- Side Effects
- Drug Interactions
- Pregnancy & Breastfeeding
- What Else to Know
Generic Name: bromocriptine
Brand Names: Cycloset, Parlodel
What is bromocriptine, and what is it used for?
Bromocriptine is a medication used to treat hyperprolactinemia, a condition with high blood levels of the hormone prolactin, and associated disorders.
Hyperprolactinemia is often caused by large tumors in the pituitary gland that secrete prolactin (macroprolactinoma). Bromocriptine is also used in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease, excessive growth or gigantism (acromegaly), and type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Bromocriptine is a semisynthetic ergot alkaloid that works by enhancing the activity of dopamine, a chemical (neurotransmitter) released by nerve cells (neurons) in the brain to transmit signals. Dopamine is an important hormone/neurotransmitter that has multiple functions including regulation of movement, memory, motivation, and pleasure. Dopamine also regulates the release and activity of other hormones including prolactin and growth hormones.
Bromocriptine enhances dopamine activity by stimulating dopamine receptors, protein molecules on neurons that respond to dopamine and activate appropriate downstream actions. Enhancing dopamine activity reduces the secretion of prolactin and growth hormones. It is not clear how bromocriptine works in controlling blood glucose levels, but it appears effective in reducing blood glucose and triglycerides in patients with insulin-resistant diabetes.
Two brands of bromocriptine are approved by the FDA, Cycloset for diabetes and Parlodel for all the other indications. The FDA-approved uses of bromocriptine are:
- Treatment of hyperprolactinemia, a condition with high blood levels of prolactin, a hormone that regulates menstruation, sperm production and lactation
- Treatment of hyperprolactinemia-associated dysfunctions in adults, including:
- Adjunctive treatment to dopamine in Parkinson’s disease, a progressive neurological disorder that affects movement
- Treatment of acromegaly, a condition that causes excessive growth of bones in face, hands, and feet due to high levels of growth hormones in adulthood
- Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (off-label), a rare life-threatening reaction to antipsychotic (neuroleptic) drugs
- Do not prescribe bromocriptine to patients with known hypersensitivity to any ergot alkaloids, bromocriptine, or any of its components.
- Do not use bromocriptine (Parlodel) in the following conditions:
- Do not use bromocriptine (Cycloset) in the following conditions:
- Hypertension, myocardial infarction, seizures, and stroke have been reported in postpartum women. If it is necessary to use bromocriptine in postpartum women, the patient should be monitored closely.
- Use bromocriptine with caution in patients with:
- Bromocriptine treatment should be withdrawn gradually whenever possible.
- Discontinuation of dopamine agonists including bromocriptine can cause withdrawal symptoms such as anxiety, depression, apathy, fatigue, insomnia, sweating, and pain. Patients should be informed and monitored, and if withdrawal symptoms are severe, re-administration in low doses may be considered.
- Bromocriptine can cause drowsiness, particularly in Parkinson’s patients, and hypotensive episodes. Caution patients appropriately.
Cautions specific to Parlodel:
- Avoid using for prevention of physiological lactation.
- Use with caution in patients with a history of psychosis.
- Avoid use in patients with galactose intolerance, severe lactase deficiency, or glucose-galactose malabsorption.
- In patients who have undergone surgery for removal of pituitary tumor or undergoing Parlodel treatment for hyperprolactinemia related to prolactinoma, persistent watery nasal discharge may be a sign of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage.
- Tumor size should be monitored in patients with prolactinoma and Parlodel should be discontinued if the tumor expands.
- Macroprolactinoma often causes visual field impairment. Patients on Parlodel therapy should be monitored for improvement in visual impairment.
- Patients with acromegaly receiving bromocriptine therapy may experience cold-related vasospasm in fingers and toes.
- Patients with a history of peptic ulcer disease or gastrointestinal bleeding should be monitored carefully during Parlodel therapy.
- High doses of Parlodel may cause confusion and mental disturbance, and mild dementia in patients with Parkinson’s disease. Use with caution.
- Parlodel may cause auditory and visual hallucinations. If hallucinations do not resolve with dose reduction of Parlodel, discontinue therapy.
- Patients treated with anti-Parkinson’s medications may experience intense sexual urges and urges to gamble or spend money uncontrollably. Caution the patients and their caregivers appropriately.
- Some patients on long-term therapy have developed inflammation and scarring in the abdominal cavity (retroperitoneal fibrosis).
- Studies show that patients with Parkinson’s disease have a higher risk of developing melanoma, a type of skin cancer. It is not clear whether it is due to the condition or the treatment, monitor Parkinson’s patients periodically for melanoma.
Cautions specific to Cycloset:
- Hypotension, including orthostatic hypotension, can occur with Cycloset therapy, particularly upon initiation. Advise patients appropriately and use with caution in patients on anti-hypertensive therapy.
- Chronic use of Cycloset may cause cardiac valve fibrosis.
- Cycloset may exacerbate the condition in patients with psychotic disorder or diminish the effectiveness of the drugs used to treat the disorder, avoid use.
- Do not administer Cycloset concurrently with dopamine receptor antagonists.
- Avoid concomitant use with other dopamine agonists.
What are the side effects of bromocriptine?
Common side effects include:
- Nasal inflammation (rhinitis)
- Weakness (asthenia)
- Indigestion (dyspepsia)
- Loss of appetite (anorexia)
- Lazy eye (amblyopia)
- Sinus inflammation (sinusitis)
- Flu syndrome
- Drowsiness (somnolence)
- Drop in blood pressure when standing up from sitting or lying down (orthostatic hypotension)
Less common side effects include:
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
- Heart attack (myocardial infarction)
- Psychotic and psychiatric disorders
- Scar-tissue (fibrotic) complications including:
- Movement disorder symptoms like those caused by antipsychotic drugs (neuroleptic malignant syndrome-like symptoms)
Common side effects include:
- Abdominal cramps and discomfort
- Loss of appetite (anorexia)
- Indigestion (dyspepsia)
- Gastrointestinal bleeding
- Dry mouth
- Low blood pressure (hypotension)
- Postural (orthostatic) hypotension
- Faint feeling
- Fainting (syncope)
- Nasal congestion
- Vasospasm in fingers and toes
- Exacerbation of Raynaud’s syndrome
- Abnormal involuntary movements (dyskinesia)
- “On-off” phenomenon with mobility
- Weakness (asthenia)
- Impairment of co-ordination, balance and speech (ataxia)
- Visual disturbance
- Shortness of breath
Less common side effects include:
- Blurred vision
- Eyelid twitches (blepharospasm)
- Ringing in the ears (tinnitus)
- Swelling of feet and ankles (peripheral edema)
- Skin redness and burning sensation in the extremities (erythromelalgia)
- Skin rash
- Mottling of skin
- Allergic skin reactions
- Hair loss
- Daytime drowsiness
- Sudden onset of sleep
- Psychomotor agitation
- Psychotic disorders
- Increased libido
- Epileptiform seizure
- Abnormal skin sensations (paresthesia)
- Tingling of fingers
- Cold feet
- Muscle cramps in feet and legs
- Urinary frequency
- Urinary incontinence
- Urinary retention
- Inflammation of the membrane around the heart (pericarditis)
- Pericardial effusion
- Cardiac valve thickening (fibrosis)
- Rapid or slow heart rate (tachycardia/bradycardia)
- Irregular heart rhythm (arrhythmia)
- Fluid around the lungs (pleural effusion)
- Pleural fibrosis
- Pleural inflammation (pleurisy)
- Pulmonary fibrosis
- Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia)
- Gastrointestinal ulcer
- Retroperitoneal fibrosis
- Neuroleptic malignant syndrome-like symptoms on withdrawal of Parlodel
Call your doctor immediately if you experience any of the following symptoms or serious side effects while using this drug:
- Serious heart symptoms include fast or pounding heartbeats, fluttering in your chest, shortness of breath, and sudden dizziness;
- Severe headache, confusion, slurred speech, severe weakness, vomiting, loss of coordination, feeling unsteady;
- Severe nervous system reaction with very stiff muscles, high fever, sweating, confusion, fast or uneven heartbeats, tremors, and feeling like you might pass out; or
- Serious eye symptoms include blurred vision, tunnel vision, eye pain or swelling, or seeing halos around lights.
This is not a complete list of all side effects or adverse reactions that may occur from the use of this drug. Call your doctor for medical advice about serious side effects or adverse reactions. You may also report side effects or health problems to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
What are the dosages of bromocriptine?
- 2.5 mg
- 5 mg
- 0.8 mg
Hyperprolactinemia-Associated Dysfunctions (Parlodel)
- Indicated for treatment of dysfunctions associated with hyperprolactinemia including amenorrhea with or without galactorrhea, infertility, or hypogonadism; also indicated in patients with prolactin-secreting adenomas
- 1.25-2.5 mg orally every day initially; may increase by 2.5 mg/day every 2-7 days until optimal therapeutic response achieved
- Usual therapeutic dosage ranges from 2.5-15 mg/day
- Up to 30 mg/day has been used in some patients with amenorrhea and/or galactorrhea
Parkinson’s Disease (Parlodel)
- Indicated as adjunctive treatment to levodopa for the signs and symptoms of idiopathic/postencephalitic Parkinson’s disease
- 1.25 mg orally every 12 hours initially; may increase the dose by 2.5 mg/day every 2-4 weeks until optimal therapeutic response achieved
- Safety of dosage above 100 mg/day not established
- Indicated for acromegaly
- 1.25-2.5 mg orally every night at bedtime for 3 days initially; may increase by 1.25-2.5 mg/day every 3-7 days until optimal therapeutic response achieved
- Not to exceed 100 mg/day
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (Cycloset)
- Quick release formulation (Cycloset) is the only bromocriptine product indicated for type 2 diabetes mellitus as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control; there is currently no therapeutically equivalent generic version of Cycloset available in the United States
- 0.8 mg orally every day initially; may increase by 0.8-mg increments every week as tolerated
- Usual dosage ranges between 1.5-4.8 mg orally every day; not to exceed 4.8 mg (6 tablets)/day
- Note: Cycloset is not indicated for hyperprolactinemia, Parkinson’s disease, or acromegaly
- See Dosage Modifications (Cycloset) and Administration (Cycloset)
Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (Off-label, Parlodel)
- 2.5-5 mg orally 2-3 times/day; not to exceed 45 mg/day
- Hepatic impairment: Safety and efficacy has not been established; dosage adjustment may be necessary due to extensive hepatic metabolism; use with caution
- Renal impairment: Safety and efficacy has not been established
- Concomitant use with CYP3A4 inhibitor
- Dosage forms for Cycloset and Parlodel and not interchangeable
Limitations of use
- Not for the treatment of type 1 diabetes or diabetic ketoacidosis
- Limited efficacy data in combination with thiazolidinediones
- Efficacy has not been confirmed in combination with insulin
- Patients treated with pituitary irradiation should be withdrawn from Parlodel therapy on a yearly basis to assess both the clinical effects of radiation on the disease process and effects of Parlodel therapy; usual withdrawal period range, 4-8 weeks; recurrence of the signs/symptoms or increases in growth hormone indicate the disease is still active and further courses of Parlodel should be considered
- Children 10 years and below: Safety and efficacy not established
- Children 11-15 years: 1.25-2.5 mg orally every day initially; therapeutic dosage ranges from 2.5-10 mg/day and above; may need to increase the dose for optimal therapeutic response
- Children 16 years: Safety and efficacy not established
- See Administration (Parlodel)
- Take with food
- Take with food; administer within 2 hours after waking in the morning
- If dose is missed, wait until the next morning to take the medication
- Bromocriptine overdose can cause nausea, vomiting, constipation, excessive sweating (diaphoresis), dizziness, pallor, severe low blood pressure (hypotension), malaise, confusion, lethargy, drowsiness, delusions, hallucinations, and repetitive yawning.
- Treatment includes induced vomiting, gastric lavage, and administration of activated charcoal and saline purgative to eliminate the undigested drug. Hypotension may be treated with intravenous fluids and medications, if necessary.
What drugs interact with bromocriptine?
Inform your doctor of all medications you are currently taking, who can advise you on any possible drug interactions. Never begin taking, suddenly discontinue, or change the dosage of any medication without your doctor’s recommendation.
- Severe interactions of bromocriptine include:
- Bromocriptine has serious interactions with at least 57 different drugs.
- Bromocriptine has moderate interactions with at least 91 different drugs.
- Mild interactions of bromocriptine include:
- ruxolitinib topical
The drug interactions listed above are not all of the possible interactions or adverse effects. For more information on drug interactions, visit the RxList Drug Interaction Checker.
It is important to always tell your doctor, pharmacist, or health care provider of all prescription and over-the-counter medications you use, as well as the dosage for each, and keep a list of the information. Check with your doctor or health care provider if you have any questions about the medication.
Subscribe to MedicineNet's General Health Newsletter
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
- Available data do not show evidence of drug-related maternal or fetal adverse outcomes with the use of bromocriptine (Cycloset) to treat diabetes mellitus during pregnancy. Animal studies, however, do show the possibility of fetal harm. Poorly controlled diabetes in pregnancy can increase risks to both mother and fetus. Cycloset must be used in pregnancy only if clearly needed.
- Parlodel brand of bromocriptine is used to treat hyperprolactinemia, Parkinson’s, and acromegaly. The safety of Parlodel use in pregnancy is not established.
- In patients treated for hyperprolactinemia, Parlodel should be discontinued if pregnancy takes place.
- If Parlodel is reinstituted to control the growth of pituitary gland tumor (adenoma) and the patient experiences hypertensive disorder of pregnancy, treatment should be continued only if the benefits of therapy outweigh the risks from its use in a hypertensive state.
- When Parlodel is used to treat acromegaly, prolactinoma, or Parkinson’s disease in patients who subsequently become pregnant, therapy may be withdrawn if not medically necessary.
- Bromocriptine should not be used in nursing mothers.
What else should I know about bromocriptine?
- Take bromocriptine exactly as prescribed by your physician.
- Cycloset and Parlodel brands of bromocriptine are used to treat different conditions and are not interchangeable.
- Bromocriptine may cause dizziness, drowsiness, and fainting. Avoid hazardous tasks such as driving and operating heavy machinery while on treatment.
- During the initial period of treatment with Cycloset, make slow postural changes to avoid a sudden drop in blood pressure (hypotension).
- If you are taking Parlodel for macroadenoma after a previous surgery to remove a macroadenoma, report to your physician if you experience persistent watery nasal discharge.
- You may experience intense and uncontrollable sexual and other urges such as gambling and profligate spending while on Parlodel therapy. Exercise caution.
- Store bromocriptine safely out of reach of children.
- In case of overdose, seek immediate medical help or contact Poison Control.
Bromocriptine is a medication used to treat hyperprolactinemia, a condition with high blood levels of the hormone prolactin, and associated disorders. It is also used to treat Parkinson’s disease, excessive growth or gigantism (acromegaly), and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Common side effects of Cycloset include nausea, headache, dizziness, nasal inflammation (rhinitis), weakness (asthenia), fatigue, constipation, diarrhea, indigestion (dyspepsia), and others. Common side effects of Parlodel include nausea, headache, dizziness, constipation, diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal cramps and discomfort, loss of appetite (anorexia), indigestion (dyspepsia), gastrointestinal bleeding, and others. Cycloset must be used in pregnancy only if clearly needed. The safety of Parlodel use in pregnancy is not established. Bromocriptine should not be used in nursing mothers.
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Type 2 Diabetes: Signs, Symptoms, Treatments
Learn about type 2 diabetes warning signs, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options. Find out why thirst, headaches, and...
Type 1 Diabetes (T1D): Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, Vs. Type 2
What is type 1 diabetes? There are new treatments for juvenile diabetes, and more people with diabetes can be treated than ever...
Parkinson's Disease: Symptoms, Causes, Stages, Treatment
Discover the symptoms, causes, stages, and treatment options for Parkinson's disease. Learn more about the stages of Parkinson's...
Diabetes: 12 Ways Too Much Sugar Harms Your Body
The bitter truth: How too much sugar can harm your physical and mental health.
Diabetes: Best Foods for a Prediabetes Diet
Learn what to eat -- and possibly stop diabetes in in its tracks -- when you’ve been diagnosed with prediabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes: Test Your Medical IQ
What causes type 2 diabetes? Can it be prevented? Take this online quiz and challenge your knowledge of this common condition....
Parkinson's Disease Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ
Parkinson's disease is common among neurodegenerative disorders. Do you know how it works? The causes? The symptoms? Take the...
Diabetes Diet: 11 Low-Sugar Drink Ideas
Searching for low-sugar drink ideas? This pictures slideshow has eleven beverages ideal for people with diabetes and those...
Diabetes: Low-Carb Choices for Fast Food
Low carb and fast food don't often go together. Here's how to spot unhealthy carbs and make better choices from the menu.
Diabetes: Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy Treatment
This nerve damage is a common complication of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Find out how to prevent it, slow its progression,...
Related Disease Conditions
Normal Blood Sugar Levels In Adults with Diabetes
People with diabetes can manage and prevent low or high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia) by keeping a log of your blood sugar levels when you are eating and fasting and eat foods that are high in carbohydrates and sugar, for example, buttered potatoes, candy, sugary desserts, and fatty foods. Blood tests, for example, the hemoglobin A1c test (A1c test) and urinalysis can diagnose the type of diabetes the person has. Diabetes during pregnancy, called gestational diabetes, should be managed by you and your OB/GYN or another healthcare professional. Extremely high levels of blood glucose in the blood can be dangerous and life threatening if you have type 1, type 2, or gestational diabetes. If you or someone that you are with has extremely high blood glucose levels, call 911 or go to your nearest Urgent Care or Emergency Department immediately. To prevent and manage high blood glucose levels in people with diabetes keep a log of your blood sugar levels, eat foods that are high in carbohydrates sugar, for example, buttered potatoes, candy, sugary deserts, and fatty foods that you can share with your doctor and other healthcare professionals.
Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2)
Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes are referred to as type 1 (insulin dependent) and type 2 (non-insulin dependent). Symptoms of diabetes include increased urine output, thirst, hunger, and fatigue. Treatment of diabetes depends on the type.
Type 2 Diabetes Diet Plan
A type 2 diabetes diet or a type 2 diabetic diet is important for blood sugar (glucose) control in people with diabetes to prevent complications of diabetes. There are a variety of type 2 diabetes diet eating plans such as the Mediterranean diet, Paleo diet, ADA Diabetes Diet, and vegetarian diets.Learn about low and high glycemic index foods, what foods to eat, and what foods to avoid if you have type 2 diabetes.
Parkinson's disease is a slowly progressive neurological disease characterized by a fixed inexpressive face, a tremor at rest, slowing of voluntary movements, a gait with short accelerating steps, peculiar posture and muscle weakness, caused by degeneration of an area of the brain called the basal ganglia, and by low production of the neurotransmitter dopamine. Most patients are over 50, but at least 10 percent are under 40.
Diabetes-Related Dental Problems
Second Source WebMD Medical Reference
Type 2 Diabetes: Diagnosing Diabetes
Second Source WebMD Medical Reference
Diabetes Symptoms in Women
Diabetes symptoms in women include vaginal itching, pain, or discharge, loss of interest or pain after having sex, polycystic ovarian syndrome (POS), and urinary tract infections or UTIs (which are more common in women. Symptoms of diabetes that are the same in women and men are excessive thirst and hunger, bad breath, and skin infections, darkening of skin in areas of body creases (acanthosis nigricans), breath odor that is fruity, sweet, or acetone, and tingling or numbness in the hands or feet, blurred vision, fatigue, tingling or numbness in the hands or feet, wounds that heal slowly, irritability, and weight loss or gain. Complications of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are the same, for example, skin, eye, and circulation problems, low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), high blood sugar (hyperglycemia), ketoacidosis, and amputation. If diabetes is not managed a person may not survive.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that may be reversible with diet and lifestyle changes. Symptoms include excessive thirst, frequent urination, weight loss, fatigue, and an unusual odor to your urine. Most people don't know they have type 2 diabetes until they have a routine blood test. Treatment options include medications, a type 2 diabetes diet, and other lifestyle changes.
Diabetes Treatment: Medication, Diet, and Insulin
The major goal in treating diabetes is controlling elevated blood sugar without causing abnormally low levels of blood sugar. Type 1 diabetes is treated with: insulin, exercise, and a diabetic diet. Type 2 diabetes is first treated with: weight reduction, a diabetic diet, and exercise. When these measures fail to control the elevated blood sugar, oral medications are used. If oral medications are still insufficient, insulin medications are considered.
Diabetes Symptoms in Men
Early symptoms of diabetes are different in men, such as low testosterone. In many cases, prediabetes that will progress to type 2 diabetes if it is not treated early.
Type 1 vs. Type 2 Diabetes: Differences
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic condition in which a person's blood sugar (glucose) levels are too high. Over 29.1 million children and adults in the US have diabetes. Of that, 8.1 million people have diabetes and don't even know it. Type 1 diabetes (insulin-dependent, juvenile) is caused by a problem with insulin production by the pancreas. Type 2 diabetes (non-insulin dependent) is caused by: Eating a lot of foods and drinking beverages with simple carbohydrates (pizza, white breads, pastas, cereals, pastries, etc.) and simple sugars (donuts, candy, etc.) Consuming too many products with artificial sweeteners (We found out that they are bad for us!) Lack of activity Exercise Stress Genetics While the signs and symptoms of both types of diabetes are the same, which include: Increased urination Increased hunger Increased thirst Unexplained weight loss. However, the treatments are different. Type 1 diabetes is insulin dependent, which means a person with this type of diabetes requires treatment with insulin. People with type 2 diabetes require medication, lifestyle changes like eating a healthy diet, and getting regular exercise.
Diabetes and Safe Medications for Colds & Flu
If you have diabetes and catch a cold or the flu, can be more difficult to recover from infections and their complications, for example, pneumonia. Home remedies and over-the-counter (OTC) drugs used for the treatment of the signs and symptoms of colds and the flu may affect blood sugar levels in people with diabetes.Some medications are OK to take if you have diabetes get a cold or the flu include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs, like acetaminophen (Tylenol) and ibuprofen (Motrin) to control symptoms of fever and pain. Most cough syrups are safe to take; however, check with your pediatrician to see what medications are safe to give your child if he or she has type 1 or 2 diabetes. If you have diabetes and are sick with a cold or flu, you need to check your blood sugar levels more frequently. Continue taking your regular medications. Eat a diabetic low-glycemic index diet rich in antioxidants. To prevent colds and the flu drink at least eight 8 ounce glasses of water a day. To replenish fluids, drink sports drinks like Gatorade and Pedialyte to replenish electrolytes. Avoid people who are sick, sneezing, coughing, or have other symptoms of a cold or flu.
Which is Worse - Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes?
Learn about the similarities and differences between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes.
What Are the 5 Stages of Parkinson’s Disease?
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurological disease that affects movement. Learn about symptoms in each of the 5 stages.
How to Prevent Diabetes Naturally
Prediabetes is a condition in which a person has early symptoms of diabetes, but has not yet fully developed the condition. If prediabetes is not treated with lifestyle changes, the person could develop type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes and prediabetes can be prevented with lifestyle changes, for example, eating a healthy diet, getting more exercise, reducing stress, quitting smoking, reducing or managing blood pressure and cholesterol, and managing any other health conditions or risk factors that you may have for developing type 2 diabetes.
What Are the Early Signs of Diabetes?
The early signs of diabetes depend on if one has type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes usually occurs in children, whereas type 2 diabetes is prevalent in adults.
Can Parkinson’s Be Reversed With Diet?
Parkinson's disease cannot be reversed with diet, but dietary changes, exercise, and medications can help ease symptoms and slow the progression of the disease.
Types of Diabetes Type 2 Medications
Type 2 diabetes oral medications are prescribed to treat type 2 diabetes in conjuction with lifestyle changes like diet and exercise. There are nine classes of drugs approved for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Examples of type 2 oral diabetes medications include acarbose (Precose), chlorpropamide (Diabinese), glipizide (Glucotrol, Glucotrol XL), and metformin (Glucophage). Side effects, drug interactions, warnings and precautions, dosage, and breastfeeding and pregnancy safety information should be reviewed prior to taking any medication.
Parkinson's Disease: Eating Right
Eating a well-balanced and nutritional diet is very beneficial to people with Parkinson's disease. With a proper diet, our bodies work more efficiently and it is especially helpful because Parkinson's disease medications will work properly.
Is Avocado Good for Diabetes Type I And Type II?
Avocados are great to include in a diabetes diet plan because they can help you manage your blood sugar levels and maintain overall health.
What Are the Newest Drugs for Parkinson’s?
Parkinson's disease is a brain disorder that causes movement problems like a slow, shuffling walk, loss of balance and coordination, and tremors. The newest drugs for Parkinson's are adenosine A2a antagonists and other therapies.
How Do People With Diabetes Heal Sores?
If you have diabetes, you are more likely to develop ulcers that do not heal as quickly as they should. People with diabetes can heal sores with proper wound care and medical treatment.
Is Dystonia a Form of Parkinson's?
Dystonia can be one of the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease (PD). PD is a long-term neurological movement disorder with various symptoms ranging from slowness of movement (bradykinesia), rigidity of muscles, tremor, loss of balance, memory impairment, personality changes and others.
What Supplies Do You Need for Type 2 Diabetes?
Supplies like a blood sugar meter, insulin syringe, pen, or pump, and continuous glucose monitor can help you monitor and control your blood sugar levels and manage your Type 2 diabetes.
Can Type 2 Diabetes be Cured?
Type 2 diabetes is a long-term medical condition in which the body is not able to regulate blood sugar (glucose) level because of the inability of the body to properly use insulin. An individual can get type 2 diabetes because of a number of factors that reduce insulin action or quantity in the body. The goals of diabetes management are to eliminate symptoms and prevent the development of complications. Many drugs, both oral and injectable, are available for diabetes management.
What Are 10 Possible Causes of Parkinson's Disease?
Parkinson's disease is a neurological condition that mainly affects your body's movement. The 10 possible causes of Parkinson's disease include genetics, chemical exposure, where you live, and other factors.
Tips for Managing Type 1 and 2 Diabetes at Home
Managing your diabetes is a full time commitment. The goal of diabetic therapy is to control blood glucose levels and prevent the complications of diabetes. Information about exercise, diet, and medication will help you manage your diabetes better. Blood glucose reagent strips, blood glucose meters, urine glucose tests, tests for urinary ketones, continuous glucose sensors, and Hemoglobin A1C testing information will enable you to mange your diabetes at home successfully.
What Is the Best Treatment for Parkinson’s Disease?
Parkinson's disease is the deterioration of brain nerves that control movement. Learn what medical treatments can help ease your Parkinson's disease symptoms and speed up your recovery.
What Is the Pathogenesis of Types I and II Diabetes Mellitus?
Diabetes mellitus is characterized by persistent hyperglycemia caused by abnormalities in insulin production, insulin action, or both. Learn about what causes type I vs. type II diabetes.
What Foods Should People With Parkinson’s Disease Avoid?
Diet and nutrition play a significant role in boosting the overall health of people with Parkinson’s disease. Here are 7 foods people with Parkinson’s should avoid.
How Do You Get Parkinson's Disease?
Parkinson's disease results from a lack of dopamine production in the brain, affecting a person's physical and mental abilities. Learn what the causes and symptoms are of Parkinson's and how to best treat it.
What Is the Most Effective Treatment for Parkinson's?
Parkinson’s disease is a brain disorder that causes movement problems like shaking, slow movements, muscle stiffness, and loss of balance and coordination. The most effective treatment for Parkinson's is levodopa, but there are other medications and treatments available.
How Do People Get Parkinson’s?
Parkinson's disease is a chronic age-related brain condition of the nervous system, causing parts of your brain to degenerate. People get Parkinson's due to genetic and environmental factors, age, gender, and other things.
What Causes Motor Fluctuations in Parkinson’s Disease?
Motor fluctuations in Parkinson’s disease are caused by drops in dopamine brain levels since your nerve cells can no longer make enough of the chemical.
What Technologies Are Used for Type 2 Diabetes?
Approximately 90 percent of all diabetes cases are type 2. Over the past decade, many improvements in diabetes technology have focused on safer and more precise glucose testing and insulin delivery.
How Do You Get Acromegaly?
Acromegaly is a rare endocrinological disorder; only three to four cases are diagnosed per million people each year.
What Are the Early Signs of Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 Diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by increased blood sugar (glucose) level. Type 2 Diabetes is caused by either insufficient insulin secretion or resistance to that hormone’s action. Insulin is produced by the pancreas and helps process the glucose in the blood. Thus, with inadequate insulin, the bodies can’t burn all the blood sugar for energy in an efficient way. This means the glucose level in the blood rises, causing a variety of symptoms and when severe may even lead to death.
What Are the 5 Signs of Parkinson's Disease?
Parkinson's disease is an age-related neurodegenerative disorder that leads to a gradual decline of your motor functions. The 5 signs of Parkinson's include tremors, stiffness, balance problems, trouble speaking, and small handwriting.
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Parkinson's Disease
- Gestational Diabetes
- Parkinson's Disease and the Caregiver
- Diabetes: Dealing with the Complications
- Diabetes: Monitoring Your Sugar Levels
- Parkinson's Disease: Healthy Diet and Nutrition
- Diabetes: Your Guide to Life With Diabetes
- Diabetes: Maintaining Control
- Diabetes and Your Heart
- Diabetes and Diet: What Do I Eat?
- Diabetes: Maintaining Control with Nutrition
- Diabetes: Dealing with Your New Diagnosis
- Diabetes: Your Treatment Options
- Diabetes: Psychological Challenges
Medications & Supplements
Prevention & Wellness
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.