Bronchiectasis is the medical term that refers to widening or dilation of the airways (bronchi) due to damage associated with inflammation. The dilation is a result of loss of elasticity of the damaged airways.
Signs and symptoms of bronchiectasis can vary in severity and can include
- shortness of breath,
- coughing up blood or blood-stained phlegm,
- chest pain, or
- joint pain.
Other associated signs and symptoms can include
Causes of Bronchiectasis
Bronchiectasis can be caused by genetic conditions such as cystic fibrosis, immotile cilia syndrome, or alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency as well as acquired factors, including infections. Depending upon the exact cause, bronchiectasis can develop in infants, children, or adults.
Other bronchiectasis symptoms and signs
- Chest Pain
- Clubbing of the Fingertips
- Coughing Up Blood or Blood-Stained Phlegm
- Coughing Up Large Amounts of Phlegm
- Joint Pain
- Shortness of Breath
- Weight Loss
Main Article on Bronchiectasis Symptoms and Signs
Pictures, Images, Illustrations & Quizzes
Lung and Respiratory Health: Reasons You're Short of Breath
Have you ever found yourself gasping for air after just a short flight of stairs? You may just need to do a bit more exercise, or...
Lung and Respiratory Health: Surprising Causes of Lung Damage
Carpets, fireworks, and hot tubs are some of the unexpected things that can hurt your lungs. Find out what you can do to prevent...
Picture of Lungs
The lungs are a pair of spongy, air-filled organs located on either side of the chest (thorax). See a picture of the Lungs and...
Respiratory Illnesses: 13 Types of Lung Infections
Is your cough caused by a cold, flu, pneumonia or something else? Learn causes of respiratory infection like bronchitis,...