- Osteoporosis Slideshow Pictures
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- Take the Osteoporosis Quiz
- What brand names are available for calcitonin?
- Is calcitonin available as a generic drug?
- Do I need a prescription for calcitonin?
- What are the side effects of calcitonin?
- What is the dosage for calcitonin?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with calcitonin?
- Is calcitonin safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about calcitonin?
What are the side effects of calcitonin?
Side effects from calcitonin are uncommon and usually are mild. Injectable calcitonin can cause:
The nasal spray can cause other side effects including:
The nausea that can occur with injectable calcitonin is unlikely to occur with the nasal spray. In rare instances, the nasal spray can cause an upset stomach.
Quick GuideWhat Is Osteoporosis? Treatment, Symptoms, Medication
What is the dosage for calcitonin?
Injectable calcitonin is injected under the skin or into the muscle. The nasal spray is administered into the nostril. To achieve optimal results, patients with osteoporosis should simultaneously receive adequate amounts of calcium and vitamin D.
The recommended regimens for Paget's disease and postmenopausal osteoporosis are 100 units per day injected into muscle or under the skin. Postmenopausal osteoporosis can also be treated with 1 spray (200 units) per day administered in alternate nostrils. Increased blood calcium (hypercalcemia) is treated with 4-8 units/kg of injectable calcitonin every 6-12 hours
Which drugs or supplements interact with calcitonin?
Combining calcitonin salmon and lithium may reduce lithium concentrations due to increased loss of lithium in urine. The dose of lithium may require adjustment.PREGNANCY: There are no adequate studies of calcitonin in pregnant women.
Is calcitonin safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
There are no adequate studies of calcitonin in nursing mothers.
What else should I know about calcitonin?
What preparations of calcitonin are available?
Injection: 200 units/ml. Intranasal spray: 200 units/activation (0.09 ml/puff)
How should I keep calcitonin stored?
Calcitonin should be stored in a refrigerator between 2-8 C (36-46 F). It should be protected from freezing. Bottles of intranasal spray that are being used may be stored at room temperature between 15 C-30 C (59 F-86 F) for 30 days.
Calcitonin-salmon (Miacalcin, Fortical) is a man-made version of the hormone calcitonin. Calcitonin-salmon is prescribed to treat osteoporosis (postmenopause), Paget's disease of the bone, and hypercalcemia. Side effects, drug interactions, warnings and precautions, and efficacy during pregnancy information should be reviewed prior to taking this medication.
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
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Picture of Osteoporosis
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Treatment & Diagnosis
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Top calcitonin Related Articles
alendronateAlendronate (Fosamax) is in a drug class of medications called bisphosphonates. Fosamax is prescribed for treating osteoporosis, bone pain from diseases such as breast cancer, multiple myeloma, and Paget's disease. Dosing, side effects, warnings and precautions, and safety during pregnancy should be reviewed prior to taking this medication.
Bone Density ScanBone density scanning measures bone mineral density, which helps a doctor decide whether a person is at increased risk of an osteoporosis-related fracture. The following risk factors may suggest the need for bone density scanning: advanced age, poor health, low body weight or thin stature, personal history of fracture as an adult, low physical activity, RA, and use of birth control pills.
Disease Prevention in WomenDisease prevention in women includes screening tests that are a basic part of prevention medicine. All screening tests are commonly available through your general doctor. Some specialized tests may be available elsewhere.
Drug InteractionsDrug interactions occur frequently. Get facts about the types of drug interactions, what substances or other things that may interact with drugs such as OTC drug and prescription drugs, vitamins, food(s) (grapefruit), and laboratory tests. Find out how to protect yourself from potential drug interactions.
Drugs: What You Should Know About Your DrugsImportant information about your drugs should be reviewed prior to taking any prescription drug. Side effects, drug interactions, warnings and precauctions, dosage, what the drug is used for, what to do if you miss a dose, how the drug is to be stored, and generic vs. brand names.
Didronel (etidronate) is a medication prescribed for the treatment of Paget's disease and preventing heterotopic ossification. Off-label uses include the treatment of hypercalcemia associated with cancer, prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis and steroid induced osteoporosis. Side effects may include:
- Leg cramps
- Hair loss
Drug interactions, warnings and precautions, and pregnancy and breastfeeding safety should be reviewed prior to taking any medication.
HypercalcemiaHypercalcemia is a condition in which calcium levels in the blood are elevated. Hypercalcemia is associated with other conditions such as:
- lung cancer,
- breast cancer,
- kidney failure, and
- elevated levels of vitamin D.
- abdominal pain, and
- kidney stones.
MenopauseMenopause is the time in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently stop, also called the "change of life." Menopause symptoms include hot flashes, night sweats, irregular vaginal bleeding, vaginal dryness, painful intercourse, urinary incontinence, weight gain, and emotional symptoms such as mood swings. Treatment of menopausal symptoms varies, and should be discussed with your physician.
Menopause QuizThe Menopause Quiz challenges your knowledge about the time in a woman’s life when menstruation ceases. Menopause can bring many physical, mental and sexual challenges to maturing women, but they don’t have to be limiting. Take the Menopause Quiz to learn the causes, symptoms and treatments of what’s known as "the change of life."
OsteopeniaOsteopenia is a bone condition characterized by bone loss that is not as severe as in osteoporosis. Bone fracture is the typical symptom of osteopenia, though the condition may be present without symptoms. Treatment involves lifestyle modifications (quitting smoking, not drinking in excess) and ensuring an adequate intake of vitamin D and calcium.
OsteoporosisLearn about osteoporosis, a condition characterized by the loss of bone density, which leads to an increased risk of bone fracture. Unless one experiences a fracture, a person may have osteoporosis for decades without knowing it. Treatment for osteoporosis may involve medications that stop bone loss and increase bone strength and bone formation, as well as quitting smoking, regular exercise, cutting back on alcohol intake, and eating a calcium- and vitamin D-rich balanced diet.
Osteoporosis PictureThinning of the bones with reduction in bone mass due to depletion of calcium and bone protein. See a picture of Osteoporosis and learn more about the health topic.
Osteoporosis QuizWhat are the causes, symptoms, and risk factors of osteoporosis? Quiz yourself about vitamin deficiency, maintaining bone density, and preventing osteoporosis-related fractures.
Paget's DiseasePaget's disease is a chronic bone disorder due to irregular breakdown and formation of bone tissue. Symptoms of Paget's disease include bone pain, headaches and hearing loss, pressure on nerves, increased head size, hip pain, and damage to cartilage of joints.
Evista (raloxifene) is a medication that is prescribed for the treatment and prevention of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. Black box warnings for Evista includes
- an increased risk of deep vein thrombosis (DVT),
- pulmonary embolism, and
Other side effects, drug interactions, dosage, and pregnancy and breastfeeding safety information should be reviewed prior to taking this medication.
Thyroid CancerThere are four major types of thyroid cancer: papillary, follicular, medullary, and anaplastic thyroid cancer. Tumors on the thyroid are referred to as thyroid nodules. Symptoms of thyroid cancer include swollen lymph nodes, pain in the throat, difficulty swallowing, hoarseness, and a lump near the Adam's apple. Treatment usually involves chemotherapy, surgery, radioactive iodine, hormone treatment or external radiation and depends upon the type of thyroid cancer, the patient's age, the tumor size, and whether the cancer has metastasized.