- Side Effects
- Drug Interactions
- Pregnancy & Breastfeeding
- What Else to Know
Generic Name: brompheniramine/dextromethorphan/pseudoephedrine
Brand Names: Bromfed DM, Bromaline DM, Bromdex D
What is brompheniramine/ dextromethorphan/ pseudoephedrine, and what is it used for?
The combo medication temporarily relieves symptoms such as runny nose, nasal congestion, sneezing, itchy nose or throat, itchy/watery eyes, and cough due to minor throat and bronchial irritation, and is available over-the-counter (OTC) and on prescription.
Each of the three medications in the combination works in a different way, and together they are more effective in relieving symptoms, than with the use of any one of the drugs in the combo.
- Brompheniramine works by blocking the activity of histamine, a natural compound in the body that causes allergy symptoms. Histamine is released by mast cells and basophils, types of immune cells, in response to allergen exposure. Brompheniramine binds to histamine H1 receptors in blood vessels, respiratory tract and gastrointestinal tract, preventing their activation by histamine and the resultant allergic reaction.
- Dextromethorphan suppresses cough by reducing the sensitivity of cough receptors in the brain region that stimulate the cough reflex and preventing the transmission of cough impulses. Dextromethorphan is a non-opioid drug derived from levorphanol, an opioid painkiller (analgesic), and is structurally similar to opioid drugs such as codeine, however, it does not have analgesic or addictive properties.
- Pseudoephedrine works by stimulating alpha and beta receptors that regulate contraction of the smooth muscles of the bronchial passage and blood vessels. This results in dilation of the bronchial passage and constriction of blood vessels, reducing congestion and making breathing easier.
- Do not use brompheniramine/dextromethorphan/pseudoephedrine in the following conditions:
- Hypersensitivity to brompheniramine, dextromethorphan, pseudoephedrine or any of the components in the formulation
- Severe hypertension or coronary artery disease
- Acute asthma attack or other lower respiratory tract conditions
- Narrow-angle glaucoma, an eye condition with high intraocular pressure that progressively damages the optic nerve
- Symptomatic prostate enlargement (hypertrophy)
- Bladder neck obstruction
- Stenosing peptic ulcer
- Do not use brompheniramine/dextromethorphan/pseudoephedrine to treat full term or premature newborn infants
- Do not use concurrently with monoamine oxidase inhibitors, a class of antidepressants
- Use with caution in patients with:
- May cause depression of central nervous system; advise patients appropriately
- Do not use concurrently with other sedative drugs
- Brompheniramine is a first generation antihistamine that also has effects on the central nervous system and can cause drowsiness, confusion, dry mouth and constipation, particularly in geriatric patients; avoid use in patients older than 65 years of age
What are the side effects of brompheniramine/dextromethorphan/ pseudoephedrine?
Side effects of brompheniramine/dextromethorphan/pseudoephedrine include:
- Impaired coordination, balance and speech (ataxia)
- Drowsiness (somnolence)
- Feeling of unease (dysphoria)
- Weakness (asthenia)
- Dry nose
- Dry throat
- Thickening of bronchial secretions
- Shortness of breath (dyspnea)
- Chest tightness
- Irregular heart rhythm (arrhythmia)
- Increase or decrease in blood pressure (hypertension or hypotension)
- Skin reactions that include:
- Upper abdominal (epigastric) discomfort
- Loss of appetite (anorexia)
- Dry mouth (xerostomia)
- Visual disturbance
- Blood disorders such as:
- Urinary frequency
- Urinary difficulties
This is not a complete list of all side effects or adverse reactions that may occur from the use of this drug.
Call your doctor for medical advice about serious side effects or adverse reactions. You may also report side effects or health problems to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
What are the dosages of brompheniramine/dextromethorphan/ pseudoephedrine?
- (2 mg/10mg/30mg)/5mL (Bromfed DM)
- (3 mg/30mg/50mg)/5mL (Bromdex D)
- (1 mg/5mg/15mg)/5mL (Bromaline DM)
Relief of Nasal Congestion and Cough
- Bromfed DM: 2 teaspoonfuls (10 mL) orally every 4 hours; not to exceed 6 doses/day
- Bromdex D: 1 teaspoonful (5 mL) orally every 4 hours; not to exceed 4 doses/day
- Bromaline DM: 4 teaspoonfuls (20 mL) orally every 4-6 hours; not to exceed 4 doses/day
- Children under 6 months: Safety and efficacy not established
- Children 6 months to 2 years: As directed by the physician
- Children 2-6 years: 1/2 teaspoonful (2.5 mL) orally every 4 hours; not to exceed 6 doses/day
- Children 6-12 years: 1 teaspoonful (5 mL) orally every 4 hours; not to exceed 6 doses/day
- Children over 12 years: 2 teaspoonfuls (10 mL) orally every 4 hours; not to exceed 6 doses/day
- Children under 6 years: As directed by the physician
- Children 6-12 years: 2.5 mL orally every 6 hours prn; not to exceed 4 doses/24 hours
- Children over 12 years: 5 mL orally every 6 hours prn; not to exceed 4 doses/24 hours
- Children under 6 years: As directed by the physician
- Children 6-12 years: 2 teaspoonfuls (10 mL) orally every 4 hours; not to exceed 4 doses/day
- Children over 12 years: 4 teaspoonfuls (20 mL) orally every 4-6 hours; not to exceed 4 doses/day
- Overdose of brompheniramine/dextromethorphan/pseudoephedrine can cause severe adverse reactions, particularly in children and elderly patients.
- In case of overdose, seek medical help or contact Poison Control.
What drugs interact with brompheniramine/dextromethorphan/ pseudoephedrine?
Inform your doctor of all medications you are currently taking, who can advise you on any possible drug interactions. Never begin taking, suddenly discontinue, or change the dosage of any medication without your doctor’s recommendation.
- Severe interactions of brompheniramine/dextromethorphan/pseudoephedrine include:
- Brompheniramine/dextromethorphan/pseudoephedrine has serious interactions with at least 54 different drugs.
- Brompheniramine/dextromethorphan/pseudoephedrine has moderate interactions with at least 273 different drugs.
- Mild interactions of brompheniramine/dextromethorphan/pseudoephedrine include:
The drug interactions listed above are not all of the possible interactions or adverse effects. For more information on drug interactions, visit the RxList Drug Interaction Checker.
It is important to always tell your doctor, pharmacist, or health care provider of all prescription and over-the-counter medications you use, as well as the dosage for each, and keep a list of the information. Check with your doctor or health care provider if you have any questions about the medication.
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
- There are no well-controlled studies on the safety of the combo medication brompheniramine/dextromethorphan/pseudoephedrine in pregnant women; use with caution if maternal benefits outweigh possible risks to the fetus
- Brompheniramine/dextromethorphan/pseudoephedrine is present in breast milk; avoid use
- Pregnant and breastfeeding women should consult their healthcare providers before taking any OTC drug
What else should I know about brompheniramine/dextromethorphan/ pseudoephedrine?
- Follow package instructions exactly while taking OTC drugs; do not take higher or more frequent doses than recommended
- Store brompheniramine/dextromethorphan/pseudoephedrine out of reach of children
- Do not administer OTC brompheniramine/dextromethorphan/pseudoephedrine to children younger than 2 years of age
- Stop taking the medication and see your doctor if:
- May impair physical and mental abilities. Avoid activities such as driving and operating heavy machinery.
- Avoid alcohol while taking brompheniramine/dextromethorphan/pseudoephedrine
Subscribe to MedicineNet's General Health Newsletter
Brompheniramine/dextromethorphan/pseudoephedrine is a combination medication used to control cough and relieve symptoms of common cold, hay fever, and respiratory allergies. Side effects include impaired coordination, balance and speech (ataxia), insomnia, dizziness, drowsiness (somnolence), feeling of unease (dysphoria), euphoria, irritability, nervousness, tremor, weakness (asthenia), seizure, headache, dry nose, dry throat, wheezing, thickening of bronchial secretions, shortness of breath (dyspnea), and others. Avoid use if breastfeeding.
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Cold, Flu, and Cough: 13 Foods to Eat When Fighting the Flu
The best foods to eat when you have the flu soothe symptoms and help you feel better faster. Good foods to eat with the flu...
Cold Sores Causes, Remedies, & Diagnosis
How do you get rid of cold sores? First learn about the herpes virus and how it causes cold sores. When are cold sores...
Cold, Fever and Flu Symptoms in Children: Medications and Home Remedies
How long does a cold last? How long is a cold contagious? Colds and fevers are some of the most common ailments in children....
What Is Asthma? Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments
What is asthma? What is the main cause of asthma? Learn information about asthma, a chronic disease of the bronchiole tubes....
Cold and Flu: Finding Fast Cough Relief
Remedies for coughing to relieve symptoms, thin mucus, and clear phlegm include cough syrup and honey in hot water. Use...
Common Allergies: Symptoms and Signs
What are allergies? Pollen, food, perfumes, and many more things can provoke allergy symptoms. Allergies are an overreaction of...
How to Get Rid of a Cold: Natural Remedies
What home remedies work to get rid of a cold fast? Many claim cold symptoms and flu symptoms can be relieved with Echinacea,...
Asthma is a chronic disease of the airways of the lungs, which can be managed with proper treatment. Triggered by two main...
Picture of Panniculitis from Cold
Panniculitis is an inflammation of the fat beneath the outer layer of skin, leaving the area red and tender. In this case, the...
Allergies Quiz: Symptoms & Home Remedies
What are the causes of allergies? This online quiz challenges your knowledge of common food and household allergens,...
Common Cold Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ
Take this quiz to learn the truth behind the infectious, contagious, uncomfortable disease known as the common cold. Test your...
Cold & Flu Quiz: Influenza vs. Common Cold
Aches? Pain? Fever? This Cold & Flu Quiz tests your knowledge on the difference between coming down with the common cold and...
Picture of Herpes Blister (Cold Sore)
Cold sores (fever blisters) are caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV), passed on through contact with infected skin or body...
Picture of Eye Allergies
Severe allergic eye symptoms can be very distressing and are a common reason for visits to the allergist or ophthalmologist. See...
Picture of Cold Sores Treatment
You can't cure HSV or a cold sore, but you can alleviate the pain it causes by avoiding spicy or acidic foods, applying ice, and...
Picture of Cold Sore Between Nose and Mouth
Can a cold sore appear somewhere other than your lip? They are not as common, but cold sores can appear anywhere on the face,...
Picture of Cold Sores (Fever Blisters)
Cold sores, sometimes called fever blisters, are groups of small blisters on the lip and around the mouth. See a picture of Cold...
10 Signs Your Allergies Are Out of Control
Learn 10 signs your allergies are out of control. See these surprising allergy symptoms and find out how to get relief for...
Allergies: 10 Ways to Reduce Mold Allergies
WebMD shows you 10 ways to fight the fungus and reduce mold allergy symptoms from dust masks to bottles of bleach.
Why Do I Have the Chills? Reasons Other Than Fever
Chills and fever often come as a combo, but sometimes chills happen with a normal temperature. Find out what could be behind...
How to Prevent the Common Cold
What home remedies work for the common cold? The common cold is arguably the most common human illness. Learn how long the common...
10 Worst Cities for Spring Allergies
See pictures of the top 10 "spring allergy capitals", according to the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America (AAFA). From...
Home Remedies for Sick Children
Home remedies for sick babies, toddlers, and kids can help with things like colds, flu, cough, sore throat, stuffy nose, fever,...
Asthma and Your Diet: Foods That Help and Hurt
Even though there's no specific asthma diet that can help your condition, certain foods may help or harm your breathing. Learn...
Nasal Irrigation: Natural Relief for Cold & Allergy Symptoms
Clogged sinuses and congestion bothering you? Nasal irrigation can relieve sinus symptoms associated with colds and allergies....
Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Symptoms, Vaccine Facts
Whooping cough (Bordetella pertussis) is a highly contagious bacterial infection. Vaccines and antibiotics could prevent whooping...
Asthma: Asthma and the Weather
Does the weather affect your asthma? Find out how heat, cold and thunderstorms can make it hard to breathe -- and what you can do...
A Cold or The Flu? How to Tell the Difference
Discover the difference between cold vs. flu symptoms. Learn the difference between cold and flu symptoms. Read about cold and...
Cold, Flu, & Cough: How to Clean After Illness
This slideshow gives you a room-by-room look at how and what to disinfect after someone in your family has been sick.
What is Asthma? Asthma Myths Debunked
What are asthma myths and facts? There is currently no cure for asthma, and no specific, single cause for asthma has been...
Allergies: Myths and Facts About Seasonal Allergies
Seasonal allergy symptoms are hard. Do deserts prevent allergies? What can allergies do to your body? What is an allergen? Adult...
Cold, Flu, and Cough: Things That Suppress Your Immune System
A strong immune system is your best protection against infections and illnesses. Find out what can weaken that defense.
Allergies: Common Plants and Trees That Trigger Allergies
Find out more about which plants and trees might be producing pollen that is causing your itchy eyes and a runny nose.
Cold, Flu, and Cough: How to Avoid Infectious Diseases
The right habits will lower your chances of catching an infectious disease. Learn what you can do to help yourself stay healthy.
Germs: Everyday Items with the Most Bacteria
Explore the germiest places you may encounter daily. Bacteria is everywhere. Learn tips to avoid germs and bacteria in public...
Cold and Flu: The Truth About Hand Sanitizer
Hand sanitizers are a convenient way to kill germs. But do they really work? Here's what we found.
Itchy Eyes? Top 13 Ways to Tame Eye Allergies
Do you need eye drops? Eye allergies, or allergic conjunctivitis, cause itchy eyes and other allergic symptoms. Avoiding...
Dangerous Allergies: Anaphylaxis and Life-Threatening Allergy Triggers
Common allergy triggers may provoke anaphylaxis. Hives, tongue swelling, face swelling, rashes, low blood pressure, rapid and...
Asthma: Common Inhaler Mistakes
An inhaler helps you breathe better, but you might not be getting the full effect. Find out how to get the most out of your...
Asthma Attacks: Triggers, Symptoms, and Treatment
Asthma symptoms include coughing, wheezing, headache, fatigue, dark circles under the eyes, trouble sleeping, and loss of...
Preparing for Severe Allergies at School
Help your child manage and prepare for severe allergies at school. Protect your child from food allergies, insect stings, and...
10 Worst Smog Cities in America
Learn the worst smog cities in America. See the 10 cities with the most polluted, unclean and smoggy air.
Cold and Flu: What Doctors Do to Boost Their Immune Systems
How can you make your immune system stronger? Why not try what the pros try?
Asthma: Natural Ways to Ease Asthma Symptoms
You can do more than take medication to manage your asthma. Several other things can help you breathe more easily.
Cold, Flu, & Cough: Symptoms of Immune System Problems
Your immune system is your main line of defense against infection and illness. Learn the warning signs that yours isn’t working...
12 Natural Ways to Defeat Allergies
Allergies making you miserable? WebMD shows you a dozen natural allergy treatments, from fresh fruit and vitamin D to acupuncture...
Related Disease Conditions
Cough: 19 Tips on How to Stop a Cough
Coughing is a reflex that helps a person clear their airways of irritants. There are many causes of an excessive or severe cough including irritants like cigarette and secondhand smoke, pollution, air fresheners, medications like beta blockers and ACE inhibitors, the common cold, GERD, lung cancer, and heart disease.Natural and home remedies to help cure and soothe a cough include staying hydrated, gargle salt water, use cough drops or lozenges, use herbs and supplements like ginger, mint, licorice, and slippery elm, and don't smoke. Over-the-counter products (OTC)to cure and soothe a cough include cough suppressants and expectorants, and anti-reflux drugs. Prescription drugs that help cure a cough include narcotic medications, antibiotics, inhaled steroids, and anti-reflux drugs like proton pump inhibitors or PPIs, for example, omeprazole (Prilosec), rabeprazole (Aciphex), and pantoprazole (Protonix).
The common cold (viral upper respiratory tract infection) is a contagious illness that may be caused by various viruses. Symptoms include a stuffy nose, headache, cough, sore throat, and maybe a fever. Antibiotics have no effect upon the common cold, and there is no evidence that zinc and vitamin C are effective treatments.
Do Cold Sores Mean You Have an STD?
Having a cold sore does not necessarily mean you have an STD. Most cold sores are caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), which typically is not transmitted by sexual contact.
Pimple vs. Cold Sore
Pimples are areas of skin inflammation with pus in the center. Cold sores are fluid-filled blisters. Pimples are caused by bacterial overgrowth and inflammation. Cold sores are caused by infection with herpes simplex viruses (HSV-1 and HSV-2). Benzoyl peroxide and sometimes antibiotics treat acne. Antiviral medications accelerate the healing process of oral herpes.
Cold Sores (Oral Herpes, Herpes Labialis)
Cold sores (labial herpes) are caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 infection and often appear on the mouth and lips. Read about treatment causes, symptoms, treatment, and diagnosis of oral herpes.
An allergy refers to a misguided reaction by our immune system in response to bodily contact with certain foreign substances. When these allergens come in contact with the body, it causes the immune system to develop an allergic reaction in people who are allergic to it. It is estimated that 50 million North Americans are affected by allergic conditions. The parts of the body that are prone to react to allergies include the eyes, nose, lungs, skin, and stomach. Common allergic disorders include hay fever, asthma, allergic eyes, allergic eczema, hives, and allergic shock.
Chronic cough is a cough that does not go away and is generally a symptom of another disorder such as asthma, allergic rhinitis, sinus infection, cigarette smoking, GERD, postnasal drip, bronchitis, pneumonia, medications, and less frequently tumors or other lung disease. Chronic cough treatment is based on the cause, but may be soothed natural and home remedies.
Why Am I Coughing Up Bloody Mucus?
Coughing up blood may be caused by benign conditions such as a throat infection or very serious conditions such as lung cancer. Learn when to go to the ER.
Cold and Cough Medicine for Infants and Children
The safety of giving infants and children over-the-counter (OTC) cold and cough medicine is important for caregivers to understand. While there is no "gold standard" recommendation for giving infants and children OTC cold and cough medicine for fever, aches, cough, and runny nose, a few standards have been recommended.
Is It Common to Get a Cold During Early Pregnancy?
It is common to get a cold and the flu during pregnancy. Find out if it affects the baby and how to take care of yourself.
How Do I Stop a COVID-19 Cough?
Cough is a symptom of COVID-19 that can linger for weeks even after the infection has cleared up. Here are 9 tips for stopping a COVID-19 cough.
Can You Take Tylenol Cold and Flu While Breastfeeding?
Tylenol is a well-known brand of acetaminophen and it is safe and effective for fever and pain.A void combined products like Tylenol Cold and Flu while you are breastfeeding.
Adenovirus 14 (Killer Cold Virus)
Adenovirus infection, particularly Ad14, or the "killer cold virus" has been on the increase in the past two years. Symptoms range from those experienced with colds, sore throat, bronchitis, pneumonia, diarrhea, pinkeye, fever, bladder infection, and neurological conditions. Diagnosis and treatment options need to be discussed with your physician.
Common Cold: Early Signs and 4 Stages
The common cold or viral rhinitis is an upper respiratory infection caused by several types of viruses. It is one of the most common infectious diseases affecting humans. A common cold may typically follow a certain pattern of progression that has four different stages.
Is a Cough Contagious?
There are many types of coughs: for example, dry cough, wet cough, a barking cough, whooping cough, stress induced cough, acute cough, and chronic cough. Cough is a symptom of an underlying condition or disease. Treatment of cough as a symptom is generally with OTC lozenges and liquids. The cause of the cough will be necessary to treat.
COPD vs. Asthma (Differences and Similarities)
COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) and asthma both have common symptoms like coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and a tight feeling in the chest. COPD is caused by tobacco smoking, while asthma is caused by your inherited genetic makeup and their interactions with the environment. Risk factors for asthma are obesity, exposure to cigarette smoke (even secondhand smoke), and personal history of hay fever. There is no cure for either disease, but symptoms can be managed with medication. A person with asthma has a better prognosis and life expectancy than someone with COPD.
How Cold Is Too Cold to Go Outside?
Human body is capable of maintaining a steady core temperature between 97°F and 99°F. However, it is essential to layer up in cold weather and wear comfortable clothes in warm weather, so that we stay protected from extremes of temperature.
How Do You Get Rid of a Cold Overnight?
Cold symptoms are part of your body’s healing processes. Most of the time, it does not require any help. However, you can get rid of a cold faster, even overnight, by resting, drinking hot fluids, blowing your nose, gargling with salt water, taking a hot shower, using a humidifier and taking OTC pain relievers and decongestants.
How Long Is a Cold or Flu Contagious?
Viruses cause the common cold and the flu. Early symptoms and signs for a cold and the flu are similar, however, flu symptoms are typically more severe than cold symptoms. Cold and flu viruses are transmitted typically via coughing or sneezing.
How Can I Stop Dry Cough at Night?
Dry coughing at night can disrupt your sleep and make you drowsy the next day. Learn about why dry coughing at night occurs and how you can stop or ease symptoms.
Asthma is a condition in which hyperreactive airways constrict and result in symptoms like wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath. Causes of asthma include genetics, environmental factors, personal history of allergies, and other factors. Asthma is diagnosed by a physician based on a patient's family history and results from lung function tests and other exams. Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and long-acting bronchodilators (LABAs) are used in the treatment of asthma. Generally, the prognosis for a patient with asthma is good. Exposure to allergens found on farms may protect against asthma symptoms.
What Can I Take for a Cough While Pregnant?
Seasonal flu, colds, and allergies are common ailments affecting most people all round the year. You must always be cautious of any medication that you take. This is especially true in pregnancy and during breastfeeding, given the effects these drugs may have on the unborn or breastfed child.
How Can I Get Rid of a Cold While Breastfeeding?
The common cold is a viral infection that affects your nose and throat. There is no cure for the cold while breastfeeding, so you’ll need to give it time to clear up.
What Happens if a Pregnant Woman Gets a Cold?
Having an ordinary cold shouldn't be harmful to the baby or mother. Pregnant women are highly likely to pick up a cold at some time during pregnancy because it's normal to catch two or three colds a year. A healthy lifestyle is a must to keep the immune system strong and to prevent colds.
Are Cold Sores (Fever Blisters) Contagious?
About 20% of cases of cold sores are caused by herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), and approximately 80% of cold sores are caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). Cold sores are transmitted by sharing utensils and razors, kissing, and oral sex. There is no cure for cold sores.
How Do I Stop Sneezing and a Runny Nose?
When you have a cold, certain chemicals (histamines) are secreted by your body; these may lead to sneezing, a runny nose, and watery eyes.
Is It Better to Drink Cold Water or Room Temperature Water?
The effects of drinking both room temperature and cold water vary by person, specifically by health, age, and the amount being consumed.
COVID-19 vs. Flu vs. Cold
When you're feeling sick, it can be difficult to distinguish the symptoms of a COVID-19 infection from the symptoms of the common cold or the flu (influenza). While fever is common with the flu and COVID-19, sneezing is typically only associated with colds. Though sore throats are typical with colds, they are uncommon with COVID-19 infections and the flu.
How Can I Treat My Child's Asthma at Home?
Treatment of a child's asthma involves following an action plan developed in consultation with your child's pediatrician. Severe asthmatic attacks require immediate medical attention and treatment at the hospital.
What Is the Fastest Way to Cure Kennel Cough?
You can hasten your dog’s recovery from kennel cough by making sure the animal gets plenty of rest, takes enough fluids, and eats a nutritious diet.
Hay Fever (Allergic Rhinitis)
Hay fever (allergic rhinitis) is an irritation of the nose caused by pollen and is associated with the following allergic symptoms: nasal congestion, runny nose, sneezing, eye and nose itching, and tearing eyes. Avoidance of known allergens is the recommended treatment, but if this is not possible, antihistamines, decongestants, and nasal sprays may help alleviate symptoms.
Are Cold Sores the Same as Herpes?
What is the difference between cold sores and herpes? Cold sores are painful, unsightly sores that usually pop up around your mouth. Certain medications, home care and alternative therapies may help you get rid of cold sores fast.
Asthma Over-the-Counter Treatment
Patients who have infrequent, mild bouts of asthma attacks may use over-the-counter (OTC) medications to treat their asthma symptoms. OTC asthma medicines are limited to epinephrine and ephedrine. These OTC drugs are best used with the guidance of a physician, as there may be side effects and the drugs may not be very effective.
Whooping Cough (Pertussis)
Whooping cough (pertussis) is a highly contagious respiratory infection caused by the bacteria Bordetella pertussis. There are an estimated 300,000 plus deaths annually from whooping cough (pertussis). Whooping cough commonly affects infants and young children but can be prevented with immunization with the vaccine. First stage whooping cough symptoms are a runny nose, sneezing, low-grade fever, a mild cough with the cough gradually becoming more severe. After one to two weeks, the second stage of whooping cough begins.
Does Being Cold Make Your Muscles Ache?
Cold weather can tighten the muscles and joints, leading to muscle aches and pain.
How Can I Stop My Child From Coughing?
Treatment for cough is not recommended unless the cough interferes with the child’s sleep or activity or is accompanied by a fever. Different age groups of children require different therapies to stop them from coughing. Some good home remedies to treat cough in children include honey, warm milk, hydration, steam inhalation, resting, saline nose drops and other strategies.
Cold vs. Flu
Though the common cold and flu share many signs and symptoms, they are caused by different viruses. Signs and symptoms include sneezing, sore throat, runny nose, fatigue, and cough. Treatment options for the cold and flu are similar and focus on reducing symptoms. Doctors may prescribe antivirals/neuraminidase inhibitors for the flu.
Can Asthma Damage Your Lungs?
Asthma inflames the inner lining of the respiratory tubes and tightens the smooth muscles surrounding the airways, and can cause irreversible damage to your lungs if the condition is not controlled well.
What Is the Treatment for Asthmatic Bronchitis?
Asthmatic bronchitis refers to inflammation of the bronchial tubes carrying air inside the lungs that occurs because of asthma. Treatment for asthmatic bronchitis involves bronchodilators, steroids, treating secretions, leukotriene inhibitors, antibiotics, oxygen administration and avoiding triggers.
Cold, Flu, Allergy Treatments
Before treating a cold, the flu, or allergies with over-the-counter (OTC) medications, it's important to know what's causing the symptoms, which symptoms one wishes to relieve, and the active ingredients in the OTC product. Taking products that only contain the medications needed for relieving your symptoms prevents ingestion of unnecessary medications and reduces the chances of side effects.
There are two types of asthma medications: long-term control with anti-inflammatory drugs and quick relief from bronchodilators. Asthma medicines may be inhaled using a metered-dose inhaler or nebulizer or they may be taken orally. People with high blood pressure, diabetes, thyroid disease, or heart disease shouldn't take OTC asthma drugs like Primatene Mist and Bronkaid.
How Do I Get Rid of a Cold Sore Overnight?
You cannot get rid of cold sores overnight. There is no cure for cold sores. However, to speed up the healing time of a cold sore, you can consult with your doctor and take prescription medications such as antiviral tablets and creams. A cold sore may go away without treatment within a week or two.
What Causes Sudden Allergies in Adults?
Can you develop allergies as an adult? Learn about what causes sudden adult-onset allergies and how you can recognize the symptoms.
What Part of the Body Loses the Most Heat in Cold Water?
Due to a higher blood flow in the head and neck than in the rest of the body, 40 to 45 percent of body heat is lost through the head and neck.
Genital Herpes and Cold Sores: 10 Myths and Facts
Genital herpes and cold sores (oral herpes) are the names given to two types of infection caused by the two types of herpes simplex virus (HSV): HSV-1 and HSV-2.
Children's Cough Causes and Treatments
Children's cough causes include infection, acid reflux, asthma, allergies or sinus infection, whooping cough, and exposure to irritants. Treatment for a child's cough include cough medicine for children over the age of four.
How Long Does Asthmatic Bronchitis Last?
The duration of the disease usually depends on the patient’s overall health and age. In patients with acute bronchitis symptoms may last less than 10 days. In patients with severe asthmatic bronchitis, the symptoms are recurrent and usually last between 30 days to even 2 years with flares and remissions.
Is Drinking Cold Water Bad?
About 60 percent of the body is made up of water. It forms a major part of the blood. The cells and the body cannot function right if the water levels go down. Drinking cold water often causes “cold stress” in the body.
What Is the Fastest Way To Cure a Cough?
Learn what medical treatments can help ease your cough symptoms and speed up your recovery.
Asthma in Children
Asthma in children manifests with symptoms such as coughing and wheezing. Rates of asthma in children are increasing. Asthma in children is usually diagnosed based on the description of symptoms. Lung function tests may also be used. A variety of medications are used for the treatment of childhood asthma.
Sinus Infection vs. Cold
Viruses cause the common cold and most sinus infections. Bacterial and fungal infections may also cause a sinus infection. Signs and symptoms of colds and sinus infections include nasal irritation or dryness, sore throat, stuffy nose, nasal discharge/congestion, sneezing, and cough. Additional symptoms of sinus infections include sinus pressure behind the cheeks or eyes, facial pain when pressure is applied, bad breath, and thick yellow or green mucus. Treatment focuses on symptom relief.
Can Congestion Be the Only Symptom of COVID-19?
Congestion can be the only symptom of COVID-19 in some cases.
Adult-onset asthma is asthma that is diagnosed in people over 20 years of age. Symptoms include wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath and difficulty breathing. Treatment may involve anti-inflammatory medications or bronchodilators.
What Is Asthma? 19 Complex Facts
There are many unusual symptoms of asthma, including sighing, difficulty sleeping, anxiety, chronic cough, recurrent walking pneumonia, and rapid breathing. These symptoms may vary from individual to individual. These asthma complexities make it difficult to accurately diagnose and treat asthma.
Sinus Infection vs. Allergies
Both sinus infections and allergies (allergic rhinitis) cause symptoms such as runny or stuffy nose and fatigue. Sinus infection (known as sinusitis) is inflammation of the sinuses, caused by infection from bacteria, viruses, and/or fungi (molds). Allergic rhinitis occurs when certain allergies cause nasal symptoms. When a person with allergies breathes in an allergen, such as pollen, dust, or animal dander, symptoms such as runny or stuffy nose, itching, sneezing, and fatigue occur.
How Long Does Whooping Cough Last?
What is whooping cough and how long does whooping cough last? Learn more about whooping cough and how to recover from whooping cough.
Is It a Cold or a Sinus Infection?
A sinus infection, also known as sinusitis or rhinosinusitis, is a condition in which the delicate membranes that line the sinuses may get swollen and become red. A cold or common cold is a viral infection. It affects the upper respiratory system, which includes the nose, mouth, throat, and lungs.
What Is Neutrophilic Asthma?
Neutrophilic asthma is a type of severe asthma in which there is a high neutrophil count in your sputum. Learn about treatment options.
What Is the Difference Between Allergy and Hay Fever?
Hay fever is a type of allergy that occurs in response to specific allergens and typically lasts for months. Learn more about allergies vs. hay fever.
COVID-19 vs. Allergies
Though there is some overlap in allergy and COVID-19 signs and symptoms there are also significant differences. Symptoms that they have in common include headache, fatigue, tiredness, shortness of breath, wheezing, and sore throat. Fever does not occur with allergies but is one of the defining symptoms of COVID-19 infections.
What Is the Best Treatment for Whooping Cough?
Learn what medical treatments can help ease your whooping cough symptoms and speed up your recovery.
What Can You Take for a Cold While Pregnant?
You may take over-the-counter (OTC) treatment after consulting with the physician because these are generally safe. OTC medications for colds and flus include acetaminophen, guaifenesin syrup and saline nasal drops or spray. You can also use natural remedies to treat a cold during pregnancy.
How Serious Is Whooping Cough in Adults?
What is whooping cough (pertussis) and how serious is it for adults? Learn causes, symptoms and treatments.
Can Asthma Go Away on Its Own?
Asthma is a long-term condition for many people, particularly if it first develops when you're an adult. In children, it sometimes goes away or improves during the teenage years, but can come back later in life.
How Can Teens Cope With A Cold?
Usually, teens have a healthy immune system to cope with common cold. Getting plenty of rest and drinking lots of fluids can ease the symptoms.
Emphysema, Chronic Bronchitis, and Colds
If you have a COPD such as emphysema, avoiding chronic bronchitis and colds is important to avoid a more severe respiratory infection such as pneumonia. Avoiding cigarette smoking, practice good hygeine, stay away from crowds, and alerting your healthcare provider if you have a sinus infection or cold or cough that becomes worse. Treatment options depend upon the severity of the emphysema, bronchitis, or cold combination.
Is Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Contagious?
Whooping cough (pertussis) is a highly contagious respiratory infection caused by Bordetella pertussis. Whooping cough symptoms include severe coughing fits and whooping sound produced during inhalation. The bacteria spreads via airborne droplets produced during sneezing or coughing. There is a whooping cough vaccine that is typically administered during childhood vaccinations.
What Is the Main Cause of Bronchial Asthma?
The main cause of bronchial asthma is genetic makeup interacting with environmental triggers which produce symptoms such as severe attacks that can only be treated with short-lived relief that does not prevent a recurrence.
What Is the Fastest Way to Fix Seasonal Allergies?
Seasonal allergies are common and tend to ramp up during the spring and summer. Learn about how to get rid of seasonal allergies fast with these 13 home remedies.
What Are the Four Types of Asthma?
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways (bronchi). Bronchi generally allow for the passage of air in and out of the lungs. In asthma, these airways develop hypersensitivity, inflammation, and narrowing. This causes difficulty in breathing. The four types are mild intermittent, mild persistent, moderate persistent, and severe persistent.
Can You Exercise With Exercise-Induced Asthma?
You can continue exercise and normal physical activity even after being diagnosed with exercise-induced asthma (EIA).
What Are the Symptoms of Eosinophilic Asthma?
Eosinophilic asthma is a type of asthma that is hard to manage and quite severe. Here are the symptoms of this respiratory condition.
What Can Trigger a Cold Sore?
After you get infected with HSV, it lies inactively in the nerve cells inside your skin and may appear as another cold sore at the same place as before.
What Causes Nose Allergies?
Nose allergies can be caused by irritants such as pollen, animal dander, and household dust. Learn about symptoms, treatment, and prevention.
How Long Does a Cold Last?
Most often, a common cold lasts anywhere from 5 to 10 days in length.
Can Asthma Be Genetic?
While asthma genes are inherited in families, the risks of developing the condition are half due to genetic susceptibility and half due to environmental factors.
What 5 Things Signal an Asthma Attack?
Understand the five symptoms of an asthma attack to better get the treatment you need during an episode.
How Do You Know If Your Child Has Whooping Cough?
Whooping cough is a common issue that affects many children. Learn the signs of whooping cough, what causes it, how doctors diagnose it, and what you can do to treat it.
What Are the Symptoms of E-Asthma?
Symptoms of E-asthma, also called eosinophilic asthma, can include chronic rhinosinusitis, asthma attacks, nasal polyps, wheezing, and more.
What Can I Do for My Baby’s Cough?
Cough can cause significant discomfort to a baby. The baby may also have difficulty relaxing and sleeping. Numerous illnesses can cause cough as a primary symptom. Coughing is the result of the baby’s airway being affected or irritated.
How Do I Get Rid of My Toddler's Cough?
Cough is one of the common complaints in toddlers. Get rid of your toddler's cough by making sure your child rests, stays hydrated, takes over-the-counter pain medication, uses nasal spray and uses a humidifier or steam to provide relief.
What Do You Give a Child With a Cold?
Unfortunately, there is no cure for the common cold. Antibiotics may be used to fight bacterial infections, but they have no effect on viruses.
When to See a Doctor When Your Baby Has a Cold
If your baby has a cold, signs that it may be time to see a doctor include poor feeding, dehydration, breathing difficulties, ear pain, and more.
What Is Winter Asthma?
Why is your asthma worse in the colder months? Learn about causes of winter asthma and what you can do now to create an action plan.
Should I Exercise Outside if I Have Allergies?
An allergy is a condition in which the immune system overresponds to a foreign substance. With the right treatment and precautions, you can completely eliminate allergy flare-ups during your outdoor workout.
What Is Good for a Child's Cold?
The common cold is one of the main reasons for missing schools in children and missing work in adults. Children are affected more commonly with cold than adults, who may have an average of two to three colds each year.
What Is the Best Treatment for Asthma?
Depending on the severity of your asthma, treatment may include quick-relief or controller medicines, a combination of both or the use of biologics.
What Helps Sinus Congestion and Pain?
Sinus congestion and pain can be relieved at home by keeping your nasal passages moist and taking over-the-counter medications that help reduce inflammation.
Why Are Allergies So Bad Right Now 2021?
Scientists believe that allergies are getting worse because of climate change.
How Do You Tell If Your Child Has Allergies or a Cold?
Colds and allergies have different causes, but both involve the body's immune system. Since the symptoms of allergies and the symptoms of a cold overlap, it can be hard to tell which one your child has.
How Do You Know if You Have Asthma or Not?
Your doctor may diagnose you with asthma based upon your signs and symptoms and after performing a physical exam and certain tests.
Is My Sore Throat Allergies or COVID-19?
Sore throat can be a symptom of allergies or COVID-19, and it can be difficult to tell which one you have. Understanding the difference between these two illnesses can help.
How Do You Know if Your Baby Has Asthma?
Properly diagnosing and managing asthma in babies and young children can be challenging. However, be on the lookout for these signs and symptoms.
How to Identify Cold Symptoms in Children
When a child is sick, their way of showing it may not always be clear. Here’s what to look for to determine whether your child is sick with a cold.
What Is Severe Asthma?
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory lung disease caused due to the airway’s hypersensitive response to allergic stimuli. Severe asthma or status asthmaticus is defined as asthma that is uncontrolled, despite adherence with maximal optimized therapy and treatment of contributory factors or asthma that worsens when high dose treatment is decreased.
Can Fall Allergies Cause Sinus Headaches?
Fall allergies can cause symptoms such as sneezing, congestion, and sinus headache. Learn more about causes, treatment, and prevention of fall allergies.
What Class Is Severe Asthma?
Asthma is termed as a chronic inflammatory lung disease caused by the airway’s hypersensitive response to allergic stimuli (dust, pollen, pollution, smoke or unhygienic conditions). This results in the narrowing of airway passages, making it hard to breathe. It is often genetic and passed down from families and precipitated during childhood.
How Do You Treat a Cold Naturally?
Hundreds of viruses and bacteria can cause the common cold and flu. Most cases of cold and flu usually resolve in a week with simple home remedies and over the counter (OTC) medications. If there is no improvement in a few days, it is advised to consult a doctor.
How Is COVID-19 Different From Allergies?
COVID-19 symptoms are often similar to symptoms of seasonal allergies, so it is important to know how to tell the difference. Learn how to distinguish between the two.
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Runny Nose
- Nasal Congestion
- Chronic Cough
- Oral Herpes (Cold Sores)
- Common Cold
- Exercise-Induced Asthma
- Whooping Cough (Pertussis)
- Hay Fever
- Allergies- Easing Sneezing: House Cleaning Tips
- Asthma, Controlling Your
- Allergy: Winning the War Against Allergies
- Asthma Control: Know Your Score
- Killer Cold Virus Infection
- Occupational Asthma
- Allergies, Control Your Spring
- Asthma and Allergies and Your Child
- Allergies: Mold and More:Battling Indoor Allergens
- Asthma: Managing Exercise-Induced Asthma
- Whooping Cough: On the Rise
- Allergies FAQs
- Cold & Flu FAQs
- Asthma FAQs
- Common Cold FAQs
- Hay Fever: Managing Hay Fever Symptoms
- What if I Get COVID-19 with Asthma?
- Killer Cold Virus (Adenovirus Strains)
- Colds: 10 Tips to Prevent The Common Cold
- Allergies: Don't Sneeze at Allergy Relief
- Common Cold . . . Social Ties Decrease Risk
- Methotrexate Spares Steroids in Asthmatics
- Colds: Zinc For Colds...Jury Still Out!
- Asthma Rates Increasing
- Cough, Cold, Weight Loss Drug Dangerous - Warning
- Exercise Preventing Asthma?
- Asthma in Women, Asthma in Pregnancy
- Air Pollution and Allergies: A Connection?
- What Can You Give a Toddler for Severe Cough?
- Can Asthma Go Away and Come Back?
- What Are the Side Effects of Asthma Inhalers?
- Does Altitude Affect Asthma?
- What Does It Mean When Children Cough up Sulfur Granules?
- What Is Exercise-Induced Asthma?
- How Long Does It Take Strep to Go Away?
- How Do You Treat Whooping Cough in Adults?
- Can Asthma Medication Hide Churg-Strauss Syndrome?
- What Is the Treatment for Hay Fever?
- How Long Does Bronchitis Cough Last?
- What Causes a Chronic Cough in Winter?
- Best Exercises for Asthma: Yoga, Swimming, Biking, and Walking
- Does Stress Cause Asthma?
- Can Asthma Cause a Heart Attack?
- Can You Cough to Give Yourself CPR?
- What Kind of Cold Medicine Can Diabetics Take?
- Whooping Cough Symptoms
- What Causes Asthma?
- Cold Sore Treatment
- OTC Cold and Cough Medications
- When to Call the Doctor for Fever, Nausea, Diarrhea, Colds, and Coughs
- Air Travel, Colds, and Sinus Infections
Medications & Supplements
Prevention & Wellness
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.