The symptoms of a brain tumor vary according to the size, type, and location of the tumor. Symptoms typically arise because of destruction or damage to the brain, swelling of the brain, or blockage of the flow of fluid that flows around the brain and spinal cord.
Brain tumors may be benign or malignant (brain cancer). It is important to note that most cases of cancer within the brain are metastatic cancers from other sites in the body. However, true brain cancers (malignant brain tumors) do exist. Both benign and malignant brain tumors can cause the symptoms described in this article.
Some of the most common symptoms of brain tumors include headaches, which can be severe and are typically worse in the mornings. The headache may not respond to usual treatments for headache and may be of a different type or pattern than previous headaches. Changes in vision, speech, or hearing can occur. Seizures or convulsions can be symptoms of a brain tumor. Other possible symptoms include gait disturbances, balance problems, nausea and vomiting, memory problems, weakness in one part of the body, difficulty concentrating, personality changes, and numbness or tingling in the extremities.
It's important to note that all of these symptoms can be due to other conditions and most commonly arise from causes other than a brain tumor.
Causes of brain tumors
The exact cause of brain tumors is not well understood. Risk factors can include exposure to radiation and family history of brain tumors.
Other brain tumor symptoms and signs
- Altered Perception of Touch
- Balance Problems
- Changes in Judgment
- Double Vision
- Facial Weakness or Numbness
- Gait Disturbances
- Hearing Changes
- Memory Problems
- Personality Changes
- Sleep Problems
- Speech Changes
- Trouble Concentrating
- Vision Changes
Main Article on Brain Tumor Symptoms and Signs
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Examples of Medications for Brain Tumor Symptoms and Signs
- bevacizumab - injection, Avastin
- carboplatin - injection, Paraplatin
- carmustine - injection, BiCNU
- cisplatin - injection, Platinol-AQ
- Emflaza (deflazacort)
- lomustine - oral, Ceenu
- Nulibry (fosdenopterin)
- procarbazine - oral, Matulane, Matulane
- selumetinib (Koselugo)
- Temodar (temozolomide)
- temozolomide - oral, Temodar
- vincristine - injection, Oncovin