What is trichomoniasis?
Trichomoniasis or trich is caused by a tiny one-celled parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis. It lives in the genitals. It is transmitted usually during unprotected sexual activity; therefore, it is called a sexually transmitted disease (STD) or sexually transmitted infection (STI).
Can a man give a woman trichomoniasis?
Yes, a man can infect a woman with trich. Most people with a trich infection may not show any symptoms and never know that they have it. However, a man who is unaware of the infection can transmit it to a woman. Symptoms of trich in men, if present, include pain during peeing or discharge from the penis. A man can carry the infection for 5 to 28 days without showing any trich symptoms. During sex, the parasite usually spreads from a penis to a vagina or from a vagina to a penis. Even if a man does not ejaculate during sex, trich can still spread to the woman through genital touching.
About 50% of women may show no symptoms. Others may have severe infections with serious sequelae. Women who have sex with women also have the possibility of getting trich infection.
Your risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is higher if you have trich and are exposed to a person with HIV. It is recommended that women with HIV should be screened for trich at least once a year.
What are the symptoms of trichomoniasis?
Trich generally affects both genders. Women may suffer from its symptoms more than men. Men may not show any symptoms.
You may get trich symptoms within 5 to 28 days after being infected. Some others do not develop symptoms until much later. You may have mild irritation to severe inflammation in the genital area if you have trich. Symptoms can come and go and without treatment it can last for months, or even years.
If you are a woman and have trich, you may experience
- Vaginal discharge with a bad odor
- Greenish or yellowish vaginal fluid
- Itching, burning, redness or soreness in the vagina
- Pain while peeing
- Discomfort/pain during sex
- Frequent urination
- Bleeding after sex
- Lower belly pain (rare)
If you are a man and have trich, you may experience
- Itching or irritation inside the penis
- White discharge from the penis
- Pain while peeing
- Discomfort/pain during sex
- Frequent urination
You may not have any symptoms. However, if you don’t get treatment, it may increase your risk of other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Therefore, talk to your doctor about whether you should be tested.
How does a doctor diagnose trichomoniasis?
It can be detected in symptomatic women by examining the vaginal discharge. In a symptomatic person, the culture for genital fluid or a DNA test may help the diagnosis.
If you are a woman, see your gynecologist
- On days other than when you have your monthly period
- And do not have sex for at least 24 hours before the exam or use condoms
Your gynecologist may
- Examine your groin region
- Take vaginal fluid samples with a cotton swab and/or
- Examine it under the microscope
- Send the vaginal fluid samples for a culture test (the parasite grows in a lab and it takes a week).
- Send the sample for a DNA test.
The parasite is harder to detect in men than in women. However, it can be detected easily by culture tests for genital fluid in both the genders. A recently available DNA test is more accurate and can be done in both the genders. It can be done with vaginal fluid or a urine sample.
If you have trich, you need to be tested for other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), too. The same samples can be used by your doctor to check for other infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhea.
American Sexual Health Association
American Society for Microbiology
Top Can a Man Give a Woman Trichomoniasis Related Articles
Can I Get HIV From Surfaces?Studies proved that HIV cannot be transmitted through surfaces such as toilet seats, chairs, doorknobs, drinking glasses and bedsheets. The virus cannot survive outside a human host; hence, transmission through air, water (swimming pools), insect bite or casual contacts such as handshake, hug or touch is not possible.
Can I Get HIV From Casual Contact Like Hugging or Touching?Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) cannot spread through casual contact such as hugging or touching. HIV does not spread through urine, saliva, tears, sweat, kissing (closed mouth or social kissing), shaking hands, sharing utensils, sharing food or drinks, sharing clothes, or from toilet seats. HIV is spread through bodily fluids from a person with HIV.
Can You Get Trichomoniasis Without Being Sexually Active?Trichomoniasis is passed from an infected person to another primarily during sexual activity. In very rare cases, it can be transferred from an infected mother to her unborn child. Any sexual activity during vaginal, oral or anal sex can cause the infection to spread. Even if your partner has no symptoms, they can spread the infection.
How Can I Treat Vaginitis at Home?What Is Vaginitis? Learn whether you need antibiotics and what other treatments can help to relieve your symptoms.
Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) TreatmentsIf you are diagnosed with a sexually transmitted disease (STD), you must take and observe the following precautions.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)Common sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in women include gonorrhea, chlamydia, genital herpes, and HPV infection (genital warts). Learn about types, symptoms, and treatment.
STD QuizThere are more sexually transmitted diseases than just the ones you've heard of. Find out what you've been missing with the STD Quiz.
STDs in MenSymptoms of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in men include painful urination, bumps or sores on the penis, and penile discharge and itching. Learn about the most common STDs in men.
STDs Facts SlideshowSexually transmitted infections like chlamydia and genital herpes are common STDs. Think you might have an STD? You’re not alone. Find pictures of herpes, gonorrhea, and more. Learn how venereal disease can harm your health, and how to tell your partner if you have an STD.
STDs: Common SymptomsSexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that are transmitted during vaginal, anal, and oral sex. Symptoms may include genital sores, unusual discharge, pain during sex or urination, and itching or discomfort.
Trichomoniasis PictureInfection with trichomonas, in humans with Trichomonas vaginalis. See a picture of Trichomoniasis and learn more about the health topic.
What Are the Symptoms of STD In Females?Many women may not show any symptoms of STDs and may be unaware of the need for treatment.
What Are the Top 10 STDs?According to the American Social Health Organization, each year one out of four teens in the United States develops a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Half of all sexually active young adults get an STD by the age of 25 years.