Bone cancer is a rare type of cancer that occurs in cells that make up the bones. Primary bone cancer that arises in bone cells is different than metastatic bone cancer, which is cancer that arises in another part of the body and then spreads to the bones. Hereditary and environmental factors likely contribute to the risk of bone cancer. Signs and symptoms of bone cancer may include pain, the presence of a mass or lump, and bone fractures. There are different types of bone cancer (osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma, pleomorphic sarcoma, fibrosarcoma). Treatment for bone cancer may include surgical removal of the tumor, chemotherapy, radiation, and/or a stem cell transplant. The prognosis for bone cancer depends on the type of cancer and the extent of spread. Read more: Bone Cancer Article
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Related Disease Conditions
Night sweats are severe hot flashes that occur at night and result in a drenching sweat. The causes of night sweats in most people are not serious, like menopause in women, sleep apnea, medications, alcohol withdrawal, and thyroid problems. However, more serious diseases like cancer and HIV also can cause night sweats. Your doctor will treat your night sweats depending upon the cause. You may experience other signs and symptoms that are associated with night sweats, which depend upon the cause, but may include, shaking, and chills with a fever caused by an infection like the flu or pneumonia; unexplained weight loss due to lymphoma; women in perimenopause or menopause may also have vaginal dryness, mood swings, and hot flashes during the day; and low blood sugar in people with diabetes. Other causes of night sweats include medications like NSAIDs (aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil), and naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn), antidepressants, sildenafil (Viagra), and abuse of prescription or illegal drugs and drug withdrawal; hormone disorders like pheochromocytoma and carcinoid syndrome; idiopathic hyperhidrosis; infections like endocarditis, AIDs, and abscesses; alcoholism and alcohol withdrawal; drug abuse, addiction, and withdrawal; and stroke. A doctor or other health care professional can treat your night sweats after the cause has been diagnosed.
Cancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and is not contagious. Cancer can be treated through chemotherapy, a treatment of drugs that destroy cancer cells.
Fatigue and Exhaustion
Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental and physical). The causes of fatigue are generally related to a variety of conditions or diseases, for example, anemia, mono, medications, sleep problems, cancer, anxiety, heart disease, and drug abuse.Treatment of fatigue is generally directed toward the condition or disease that is causing the fatigue.
Cancer Risk Factors and Causes
Though it's difficult to say why some people develop cancer while others don't, research shows that certain risk factors increase a person's odds of developing cancer. These risk factors include growing older, family history of cancer, diet, alcohol and tobacco use, and exposure to sunlight, ionizing radiation, certain chemicals, and some viruses and bacteria.
Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37 C), in practice, a person is usually not considered to have a significant fever until the temperature is above 100.4 F (38 C). Fever is part of the body's own disease-fighting arsenal; rising body temperatures apparently are capable of killing off many disease-producing organisms.
A broken bone is a fracture. There are different types of fractures, such as: compressed, open, stress, greenstick, spiral, vertebral compression, compound, and comminuted. Symptoms of a broken bone include pain at the site of injury, swelling, and bruising around the area of injury. Treatment of a fracture depends on the type and location of the injury.
Multiple myeloma is a form of cancer that develops in plasma cells, the white blood cells that make antibodies. Symptoms include bone pain, weakness, extreme thirst, nausea, frequent urination, and broken bones. Treatment of multiple myeloma depends upon the staging and symptoms of the disease.
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Tumor grade is a system used to classify cancer cells in how likely the tumor is to grow and how abnormal they look under a microscope. Tumor grade is not the same as tumor stage. A biopsy is taken to determine if the tumor is benign (non cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).
Lung cancer kills more men and women than any other form of cancer. Eight out of 10 lung cancers are due to tobacco smoke. Lung cancers are classified as either small-cell or non-small-cell lung cancers.
Stem cell therapy can be used in cancer treatment, bone marrow transplantation, and spinal cord injury. Learn more about stem cell transplants and other uses.
Women's health is an important topic area to guide a woman through the stages of her life, as well as knowing the conditions and diseases that may occur. Educating yourself so that the transitions into different phases of life is key to a healthy, happy, and productive life.
What Is Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma?
Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) is cancer of the lymphatic system, a vital part of the body's immune system. Symptoms include swollen lymph nodes, fever, night sweats, coughing, weakness, chest pain, unexplained weight loss, and abdominal pain.
Is a Bone Scan the Same as an MRI?
A bone scan is a nuclear imaging technology, whereas magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses magnetic waves to create a three-dimensional (3D) image of an organ. Therefore, they are different.
Paget's disease, also called Paget's disease of bone, is a chronic bone disorder due to irregular breakdown and formation of bone tissue. Paget's disease symptoms include bone pain, headaches and hearing loss, pressure on nerves, increased head size, hip pain, and damage to cartilage of joints.
Breast cancer is an invasive tumor that develops in the mammary gland. Breast cancer is detected via mammograms, breast self-examination (BSE), biopsy, and specialized testing on breast cancer tissue. Treatment of breast cancer may involve surgery, radiation, hormone therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy. Breast cancer risk may be lowered by managing controllable risk factors. What you should know about breast cancer Breast cancer is the most common cancer among American women.One in every eight women in the United States develops breast cancer.There are many types of breast cancer that differ in their capability of spreading (metastasize) to other body tissues.The causes of breast cancer are unknown, although medical professionals have identified a number of risk factors.There are many different types of breast cancer.Breast cancer symptoms and signs includea lump in the breast or armpit,bloody nipple discharge,inverted nipple,orange-peel texture or dimpling of the breast's skin (peau d'orange),breast pain or sore nipple,swollen lymph nodes in the neck or armpit, anda change in the size or shape of the breast or nipple.Breast cancer can also be symptom free, which makes following national screening recommendations an important practice.Breast cancer is diagnosed during a physical exam, by a self-exam of the breasts, mammography, ultrasound testing, and biopsy.Treatment of breast cancer depends on the type of cancer and its stage (0-IV) and may involve surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy.
What Should I Do After an Unwanted Pregnancy?
There are a variety of options that may help you handle your situation. It might help you to visualize each option and decide how you feel about it. Consider reaching out to trained professionals or close friends if you get overwhelmed.
Men's health is an important component to a happy lifestyle and healthy relationships. Eating healthy, exercise, managing stress, and knowing when to have medical tests for a particular age is key to disease prevention in men.
Where Does Bone Cancer Usually Start?
Bone cancer occurs when there is an abnormal multiplication of the bone cells. It can arise from any bone in the body. The most commonly affected bones are the pelvis (hip bone) and long bones in the arms and legs such as the humerus and femur bone. Bone cancer is rare.
Salivary Gland Cancer
Salivary gland cancer is cancer that affects the parotid glands, sublingual glands, or the submandibular glands. Risk factors include older age, radiation therapy treatment to head or neck, and being exposed to certain substances at work. Signs include fluid draining from the ear, pain, numbness, weakness, trouble swallowing, and a lump. Treatment depends upon the stage of the cancer and usually involves surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or radiosensitizers.
What Color Ribbon Is for Bone Cancer?
A yellow ribbon symbolizes sarcoma and bone cancer awareness.
Cancer fatigue is a lack of energy that is caused by cancer or cancer treatment, including chemotherapy, radiation, biological therapy, or bone marrow transplantation. Strategies to combat cancer fatigue include scheduling rest, pacing oneself, planning ahead and prioritizing work and activities, eating the right foods, exercising, and practicing proper body mechanics.
Cancer pain results from the tumor pressing on nerves or invading bones or organs. Cancer treatments like chemotherapy, radiation, or surgery can also cause pain. Over-the-counter pain relievers, prescription medications, radiation, biofeedback, and relaxation techniques are just some treatments for cancer pain.
Retinoblastoma is an ocular cancer that occurs most often in children under 5 years of age. About 40% of all cases are inherited. Symptoms of retinoblastoma include eye pain, redness, dilated pupils, white pupils, and eyes that do not move or focus in the same direction. An eye exam, imaging tests, and lab tests are used to diagnose this type of cancer. Retinoblastoma may be treated with photocoagulation, cryotherapy, chemotherapy, radiation, and enucleation. Early detection is the best prevention for retinoblastoma.
How Is Bone Cancer Caused?
The cancers are caused by a sudden mutation (changes) in the cell genetic material (deoxyribonucleic acid or DNA). The exact cause of such mutation is unknown. Scientists have made progress in understanding the role of DNA in causing normal cells to become cancerous. DNA is the source of instructions for everything that our cells do.
How Do They Diagnose Bone Cancer?
A biopsy is the most accurate way to diagnose bone cancer. Your medical history, physical exam, imaging tests and blood tests can also help your doctor confirm a diagnosis.
Local ResourcesFind a local Oncologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- CT Scan vs. MRI
- MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging Scan)
- How Long a Person Can Live With Multiple Myeloma?
- Blood Transfusion
- What are the Risks or Complications of a Bone Marrow Procedure?
- CT Scan (Computerized Tomography)
- Radiation Therapy
- Screening Tests for Cancer
- How Quick Is the Recovery After Fibula Flap Surgery?
- Questions To Ask Before Surgery
- Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation
- What Are Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Distal Femoral Fractures in Children?
- Buttock Pain
- Weight Loss
- Arm Pain
- Lower Back Pain
- Joint Deformity
- Decreased Appetite
- Hair Loss
- How to Choose a Doctor
- Doctor: Checklist to Take To Your Doctor's Appointment
- Bone Cancer
- Cancer: Confronting Cancer with Humor
- Cancer Survival and Attitude with Hamilton Jordan
- Doctor: Getting the Most from Your Doctor's Appointment
- Advance Medical Directives
- Cancer Treatment: Writing to Heal with Margie Davis
- Cancer and Green Tea
- Cancer Pain Management with Ann Reiner
- Cancer: The Importance of Joining a Cancer Support Group with Selma Schimmel
- Cancer Patients Need Proper Diet and Exercise
- Cancer: Living Well Despite with Win Boerckel
- Cancers: Children's Cancers
- Cancer: Childhood Cancer Survivors
- Cancer Research: Going the Distance
- Cancer: Journaling to Save Your Life
Medications & Supplements
- Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
- acetaminophen (Tylenol, Tylenol Arthritis Pain, Tylenol Ext, Little Fevers Children's Fever/Pain)
- ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, Nuprin)
- Hydrocodone vs. Hydromorphone (Differences between Side Effects)
- codeine (for Pain)
- naproxen (Aleve, Anaprox, Naprelan, Naprosyn)
- Oxycodone for Pain (OxyContin, Roxicodone, Oxecta, Oxaydo, Xtampza ER, Roxybond)
- Dilaudid vs. Fentanyl (Pain Strength Comparison and Side Effects)
- Side Effects of Zofran (ondansetron)
- hydromorphone (Dilaudid)
- fentanyl patch (Duragesic)
- Inqovi (decitabine and cedazuridine)
- morphine high potency injection (Astramorph, Duramorph, Infumorph, AVINza)
- Brukinsa (zanubrutinib)
- daratumumab (Darzalex)
- radium Ra 223 dichloride (Xofigo)
- Tabloid (thioguanine)
- granisetron transdermal system (patch), Sancuso
- Side Effects of Proleukin (aldesleukin)
- Fusilev (levoleucovorin)
Prevention & Wellness
- 1 in 3 People Now Exposed to a Harmful Pesticide
- Cancer Care Costs U.S. $156 Billion Per Year; Drugs a Major Factor
- Aggressive Cancer Diagnosed for First Time in a Dinosaur
- Sarclisa Approved for Treatment of Multiple Myeloma
- Canine Bone Cancer Vaccine Hints at a Human Version
- Powerful Drug for Advanced Cancers May Need Less Frequent Dosing
- Hopes Dashed for Rare Bone Cancer Treatment
- Dogs Join Fight Against Bone Cancer
- Newsman Tom Brokaw Has Many Treatment Options for His Blood Cancer
- Newsman Tom Brokaw Battling Blood Cancer
- Tumor in Bone Shows Neanderthals Got Cancer Too
- Microwave Technique Fights Lung Tumors
- Osteoporosis Drugs' Safety Subject of FDA Panel
- Cancer Survivors Often Face Memory Problems