Breast cancer most often recurs within the first three to five years after the initial treatment. Changes in the look, feel, or appearance of the breast may indicate breast cancer recurrence. Factors related to recurrence include tumor size, tumor grade, hormone receptor status, lymph node involvement, and oncogene expression. Treatment for recurrent breast cancer depends on the initial treatment. Read more: Breast Cancer Recurrence Article
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Breast Cancer Awareness: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment
Learn about breast cancer causes, symptoms, tests, recovery, and prevention. Discover the types of treatments such as surgery and...
Breast Cancer Quiz: Symptoms & Signs
This Breast Cancer Quiz features signs, symptoms, facts, causes, common forms, terms, risk factors, statistics, and more. ...
Related Disease Conditions
Swollen Lymph Nodes (Glands)
Lymph nodes help the body's immune system fight infections. Causes of swollen lymph nodes (glands) may include infection (viral, bacterial, fungal, parasites). Symptoms of swollen lymph nodes vary greatly, but may include fever, night sweats, toothache, sore throat, or weight loss. Causes of swollen lymph nodes also vary, but may include cancer, the common cold, mono, chickenox, HIV, and herpes. The treatment of swollen lymph nodes depends upon the cause.
Cancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and is not contagious. Cancer can be treated through chemotherapy, a treatment of drugs that destroy cancer cells.
Breast Lumps (in Women)
Breast lumps in women can have a variety of causes such as breast inflammation, infection, injuries, cancer, and non-cancerous growths. Breast lumps in women are diagnosed with physical exam, mammogram, ultrasound, MRI, and biopsy. Treatment of breast lumps in women depend on the cause.
The breast, or mammary gland is made up of lobules, milk producing glands, and a system of ducts to transport milk. Both males and females have breasts. Abnormal enlargement of breasts in men is referred to as gynecomastia. In women, during pregnancy the breasts grow larger and produce milk. Common medical conditions that affect the breasts include breast cancer, breast lumps, fibrocystic changes and cysts, mastitis, and benign tumors (fibroadenomas).
Male Breast Cancer
Male breast cancer accounts for 1% of all breast cancers, and most cases are found in men between the ages of 60 and 70. A man's risk of developing breast cancer is one in 1,000. Signs and symptoms include a firm mass located below the nipple and skin changes around the nipple, including puckering, redness or scaling, retraction and ulceration of the nipple. Treatment depends upon staging and the health of the patient.
Can Fibroadenomas Turn Into Breast Cancer?
A fibroadenoma is the most common type of benign, non-cancerous lump of the breast. Although it is rare, complex fibroadenomas and phyllodes tumors have a chance to develop into malignant breast cancer.
Breast Cancer in Men
Second Source WebMD Medical Reference
Breast cancer is an invasive tumor that develops in the mammary gland. Breast cancer is detected via mammograms, breast self-examination (BSE), biopsy, and specialized testing on breast cancer tissue. Treatment of breast cancer may involve surgery, radiation, hormone therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy. Breast cancer risk may be lowered by managing controllable risk factors.
Inflammatory Breast Cancer
Inflammatory breast cancer is an accelerated form of breast cancer that is not usually detected by mammogram or ultrasound. Symptoms of inflammatory breast cancer include pain in the breast, skin change in the breast area, bruise on the breast,sudden swelling of the breast, nipple retraction or discharge, and swelling of the lymph nodes.
Women's health is an important topic area to guide a woman through the stages of her life, as well as knowing the conditions and diseases that may occur. Educating yourself so that the transitions into different phases of life is key to a healthy, happy, and productive life.
What Is Usually the First Sign of Breast Cancer?
A lump in the breast or in the armpits is often the first sign of breast cancer. This may be felt while in the shower. There may or may not be changes in the structure of the breast. Other early signs include changes in breast skin, breast pain and others.
Triple-Negative Breast Cancer
Triple-negative breast cancer is more common in Hispanic and African-American women. Signs and symptoms include a lump in the armpit or breast, nipple discharge and inversion, and changes in the breast's skin. Treatment may incorporate surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.
Breast Cancer Facts
Breast cancer is the most common non-skin cancer of American women, but it can also occur in men. Every year in the U.S., there are over 266,000 new diagnoses of breast cancer. A woman has a risk of one in eight for developing breast cancer at some point during her lifetime.
Paget Disease of the Breast (Paget's Disease of the Nipple)
Paget's disease is a rare form of cancer that forms in or around the nipple and frequently coexists with breast cancer. The exact cause of Paget's disease is unknown. Symptoms and signs include redness, scaling, and flaking of the nipple skin. A biopsy and imaging studies are needed to diagnose the disease. Treatment may include surgery, radiation, and adjuvant therapy.
What Is the Difference Between a Radical Mastectomy and Modified Radical Mastectomy?
In a radical mastectomy, the entire breast tissue along with the nipple, covering skin, lymph nodes (filter organs for harmful substances) in the armpit and chest wall muscle under the breast is removed. It is known as a standard treatment for breast cancer. In a modified radical mastectomy (MRM), the entire breast is removed, including the skin, areola (surrounding the nipple), nipple and most armpit lymph nodes. The underlying chest wall muscles (the pecs) will be left intact. Additionally, the skin covering the chest wall may or may not be removed.
Breast Cancer Prevention
Lifestyle changes, a healthy antioxidant-rich diet, exercise, and weight reduction can help reduce a woman's risk of developing breast cancer. It's important to be aware of how risk factors such as family history, lifestyle factors, breast conditions, radiation therapy, and hormonal factors may influence your chances of developing breast cancer. Mammography and breast self-examinations are crucial steps in breast cancer prevention.
Breast Cancer and Lymphedema
Lymphedema is a common chronic, debilitating condition in which excess fluid called lymph collects in tissues and causes swelling in them. It is common after a mastectomy, lumpectomy or breast cancer surgery and radiation therapy.
What Are the Four Types of Breast Cancer?
The four most common types of breast cancer are ductal carcinoma in situ, lobular carcinoma in situ, invasive ductal carcinoma, invasive lobular carcinoma. The designations are based on the locations of the tumors, whether they have spread and where they have spread to.
Breast Cancer Questions to Ask the Doctor
A diagnosis of breast cancer can be overwhelming, so it's important to write down all your questions before meeting with your doctor.
Breast Cancer During Pregnancy
Breast cancer occurs in about 1 in every 1,000 pregnant women. Treatment of breast cancer during pregnancy involves surgery, but it is very difficult to protect the baby from the dangerous effects of radiation and chemotherapy. It can be an agonizing to decide whether or not to undergo breast cancer treatment while one is pregnant.
Breast Cancer in Young Women
About 5% of cases of breast cancer occur in women under the age of 40 years old. Some risk factors for breast cancer in young women include a personal history of breast cancer or breast disease, family history of breast cancer, prior radiation therapy, and the presence of BRCA1/BRCA2 gene mutations. Breast self-exams, clinical breast exams, and screening mammograms may help detect breast cancer. Treatment may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, and hormone therapy.
Breast Cancer Treatment by Stage
Treatment of breast cancer depends upon the stage of the cancer at the time of diagnosis. Some of the various treatments include: hormone therapy, radiation therapy, surgery, chemotherapy, HER2-targeted therapy, neoadjuvant therapy, and adjuvant therapy.
Breast Cancer Clinical Trials
Breast cancer clinical trials are research programs designed to evaluate new medical treatments, drugs, or devices for the treatment of breast cancer. Clinical trials are designed to test the safety and efficacy of new treatments as well as assess potential side effects. Clinical trials also compare new treatment to existing treatments to determine if it's any better. There are many important questions to ask your doctor before taking part in a breast cancer clinical trial.
What Are The Five Warning Signs Of Breast Cancer?
The majority of breast cancer patients first seek diagnosis because of a lump on the breast. This is one of the five warning signs of breast cancer. Others include changes in the nipple, changes in the breast skin and other symptoms.
Breast Cancer and Coping With Stress
Being diagnosed with breast cancer is stressful. Learning relaxation techniques, exercising, eating well, getting adequate sleep, receiving psychotherapy, and maintaining a positive attitude can help you cope. Creating documents, such as an advance directive, living will, and durable power of attorney will outline your wishes in the event that you are no longer able to make decisions regarding your care.
How Can You Detect Breast Cancer Early?
Breast cancer develops from the cells of the breasts and can spread to other parts of the body (metastasis). It is one of the most common cancers diagnosed in women in the United States. A lump in the breast or armpit is often the first sign. Treatment success depends largely on early detection.
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Treatment & Diagnosis
Medications & Supplements
- Monoclonal Antibodies
- Herceptin (trastuzumab)
- Side Effects of Arimidex (anastrozole)
- Side Effects of Megace (megestrol)
- eribulin mesylate (Halaven)
- Side Effects of Ibrance (palbociclib)
- Side Effects of Soltamox (tamoxifen)
- Side Effects of Perjeta (pertuzumab)
- pertuzumab (Perjeta)
- Abraxane (paclitaxel protein-bound particles)
- Side Effects of Herceptin (trastuzumab)
- Enhertu (fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki)
- Kadcyla (ado-trastuzumab emtansine)
- Lynparza (olaparib)
- Side Effects of Tykerb (lapatinib)
- Side Effects of Femara (letrozole)
- Verzenio (abemaciclib)
- Side Effects of Halaven (eribulin mesylate)
- Lapatinib (Tykerb)
- Side Effects of Taxotere (docetaxel)
- Kisqali (ribociclib)
- Side Effects of Xeloda (capecitabine)
Prevention & Wellness
- Surgery Could Boost Survival for Women With Advanced Breast Cancers: Study
- Mindfulness Helps Young Women After Breast Cancer: Study
- Most Long-Term Breast Cancer Survivors Die From Other Causes
- Radiation of Just Part of the Breast Can Stop Cancer's Return
- Breast Cancer Drug Shows Long-Lasting Prevention Power
- Women With More Aggressive Breast Cancer Face Higher Risk of Other Cancers
- Is MRI Screening Worth It for Breast Cancer Survivors?
- Study Supports Radiation for Early, Hormone-Driven Breast Cancer
- Surgery May Boost Outcomes in Common Form of Advanced Breast Cancer
- Dual-Drug Therapy May Boost Odds Against a Tough Breast Cancer
- Scientists Spot Clues to Predicting Breast Cancer's Return
- Lifestyle Changes Can Lower Your Breast Cancer Risk
- Experimental Drug Helps Women With Deadly Type of Breast Cancer
- Tamoxifen at a Lower Dose Might Still Prevent Breast Cancer's Return
- Incontinence Drug May Cut Hot Flashes in Breast Cancer Survivors
- Healthy Lifestyle Lowers Odds of Breast Cancer's Return
- Drug Halves Tumor Recurrence for Women With a Common Breast Cancer
- Vitrakvi Approved for Cancers With Certain Genetic Trait
- Immunotherapy-Chemo Combo Extends Lives of Women With Aggressive Breast Cancer
- Four Myths About Breast Cancer Debunked
- Nobel Prize Goes to Cancer Immunotherapy Pioneers
- Blood Test Gives Quick Prognosis for Lymphoma Treatment: Study
- Study Explores New Way to Stop Cancer's Spread
- Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Genes ID'd
- Study Confirms Denser Breasts Are More Prone to Cancer
- When Reconstructing a Breast, Patient's Own Tissue Is Best
- Experimental Drug Shows 'Modest' Benefit in Slowing Advanced Breast Cancer
- Many Breast Cancer Survivors Not Getting Needed Mammograms
- Breast Cancer Screening Guidelines May Miss Minorities
- Friends' Experiences Sway Women's Choices on Breast Cancer Care
- Breast Cancer Radiation Not as Bad as Many Fear
- 'Nipple-Sparing' Mastectomies Don't Raise Odds of Cancer's Return: Study
- New Breast Cancer Drug Approved by FDA
- More U.S. Women Living Longer With Advanced Breast Cancer
- Exercise a Powerful Ally for Breast Cancer Survivors
- Taking Breast Cancer Prevention Drug Beyond 5 Years May Not Raise Survival
- Rates of Preventive Mastectomy Doubled in a Decade, and Fear Is a Factor
- More Breast Cancer Patients Should Consider Radiation, New Guidelines Say
- Longer Use of Certain Drugs Cuts Recurrence for Breast Cancer Survivors
- Breast Cancer Meds Won't Raise Chances of Heart Attack, Stroke, Study Suggests
- Many Breast Cancer Patients May Not Need Chemo: Study
- Evening Snacking Might Raise Odds for Breast Cancer's Return
- Two Drugs Equal in Preventing Early Breast Cancer's Return: Study
- Breast Cancer Drugs Battle Disease's Return
- Blood Test May One Day Predict Breast Cancer Relapse
- Added Radiation May Help Some With Early Breast Cancer
- Breast-Feeding May Lower Breast Cancer Recurrence, Death: Study
- Breast Cancer Chemo Tied to Small But Significant Leukemia Risk
- New Treatment Shows Promise in Younger Breast Cancer Patients: Study
- Herceptin Best for Certain Breast Cancer Patients, Study Says
- Many Women Who Have Mastectomy Don't Get Breast Reconstruction: Study
- Painkillers May Halve Risk of Breast Cancer Return in Obese Women: Study
- Breast Cancer Drug Aromasin May Be Option for Some Premenopausal Women
- Newer Anti-Estrogen Treatment May Benefit Younger Breast Cancer Survivors
- Could a Blood Test Predict Breast Cancer's Return?
- Many Breast Cancer Survivors Suffer Financially, Study Finds
- Drug May Help Slow Advanced Breast Cancer
- 'One-Stop' Radiation Treatment Might Offer Breast Cancer Care Alternative
- Stem Cells From Fat Might Improve Plastic Surgery
- Researchers Focus on Likelihood of Breast Cancer Recurrence
- Doubling Time on Tamoxifen Cuts Odds for Breast Cancer's Return: Study
- DNA Test Shows Promise in Guiding Advanced Breast Cancer Care
- Breast Cancer Survival Varies by Race, Ethnicity, Study Shows
- Health Tip: Exercise for People Who Have Had Breast Cancer
- 'Believing' Propels Cancer Survivors to Exercise, Study Finds
- Breast Cancer Drug Linked to Sexual Problems in Older Women
- Obesity May Affect Breast Cancer Recovery
- Excess Pounds Raise Risk of Breast Cancer Recurrence, Death: Study
- For Breast Cancer Care, Radiation of Whole Breast May Be Best
- Breast Cancer Treatment Side Effects May Last for Years
- Eat Broccoli (or Bok Choy), Beat Breast Cancer?
- Early Study Hints That Breast Cancer Vaccine Might Work
- Obese Women at Higher Risk of Breast Cancer Recurrence: Study
- 'Chemo Brain' May Linger 20 Years After Breast Cancer Treatment
- Carriers of Breast Cancer Gene at Risk of Second Cancer
- Bone Drug May Extend Lives of Young Women With Breast Cancer
- Starchy Foods May Boost Risk of Breast Cancer Recurrence
- Radiation Plus Surgery Cuts Risk of Breast Cancer Return
- 'Fat Transfer' Gets Early Safety OK in Breast Reconstruction
- Is Soy Safe to Eat After Breast Cancer?
- Exercise Recommended for Cancer Patients
- Multivitamins May Cut Breast Cancer Risk
- New Debate on Breast Removal to Prevent Cancer
- Anticancer Effects of Aspirin: FAQ