Bronchiectasis: Symptoms & Signs

Medically Reviewed on 11/15/2021

Bronchiectasis is the medical term that refers to widening or dilation of the airways (bronchi) due to damage associated with inflammation. The dilation is a result of loss of elasticity of the damaged airways.

Signs and symptoms of bronchiectasis can vary in severity and can include

Other associated signs and symptoms can include

Causes of Bronchiectasis

Bronchiectasis can be caused by genetic conditions such as cystic fibrosis, immotile cilia syndrome, or alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency as well as acquired factors, including infections. Depending upon the exact cause, bronchiectasis can develop in infants, children, or adults.

Other bronchiectasis symptoms and signs

  • Chest Pain
  • Clubbing of the Fingertips
  • Coughing Up Blood or Blood-Stained Phlegm
  • Coughing Up Large Amounts of Phlegm
  • Fatigue
  • Joint Pain
  • Shortness of Breath
  • Weight Loss
  • Wheezing


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Jameson, J. Larry, et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 20th Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Education, 2018.