What exactly is HPV?
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a type of virus that is different from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and herpes virus (HSV). It is the most common cause of sexually transmitted disease (STD) in the United States. HPV infects about 14 million people, including teens, each year in the United States.
HPV is not a single type of virus, rather it is a group of many viruses characterized by the typical type of warts (papillomas) that they cause. Papillomas are small growths or lumps that have outward nipple-like or finger-like fronds. Most HPV infections may go away without causing any health problems. Some HPV infections can cause genital warts and cancers such as cervical cancer (cancer of the mouth of the womb), cancer of the throat and tonsils and cancer of the anus or penis. The type of HPV that causes warts does not cause cancers.
Can a woman give a man HPV?
Yes, human papillomavirus (HPV) can be transmitted from a woman to man and vice versa. HPV can affect anybody who has sex with an infected person. This disease can easily spread through all kinds of sexual activities including anal, oral or vaginal sex or through other forms of close skin-to-skin contact during sex. The infection can also spread when the infected person has no visible signs or symptoms of the disease.
Is the HPV vaccine safe for men?
The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine is a safe, effective and long-lasting preventive measure for both men and women. Most people who get the HPV vaccine do not experience any side effects. Some may experience mild side effects such as a sore arm from the shot.
Usually, the side effects of the HPV vaccine are mild and include the following
- Pain, redness or swelling in the arm where the shot was given
- Muscle or joint pain
It is advised to sit or lie down during vaccination and stay in that position for about 15 minutes after getting the shot to help prevent fainting episodes that a few people may have. On extremely rare occasions, severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis) may occur after vaccination. You must discuss with your doctor in case you have a history of convulsions or reactions to any vaccine administered previously.
How likely am I to get HPV?
Most sexually active people who do not get vaccinated against human papillomavirus (HPV) get infected with the virus at some point in their lives. Around 79 million people in the United States, most in their late teens and early 20s, are infected with HPV. Getting vaccinated is the safest and surest protection against HPV and related complications including cancer. Experts recommend HPV vaccination for all preteens (girls and boys) aged 11 to 12 years (it can start at 9 years, too). This is to protect them from HPV infections that can cause cancer later in life. Teens and young adults through 26 years of age who did not start or finish the vaccine doses also need HPV vaccination.
People can also lower their risk of HPV infection by using latex condoms every time during sex. Using condoms may not fully protect against HPV because it can infect areas not covered by a condom. Being in a mutually monogamous relationship can lower the chances of being infected with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) including HPV.
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Can You Get Rid of HPV Once You Have It?Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a type of virus that is different from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and herpes virus (HSV). It is the most common cause of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in the United States. In most cases, human papillomavirus (HPV) infections can go away on their own.
HPV TestThe Cervista HPV test (human papillomavirus infection test in women) is a screening test used with other tests such as Pap smear and colposcopy for screening the two HPV types most likely to cause cancer, and to identify all "high-risk" HPV types. Cervista HPV test is not recommended for routine screening or for women under the age of 30.
Gardasil HPV VaccineGardasil is the first vaccine available on the market to prevent cervical cancer, genital warts, and precancerous genital lesions due to HPV. The CDC recommends the HPV vaccine for girls 11 and 12 years of age. Girls as young as nine may begin the vaccine. The vaccine is also recommended for females between the ages of 13 through 26 who have not been previously vaccinated.
Genital Warts PicturesA wart in the moist skin of the genitals or around the anus. See a picture of Genital Warts (HPV) and learn more about the health topic.
Genital Warts in Men (HPV)The HPV virus (genital warts) in men can cause health problems. Genital warts are confined primarily to the moist skin of the genitals or around the anus. Genital warts are caused by the human papillomaviruses (HPVs), which are transmitted through sexual contact.
Genital Warts (HPV) Infection in Women
Genital warts is a sexually transmitted infection (STI, STD) caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). It is the most common STD in the US. The warts can appear anywhere on the skin where sexual contact has occurred.
The warts look like raised, flesh-colored lumps or bumps that have a cauliflower-like appearance. Signs and symptoms of genital warts in women include vaginal, vulva, or groin pain, itching, and burning where the wart(s) is.
Treatment can remove warts or lesions, but it does not prevent spread of the virus, and the warts usually grow back. Removing genital warts does not prevent the infection from spreading elsewhere on the body.
There is no cure for genital warts, and there is no vaccine to prevent them; however, there is a vaccine to prevent infection from four common types of HPV. Gardasil vaccine available for female adolescents and teens to prevent HPV infection and cervical cancer.
How Does a Man Know if He Has HPV?What is HPV, and what does it look like in men? Learn how to recognize HPV, when to see your doctor for HPV, and how to prevent and treat HPV in men.
How Effective Is a LEEP Procedure?Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) is used to remove abnormal or potentially cancerous regions in the cervix (mouth of the uterus). Research has shown that this procedure is as effective as other treatments (laser ablation, cold knife conization and cold therapy or cryotherapy) that are used to destroy or remove the suspicious areas in the cervix.
How Long Does It Take To Recover From a LEEP Procedure?LEEP is a procedure to remove cancerous tissue from the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus located at the top of the vagina. The cervix takes about 4 to 6 weeks to recover from a LEEP procedure.
HPV (Human Papillomavirus) InfectionHPVs or human papillomaviruses are a group of viral infections of the skin and mucous membranes. Certain high-risk types of HPV infection cause certain cancers (cervical, penile, anal, vaginal, and oral). There are no signs or symptoms of HPV infection. HPV infection is an extremely common STD and is highly contagious. People are at higher risk of getting HPV infection if they have multiple sex partners, a weakened immune system, or breaks in the skin. HPV vaccinations prevent HPV infection. Treatment for HPV infection is antiviral medication. There is no cure for HPV infection.
What Causes HPV in Females?HPV — human papillomavirus — is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the U.S., with over 75 million people being infected, most of them young adults. There are more than 150 strains of HPV.
What Causes Human Papillomavirus Infection (HPV)?Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common viral infection that is transmitted through sexual activity. People can get an HPV infection by having vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone infected with the virus. HPV infections often resolve without treatment and do not cause any health problems. A persistent HPV infection though may lead to warts, cancer of the mouth and throat, and cervical cancer.
What Does the HPV Vaccine Prevent?There are several vaccines that prevent infection with HPV. They also protect against other cancers that HPV causes including cancer of the vagina, vulva, penis, throat, and anus.
What Is the Fastest Way To Get Rid of Genital Warts?Genital warts or HPV (human papillomavirus) are very common. There is no cure but there are fast treatments to help get rid of them. Learn what they are.
What Should I Do After a Vulvar Biopsy?A vulvar biopsy is a surgical procedure where a small piece of tissue is extracted from the vulva. A vulvar biopsy is performed on discolored areas, lumps, sores and genital warts that don't heal. After a vulvar biopsy, follow instructions to keep the area clean and dry, do not wash the biopsy region for 12 hours and apply direct pressure on the site if it bleeds.