Brain Hemorrhage: Symptoms & Signs

Medically Reviewed on 12/7/2020

A brain hemorrhage means bleeding within the brain. Brain hemorrhage is typically classified according to the precise location within the brain and its surrounding structures. A brain hemorrhage is a medical emergency.

Symptoms of a brain hemorrhage can vary based on the size of the affected area and the location of the bleeding. Possible signs and symptoms associated with brain hemorrhage include

  • a sudden or severe headache,
  • weakness,
  • tingling or numbness in the arms or legs (often on one side),
  • nausea or vomiting,
  • changes in vision,
  • changes in balance, and
  • difficulty speaking or understanding speech.

Other possible symptoms and signs can include

Causes of a brain hemorrhage

Causes of bleeding in the brain include trauma, stroke, rupture of an aneurysm, high blood pressure, and drug abuse.

Other brain hemorrhage symptoms and signs

  • Changes in Balance
  • Changes in Vision
  • Difficulty Speaking or Understanding Speech
  • Difficulty Using Fine Motor Skills
  • Loss of Consciousness
  • Nausea or Vomiting
  • Seizures
  • Sudden or Severe Headache
  • Tingling or Numbness in the Arms or Legs (Often on One Side)
  • Weakness

Jameson, J. Larry, et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 20th Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Education, 2018.