Treatment for bladder cancer depends on the stage of the disease, the grade of the tumor, and the type of bladder cancer. Options for treatment include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and biological therapy.Read more: Bladder Cancer Article
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Related Disease Conditions
Second Source article from Government
Cancer Risk Factors
Though it's difficult to say why some people develop cancer while others don't, research shows that certain risk factors increase a person's odds of developing cancer. These risk factors include growing older, family history of cancer, diet, alcohol and tobacco use, and exposure to sunlight, ionizing radiation, certain chemicals, and some viruses and bacteria.
Blood in Urine (Causes, Pain, and Treatment in Men and Women)
Blood in the urine is termed hematuria. Hematuria, whether it be gross or microscopic, is abnormal and should be further investigated.
Hydronephrosis describes swelling of the kidney resulting from the inability of urine to drain from the kidney into the bladder. This may be a normal variant or it may be due to an underlying illness or medical condition. Symptoms of acute hydronephrosis may include: intense flank or back pain radiating to the groin, nausea, vomiting, bloody urine, sweating, and colicky pain, which may cause the person to writhe or roll around or pace in pain.
Smoking (How to Quit Smoking)
Smoking is an addiction. More than 430,000 deaths occur each year in the U.S. from smoking related illnesses. Secondhand smoke or "passive smoke" also harm family members, coworkers, and others around smokers. There are a number of techniques available to assist people who want to quit smoking.
Cancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and is not contagious. Cancer can be treated through chemotherapy, a treatment of drugs that destroy cancer cells.
Disease Prevention in Men
Disease prevention in men includes routine screening tests that are part of basic prevention medicine. Take an active role in your own health care and discuss screening tests with your doctor early in life. Age of screening and timing of screening depends upon the condition being assessed. Diseases men should take steps to prevent include high blood pressure (hypertension), hypercholesterolemia, type II diabetes mellitus, HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), colon cancer and colon polyps, prostate cancer, glaucoma, melanoma and other skin cancer, and bladder cancer.
Disease Prevention in Women
Disease prevention in women includes screening tests that are a basic part of prevention medicine. All screening tests are commonly available through your general doctor. Some specialized tests may be available elsewhere.
Certain behavioral, lifestyle, and environmental factors contribute to cancer. Cancer prevention involves modifying these factors to decrease cancer risk. Tobacco use, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, inadequate fruit and vegetable intake, and obesity increase the risk of certain cancers. Vaccines, genetic testing, and cancer screening also play a role in cancer prevention.
Learning disabilities can cause an individual to have trouble learning and using skills such as reading, listening, writing, reading, speaking, reasoning, and performing mathematics. There is no cure for learning disabilities. Parents and teachers working together to properly diagnose learning disabilities can properly plan a course of education. For some, medication may be appropriate as complimentary treatment.
Cancer pain results from the tumor pressing on nerves or invading bones or organs. Cancer treatments like chemotherapy, radiation, or surgery can also cause pain. Over-the-counter pain relievers, prescription medications, radiation, biofeedback, and relaxation techniques are just some treatments for cancer pain.
Cancer fatigue is a lack of energy that is caused by cancer or cancer treatment, including chemotherapy, radiation, biological therapy, or bone marrow transplantation. Strategies to combat cancer fatigue include scheduling rest, pacing oneself, planning ahead and prioritizing work and activities, eating the right foods, exercising, and practicing proper body mechanics.
Most often, caregivers take care of other adults who are ill or disabled. Less often, caregivers are grandparents raising their grandchildren. The majority of caregivers are middle-aged women. Caregiving can be very stressful, so it's important to recognize when it's putting to much strain on you and to take steps to prevent/relieve stress.
Alzheimer's disease is a common cause of dementia. Symptoms and warning signs of Alzheimer's disease include memory loss, difficulty performing familiar tasks, disorientation to time and place, misplacing things, and more. The biggest risk factor for Alzheimer's disease is increased age. Treatment for Alzheimer's is often targeted toward decreasing the symptoms and progression of the disease.
Swollen Lymph Nodes (Glands)
Lymph nodes help the body's immune system fight infections. Causes of swollen lymph nodes (glands) may include infection (viral, bacterial, fungal, parasites). Symptoms of swollen lymph nodes vary greatly, but may include fever, night sweats, toothache, sore throat, or weight loss. Causes of swollen lymph nodes also vary, but may include cancer, the common cold, mono, chickenox, HIV, and herpes. The treatment of swollen lymph nodes depends upon the cause.
Internal bleeding occurs when an artery or vein is damaged and blood to escapes the circulatory system and collects inside the body. Internal bleeding can be caused by a variety of situations such as blunt trauma, deceleration trauma, medications, fractures, and spontaneous bleeding. Treatment of internal bleeding depends on the cause of the bleeding.
Chewing Tobacco (Smokeless Tobacco, Snuff)
People absorb more nicotine into their systems by chewing tobacco (snuff or smokeless tobacco) than by smoking a cigarette. Chewing tobacco or snuff can cause cancers, poor oral health (gum disease and tooth decay), infertility, pregnancy complications, and nicotine addiction. Nicotine addiction can be overcome with available prescription drugs and other treatment programs.
Urethral cancer is a rare form of cancer that primarily affects white females, people over 60 years of age, and those who have stds or who experience frequent urinary tract infections. Symptoms and signs of urethral cancer include blood in the urine, interrupted urine flow and discharge from the urethra. Treatment involves surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
Schistosomiasis (snail fever), a disease caused by parasites, causes a variety of symptoms and signs, such as cough, rash and bloody diarrhea. Praziquantel is used in the treatment of schistosomiasis.
Tumor grade is a system used to classify cancer cells in how likely the tumor is to grow and how abnormal they look under a microscope. Tumor grade is not the same as tumor stage. A biopsy is taken to determine if the tumor is benign (non cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).
Bladder Infection (Cystitis)
Bladder infection is an infection of the bladder, usually caused by bacteria or, rarely, by Candida. Certain people, including females, the elderly, men with enlarged prostates, and those with chronic medical conditions are at increased risk for bladder infection. Bladder infections are treated with antibiotics, but cranberry products and adequate hydration may help prevent bladder infections.
Arsenic comes in two forms, inorganic and organic. Organic arsenic poisoning is usually not poisonous to humans; however, inorganic arsenic in large enough amounts can lead to shock and death. Symptoms of arsenic poisoning include: nausea, abdominal pain, diarrhea, dehydration, dark urine, vertigo, delirium, shock, and death. Treatment for arsenic poisoning includes Hemodialysis and a variety of drugs.
Pelvic Pain (in Women and Men)
Pelvic pain is described as pain, usually in the lower pelvic area. Causes of acute and chronic pelvic pain in women include endometriosis, ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage, menstrual cramps, ovarian cysts, tumors, or fibroids, ovulation, and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or congestion syndrome, vulva pain, and rarely cancer. Pelvic pain during pregnancy may be caused by miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy (tubal pregnancy), preterm or premature labor, and placental abruption. Causes of pelvic pain in men include prostate problems, testicular pain, and groin pain. Causes of pelvic pain in men and women include kidney stones, appendicitis, UTIs, IBD, and STDs. Signs and symptoms associated with pelvic pain depend on the cause, but man include pain during or after sexual intercourse, abdominal pain, distension, and tenderness, diarrhea, constipation, vaginal discharge or bleeding, blood, pus, in the urine, cloudy urine, blood in the stool, stool color changes, and low back pain. The cause of pelvic pain is diagnosed by a physical exam, blood tests, and imaging procedures. Treatment for pelvic pain depends on the cause.
Local ResourcesFind a local Oncologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Advance Medical Directives
- Blood in Urine
- Bloody Sputum (Hemoptysis)
- Burning Urination (Dysuria)
- Frequent Urination
- Doctor: Getting the Most from Your Doctor's Appointment
- How to Choose a Doctor
- Doctor: Checklist to Take To Your Doctor's Appointment
- Cancer Research: Going the Distance
- Cancer Pain Management with Ann Reiner
- Cancer: The Importance of Joining a Cancer Support Group with Selma Schimmel
- Cancer Patients Need Proper Diet and Exercise
- Cancer: Living Well Despite with Win Boerckel
- Cancer Treatment: Writing to Heal with Margie Davis
- Cancer Survival and Attitude with Hamilton Jordan
- Cancer: Journaling to Save Your Life
- Dark Urine
- Low Urine Output
- Urinary Urgency
- Pelvic Pain
- Bladder Cancer
Medications & Supplements
- fentanyl patch (Duragesic)
- valrubicin - intravesical, Valstar
- bcg vaccine - intravesical, Theracys
- granisetron transdermal system (patch), Sancuso
- Dilaudid vs. Fentanyl (Pain Strength Comparison and Side Effects)
- atezolizumab (Tecentriq)
- Proleukin (aldesleukin) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
Prevention & Wellness
- Drug Combo Offers Hope Against Advanced Bladder Cancer
- Massachusetts' Health Reforms Helped Catch More Cancers Early
- Despite Cancer Screening, 'Oldest Old' Have Low Survival Odds: Study
- Your Drinking Water May Harbor Cancer-Causing Nitrate: Study
- Quitting Smoking Helps Shield Women From Bladder Cancer: Study
- Balversa Approved for Advanced Bladder Cancer
- Nobel Prize Goes to Cancer Immunotherapy Pioneers
- Could Certain Hair Dyes, Relaxers Raise Breast Cancer Risk?
- 'Couch Potatoes' May Face Higher Risk of Kidney, Bladder Cancers
- E-Cigarettes Linked to Bladder Cancer Risk
- Drug Offers Some Hope for a Deadly Lung Cancer
- Low Vitamin D Levels May Raise Bladder Cancer Risk: Study
- Powerful Cancer Drugs Linked to Rare Heart Risks
- More Cancer Patients Gaining From Immune-Based Treatments
- Second, Unrelated Cancers Strike 1 in 12 Cancer Patients
- Immune-Based Drug May Help Some With Advanced Bladder Cancer
- FDA Approves New Drug to Treat Bladder Cancer
- Well Water a Suspected Cause of Bladder Cancer in New England
- FDA Suggests Limit for Arsenic in Infant Rice Cereal
- More Evidence Diabetes Drug Actos Raises Bladder Cancer Risk a Bit
- Agent Orange Linked to Bladder Cancer, Thyroid Problems, Panel Says
- Risk of Bladder Cancer Rising for Workers in Many Industries
- Study Refutes Notion That Diabetes Drug Actos Raises Bladder Cancer Risk
- Persistent UTI Symptoms May Signal Bladder Cancer
- Smoking Ups Risk of Complications From Urologic Cancers: Study
- New Cancer Classification System Might Boost Patient Outcomes
- Exercise Linked to Improved Bladder Cancer Survival
- Farxiga Approved for Type 2 Diabetes
- Family History of Cancer May Raise Risk for Other Types of Tumors
- Health Highlights: May 14, 2013
- Study Claims Marijuana Tied to Lower Bladder Cancer Risk
- Which Cancer Tests Do You Really Need?
- Cancer Death Rates Drop 20% Over 2 Decades
- Heavy Smoking May Raise Odds for Lethal Bladder Cancer
- Children of Older Parents With Cancer May Be at Risk, Too
- Depression, DNA Linked to Higher Death Risk in Bladder Cancer Patients
- FDA OKs Generic Actos for Type 2 Diabetes
- Another Study Links Diabetes Drug Actos to Bladder Cancer
- Diabetes Drugs Avandia, Actos Linked to Vision Woes
- Diabetes Drug Actos Again Linked to Bladder Cancer
- Warnings on Cigarette Packs May Keep Ex-Smokers From Relapse
- Chemo and Radiation Best for Bladder Cancer, Study Finds
- Health Highlights: Jan. 3, 2012
- Eating Rice May Raise Arsenic Levels
- Science Probes How Probiotic Yogurts Affect Your Gut
- FDA Panel Opposes New Type of Diabetes Drug
- New Drug May Help Treat Diabetes
- New Bladder Cancer Warning for Diabetes Drug Actos
- Selenium May Protect Against Bladder Cancer
- Meat Compounds May Boost Bladder Cancer Risk
- Study Suggests Painters Face Increased Risk of Bladder Cancer
- Exercise Recommended for Cancer Patients
- Vitamins Fail to Protect Men Against Bladder Cancer
- Meat Lovers Face Greater Risk of Bladder Cancer
- Firefighters May Face Higher Risk of Bladder Cancer