Medical Author: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Bursitis is the inflammation of the fluid-filled sacs (bursae) that act as cushions between areas of friction in the musculoskeletal system, such as between tendon and bone. Symptoms of bursitis can occur anywhere in the body where bursae are present, and the body contains about 160 bursae. Symptoms are often present in the bursae of the knee, elbow, shoulder, ankle, hip, thigh, or buttocks. Bursitis signs and symptoms include
- pain in the affected area,
- tenderness over the affected bursa,
- pain that radiates to other locations.
Symptoms can begin early in the course of the disease, and the condition can come on suddenly (acute bursitis) or develop over time (chronic bursitis).
Bursitis in some locations can cause limitation of movement. The pain from many types of bursitis is worse at night.
The most common causes of bursitis are repetitive motions and overuse, trauma and injury, preexisting rheumatoid conditions, and infections. Gout and pseudogout are examples of conditions that can also cause bursitis.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.
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Bursitis Symptoms and Signs
Examples of Medications for Bursitis Symptoms and Signs
- celecoxib, Celebrex
- diclofenac, Voltaren, Cataflam, Voltaren-XR, Cambia
- hydrocortisone injection (Solu-Cortef, A-Hydrocort)
- ibuprofen (Advil, Children's Advil/Motrin, Medipren, Motrin, Nuprin, PediaCare Fever, and others)
- indomethacin, Indocin, Indocin-SR (Discontinued Brand in U.S.)
- ketoprofen (Discontinued brands: Nexcede, Orudis, Oruvail, Actron)
- methylprednisolone, Medrol, Depo-Medrol, Solu-Medrol
- naproxen (Aleve, Anaprox, Naprelan, Naprosyn)
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