Bursitis is the inflammation of the fluid-filled sacs (bursae) that act as cushions between areas of friction in the musculoskeletal system, such as between tendon and bone. Symptoms of bursitis can occur anywhere in the body where bursae are present, and the body contains about 160 bursae. Symptoms are often present in the bursae of the knee, elbow, shoulder, ankle, hip, thigh, or buttocks. Bursitis signs and symptoms include
- pain in the affected area,
- tenderness over the affected bursa,
- pain that radiates to other locations.
Symptoms can begin early in the course of the disease, and the condition can come on suddenly (acute bursitis) or develop over time (chronic bursitis).
Bursitis in some locations can cause limitation of movement. The pain from many types of bursitis is worse at night.
The most common causes of bursitis are repetitive motions and overuse, trauma and injury, preexisting rheumatoid conditions, and infections. Gout and pseudogout are examples of conditions that can also cause bursitis.
Other bursitis symptoms and signs
- Ankle Pain
- Buttock Pain
- Gait Disturbances
- Groin Pain
- Groin Tenderness
- Hip Pain
- Joint Pain
- Joint Redness
- Joint Stiffness
- Joint Tenderness
- Knee Pain
- Limited Range of Motion
- Pain at Rest
- Pain During Movement
- Pain While Sitting
- Shoulder Pain
- Swollen Joints
- Swollen Knee
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.
Main Article on Bursitis Symptoms and Signs
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Examples of Medications for Bursitis Symptoms and Signs
- celecoxib (Celebrex)
- diclofenac, Voltaren, Cataflam, Voltaren-XR, Cambia
- hydrocortisone injection (Solu-Cortef, A-Hydrocort)
- ibuprofen (Advil, Children's Advil/Motrin, Medipren, Motrin, Nuprin, PediaCare Fever, and others)
- indomethacin, Indocin, Indocin-SR (Discontinued Brand in U.S.)
- Ketorolac vs. diclofenac
- methylprednisolone (Medrol)
- naproxen (Aleve, Anaprox, Naprelan, Naprosyn)
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