- What other names is Brown Rice known by?
- What is Brown Rice?
- How does Brown Rice work?
- Are there safety concerns?
- Dosing considerations for Brown Rice.
Arroz Integral, Genmai, Oryza sativa, Riz Asiatique, Riz Brun, Riz Cargo, Riz Complet, Riz Intégral.
Brown rice is “unpolished” white rice. Brown rice retains unsaturated fatty acids, protein, minerals, vitamins, and starch that are usually removed during polishing. It is eaten as food and taken as medicine.
Brown rice is used for diarrhea, upset stomach and other stomach problems, fluid retention, intestinal worms, yellowed skin (jaundice), thiamine deficiency (beriberi), burns, nosebleed, fever, vomiting blood, swelling (inflammation), paralysis, hemorrhoids, and psoriasis and other skin ailments. It is also used as an appetite stimulant, drying agent (astringent), soothing agent (demulcent), and tonic.
Insufficient Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for...
- Upset stomach.
- Swelling (inflammation).
- Psoriasis and other skin ailments.
- Other conditions.
It is not known how brown rice might work for medical conditions. Developing research suggests brown rice might help prevent some of the heart-related complications of diabetes. There is also some evidence that it might keep some kinds of cancer cells from multiplying.
Brown rice is safe for most people when consumed in amounts commonly found in foods.
But, there isn't enough information to know whether brown rice in medicinal amounts is safe.
Special Precautions & Warnings:Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Brown rice is safe in amounts found in food, but there's not enough information to know if it's safe in the larger amounts that are used as medicine.
The appropriate dose of brown rice depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for brown rice. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.
Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate (detailed description of each of the ratings).
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
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Bird AR, Hayakawa T, Marsono Y, et al. Coarse brown rice increases fecal and large bowel short-chain fatty acids and starch but lowers calcium in the large bowel of pigs. J Nutr 2000;130:1780-7. View abstract.
FDA, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Office of Premarket Approval, EAFUS: A food additive database. Website: vm.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/eafus.html (Accessed 23 February 2006).
Hagiwara H, Seki T, Ariga T. The effect of pre-germinated brown rice intake on blood glucose and PAI-1 levels in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 2004;68:444-7. View abstract.
Katayama M, Sugie S, Yoshimi N, et al. Preventive effect of fermented brown rice and rice bran on diethylnitrosoamine and phenobarbital-induced hepatocarcinogenesis in male F344 rats. Oncol Rep 2003;10:875-80. View abstract.
Madar Z. Effect of brown rice and soybean dietary fiber on the control of glucose and lipid metabolism in diabetic rats. Am J Clin Nutr 1983;38:388-93. View abstract.
Miller JB, Pang E, Bramall L. Rice: a high or low glycemic index food? Am J Clin Nutr 1992;56:1034-6. View abstract.
Oh CH, Oh SH. Effects of germinated brown rice extracts with enhanced levels of GABA on cancer cell proliferation and apoptosis. J Med Food 2004;7:19-23. View abstract.
Oh SH, Soh JR, Cha YS. Germinated brown rice extract shows a nutraceutical effect in the recovery of chronic alcohol-related symptoms. J Med Food 2003;6:115-21. View abstract.
Oh SH. Stimulation of gamma-aminobutyric acid synthesis activity in brown rice by a chitosan/glutamic acid germination solution and calcium/calmodulin. J Biochem Mol Biol 2003;36:319-25. View abstract.