*BMI facts medical author: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
- BMI stands for body mass index. BMI is calculated by a formula that takes into account both a person's height and weight.
- BMI is reported as weight in kilograms (kg) divided by height in meters squared (m2).
- BMI is useful in classification of obesity, overweight, and healthy weight.
- Obesity is generally defined as a BMI of 30 or greater, while healthy weight for adults refers to a BMI of at least 19 and less than 25.
- A BMI of 40 or more is often used to identify people who are extremely obese and at risk for serious health complications of obesity.
What is BMI?
Body mass index, or BMI, is a new term to most people. However, it is the measurement of choice for many physicians and researchers studying obesity. BMI uses a mathematical formula that takes into account both a person's height and weight. BMI equals a person's weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared (kg/m2).
What is a healthy weight?
It is important to understand what "healthy weight" means. Healthy weight is defined as a body mass index (BMI) equal to or greater than 19 and less than 25 among all people aged 20 or over. Generally, obesity is defined as a body mass index (BMI) equal to or greater than 30, which approximates 30 pounds of excess weight. Excess weight also places people at risk of developing serious health problems.
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How Can People Use Their BMI to Evaluate Their Bodies?
When it comes to adults and children, different methods are used to find out if weight is about right for height. Adults should learn their BMI. Not all adults who have a BMI in the range labeled "healthy" are at their most healthy weight.
- Some may have lots of fat and little muscle.
- A BMI above the healthy range is less healthy for most people; but it may be fine if someone has lots of muscle, a large body frame, and little fat.
- The further one's BMI is above the healthy range, the higher one's weight-related risk. If a person's BMI is above the healthy range, he or she may benefit from weight loss, especially if there are other health risk factors.
- BMIs slightly below the healthy range may still be healthy unless they result from illness.
BMI chart for weight and height
The table below has already done the math and metric conversions. To use the table, find the appropriate height in the left-hand column. Move across the row to the given weight. The number at the top of the column is the BMI for that height and weight.
|Height (in.)||Weight (lb.)|
Body weight in pounds according to height and body mass index.
Below is a table identifying the risk of associated disease according to BMI and waist size.
|BMI||Category||Waist less than or equal to 40 in. (men) or 35 in. (women)||Waist greater than 40 in. (men) or 35 in. (women)|
|18.5 or less||Underweight||N/A||N/A|
|18.5 - 24.9||Normal||N/A||N/A|
|25.0 - 29.9||Overweight||Increased||High|
|30.0 - 34.9||Obese||High||Very High|
|35.0 - 39.9||Obese||Very High||Very High|
|40 or greater||Extremely Obese||Extremely High||Extremely High|
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Portions of the above information has been provided with the kind permission of the Partnership for Healthy Weight Management, www.consumer.gov
). Last update May 8, 2007