pelvic pain in men and women include kidney stones, appendicitis, UTIs, IBD, and STDs.
Signs and symptoms associated with pelvic pain depend on the cause, but man include pain during or after sexual intercourse, abdominal pain, distension, and tenderness, diarrhea, constipation, vaginal discharge or bleeding, blood, pus, in the urine, cloudy urine, blood in the stool, stool color changes, and low back pain. The cause of pelvic pain is diagnosed by a physical exam, blood tests, and imaging procedures. Treatment for pelvic pain depends on the cause.
Pelvic Pain SlideshowThere are many causes of pelvic pain in women including cysts, PMS, appendicitis, and bladder infections. Pelvic pain has uncomfortable symptoms, but luckily there are treatments for pelvic pain.
What Are the Symptoms of PID?Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the female reproductive organs that can damage parts of the female reproductive system (uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, etc). Usually, patients may not realize that they have PID because symptoms may be mild, or they may not experience any symptoms.