Blood clots can occur in the venous and arterial vascular system. Blood clots can form in the heart, legs, arteries, veins, bladder, urinary tract and uterus. Risk factors for causes of blood clots include high blood pressure and cholesterol, diabetes, smoking, and family history. Symptoms of a blood clot depend on the location of the clot. Some blood clots are a medical emergency. Blood clots are treated depending upon the cause of the clot. Blood clots can be prevented by lowering the risk factors for developing blood clots. Read more: Blood Clots (in the Leg) Article
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Heart Disease: Causes of a Heart Attack
Heart disease prevention includes controlling risk factors like diet, exercise, and stress. Heart disease symptoms in women may...
Blood Clots: 4 Signs You Could Have One
Blood clots can be deadly medical emergencies that can form in different parts of your body. Learn the warning signs that you...
Cholesterol Levels: What the Numbers Mean
Do you know the different cholesterol levels and what they mean? Learn the alphabet soup of cholesterol testing: LDL, HDL, good,...
Stroke Causes, Symptoms, and Recovery
What is a stroke? Learn about stroke symptoms like sudden numbness or weakness, confusion, vision problems, or problems with...
Bladder Infections: UTI Causes, Symptoms, Treatments
Urinary tract infections (UTI), including bladder infections, affect women and men, causing UTI symptoms like kidney infection....
Heart Disease: Symptoms, Signs, and Causes
What is heart disease (coronary artery disease)? Learn about the causes of heart disease. Symptoms of heart disease include chest...
A Visual Guide to Deep Vein Thrombosis
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a dangerous and sometimes fatal blood clot that occurs deep within the lower leg or thigh....
Spider & Varicose Veins: Causes, Before and After Treatment Images
Learn the causes of spider veins and varicose veins and how to prevent them. Explore which treatments get rid of spider and...
Am I Having a Heart Attack? Symptoms of Heart Disease
Heart attacks symptoms vary greatly for men and women, from anxiety and fatigue to nausea and sweating. Learn the warning signs...
Lower Your Cholesterol, Save Your Heart
Need to lower your cholesterol levels? Use these smart diet tips to quickly and easily lower your blood cholesterol levels....
Drug Interactions: Foods, Drugs, Herbs Affecting Medications
What foods, drugs, and herbal supplements interact with your pharmaceuticals? Learn about grapefruit and other common drug...
DVT (Deep Vein Thrombosis) and Pulmonary Embolism (PE) Quiz
Take the Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism Quiz to learn causes, symptoms, and treatments for these two dangerous...
Stroke Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ
Take the Stroke Quiz to learn about stroke risks, causes, treatment, and most importantly, prevention.
Heart Disease Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ
Take our Heart Disease Quiz to get answers and facts about high cholesterol, atherosclerosis prevention, and the causes,...
Blood and Bleeding Disorders Quiz
Exactly what is sickle cell anemia? Learn about sickle cell and other diseases by testing your IQ with the Blood and Bleeding...
Picture of Hypertension
High blood pressure, defined as a repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg -- a systolic pressure above 140...
Picture of Blood Pressure
The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. See a picture of Blood Pressure and learn more about the...
Heart Healthy Diet: 25 Foods You Should Eat
What foods are heart healthy? Learn what foods help protect your cardiovascular system from heart attack, coronary heart disease,...
Picture of Heart Detail
The heart is composed of specialized cardiac muscle, and it is four-chambered, with a right atrium and ventricle, and an...
Picture of Heart Catheter
Catheter procedures are much easier than surgery on patients because they involve only a needle puncture in the skin where the...
Picture of Cholesterol
Cholesterol carried in particles of low density (LDL cholesterol) is referred to as the "bad" cholesterol because elevated levels...
Picture of Blood Clot
Blood that has been converted from a liquid to a solid state. See a picture of Blood Clot and learn more about the health topic.
Picture of Heart
The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. See a picture of the Heart and learn more...
High-Fiber Super Foods: Whole Grains, Fruits, & More
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Food Swaps for Meals and Snacks for Heart Health in Pictures
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Related Disease Conditions
Stool Color, Changes in Color, Texture, and Form
Stool color changes can very from green, red, maroon, yellow, white, or black. Causes of changes of stool color can range from foods a person eats, medication, diseases or conditions, pregnancy, cancer, or tumors. Stool can also have texture changes such as greasy or floating stools. Stool that has a uncharacteristically foul odor may be caused by infections such as giardiasis or medical conditions.
Blood in the Stool (Rectal Bleeding, Hematochezia)
Blood in the stool or rectal bleeding (hematochezia) refers to the passage of bright red blood from the anus. Common causes include anal fissures, hemorrhoids, diverticulitis, colitis, Crohn's disease, colon and rectum polyps, and cancer. The color of the blood in the stool may provide information about the origin of the bleeding. The color of stool with blood in it may range from black, red, maroon, green yellow, gray, or white, and may be tarry, or sticky. Treatment of blood in the stool depends on the cause.
Common Medical Abbreviations List
Doctors, pharmacists, and other health-care professionals use abbreviations, acronyms, and other terminology for instructions and information in regard to a patient's health condition, prescription drugs they are to take, or medical procedures that have been ordered. There is no approved this list of common medical abbreviations, acronyms, and terminology used by doctors and other health- care professionals. You can use this list of medical abbreviations and acronyms written by our doctors the next time you can't understand what is on your prescription package, blood test results, or medical procedure orders. Examples include: ANED: Alive no evidence of disease. The patient arrived in the ER alive with no evidence of disease. ARF: Acute renal (kidney) failure cap: Capsule. CPAP: Continuous positive airway pressure. A treatment for sleep apnea. DJD: Degenerative joint disease. Another term for osteoarthritis. DM: Diabetes mellitus. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes HA: Headache IBD: Inflammatory bowel disease. A name for two disorders of the gastrointestinal (BI) tract, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis JT: Joint N/V: Nausea or vomiting. p.o.: By mouth. From the Latin terminology per os. q.i.d.: Four times daily. As in taking a medicine four times daily. RA: Rheumatoid arthritis SOB: Shortness of breath. T: Temperature. Temperature is recorded as part of the physical examination. It is one of the "vital signs."
Liver disease can be cause by a variety of things including infection (hepatitis), diseases, for example, gallstones, high cholesterol or triglycerides, blood flow obstruction to the liver, and toxins (medications and chemicals). Symptoms of liver disease depends upon the cause and may include nausea, vomiting, upper right abdominal pain, and jaundice. Treatment depends upon the cause of the liver disease.
Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2)
Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes are referred to as type 1 (insulin dependent) and type 2 (non-insulin dependent). Symptoms of diabetes include increased urine output, thirst, hunger, and fatigue. Treatment of diabetes depends on the type.
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT, Blood Clot in the Legs)
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot in the deep veins, and can be caused by broken bones, trauma to a limb, immobility, medications, smoking, cancer, genetic predisposition, and cancer. Symptoms of a deep vein thrombosis in a leg are swelling, tenderness, redness, warmth, and pain. Treatments for DVT include medications and surgery.
Normal vaginal bleeding (menorrhea) occurs through the process of menstruation. Abnormal vaginal bleeding in women who are ovulating regularly most commonly involves excessive, frequent, irregular, or decreased bleeding. Causes of abnormal may arise from a variety of conditions that may include, uterine fibroids, IUDs, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, lupus, STDs, pelvic inflammatory disease, emotional stress, anorexia nervosa, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), cancers, early pregnancy.
Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection of the bladder, kidneys, ureters, or urethra. E. coli, a type of bacteria that lives in the bowel and near the anus, causes most UTIs. UTI symptoms include pain, abdominal pain, mild fever, urinary urgency and frequency. Treatment involves a course of antibiotics.
Ascites, the accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity is most commonly caused by cirrhosis of the liver. Some of the other causes of ascites include portal hypertension, congestive heart failure, blood clots, and pancreatitis. The most common symptoms include increased abdominal girth and size, abdominal bloating, and abdominal pain. Treatment depends on the cause of ascites.
High Red Blood Cell Count (Polycythemia)
Polycythemia (elevated red blood cell count) is a rare blood disease in which the body produces too many red blood cells. Causes of polycythemia are either primary (acquired or genetic mutations) or secondary (diseases, conditions, high altitude).
How the Heart Works: Sides, Chambers, and Function
The heart is a very important organ in the body. It is responsible for continuously pumping oxygen and nutrient-rich blood throughout your body to sustain life. It is a fist-sized muscle that beats (expands and contracts) 100,000 times per day, pumping a total of five or six quarts of blood each minute, or about 2,000 gallons per day.
Pregnancy (Week by Week, Trimesters)
Signs and symptoms of pregnancy vary by stage (trimester). The earliest pregnancy symptom is typically a missed period, but others include breast swelling and tenderness, nausea and sometimes vomiting, fatigue, and bloating. Second trimester symptoms include backache, weight gain, itching, and possible stretch marks. Third trimester symptoms are additional weight gain, heartburn, hemorrhoids, swelling of the ankles, fingers, and face, breast tenderness, and trouble sleeping. Eating a healthy diet, getting a moderate amount of exercise, also are recommended for a healthy pregnancy. Information about the week by week growth of your baby in the womb are provided.
Hematoma Pictures, Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment
A hematoma is a collection of blood that is outside a blood vessel. There are different areas where hematomas occur including; inside the skull, on the scalp, ears, septum, bones, finger nails, toe nails, and intra-abdominal.
Heart Attack Symptoms and Early Warning Signs
Recognizing heart attack symptoms and signs can help save your life or that of someone you love. Some heart attack symptoms, including left arm pain and chest pain, are well known but other, more nonspecific symptoms may be associated with a heart attack. Nausea, vomiting, malaise, indigestion, sweating, shortness of breath, and fatigue may signal a heart attack. Heart attack symptoms and signs in women may differ from those in men.
A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding (hemorrhagic). Symptoms of a stroke may include: weakness, numbness, double vision or vision loss, confusion, vertigo, difficulty speaking or understanding speech. A physical exam, imaging tests, neurological exam, and blood tests may be used to diagnose a stroke. Treatment may include administration of clot-busting drugs, supportive care, and in some instances, neurosurgery. The risk of stroke can be reduced by controlling high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and stopping smoking.
Stroke vs. Mini-Stroke (TIA) Differences
A stroke or "brain attack" occurs when a blood clot or artery ruptures within the brain. The rupture or clot causes brain cell damage or death. A mini-stroke (TIA, transient ischemic attack) is caused by brain cells that dysfunctional over a short period. Stroke and mini-stroke warning signs of stroke and mini stroke are the same, and include, speech problems, weakness, numbness, and facial droop. Side effects of stroke may be permanent and you may never regain full function of the parts of the body affected. Mini-stroke side effects usually resolve within minutes to a couple of days. A transient ischemic attack (mini-stroke) is a precursor for stroke because 40% of individuals who have a mini-stroke will have a stroke within a year. Treatment of stroke depends upon the type and parts of the body affected.
Enlarged Spleen (Splenomegaly) Symptoms, Signs, Causes,Treatment
An enlarged spleen or splenomegaly, is generally caused by other diseases or conditions such as infections, cancers, blood disorders, or decreased blood flow. Symptoms of an enlarged spleen are often unnoticed. A feeling of fullness after eating a small amount of food and not being able to eat large meals may be a symptom of an enlarged spleen. Treatment for an enlarged spleen depends upon the cause.
Internal bleeding occurs when an artery or vein is damaged and blood to escapes the circulatory system and collects inside the body. Internal bleeding can be caused by a variety of situations such as blunt trauma, deceleration trauma, medications, fractures, and spontaneous bleeding. Treatment of internal bleeding depends on the cause of the bleeding.
Swollen Ankles and Swollen Feet
Swollen ankles and swollen feet is a symptom of an underlying disease or condition such as edema, medications, pregnancy, injuries, diseases, infections, lymphedema, or blood clots.
High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) Signs, Causes, Diet, and Treatment
High blood pressure (hypertension) is a disease in which pressure within the arteries of the body is elevated. About 75 million people in the US have hypertension (1 in 3 adults), and only half of them are able to manage it. Many people do not know that they have high blood pressure because it often has no has no warning signs or symptoms. Systolic and diastolic are the two readings in which blood pressure is measured. The American College of Cardiology released new guidelines for high blood pressure in 2017. The guidelines now state that blood normal blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg. If either one of those numbers is higher, you have high blood pressure. The American Academy of Cardiology defines high blood pressure slightly differently. The AAC considers 130/80 mm Hg. or greater (either number) stage 1 hypertension. Stage 2 hypertension is considered 140/90 mm Hg. or greater. If you have high blood pressure you are at risk of developing life threatening diseases like stroke and heart attack.REFERENCE: CDC. High Blood Pressure. Updated: Nov 13, 2017.
Pulmonary Embolism (Blood Clot in the Lung)
A pulmonary embolism (PE) occurs when a piece of a blood clot from deep vein thrombosis (DVT) breaks off and travels to an artery in the lung where it blocks the artery and damages the lung. The most common symptoms of a pulmonary embolism are shortness of breath, chest pain, and a rapid heart rate. Causes of pulmonary embolism include prolonged immobilization, certain medications, smoking, cancer, pregnancy, and surgery. Pulmonary embolism can cause death if not treated promptly.
Abdominal Adhesions (Scar Tissue)
Abdominal adhesions (scar tissue) bands of scar tissue that form between abdominal organs and tissues. Symptoms of abdominal adhesions are pelvic or abdominal pain. Abdominal adhesions on the intestines can cause bowel obstruction, which is a medical emergency. Treatment for abdominal adhesions is generally surgery to cut the adhesions away from the internal tissues and organs. There is no way to prevent abdominal adhesions.
Wisdom teeth are the third set of molars that people get in their late teens or early twenties. Impacted wisdom teeth that only partially erupt allows for an opening for bacteria to enter around the tooth and cause an infection, which results in pain, swelling, jaw stiffness, and general illness. Before your wisdom teeth are pulled, the teeth and the surrounding tissue will be numbed with a local anesthetic. Recovery from wisdom tooth removal depends upon the difficulty of the extraction.
Thrombocytopenia (Low Platelet Count)
Thrombocytopenia (low platelet count) refers to a decreased number of platelets in the blood. Symptoms of thrombocytopenia include: Increased bruising Spontaneous bleeding Small, purple spots under the skin called purpura There are many causes of thrombocytopenia such as decreased platelet production (viral infections for example rubella, mumps, chickenpox, hepatitis C, and HIV); increased platelet destruction or consumption (for example sulfonamide antibiotics, heparin, blood transfusions, and lupus); or increased splenic sequestration (enlarged spleen due to conditions for example liver disease, blood cancers, and more). Treatment of thrombocytopenia depends on the cause.
Peripheral Vascular Disease
Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) refers to diseases of the blood vessels (arteries and veins) located outside the heart and brain. While there are many causes of peripheral vascular disease, doctors commonly use the term peripheral vascular disease to refer to peripheral artery disease (peripheral arterial disease, PAD), a condition that develops when the arteries that supply blood to the internal organs, arms, and legs become completely or partially blocked as a result of atherosclerosis. Peripheral artery disease symptoms include intermittent leg pain while walking, leg pain at rest, numbness in the legs or feet, and poor wound healing in the legs or feet. Treatment for peripheral artery disease include lifestyle measures, medication, angioplasty, and surgery.
Diabetes Treatment (Type 1 and Type 2 Medications and Diet)
The major goal in treating diabetes is controlling elevated blood sugar without causing abnormally low levels of blood sugar. Type 1 diabetes is treated with: insulin, exercise, and a diabetic diet. Type 2 diabetes is first treated with: weight reduction, a diabetic diet, and exercise. When these measures fail to control the elevated blood sugar, oral medications are used. If oral medications are still insufficient, insulin medications are considered.
Heart disease (coronary artery disease) occurs when plaque builds up in the coronary arteries, the vessels that supply blood to the heart. Heart disease can lead to heart attack. Risk factors for heart disease include: Smoking High blood pressure High cholesterol Diabetes Family history Obesity Angina, shortness of breath, and sweating are just a few symptoms that may indicate a heart attack. Treatment of heart disease involves control of heart disease risk factors through lifestyle changes, medications, and/or stenting or bypass surgery. Heart disease can be prevented by controlling heart disease risk factors.
Angina is chest pain due to inadequate blood supply to the heart. Angina symptoms may include chest tightness, burning, squeezing, and aching. Coronary artery disease is the main cause of angina but there are other causes. Angina is diagnosed by taking the patient's medical history and performing tests such as an electrocardiogram (EKG), blood test, stress test, echocardiogram, cardiac CT scan, and heart catheterization. Treatment of angina usually includes lifestyle modification, medication, and sometimes, surgery. The risk of angina can be reduced by following a heart healthy lifestyle.
Hydronephrosis describes swelling of the kidney resulting from the inability of urine to drain from the kidney into the bladder. This may be a normal variant or it may be due to an underlying illness or medical condition. Symptoms of acute hydronephrosis may include: intense flank or back pain radiating to the groin, nausea, vomiting, bloody urine, sweating, and colicky pain, which may cause the person to writhe or roll around or pace in pain.
Lymphedema is a condition in which one or more extremities become swollen as the result of an impaired flow of the lymphatic system. There are two types of lymphedema: primary and secondary. Filariasis is the most common cause of lymphedema worldwide. In the U.S., breast cancer surgery is the most common cause. Symptoms include swelling of one or more limbs, cracked and thickening skin, and secondary bacterial or fungal infections of the skin. There is no cure for lymphedema.
Symptoms of 12 Serious Diseases and Health Problems
Learn how to recognize early warning signs and symptoms of serious diseases and health problems, for example, chronic cough, headache, chest pain, nausea, stool color or consistency changes, heartburn, skin moles, anxiety, nightmares, suicidal thoughts, hallucinations, delusions, lightheadedness, night sweats, eye problems, confusion, depression, severe pelvic or abdominal pain, unusual vaginal discharge, and nipple changes. The symptoms and signs of serious health problems can be caused by strokes, heart attacks, cancers, reproductive problems in females (for example, cancers, fibroids, endometriosis, ovarian cysts, and sexually transmitted diseases or STDs), breast problems (for example, breast cancer and non-cancer related diseases), lung diseases (for example, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD, lung cancer, emphysema, and asthma), stomach or digestive diseases (for example, cancers, gallbladder, liver, and pancreatic diseases, ulcerative colitis, or Crohn's disease), bladder problems (for example, urinary incontinence, and kidney infections), skin cancer, muscle and joint problems, emotional problems or mental illness (for example, postpartum depression, major depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), mania, and schizophrenia), and headache disorders (for example, migraines, or "the worst headache of your life), and eating disorders and weight problems (for example, anorexia or bulimia).
Phlebitis is the inflammation of a vein. Thrombophlebitis is when a blood clot causes the inflammation. Phlebitis can be superficial or deeper in the veins. A blood clot deep in a vein is deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Some of the common causes of phlebitis include prolonged inactivity, varicose veins, trauma to a vein, underlying cancers, clotting disorders, and other causes. Symptoms of phlebitis may be mild (pain, tenderness, redness, or bulging of a vein. Treatment of phlebitis depends on the cause.
Head Injury (Brain Injury)
In the United States, head injuries are one of the most common causes of death and disability. Head injuries due to bleeding are generally classified by the location of the blood within the skull, these include: epidural hematoma, subdural hematoma, subarachnoid bleed, intracranial bleed, sheer injury, edema, and skull fracture. Some common symptoms of a head injury include: vomiting, bleeding from the ear, speech difficulties, paralysis, difficulty swallowing, and body numbness. Treatment of a head injury depends on the type and severity of the injury.
Cholesterol (Lowering Your Cholesterol)
High cholesterol and triglyceride levels increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Getting your cholesterol and triglyceride levels in an optimal range will help protect your heart and blood vessels. Cholesterol management may include lifestyle interventions (diet and exercise) as well as medications to get your total cholesterol, LDL, HDL, and triglycerides in an optimal range.
Pulmonary hypertension is elevated pressure in the pulmonary arteries that carry blood from the lungs to the heart. The most common symptoms are fatigue and difficulty breathing. If the condition goes undiagnosed, more severe symptoms may occur. As pulmonary hypertension worsens, some people with the condition have difficulty performing any activities that require physical exertion. While there is no cure for pulmonary hypertension, it can be managed and treated with medications and supplemental oxygen to increase blood oxygen levels.
Palpitations (Causes and Symptoms)
Palpitations are uncomfortable sensations of the heart beating hard, rapidly, or irregularly. Some types of palpitations are benign, while others are more serious. Palpitations are diagnosed by taking the patient history and by performing an EKG or heart monitoring along with blood tests. An electrophysiology study may also be performed. Treatment of palpitations may include lifestyle changes, medication, ablation, or implantation of a pacemaker. The prognosis if palpitations depends on the underlying cause.
Learn about osteoporosis, a condition characterized by the loss of bone density, which leads to an increased risk of bone fracture. Unless one experiences a fracture, a person may have osteoporosis for decades without knowing it. Treatment for osteoporosis may involve medications that stop bone loss and increase bone strength and bone formation, as well as quitting smoking, regular exercise, cutting back on alcohol intake, and eating a calcium- and vitamin D-rich balanced diet.
A heart attack happens when a blood clot completely obstructs a coronary artery supplying blood to the heart muscle. A heart attack can cause chest pain, heart failure, and electrical instability of the heart.
Atrial Flutter (Symptoms, Causes, ECG, and Treatments)
Atrial flutter is a problem with the atria of the heart. In atrial flutter the atria of the heart rapidly and repeatedly beat due to an anomaly in the electrical system of the heart. It is a type of arrhythmia and can be dangerous because complications can develop easily. Signs and symptoms of atrial flutter include near fainting, palpitations, mild shortness of breath, and fatigue. While the exact cause of atrial flutter is not clearly understood, it's most likely related to your health, what medical conditions you certainly have, poor diet, lack of exercise, and drinking too much alcohol. Atrial flutter is diagnosed by physical examination, medical history, and a sawtooth ECG wave pattern.
Aortic Valve Stenosis (Symptoms, Causes, Surgery)
Aortic valve stenosis is an abnormal narrowing of the aortic valve of the heart. The causes of aortic stenosis are wear and tear of the valve in the elderly, congenital, or scarring or scarring of the aortic valve from rheumatic fever. Symptoms include angina, fainting, and shortness of breath. Treatment is dependant upon the severity of the condition.
Atrial Fibrillation (AFib) Treatment Drugs
Atrial fibrillation (AFib) is a heart rhythm disorder that causes irregular and often rapid heartbeat. The medications to treat AFib include beta-blockers, blood thinners, and heart rhythm drugs. Atrial fibrillation drugs can cause serious side effects like seizures, vision changes, shortness of breath, fainting, other abnormal heart rhythms, excessive bleeding while coughing or vomiting, blood in the stool, and bleeding into the brain.
Cauliflower ear, or "boxer's ear," is caused by an injury to the ear, usually by blunt trauma from sports such as boxing, wrestling, or martial arts. When hematomas form, infection and eardrum injury may occur in addition to hearing loss if not treated. Treatment goals are to drain blood from hematomas, treat infection, and at times administer antibiotics to prevent further infection.
Portal hypertension is most commonly caused by cirrhosis, a disease that results from scarring of the liver. Other causes of portal hypertension include blood clots in the portal vein, blockages of the veins that carry the blood from the liver to the heart, and a parasitic infection called schistosomiasis. Symptoms of portal hypertension include varices (enlarged veins), vomiting blood, blood in the stool, black and tarry stool, ascites (abnormal fluid collection within the peritoneum, the sac that contains the intestines within the abdominal cavity), confusion and lethargy, splenomegaly or enlargement of the spleen, and decreased white blood cell counts.
Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA, Mini-Stroke)
When a portion of the brain loses blood supply, through a blood clot or embolus, a transient ischemic attack (TIA, mini-stroke) may occur. If the symptoms do not resolve, a stroke most likely has occurred. Symptoms of TIA include: confusion, weakness, lethargy, and loss of function to one side of the body. Risk factors for TIA include vascular disease, smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes. Treatment depends upon the severity of the TIA, and whether it resolves.
Dilated Cardiomyopathy is a condition where the heart's ability to pump blood is decreased because the heart's main pumping chamber is enlarged and weakened. Symptoms of dilated cardiomyopathy include chest pain, heart failure, swelling of the lower extremities, fatigue, weight gain, fainting, palpitations, dizziness and blood clots.
Atrial Fibrillation (AFib, AF)
Atrial fibrillation (AF or AFib) is an abnormality in the heart rhythm, which involves irregular and often rapid beating of the heart. Symptoms may include heart palpitations, dizziness, fainting, fatigue, shortness of breath, and chest pain. Atrial fibrillation treatment may include medication or procedures like cardioversion or ablation to normalize the heart rate.
Marfan syndrome is hereditary (genetic) condition affecting connective tissue. A person with Marfan syndrome may exhibit the following symptoms and characteristics: Dislocation of one or both lenses of the eye A protruding or indented breastbone Scoliosis Flat feet Aortic dilatation Dural ectasia (a problem with the sac surrounding the spinal cord) Stretch marks Hernia Collapsed lung Though there is no cure for Marfan syndrome, there are treatments that can minimize and sometimes prevent some complications.
Atrial Fibrillation Symptoms (AFib Warning Signs)
Atrial fibrillation or AFib is a type of hear rhythm abnormality. Early warning signs and symptoms of atrial fibrillation include chest pain, palpitations, shortness of breath, and lightheadedness. Treatment for atrial fibrillation includes medical procedures, surgery, and medication.
Celiac disease is a condition in which a person has inflammation of the small intestinal mucosa when exposed to gluten in the diet. Symptoms of celiac disease include bloating, nausea, diarrhea, and abdominal discomfort. Treatment is a gluten free diet. Some individuals may have refractory celiac disease in which they do not respond to a gluten free diet.
Scalp Psoriasis (Psoriasis of the Scalp)
Scalp psoriasis causes red, raised, scaly patches that may extend from the scalp to the forehead and the back of the neck and ears. Symptoms and signs include itching, hair loss, flaking, silvery scales, and red plaques. Treatment includes topical medicated shampoos, creams, gels, oils, ointments, and soaps, medications, and light therapy.
Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Omega-3 fatty acids are essential fats that help decrease one's cholesterol and triglyceride levels as well as reduce the risk of coronary artery disease. Omega-3s are found in salmon, sardines, walnuts, and canola oil. These fats may help reduce the risk of ventricular fibrillation and sudden cardiac death.
Abnormal Heart Rhythms (Heart Rhythm Disorders)
Heart rhythm disorders vary from minor palpitations, premature atrial contractions (PACs), premature ventricular contractions (PVCs), sinus tachycardia, and sinus brachycardia, to abnormal heart rhythms such as tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, ventricular flutter, atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT), Wolf-Parkinson-White syndrome, brachycardia, or heart blocks. Treatment is dependent upon the type of heart rhythm disorder.
ARDS (Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome)
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a lung condition in which trauma to the lungs leads to inflammation of the lungs, accumulation of fluid in the alveolar air sacs, low blood oxygen, and respiratory distress. ARDS can be life-threatening. Signs and symptoms of are shortness of breath and low levels of oxygen in the blood, which can cause your organs to fail. Causes of ARDS include: Pneumonia Aspiration into the lungs Severe blow to the chest Sepsis Severe injury with shock Drug overdose Inflamed pancreas Other lung conditions and infections Burns Sepsis Near drowning Fractures There have been genetic factors linked to ARDS. Treatment for includes supplemental oxygen, and/or medication. According to some studies, survival rates for ARDS depend upon the cause associated with it, but can vary from 48% to 68%.REFERENCES: Harman, EM, MD. "Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Clinical Presentation." Medscape. Updated: Aug 11, 2016. Harman, EM, MD. "Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome." Medscape. Updated: Aug 11, 2016. PubMed Health. "ARDS." Updated: Jun 11, 2014. Reynolds, HN. et al. Acute respiratory distress syndrome: estimated incidence and mortality rate in a 5 million-person population base. Crit Care. 1998; 2(1): 29–34. Published online 1998 Mar 12. doi: 10.1186/cc121
Newborn Jaundice (Neonatal Jaundice)
Jaundice in newborns and babies (neonatal jaundice) usually occurs because of a normal increase in red blood cell breakdown and the fact that their immature livers are not efficient at removing bilirubin from the bloodstream. Symptoms of jaundice are fever, poor feeding, and looking ill. Newborn jaundice is very common and is caused because the newborns liver isn’t mature enough to remove bilirubin from the blood. Treatment of jaundice in newborns include phototherapy, tanning booths, and other treatments.
Stress and Heart Disease
The connection between stress and heart disease is not clear. Stress itself may be a risk factor, or high levels of stress may make risk factors for heart disease worse. The warning signs of stress can be physical, mental, emotional, or behavioral. Reducing stressors in an individuals life not only can lead to a more productive life, but may also decrease the risk for heart disease and causes of heart disease.
Carotid Artery Disease
The term carotid artery disease refers to the narrowing of the carotid arteries and can also be called carotid stenosis. Fatty substance buildup and cholesterol deposits, called plaque are the cause of the narrowing arteries. Carotid artery disease can be treated by following recommended lifestyle changes, taking prescription medications, and considering a procedure to improve blood flow, if your doctor believes it could help.
DVT (Deep Vein Thrombosis) During Pregnancy
Deep vein thrombosis or DVT is a condition in which a blood clot becomes embedded in one of the deep veins of the arms, thighs, pelvis, or lower legs. Warning signs and symptoms of DVT include pain, warmth, redness, swelling, leg cramps, and worsening leg pain in the affected extremity. Many conditions and other factors can cause DVTs, for example, during pregnancy including postpartum (6-8 weeks after delivery of the baby), obesity, heart attacks or heart failure, cancer, birth control pills (oral contraceptives), recent surgery, high altitudes, and advanced age. Treatment guidelines for DVT diagnosed during pregnancy is anticoagulation (anti-clotting) drugs, usually, low-molecular-weight heparins. DVT treatment may need to be continued postpartum. Warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven) should not be used to treat DVT during pregnancy because it can harm the developing fetus.
Smoking (How to Quit Smoking)
Smoking is an addiction. More than 430,000 deaths occur each year in the U.S. from smoking related illnesses. Secondhand smoke or "passive smoke" also harm family members, coworkers, and others around smokers. There are a number of techniques available to assist people who want to quit smoking.
Vascular disease includes any condition that affects your circulatory system. Vascular disease ranges from diseases of your arteries, veins and lymph vessels to blood disorders that affect circulation.
Locked-in syndrome is a condition that causes paralysis and the inability to speak or move the face. A hemorrhage and blood clot are the main causes of locked-in syndrome, although other causes may be to blame. Treatment of the condition consists of supportive care and use of eye movements to communicate to improve quality of life. Patients who have locked-in syndrome recover in rare cases.
High Cholesterol: Frequently Asked Questions
Cholesterol occurs naturally in the body. High blood cholesterol levels increase a person's risk of developing heart disease, heart attacks, strokes, TIAs, and more. In addition to medication (fibrates, statins, bile acid sequestrants, and niacin), lifestyle changes can be made to lower blood cholesterol levels
Low Cholesterol Diet
Cholesterol is naturally produced by the body, and is a building block for cell membranes and hormones. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol is the "bad" cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol is the "good" cholesterol. High levels of LDL and low levels of HDL cholesterol put a person at risk for heart attack, stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA or mini stroke), and peripheral artery disease. High cholesterol can be lowered by eating foods that lower cholesterol, for example, eat more high soluble fiber foods (oatmeal, oat bran, vegetables, and certain fruits), use olive oil, eat foods fortified with plant sterols and stanols, soy, nuts, and omega-3 fatty acids. Foods that raise LDL or bad cholesterol include foods high in saturated and trans fats, fatty meats, limit egg yolks, limit milk products, limit crackers, muffins, and snacks, and avoid unhealthy fast foods that are high in fat and sugar High cholesterol treatment includes lifestyle changes (diet and exercise), and medications such as statins, bile acid resins, and fibric acid derivatives.
Heart Attack Treatment
A heart attack involves damage or death of part of the heart muscle due to a blood clot. The aim of heart attack treatment is to prevent or stop this damage to the heart muscle. Heart attack treatments included medications, procedures, and surgeries to protect the heart muscle against injury.
Heart Disease in Women
Heart disease in women has somewhat different symptoms, risk factors, and treatment compared to heart disease in men. Many women and health professionals are not aware of the risk factors for heart disease in women and may delay diagnosis and treatment. Lifestyle factors such as diet, exercise, tobacco use, overweight/obesity, stress, alcohol consumption, and depression influence heart disease risk in women. High blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes also increase women's risk of heart disease. Electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG), stress-ECG, endothelial testing, ankle-brachial index (ABI), echocardiogram, nuclear imaging, electron beam CT, and lab tests to assess blood lipids and biomarkers of inflammation are used to diagnose heart disease. Early diagnosis and treatment of heart disease in women saves lives. Heart disease can be prevented and reversed with lifestyle changes.
Stroke vs Aneurysm (Differences and Similarities)
A stroke or "brain attack" is caused because blood flow to an area of the brain has been cut off by a blood clot or by a weakened or damaged blood vessel (for example, head trauma). The damaged area of the brain dies, which results in loss of function like speech capabilities, muscle movement, or muscles of an extremity like an arm or leg is reduced or lost completely. An aneurysm is a weakness in an artery wall. This weakness in the wall causes the artery to widen or balloon out, and then they rupture or break open. A person with an brain aneurysm generally won't have any symptoms until it becomes a problem. The symptoms and signs are similar to a stroke.Symptoms and signs of a stroke include: Vision problems Severe headache with no known cause Loss of memory Trouble getting words out Trouble typing, texting, or other coordination problems Both the American Heart Association and the American Stroke Association recommend using the FAST system to recognize and treat strokes. If you think someone may be having a stroke, remember FAST! F - Facial drooping A - Arm weakness S - Speech difficulty T - time - DO NOT DELAY. Call 911.If you think someone is having a stroke or aneurysm call 911 immediately. Both conditions require medical treatment. The prognosis for both diseases depend on the extent of the damage to the brain and any other affected areas of the body.
DVT and Birth Control Pills (Oral Contraceptives)
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot that has traveled deep into the veins of the arm, pelvis, or lower extremities. Oral contraceptives or birth control pills can slightly increase a woman’s risk for developing blood clots, including DVT. DVT symptoms and signs in the leg include leg or calf pain, redness, swelling, warmth, or leg cramps, and skin discoloration. If a blood clot in the leg is not treated, it can travel to the lungs, which can cause a pulmonary embolism (blood clot in the lung) or post-thrombotic syndrome, both of which can be fatal if not treated immediately. Increased risk factors for DVT and birth control pills include over 40 years of age, family history, smoking, and obesity. Other medical problems that increase the risks of blood clots, for example, lung or heart disease, or inflammatory bowel disease or IBD (Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis (UC). Other options for preventing pregnancy include IUDs, birth control shots, condoms, diaphragms, and progestin-only oral contraceptives.
Travelers should prepare for their trip by visiting their physician to get the proper vaccinations and obtain the necessary medication if they have a medical condition or chronic disease. Diseases that travelers may pick up from contaminated water or food, insect or animal bites, or from other people include: malaria, meningococcal meningitis, yellow fever, hepatitis A, typhoid fever, polio, and cholera.
Heart Attacks in Women
Heart disease, particularly coronary artery disease is the leading cause of heart attacks. Women are more likely to die from a heart attack than men. High cholesterol, high blood pressure, obesity, and high triglycerides are contributors to heart disease. Some of the common symptoms of a heart attack in women include chest pain, shortness of breath, nausea, feeling faint or woozy, and more. Heart disease can be prevented by lifestyle changes and controlling high blood pressure, cholesterol, weight, and diseases such as diabetes.
Pregnancy Changes and Body Discomforts
Pregnancy can bring challenges like weight gain, stretch marks, varicose veins, heartburn, constipation, hemorrhoids, problems sleeping, and wondering if it is safe to have sex while pregnant. Learn how to manage and move through these challenges during pregnancy.
Heart Attack Pathology: Photo Essay
A heart attack is a layperson's term for a sudden blockage of a coronary artery. This photo essay includes graphics, pictures, and illustrations of diseased heart tissue and the mechanisms that lead to coronary artery disease, and possible heart attack. A coronary artery occlusion may be fatal, but most patients survive it. Death can occur when the occlusion leads to an abnormal heartbeat (severe arrhythmia) or death of heart muscle (extensive myocardial infarction).
Tips for Managing Type 1 and 2 Diabetes at Home
Managing your diabetes is a full time commitment. The goal of diabetic therapy is to control blood glucose levels and prevent the complications of diabetes. Information about exercise, diet, and medication will help you manage your diabetes better. Blood glucose reagent strips, blood glucose meters, urine glucose tests, tests for urinary ketones, continuous glucose sensors, and Hemoglobin A1C testing information will enable you to mange your diabetes at home successfully.
Smoking and Heart Disease
Smoking increases the risk of heart disease in women and men. Nicotine in cigarettes decrease oxygen to the heart, increases blood pressure, blood clots, and damages coronary arteries. Learn how to quit smoking today, to prolong your life.
Heart Attack Prevention
Heart disease and heart attacks can be prevented by leading a healthy lifestyle with diet, exercise, and stress management. Symptoms of heart attack in men and women include chest discomfort and pain in the shoulder, neck, jaw, stomach, or back. Women experience the same symptoms as men; however, they also may experience: Extreme fatigue Pain in the upper abdomen Dizziness Fainting Leading a healthy lifestyle with a heart healthy low-fat diet, and exercise can help prevent heart disease and heart attack.
Vitamins & Exercise: Heart Attack Prevention Series
Vitamins and exercise can lower your risk for heart attack and heart disease. Folic acid, vitamins, and homocysteine levels are interconnected and affect your risk for heart disease or heart attack. For better heart health, avoid the following: fried foods, hard margarine, commercial baked goods, most packaged and processed snack foods, high fat dairy, and processed meats such as bacon, sausage, and deli meats. Antioxidants and exercise also play a key role in heart attack and heart disease prevention. Lower your risk factors for heart disease and heart attack by: lowering cholesterol, lowering blood pressure, diabetes prevention, and smoking cesssation. Here are a few things you can do to prevent heart attacks: Eat whole, natural, fresh foods, eat five to 10 servings of fruits and vegetables daily, eat more omega-3 fatty acids, drink water, tea, non-fat dairy and red wine, eat lean proteins, limit glycemic foods, and exercise daily.
How Do You Know If You Have a Blood Clot in Your Leg?
Blood clots are clumps of blood formed when the blood changes from a fluid to a semisolid form. When a blood clot is formed in one of the large veins in the legs or arms, the condition is called deep vein thrombosis (DVT). A blot clot in your leg can hamper the flow of oxygen and nutrients to the affected area. An untreated DVT may cause the clot to grow bigger and break in small pieces that can travel to other organs, such as the heart and lungs, causing serious consequences.
Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)
Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia is the most common type of cancer in children. Symptoms and signs include fever, easy bruising, bone or joint pain, weakness, loss of appetite, and painless lumps in the neck, underarm, stomach, or groin. Treatment depends upon staging and may include chemotherapy, radiation, or stem cell transplant.
Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a congenital disorder of blood vessels in the brain, brainstem, or spinal cord that is characterized by a complex, tangled web of abnormal arteries and veins connected by one or more fistulas (abnormal communications). Symptoms of arteriovenous malformations include seizures and headaches. Treatment of arteriovenous malformations include medication or surgery.
Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (Islet Cell Tumors)
There are many types of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs): gastrinoma, insulinoma, glucagonoma, VIPomas, and somatostatinomas. Symptoms and signs vary with the type of pancreatic NET. Standard treatments include surgery, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, chemoembolization, targeted therapy, and supportive care.
Stroke is the third leading killer in the United States. Some of the warning signs of stroke include sudden confusion, trouble seeing with one or both eyes, dizziness, loss of balance, and more. Stroke prevention and reatable risk factors for stroke include lowering high blood pressure, quit smoking, heart disease, diabetes control and prevention.
What Does a Blood Clot Feel Like?
Blood clots are semi-solid masses of blood that may be immobile (thrombosis) and impede blood flow or dislodge to other parts of the body (embolism). Deep vein clots, if dislodged, can travel through veins through the lungs to the arteries in the lungs. This is referred to as a pulmonary embolism and can be deadly. Blood clots can also lead to a heart attack or stroke.
Heart Attack Prevention Overview
Heart attacks are the major causes of unexpected, sudden death among men and women. A heart attack also is a significant cause of heart failure. The process of developing atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) begins early in life. Heart attack prevention should begin in childhood because the atherosclerosis process can not be reversed. The risk of having a heart attack increases if you have diseases or conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and other heart conditions. You can lowering your risk of having a heart attack by: Lifestyle changes, for example: Diet Exercise Quit smoking Control high blood pressure, diabetes, and other diseases that are risk factors) In some cases, medication is the most effective way of preventing a heart attack
Treatment & Diagnosis
- CT Scan vs. MRI
- Total Knee Replacement
- Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)
- Homocysteine (Normal and Elevated Levels Blood Test)
- Total Hip Replacement
- C-Section (Cesarean Birth)
- CT Scan (Computerized Tomography)
- Cardiac Catheterization
- When Are Elbow and Above-Elbow Amputations Performed?
- What Is a Calf Augmentation Procedure?
- Heart Disease FAQs
- Blood and Bleeding Disorders FAQs
- Stroke FAQs
- Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism FAQs
- Drug Interactions: Know Ingredients, Consult Your Physician
- Heart Attack Risk and Medicated Stents
- Serena Williams Battles Pulmonary Embolism and a Hematoma
- Sickle Trait and Sickle Cell Disease
- Blood Doping
- Cardiac Arrest Symptoms and Causes
Medications & Supplements
- Birth Control Pills (List of Oral Contraceptives and Side Effects)
- Anticoagulants (Anticoagulant Drug Class)
- ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, Nuprin)
- acetaminophen (Tylenol, Tylenol Arthritis Pain, Tylenol Ext, Little Fevers Children's Fever/Pain)
- rivaroxaban (Xarelto)
- Aspirin vs. Aleve (Naproxen)
- clopidogrel bisulfate (Plavix)
- Aspirin vs. Tylenol (acetaminophen)
- vitamin K-1, phytonadione (Mephyton)
- alteplase (TPA, Activase, Cathflo Activase)
- Eliquis (apixaban)
- Aspirin vs. Xarelto (rivaroxaban)
- Plavix (clopidogrel) vs. Xarelto (rivaroxaban)
- Aspirin vs. Eliquis (apixaban)
- Lovenox (enoxaparin)
- Coumadin vs. Plavix (Differences and Similarities)
- warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven)
- Plavix (clopidogrel) vs. Effient (prasurgrel)
- dalteparin injection (Fragmin)
- Aspirin vs. warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven)
- idarucizumab (Praxbind)
- clopidogrel (Plavix) vs. heparin (Hemochron)
- ticlopidine, Ticlid (discontinued brand in the US)
Prevention & Wellness
- Can Blood Thinners Boost COVID-19 Survival?
- Could Tiny Blood Clots Make COVID-19 More Lethal?
- U.S. Veterans With Blocked Leg Arteries Seeing Better Results
- Hot Chocolate Could Help Ease Painful Clogged Leg Vessels
- AHA News: What's Blood Type Got to Do With Clot Risk?
- Health Tip: Wearing Compression Stockings
- Cluster of Unhealthy Risk Factors Could Raise Odds of Recurrent Blood Clots
- Clots in Space: Astronaut's Blocked Vein Brings Medical Insight
- Fish Oil Rx Slows Clogging in Arteries
- Testosterone Supplements Double Men's Odds for Blood Clots: Study
- Drug Limits Damage of Brain Injury
- AHA News: Couple Knew They Would Face Heart Problems Together -- But Not Like This
- Younger Gout Patients Have Higher Odds for Blood Clots
- Aspirin, Anti-Clotting Meds Safe After Bleeding Stroke: Study
- AHA News: Study Finds Higher Risk of Stroke-Linked Plaque in Men, Possible Test for Women
- AHA News: Dangerous Blood Clots May Be the Latest Risk From 'Bad' Cholesterol
- Window for Safe Use of Clot-Buster Widens for Stroke Patients
- AHA News: Woman Almost Declared Dead No Stranger to Heart Trouble
- Experimental Blood Thinner May Help Prevent Stroke, Without the Bleeding Risk
- Lab-Grown Blood Vessels Could Be Big Medical Advance
- Your Apple Watch Might Help Spot a Dangerous Irregular Heartbeat
- AHA News: Overweight Kids at Higher Risk for Blood Clots as Adults
- Actor Luke Perry Dies of Stroke at Age 52
- Cablivi Approved for Rare Clotting Disorder
- Health Tip: Understanding Blood Clots
- Too Much Salt Might Help Spur A-Fib
- Health Tip: Risk Factors For AFib
- Vaccine to Stop Recurrent Strokes Shows Promise in Mice
- Shorter People May Duck Risk of Varicose Veins
- New Device Approved for Tears in Heart's Blood Vessels
- Hiccups for a Month? It Can Happen
- Giving Plasma During Air Transport May Save Trauma Patients
- E-Cig Flavorings May Damage Lining of Blood Vessels
- Surgical Blood Transfusions Tied to Clot Risk
- Further Signs That Too Much Sitting Can Raise Clot Risk
- Health Tip: Factors That Raise Risk of Blood Clot
- A Better Clot-Buster Drug for Strokes?
- Magnetic Heart Pump Cuts Risk of Blood Clots, Stroke in Study
- Varicose Veins Tied to Higher Odds for Blood Clots
- Too Much TV Could Boost Your Odds for a Blood Clot
- 'Jeopardy!' Host Recuperating From Removal of Clots in Brain
- Binge-Watchers, Beware: Long TV Time Poses Clot Risk
- Genetic Testing May Help Make Blood Thinner Safer
- There May Be a Big Medical Upside to Being Short
- Nurses Learn How to Get Patients to Say 'Yes' to Blood Thinners
- Heart Risks May Rise After Cancer Diagnosis
- McCain's Recovery Time After Surgery Uncertain, Experts Say
- Early Care by Cardiologist May Lower Stroke Risk for A-Fib Patients
- Deciding If Double Knee Replacement Is Right for You
- Dying Patients Often Given Medicines That Won't Help Them
- Common Food Nutrient Tied to Risky Blood Clotting
- For Firefighters, Another Danger: The Heart
- How Doctors Decide to Treat a Ruptured Achilles
- Smokers Prone to Problems After Joint Replacement: Study
- Many With Irregular Heartbeat Not on Meds They Need: Study
- Study Tracks Bleeding Risk From Common Blood Thinners
- Hip Fracture's Link to Early Death May Last Years
- Too Many Stroke Victims Don't Get Clot-Busting Drug: Study
- More Evidence Ties Gum Health to Stroke Risk
- How the Neanderthal in Your Genes Affects Your Health
- Study Finds Stroke Care Faster for Men Than Women
- Rude, Disrespectful Surgeons May Also Be More Error-Prone: Study
- 5 Ways Women Can Cut Their Heart Attack Risk
- Drinking Peroxide as 'Natural' Cure Leads to Dangerous Blood Clots
- Soft Robotic Sleeve Shows Promise for Failing Hearts
- One-Third With Common Irregular Heartbeat Don't Take Blood Thinners
- Taking a Holiday Trip? Protect Yourself From Blood Clots
- Another Step Closer to Artificial Blood
- Pradaxa Blood Thinner May Beat Warfarin After Bleeding Episode: Study
- Testosterone Therapy May Be Linked to Serious Blood Clots
- Lifestyle, Stress May Play Role in Heart Rhythm Disorder
- Many Atrial Fibrillation Patients Missing Out on Blood Thinners
- Many With Common Irregular Heartbeat Unaware of Stroke Risk
- Gene Test May ID Chemo Patients at Risk of Clots: Study
- Device Approved to Prevent Second Strokes in Certain Heart Patients
- Pregnancy May Boost Stroke Risk in Younger Women: Study
- Sleep Apnea May Boost Risk for Post-Op Problems
- When Complications Arise, Some Hospitals Get Paid a Lot More
- C-Section Raises Risk of Blood Clots After Childbirth: Review
- Clot Retrieval Device Approval Expanded
- Heart Rhythm Disorder May Be Tied to Wider Range of Ills
- Aspirin Often Wrongly Prescribed for Atrial Fibrillation
- After Heart Attack, New Threat: Heart Failure
- Clues to How Popular Heartburn Drug Might Harm Arteries
- Widely Used Heart Drug Tied to Dementia Risk
- Sleep Apnea May Raise Heart Risks in People With Pacemakers
- Warfarin Can Be Safe, Effective for People With Irregular Heartbeat
- FDA Approves First Wire-Free Pacemaker
- Many With Irregular Heartbeat Missing Out on Stroke-Preventing Treatments
- For Stroke Patients, Temporary Easing of Symptoms Can Be Deceiving
- Stroke Risk May Be Greater for Certain Migraine Sufferers: Studies
- Excess Weight Linked to Blood Clot Risk in Kids
- Immune Cells Repair Damage to Blood-Brain Barrier in Mice
- Study: Tissue Heart Valves Seem Best for Middle-Aged Patients
- Safe to Use Blood Thinner Before Major Cancer Surgery, Study Finds
- The Pill, Hormone Therapy Safe for Women Taking Blood Thinners: Study
- Should You Be Taking Aspirin Daily?
- Horror Films Really Can Curdle Your Blood
- Heart Disease Doesn't Take a Holiday
- Heart Valve Patients Who Manage Their Own Blood Thinners May Do Better
- Extracting Clot Beats Clot-Busting Drug Alone in Study of Stroke Patients
- Coagadex Approved for Rare Clotting Disorder
- FDA Approves Drug to Reverse Blood Thinner's Effect
- Knee, Hip Replacement Surgeries Linked to Heart Risks
- Too Much TV Time Tied to Higher Odds for Blood Clot in Lung: Study
- Most Don't Need 'Bridging' When They Stop Warfarin Temporarily
- Antibiotic May Lower Effect of Some Blood Thinners
- Study Sees No Link Between Testosterone Therapy and Blood Clots
- How Long Do Patients With Clots in the Lung Need Blood Thinners?
- Weight-Loss Surgery May Beat Diet, Exercise as Type 2 Diabetes Treatment
- Heart Association's Stroke Guidelines Support Clot-Removing Device
- Anti-Clotting Drug Approved For Angioplasty
- Blood Thinners OK for Cancers That Spread to Brain, Study Finds
- Newer Birth Control Pills May Slightly Raise Blood Clot Risk
- COPD Raises Cardiac Death Risk for Those With Irregular Heartbeat
- Blood Thinners Overprescribed for Low-Risk Irregular Heartbeat: Study
- Pouch in Heart May Trigger Unexplained Strokes: Study
- Manual Clot Removal After Heart Attack May Not Help, Could Harm
- Aspirin 'Resistance' May Make for Worse Strokes: Study
- New Device Treats Superficial Varicose Veins
- Newer Blood Thinner Beats Heparin for Certain Heart Attacks
- Battlefield Blood-Transfusion 'Recipe' Passes Real-Life Test
- Infection Most Likely Cause of Hospital Readmission After Surgery
- FDA OKs New Anti-Clotting Drug for Heart Rhythm Disorder
- Blood-Thinning Drug Savaysa Approved
- Jakafi Approved for Chronic Bone Marrow Disease
- Time Spent in the OR May Be Linked to Blood Clots, Study Shows
- Long-Term Use of Aspirin Plus Blood Thinner Is Safe: Study
- Some Painkillers Tied to Bleeding Risk in Those With Abnormal Heartbeat
- Heart Device May Cut Stroke Risk in Those With Irregular Heartbeat: Study
- ER Visits for Common Irregular Heartbeat Are Rising, Study Finds
- Bed Position Matters for Stroke Patients, Report Shows
- Prescribe Blood Thinner Pradaxa With Caution, Study Warns
- FDA Approves New Vaccine to Protect Against Meningitis
- Doctors Often Unaware Their Patients Have Catheters
- Common Painkillers Tied to Blood Clot Risk, Study Suggests
- Most Treatments for Blood Clots Appear Safe, Effective
- Study: Aspirin Might Work Instead of Warfarin for Deep Vein Clots
- FDA Approves New DVT Blood Clot Treatment
- Speedy Delivery of Clot-Busting Drug Helps Stroke Patients Avoid Disability
- Blood Thinner Doesn't Prevent Miscarriages: Study
- Preemies May Have Higher Risk of Blood Clots, Even as Adults
- Study Casts Doubt on Costly Treatment for Leg Clots
- High-Salt Diets Could Double Risk of Heart Woes for Diabetics
- Weight Loss Surgery May Help Ease Urinary Incontinence
- Blood Thinners May Not Be Needed for Kids' Back Surgery
- Cervical Cancer Vaccine Doesn't Boost Clot Risk: Study
- More Painkillers May Raise Heart Risks for Older Women: Review
- Latest Study Finds No Link Between Testosterone Supplements, Heart Attack
- Anemia Treatments Don't Boost Recovery From Brain Injury, Study Finds
- Testosterone Products Must Warn About Risk of Venous Clots: FDA
- Pros, Cons to Dissolving Lung Clots: Study
- Study Ties Too Much Sitting to Risks for Certain Cancers
- Urine Test May Help Spot Dangerous Blood Clots
- Major Women's Health Study Paid Big Dividends
- Taking Blood Thinners With Certain Painkillers May Raise Bleeding Risk
- Rare, But Serious, Side Effect Reported With One MS Drug
- Aspirin May Not Protect Heart After Non-Cardiac Surgeries: Study
- Can Diet Soft Drinks Contribute to Heart Trouble in Women?
- Schizophrenia Linked to Pregnancy Complications, Study Suggests
- Early Promise for a Blood Thinner Without the Bleeding Risk
- Video Game Teaches Kids How to Spot a Stroke
- First-Time Cesarean Rates Dipped in 2012: CDC
- Mekinist Plus Tafinlar Approved for Late-Stage Melanoma
- FDA OKs 2-Drug Combo Treatment for Advanced Melanoma
- Death Rate After Hip, Knee Replacements Has Dropped Sharply: Study
- A-Fib Doesn't Mean You're Banished to the Sidelines
- 'Low T' Therapy: Is It for Me?
- Tretten Approved for Genetic Clotting Disorder
- Experts Lay Out Options for Menopause Symptoms
- Keeping Healthy During Holiday Travel
- Drug Arimidex Cuts Risk for Breast Cancer in Older, High-Risk Women: Study
- Estrogen Won't Make Women Sharper After Menopause, Study Finds
- Lengthy Car, Plane Rides Pose Risk of Clots
- Studies Suggest Better Approaches to Staying Clot-Free
- Antidote Might Reverse Complication From Blood Thinner Pradaxa
- Estrogen After Menopause May Blunt Stress' Effects on Memory
- Non-Delivery Hospital Stay May Raise Clot Risk During Pregnancy
- Study Raises Questions About Testosterone Therapy
- Ultrasound Device May Improve Emergency Stroke Care: Study
- Antibiotic-Resistant Infections Up Among Hospitalized Kids: Study
- Less-Skilled Weight-Loss Surgeons Often Have Higher Complication Rates: Study
- Laparoscopic Surgery for Colon Cancer May Benefit Seniors
- Study Compares Heart Risks for 2 Hormonal Regimens
- Medical Harm Occurs in Nearly 43 Million Hospital Cases Each Year
- All-in-One Pill May Be Effective Treatment for Heart Care
- Cancer-Surgery Complications Rise While Death Risk Drops
- Rheumatoid Arthritis Increases Potential for Blood Clots, Study Suggests
- Drug Combo May Reduce Risk of Second Stroke: Study
- Aspirin Equals Pricier Blood Thinner for Preventing Clots: Study
- Blacks With Certain Gene Need Lower Doses of Warfarin: Study
- Comparing the New Blood Thinners to Warfarin
- Kcentra Approved to Stop Severe Bleeding in Heart Patients
- Men Who Are Obese While Young Can Pay a Price Later
- 'Off-the-Shelf' Artificial Blood Vessels Show Promise
- Health Highlights: April 17, 2013
- Study Pinpoints Women at Risk for Blood Clots From Pregnancy
- Certain Steroids May Raise Risk of Dangerous Blood Clots
- Study Probes Use of Filter Device to Stop Deadly Blood Clots
- Clot Buster Safe for Stroke Patients on Blood Thinners: Study
- Report Details Steps to Boost Patient Safety
- Blood Thinners May Boost Survival for Prostate Cancer Patients: Study
- New Blood Thinner Beats Older Drug for Vein Clots: Study
- Surgical Delivery of Drug Shows Promise Against 'Bleeding' Stroke
- Blood Clots During Pregnancy More Likely After IVF, Study Says
- Some Migraines Linked to Heart Attack, Blood Clots
- Blood Disorder Cases Tied to Prescription Painkiller Abuse
- Hillary Clinton Plans to Return to Work Next Week
- Weight-Loss Surgery Is New Diabetes Foe
- Doctors: Clinton Should Recover Fully From Clot
- Hillary Clinton Hospitalized With Blood Clot
- FDA: Don't Use Pradaxa Blood Thinner in Patients With Artificial Heart Valves
- New Blood Thinner May Help Prevent Leg Clots, Study Finds
- 10 Years of Tamoxifen Better Than 5: Study
- New Drug Regimens May Slow Advanced Breast Cancer
- Certain Arthritis Patients Fare Worse After Joint Replacement: Study
- Medical Group: Sell the Pill Without Prescription
- Standard Dose of Blood Thinner May Not Be Best for All Patients
- Xarelto's Approval Expanded
- Post-Flight Fainting May Signal Dangerous Blood Clot: Study
- Panel Advises Against Hormones to Prevent Disease
- As Armstrong Case Unfolds, Experts Describe Doping's Harms
- Hormone Therapy May Benefit Some Women's Hearts
- Tomatoes May Lower Your Risk for Stroke
- Postoperative Program Prevents Respiratory Complications: Study
- Hormone Therapy in Early Menopause May Benefit Some Women: Study
- Rheumatoid Arthritis May Be Linked to More Blood Clots
- New Anti-Clotting Drug Beats Warfarin, Study Says
- Seniors Who Fell Recently May Fare Worse After Surgery
- 'Half-Match' Marrow Transplants Help Some With Sickle Cell
- Study Assesses Blood Thinner Use After Gastrointestinal Bleeding
- Mechanical Blood Clot 'Retrievers' May Aid Stroke Patients
- Knee and Hip Replacement Surgeries Linked to Heart Attacks
- Clot-Busting Stroke Drug Safe for Many Who Take Warfarin
- Even Brief Ozone Exposure May Raise Fatal Heart Risk: Study
- FDA Delays Decision on Blood Thinner Eliquis
- FDA Rejects New Use for Blood Thinner Xarelto
- Some Diabetics May Not Benefit From Daily Aspirin
- Bariatric Surgery May Help Diabetic Kidney Disease
- Quick-Reversal Method May Be at Hand for New Blood Thinner
- Many Suffer Leg, Lung Clots While Hospitalized: CDC
- Heart Rhythm Disorder May Raise Older Women's Stroke Risk
- Aspirin May Prevent Recurrence of Deep Vein Blood Clots
- Clot Buster Seems to Help Up to 6 Hours After Stroke
- New Blood Thinner May Lower Chances of Clots in High-Risk Heart Patients: FDA
- FDA Issues Warning on Controversial MS Treatment
- Clot-Buster Doesn't Raise Bleeding Risk in Warfarin Patients: Study
- Blood Clot Risk Linked to Some Non-Pill Contraceptives
- Rate of Hospitalizations for Stroke Has Declined in U.S.
- Fish Oil Doesn't Cut Failure Rate of Hemodialysis Grafts
- Blood Clot Risk for Outpatients Needs More Attention: Study
- Stopping Blood Thinners Raises Stroke Risk for Patients With Irregular Heartbeat
- New Warning for Some Birth Control Pills
- Infection Might Raise Blood Clot Risk for Older Adults: Study
- Treating Clogged Veins Improves MS, Study Says
- Clot-buster Drug Injection Might Help Some Heart Attack Patients
- Bacteria From Mouth Can Lead to Heart Inflammation: Study
- Varicose Veins Keep Some in Long Pants All Year
- Aspirin as Good as Plavix for Poor Leg Circulation: Study
- Avoid Window Seats to Cut Risk for In-Flight Blood Clots: Study
- Many Stroke Victims Still Don't Get Treated Fast Enough: Study
- Aspirin, Warfarin Fare Equally for Heart Failure Patients
- Being Fit Before Stroke May Aid Recovery
- Clot-Busting Drug May Work for Those Who Have Strokes While Asleep
- Experimental Drug Might Beat Aspirin in Preventing Repeat Strokes: Study
- Hip Fracture Patients Often Have Other Health Problems
- Knee, Hip Replacements Carry Blood Clot Risk
- New Blood Thinner Linked To Higher Heart Attack Risk
- Doubt Cast on Use of Genetic Test Before Plavix
- Adding Lovenox Didn't Reduce Blood Clot Death Risk in Study
- Low Iron Levels May Increase Blood Clot Risk
- Aspirin May Reduce Risk of Repeat Blood Clots
- Procedure May Lower Complications After Leg Clots
- Some Causes of Stillbirth May Be Avoidable: Studies
- Cancer Outpatients at Greater Risk for Blood Clots
- Health Tip: Help Protect Against Blood Clots
- FDA: Stronger Labeling Needed for Newer Contraceptives
- Low-Dose Aspirin After Lung Clot Could Prevent Recurrence
- FDA Panels to Weigh Safety of Newer Forms of the 'Pill'
- FDA Rejects Avastin for Breast Cancer
- Newer 'Pill' May Raise Blood Clot Risk
- Inflammatory Bowel Disease Tied to Higher Risk of Post-Op Blood Clots
- Health Tip: Managing Pain After Surgery
- Chocolate May Cut Women's Stroke Risk
- Heart Attack Complications More Likely for Women Smokers
- New Warning Added to Avastin Label
- FDA Advisory Panel Backs Xarelto to Prevent Strokes
- Anti-clotting Drug Warfarin May Be Safe for Elderly
- Ultrasound of Neck Predicts Who Will Have a Stroke
- FDA Investigates Newer Birth Control Pills
- Take Steps to Prevent Pulmonary Embolisms
- Many Strokes Occur in Sleep, Preventing Treatment
- Coumadin Recalled Over Potency Concern
- Estrogen-Only HRT Not So Risky in 50s
- 'Mini-Strokes' May Increase Risk of Heart Attack
- New Drug Helps Patients With Atrial Fibrillation
- Rare Form of Stroke Affects Young People
- FDA Rejects New Blood Thinner -- for Now
- FDA Moves to Pull Avastin Breast Cancer Approval
- Aromatase Inhibitors May Raise Heart Risks
- Alcohol Associated With Lower Risk of Arthritis
- Many Stroke Patients Don't Get Quick Treatment