Birth defects have many causes and currently, are the leading cause of death for infants in the first year of life. Some of the causes of birth defects include genetic or chromosome problems. Exposure of the mother to rubella or German measles during pregnancy, or using drugs or alcohol during pregnancy. The treatment for birth defects depends upon the condition of the effected child. Read more: Birth Defects Article
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Related Disease Conditions
A common form of short stature, achondroplasia (dwarfism) is a genetic condition causing a disorder of bone growth. Complications of achondroplasia that need monitoring include (this is not all inclusive) stenosis and compression of the spinal cord, a large opening under the skull, lordosis, kyphosis, spinal stenosis, hydrocephalus, middle ear infections, obesity, and dental crowning. Achondroplasia is caused by mutations of the FGFR3 gene.
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)
Consuming alcohol during pregnancy may cause fetal alcohol syndrome, a group of conditions associated with mental, growth, and physical problems. Children with fetal alcohol syndrome may have a small head, short stature, low IQ, and abnormal facial features. Early intervention programs can lessen the impact of motor, cognitive, and language impairments.
A branchial cyst is a congenital remnant from embryologic development that appears on the side of the neck. The cyst may develop a sinus or drainage pathway to the surface of the skin. Sometimes, a branchial cyst can become infected. Surgical excision is the treatment of choice.
Miscarriage is the medical term for the spontaneous loss of pregnancy from conception to 20 weeks gestation. Risk factors for a woman having a miscarriage include cigarette smoking, older maternal age, radiation exposure, previous miscarriage, maternal weight, illicit drug use, use of NSAIDs, and trauma or anatomical abnormalities to the uterus. There are five classified types of miscarriage: 1) threatened abortion; 2) incomplete abortion; 3) complete abortion; 4) missed abortion; and (5 septic abortion. While there are no specific treatments to stop a miscarriage, a woman's doctor may advise avoiding certain activities, bed rest, etc. If a woman believes she has had a miscarriage, she needs to seek prompt medical attention.
Pregnancy Planning (Tips)
Pregnancy planning is an important step in preparation for starting or expanding a family. Planning for a pregnancy includes taking prenatal vitamins, eating healthy for you and your baby, disease prevention (for both parents and baby) to prevent birth defects and infections, avoiding certain medications that may be harmful to your baby, how much weight gain is healthy exercise safety and pregnancy, travel during pregnancy.
Microcephaly is a genetic condition where the circumference of the head is smaller than normal due to underdeveloped brain. Microcephaly is caused by genetic abnormalities, abuse of alcohol or drugs, infection (for example, Zika virus, German measles, or chickenpox), exposure to toxins, or PKU while the mother is pregnant. Symptoms of microcephaly depend upon the severity of the accompanying syndrome. There is no treatment for microcephaly.
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a disorder that is inherited. PKU disorder increases the levels of phenylalanine in the blood. Phenylalanine is an amino acid that is obtained through diet, and is found in some artificial sweeteners. Signs and symptoms of PKU may vary from mild to severe, and may include: Behavioral problems Developmental delays Autism Seizures PKU has an autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance.
German Measles (Rubella)
German measles is a disease that's caused by a virus. Symptoms include rash and fever for two to three days. The MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) vaccine prevents this disease.
Congenital Heart Defects
Congenital heart defects are heart problems that are present at birth. Genetics may play a role in some heart defects. Symptoms can range from nonexistent to severe and life-threatening. Fatigue, rapid breathing, and decreased blood circulation are a few possible symptoms of congenital heart defects. Many cases do not require any treatment. Procedures using catheters and surgery may be used to repair severe heart defects.
Ventricular Septal Defect
A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a congenital heart malformation. A VSD is a hole in the wall of the heart's two lower chambers. Approximately one in 500 infants will be born with a VSD. Treatment depends upon whether the VSD is small or large in size.
Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber (KTW) syndrome is a condition characterized by: port-wine stains or birthmark malformations in the skin, soft tissue and bony growths (generally involving a limb), and vascular anomalies (varicose veins). Although these three symptoms are consistently found in patients with Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber syndrome, there are other symptoms, which include atrophy (a limb that is underdeveloped), fingers and toes that are disproportionately large or small, digits that are webbed (syndactyly), too many digits (polydactyly), or too few digits (oligodactyly). The cause of Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber syndrome is not known. However, recently there have been some cases that run in families. There is no significant treatment for Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber syndrome.
Poland syndrome is a congenital malformation that affects one side of the body. Characteristics of Poland syndrome include the absence or underdevelopment of the chest muscles on one side of the body and the webbing of the fingers on that same side of the body. Reconstructive surgery is the main treatment for those with Poland syndrome.
Spina Bifida (Anencephaly, Neural Tube Defects) in Babies and Adults
Spina bifida is the most common neural tube defect in the United States. There are four types of spina bifida; 1) occulta, 2) closed neural tube defects, 3) meningocele, and 4) myelomeningocele. The cause of spina bifida is not known. Theories include genetic, nutritional, and environmental factors. Lack of folic acid during pregnancy is highly suspected. Symptoms of spina bifida vary from individual to individual. Treatment depends on the type of spanina bifida the person suffers.
Toxoplasmosis (toxo) is a parasitic infection that causes flu-like symptoms, swollen lymph nodes, and muscle aches and pains that may last from a few days to several weeks. Toxoplasmosis can be contracted by touching the hands to the mouth after gardening, cleaning a cat's litter box, or anything that came into contact with cat feces. Toxoplasmosis can also be contracted by eating raw or partly cooked meat, especially pork or lamb, or touching the hands to the mouth after contact with raw or undercooked meat.
Cleidocranial dysplasia is a genetic condition. Cleidocranial dysplasia is also referred to as cleidocranial dysostosis and cleidocranial dysostosis. Cleidocranial dysplasia primarily affects bone and teeth development. Symptoms and signs may vary widely with severity. The RUNX2 is the gene that is related to cleidocranial dysplasia. Cleidocranial dysplasia is an autosomal dominant pattern inherited condition.
Rothmund-Thomson syndrome is a rare genetic. The signs and symptoms of Rothmund-Thomson syndrome include a redness on the cheeks (developed between the ages of 3 and 6 months); poikiloderma; sparse hair, eyebrows, and eyelashes; slow growth, teeth and nail abnormalities, infancy gastrointestinal problems, cataracts, skeletal abnormalities, bone and skin cancer. Mutations of the RECQL4 gene causes about two-thirds of the cases of Rothmund-Thomson syndrome. This syndrome is an inherited autosomal recessive pattern genetic mutation. Other names for Rothmund-Thomson syndrome include: congenital poikiloderma, poikiloderma atrophicans and cataract, poikiloderma congenitale, poikiloderma congenitale of Rothmund-Thomson, and RTS.
Brain aneurysm (cerebral aneurysm) is caused by microscopic damage to artery walls, infections of the artery walls, tumors, trauma, drug abuse. Symptoms include headache, numbness of the face, dilated pupils, changes in vision, the "worst headache of your life," or a painful stiff neck. Immediate treatment for a brain aneurysm is crucial for patient survival.
Alcoholic (Alcoholism) and Alcohol Abuse
Alcoholism is a disease that includes alcohol craving and continued drinking despite repeated alcohol-related problems, such as losing a job or getting into trouble with the law. It can cause myriad health problems, including cirrhosis of the liver, birth defects, heart disease, stroke, psychological problems, and dementia. Counseling and a few medications can be effective for alcoholism treatment.
Hydrocephalus is an abnormal buildup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the ventricles of the brain. The fluid is often under increased pressure and can compress and damage the brain. Symptoms of hydrocephalus vary with age, progression of the disease, and individual tolerance to the condition. Hydrocephalus is most often treated by surgery in which a shunt system is inserted.
Pregnancy and Drugs (Prescription and OTC)
Taking prescription medications or over-the-counter drugs or supplements should be discussed with your doctor. There are some medications that have been found to cause no problems in pregnancy, however, medications such as Accutane for acne, should never be taken during pregnancy.
Pendred syndrome, a genetic disorder that causes hearing loss. Generally, the hearing loss is affected in early childhood. Pendred syndrome also affects other parts fo the body (for example, the thyroid gland). Treatment is generally cochlear ear implants.
Canavan disease is an inherited genetic disorder that typically causes death before 10 years of age. Signs and symptoms of the disease include developmental delays, loss of muscle tone, enlargement of the head, and severe feeding problems. The disease is most prevalent in the Ashkenazi Jewish population. There is no treatment for the disease.
Klinefelter syndrome, also referred to as XXY condition, is a genetic disease. Klinefelter syndrome affects mostly males. Symptoms include decreased testosterone levels, development of breasts, wider hips, and infertility. Some men with Klinefelter syndrome have no symptoms. Treatment includes educational, therapeutic, and medical therapy.
Enjoying a healthy diet helps to prevent diseases. A good diet also helps to: control celiac disease, control diabetes, control high blood pressure, prevent loss of bone mass, prevent loss of muscle strength, and prevent vitamin deficiencies. Healthy diets also help prevent obesity and weight gain.
Scoliosis causes an abnormal curvature of the spine. When the cause of scoliosis is unknown the disorder is described based on the age when the scoliosis develops (infantile, juvenile, or adolescent idiopathic scoliosis). In functional scoliosis, curvature develops due to a problem somewhere else in the body. With neuromuscular scoliosis, there is a problem when the bones of the spine are formed. Treatment typically involves observation, bracing, and surgery and is dependent upon the severity of the curvature.
Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function and postural tone acquired at an early age (even before birth). Cerebral palsy is generally caused by brain trauma. Types of cerebral palsy include: spastic, dyskinetic (dystonic or choreoathetoid), hypotonic, and mixed types. There is no cure for cerebral palsy, and treatment is generally managing the symptoms of the condition.
Hernia (Abdominal Hernia, Types, and Surgery)
A hernia occurs when an organ or piece of tissue protrudes from the space in which it is normally contained. Symptoms of a hernia include pain, nausea, vomiting, bowel obstruction, and fever. Hernias are diagnosed by a physical exam and imaging tests. Some hernias may be held in place with a supportive belt. Other hernias require surgical repair. The prognosis of people who undergo elective hernia repair tends to be good.
Children's health is focused on the well-being of children from conception through adolescence. There are many aspects of children's health, including growth and development, illnesses, injuries, behavior, mental illness, family health, and community health.
Genetic Diseases (Disorder Definition, Types, and Examples)
The definition of a genetic disease is a disorder or condition caused by abnormalities in a person's genome. Some types of genetic inheritance include single inheritance, including cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anemia, Marfan syndrome, and hemochromatosis. Other types of genetic diseases include multifactorial inheritance. Still other types of genetic diseases include chromosome abnormalities (for example, Turner syndrome, and Klinefelter syndrome), and mitochondrial inheritance (for example, epilepsy and dementia).
Learning disabilities can cause an individual to have trouble learning and using skills such as reading, listening, writing, reading, speaking, reasoning, and performing mathematics. There is no cure for learning disabilities. Parents and teachers working together to properly diagnose learning disabilities can properly plan a course of education. For some, medication may be appropriate as complimentary treatment.
Cleft Palate and Cleft Lip
Cleft palate and cleft lip are facial and oral defects that occur early in pregnancy. A cleft lip is a split of the two sides of the upper lip, and a cleft palate is a split in the roof of the mouth. Cleft lip the fourth most common birth defect in the U.S. Repair of a cleft palate or cleft lip may require multiple surgeries.
Most often, caregivers take care of other adults who are ill or disabled. Less often, caregivers are grandparents raising their grandchildren. The majority of caregivers are middle-aged women. Caregiving can be very stressful, so it's important to recognize when it's putting to much strain on you and to take steps to prevent/relieve stress.
Loeys-Dietz syndrome is an inherited genetic syndrome characterized by aortic aneurysms in children. Children with Loeys-Dietz syndrome are at a greater risk of dying from aortic aneurysms, because the aneurysms are prone to rupture at a smaller size than other aneurysms. Physical characteristics of the syndrome include early fusion of the skull bones, widely spaced eyes, and split uvula or cleft palate. Treatment includes surgical repair fo the aneurysms.
Angelman syndrome is a genetic disorder that results from the absence of a functional copy of the UBE3A gene inherited from the mother. Infants with Angelman syndrome often have feeding problems and exhibit noticeable developmental delays by six to 12 months of age. Other symptoms include seizures, hyperactivity, speech impairment, small head size, sleep disorders, and movement and balance disorders. There is no specific treatment or therapy for Angelman syndrome.
Thallium is a metal that can be found in small amounts in the soil. When thallium enters the environment through coal-burning or smelting, it stays in the air, soil, and water for a long time and doesn't break down. Thallium exposure may come from eating contaminated foods, smoking cigarettes, touching or eating contaminated soil, living near a hazardous-waste site, or breathing workplace air in industries that use thallium.
Choledochal cysts are cysts of the bile ducts. There are several different types of choledochal cysts. These cysts are congenital, however, their cause is not known. Symptoms of choledochal cysts in infants include an enlarged liver and jaundice. In older people, the cysts cause abdominal pain, jaundice, cholangitis, gallstones, and pancreatitis. Treatment for choledochal cysts is surgery.
Your health care provider may refer you to a genetic professional. Universities and medical centers also often have affiliated genetic professionals, or can provide referrals to a genetic professional or genetics clinic. Genetic counseling provides patients and family members the tools to make the right choice in regard to test for a disease or condition.
Shingles and Pregnancy
Becoming infected with chickenpox during pregnancy could cause birth defects in your unborn child. Likewise, shingles could also cause problems for your unborn child. If you are pregnant and haven't had chickenpox, avoid exposure to infected people. Zostavax, the shingles vaccine, can reduce the incidence of shingles by half. Women should wait at least three months after receiving the vaccine before trying to get pregnant.
Urine Blockage in Newborns
There are many syndromes and defects that may cause urine blockage in newborns. Defects in the urinary tract that may cause urine blockage include vesicoureteral reflux, ureteropelvic junction obstruction, bladder outlet obstruction, posterior urethral valves, nerve disease, and ureterocele. Syndromes that may cause urinary blockage include congenital heart defects, esophageal atresia, and prune belly syndrome. Treatment for urine blockage in newborns depends on the cause of the blockage.
1p36 Deletion Syndrome
1p36 deletion syndrome is a genetic disorder that causes severe intellectual disability. Characteristics of 1p36 deletion sndrome include temper tantrums, biting, and other behavoiral problems. Physical conditions include seizures, hypotonia, swallowing problems, and microbrachycephaly.
Methemoglobinemia (Beta-Globin Type)
Methemoglobinemia (beta-globin type) is an inherited genetic disorder characterized by an atypical form of hemoglobin that is unable to deliver oxygen efficiently. The main symptom of methemoglobinemia is a bluish appearance of the skin. Mutations in the HBB gene cause the disorder
Face Blindness (Prosopagnosia)
Face blindness (prosopagnosia) is a condition that causes the inability to recognize faces. Face blindness may be caused by stroke, traumatic brain injury, or certain neurodegenerative diseases. Treatment involves helping the patient develop compensatory strategies.
Treacher Collins Syndrome
Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS) is a rare genetic condition that affects the development of the bones and tissues of the face. Symptoms can range from mild to severe, and include: Malformations of the eyes Anomalies of the structures of the external and middle ear Feeding or swallowing difficulties. Treatment of symptoms requires a multidisciplinary approach. Sometimes surgery may help relieve a patient's symptoms.
Kidney Dysplasia: In Infants and Children
Kidney dysplasia is a condition in which one or both of a baby's kidneys do not develop normally. In kidney dysplasia, cysts replace normal kidney tissue. Signs of kidney dysplasia include enlarged kidneys and, rarely, high blood pressure. A child with kidney dysplasia may not have any symptoms. Genes and maternal exposure to certain drugs may cause kidney dysplasia. Regular checkups should include blood pressure measurements, kidney function tests, and urine testing for protein.
Cystic hygroma is a birth defect that may be apparent while a fetus is still in the womb. It is a malformation of the lymphatic system. Symptoms and signs of cystic hygroma may include breathing difficulties, feeding problems, sleep apnea, and failure to thrive. Treatment usually consists of surgery. The prognosis of cystic hygroma is variable, ranging from good to poor, depending on a variety of factors.
Zika Virus (Zika Fever)
The Zika virus is transmitted by the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito. Symptoms and signs of a Zika virus infection include conjunctivitis, headache, joint pain, fever, rash, and muscle aches. Treatment for Zika virus infections aims to alleviate symptoms.
Pfeiffer syndrome, a rare genetic disorder, is characterized by craniosynostosis and other birth defects. There are three subtypes of Pfeiffer syndrome. In type I Pfeiffer syndrome the individual usually has a normal lifespan and typical intelligence. Individuals with types II and II have more severe birth defects that can affect brain development and function. Signs and symptoms of Pfeiffer syndrome include a high forehead, prominent lower jaw, protrusion of the eyes, beaked nose, and short fingers and toes. There is no cure for Pfeiffer syndrome.
What Are the Side Effects of Vacuum Delivery?
Vacuum delivery is a type of assisted birth delivery also called ventouse-assisted delivery. Vacuum-assisted birth is a method to assist the delivery of a baby using a vacuum device. The side effects include potential risks to the mother and risks to the baby.
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- CDC: 116 Cases of Zika in U.S. Residents in First 2 Months of Year
- Puerto Rico Looks East for Help With Zika Mosquito
- Scientists Assess Risk to Pregnant Women Infected With Zika
- Fight Turns Personal for a Man at War With Zika
- Zika Poses Serious Threat to Puerto Rico: U.S. Health Officials
- Scientists Report Insights Into Zika Virus and Birth Defect
- Zika Found in 9 U.S. Pregnancies, Outcomes Often Severe: CDC
- Pregnant Travelers, Tough Choices on Zika Testing
- Report Suggests Zika's Effect on Fetus May Be Even Deadlier Than Thought
- CDC Cites 14 Potential New Cases of Zika Transmitted By Sex
- Check Newborns of Women Who Visited Zika-Prone Areas for Infection: CDC
- U.S. Travelers Seek More Zika Details
- In Fight Against Zika Virus, Officials Consider Genetically Modified Mosquitoes
- WHO: Neurological Disorder on the Rise in Zika Zones
- Advanced 3D Printer Shows Potential for New Tissues, Organs
- CDC Offering Zika Virus Tests for Pregnant Women
- Researchers Probe Colombia's Claim of No Birth Defects Linked to Zika
- CDC Reports Link Between Zika Virus and Microcephaly
- Birth Defect Tied to Zika Virus Can Leave Children With Lifetime of Health Woes
- CDC Adds New Zika Warning for Pregnant Women and Their Sex Partners
- Red Cross Takes Steps to Keep Zika Virus Out of Blood Supply
- Diabetes Drug May Not Help Obese Women Have Normal-Weight Babies
- Zika and Microcephaly: How Doctors Made the Link
- Texas Health Officials Report Sexually Transmitted Case of Zika Virus
- U.S. Weighs Changes to Blood Donations in Response to Zika Virus Outbreak
- Mistakes During Delivery Rarely Cause Newborn Brain Damage, Study Contends
- As Zika Virus Spreads, Doctors Try to Calm Fears
- Prenatal Antidepressant Use Not Linked to Infant Heart Defects: Study
- Obesity Before Pregnancy Tied to Raised Risk of Newborn Death
- Rate of Severe Stomach Birth Defect Doubled Over Two Decades: CDC
- CDC Issues Zika-Virus Guidance for Docs With Pregnant Patients
- Spike in Newborn Drug-Withdrawal Tied to Prenatal Painkiller Use
- No Link Between 'the Pill' and Birth Defects: Study
- Active, Passive Smoking Tied to Infertility, Early Menopause: Study
- Girls Given Risky Meds Don't Get Contraceptive Advice
- Weight Gain Between Pregnancies May Affect Infant Survival
- Study Sees No Link Between Antibiotics in Early Pregnancy and Birth Defects
- Infant Heart Defect May Be Linked to Pre-Diabetic Sugar Levels in Pregnancy
- Fetal Tissue Research: FAQ
- 10 Percent of U.S. Women Drink During Pregnancy: Study
- Though Rare, Some Disabilities Seen Long After Newborn Heart Surgery
- Mom's Healthy Diet Linked to Lower Heart Defect Risk at Birth
- U.S. Infant Deaths At Lowest Rate Ever: CDC
- 1 in 5 U.S. Adults Has a Physical, Mental Disability: CDC
- Prenatal Gene Tests Can Sometimes Spot Cancer in Mom-to-Be
- Another Study Sees Link Between Antidepressants and Birth Defects
- Lip Injections May Ease Challenges of Facial Paralysis
- 3D 'Printout' Device Keeps Very Ill Babies Breathing
- Newer Test for Down Syndrome Called 'Major Advance'
- Painkiller-Addicted Babies a Growing U.S. Concern, Especially in Fla.
- Weight-Loss Surgery May Lower Some Pregnancy Complications, Raise Others
- Better Contraceptive Knowledge Can Aid in Safe Use of Acne Drug: Study
- Many Women of Childbearing Age Take Narcotic Painkillers: CDC
- Neural Tube Defects, Such as Spina Bifida, on the Decline: CDC
- Health Tip: What to Avoid During Pregnancy
- Sleeping on Back in Pregnancy Tied to Stillbirth Risk in Study
- Mom's Obesity May Affect Newborn Survival
- Kids With Epilepsy Face Higher Early Death Risk, Study Reports
- Kidney, Urinary Birth Defects Tied to Obesity in Moms-to-Be
- Egg Freezing for a Future Pregnancy: What to Know
- More Kids Harmed by Drinking in Pregnancy Than Expected, Study Reports
- Fertility Treatments Aren't Significantly Linked to Birth Defects
- Esbriet, Ofev Approved to Treat Deadly Lung Disease
- U.S. Life Expectancy Hits Record High of Nearly 79 Years: CDC
- U.S. Still Lags in Infant Mortality Rates, Report Finds
- Childhood Mental Disability Rates Up, Study Finds
- Blood Test Might Help Prevent Certain Birth Defects
- Health Tip: Quit Smoking, Especially While Pregnant
- Breast Cancer Drug May Help Women Fight a Leading Cause of Infertility: Study
- Study Targets Causes of Birth Defects
- Glaucoma Can Affect Babies, Too
- Certain Birth Defects More Common Among Hispanics: Report
- Antidepressants in Pregnancy Won't Harm Baby's Heart, Study Suggests
- Taking Antipsychotic Drugs While Pregnant May Harm Newborns: Study
- Can Fire Retardants Raise Risk of Children Born With Lower IQs?
- No Link Found Between Low Sperm Count, Birth Defects
- CDC Targets 5 Parasitic Infections
- Slightly Higher Risk of Birth Defects Seen in Pregnant Women on HIV Drugs
- Obesity Linked to Increased Odds of Losing Baby, Study Finds
- U.S. Autism Estimates Rise by 30 Percent for Kids
- Health Tip: Get Healthy Before Pregnancy
- Treatment Costs Vary for U.S. Children Born With Heart Defects
- Fever in 1st Trimester Might Raise Risk of Birth Defects
- Babies Born to Moms Over 35 May Have Lower Risk for Certain Birth Defects
- Mekinist Plus Tafinlar Approved for Late-Stage Melanoma
- FDA OKs 2-Drug Combo Treatment for Advanced Melanoma
- Study Weighs Safety of Epilepsy Drugs in Pregnancy
- Study of Male Birth Defect Lets Pesticides Off the Hook -- for Now
- What Puts That Individual Stamp on Your Face?
- Kidney Transplant Rejection Drugs Tied to Pregnancy Risks in Study
- Popular Morning Sickness Drug Safe in Pregnancy, Study Finds
- Some Birth Defects in the Heart Present Infection Risk, Study Finds
- Genetic Syndrome May Have Links to Parkinson's Disease
- Scientists Shed New Light on Cerebral Palsy, Early Infant Death
- Some Painkillers Tied to Certain Birth Defects in Study
- More U.S. Women Having Kids in Their 30s and 40s: Report
- Anti-Fungal Drug Not Tied to Most Birth Defects: Study
- Epilepsy Drug Warnings May Slip Through Cracks
- Study Sees Risk of Childhood Cancer Among Those With Specific Birth Defects
- Autism Coverage Varies From State to State
- Plastics Chemical BPA May Harm Human Fertility: Study
- Birth Defect Discovery in Weimaraners Might Help Humans
- Epilepsy Drugs in Pregnancy Tied to Developmental Delays in Children
- Birth Defect Risk Doubles in Children Born to Cousins: Study
- Health Tip: Why Take Folic Acid?
- BPA Exposure Tied to Undescended Testicles in Boys
- Heart Device 'Shock' Anxiety May Hamper Sex Life
- Keep Beauty Regimen Safe During Pregnancy, Doctor Advises
- More Infants Surviving With Serious Heart Defects, Study Finds
- Prenatal Use of Common Epilepsy Drug Tied to Higher Autism Risk
- U.S. Infant Mortality Rates Finally Dropping Again: Report
- Traffic Smog Tied to Serious Birth Defects
- Rubella in Pregnancy Rare in U.S., But Can Be Devastating for Baby
- Stress During Pregnancy May Raise Heart Defect Risk for Baby
- No Risks to Pregnancy Seen With Morning Sickness Drug
- Folic Acid Supplements Don't Affect Cancer Risk, Review Finds
- How One N.Y. Family Met the Challenge of an Oral Birth Defect
- Mothers' Pre-Pregnancy Weight Tied to Kids' IQ, Study Says
- Drug Shows Promise for Lupus Skin Conditions
- Health Tip: Manage Diabetes During Pregnancy
- Flu During Pregnancy May Be Linked to Autism Risk
- Common Antidepressants Too Risky During Pregnancy, Researchers Say
- Hospitals Should Test More Teen Girls for Pregnancy, Study Suggests
- Egg Freezing as Viable as 'Fresh' Eggs, Fertility Experts Say
- Infertility Treatment May Raise Birth Defect Risk
- B Vitamin Supplements Don't Affect Colon Cancer Risk: Study
- Common Pesticide Linked to Birth Defect, Study Suggests
- Animal Study Ties Common Chemical to Reproductive Problems
- Weight Loss Pill Qsymia Now for Sale
- Vitamin D in Pregnancy Critical for Brain Development, Study Says
- Gestational Diabetes, Poverty Linked to ADHD
- Scientists Map Genetic 'Blueprint' of Heart
- Kids With Neurological Conditions at Higher Risk of Flu Death: CDC
- Thyroid Treatment Guidelines for Pregnant Women Revised
- Excess Weight, Diabetes Raise Risk of Big Babies
- Vaginal Deliveries as Safe as C-Sections for Most Preterm Births
- Heart Birth Defects May Have Lasting Effect
- Doctors Report Historic Transplant in Child
- 1 in 13 Pregnant Women Drink, CDC Says
- Mom's Pot Use Doubles Risk of 'Preemie' Birth: Study
- Can a Parent's Job Raise Odds for Birth Defects in Baby?
- H1N1 Flu Shot Appears Safe During Pregnancy
- Standing at Work All Day While Pregnant Linked to Smaller Babies
- Mom's Smoking Tied to Dangerous Gut Illness in Preemies
- Flame Retardant Found in Some Common Foods
- Drowning Top Cause of Injury Deaths in Kids 1-4
- About 20% of White Women Smoke While Pregnant
- Infertility Treatments May Raise Birth Defect Risk
- New Earlier, Noninvasive Paternity Test Developed
- Is Your Nail Polish Toxic?
- Planning Pregnancy May Cut Birth Defects
- Health Tip: Help Prevent Birth Defects
- Moms' Antidepressants May Affect Babies' Head Size: Study
- Nicotine Patches Fail Most Pregnant Smokers
- Blood Test Detects Down Syndrome During Pregnancy
- FDA Panel Votes in Favor of Weight Loss Pill Qnexa
- FDA Weighs Fate of Qnexa for Weight Loss, Again
- Weekend Delivery Doesn't Hurt Babies With Birth Defects: Study
- Is That ‘New Car Smell' Toxic?
- Chemo May Not Harm Unborn Baby
- C-Sections Not Always Best for Small Babies
- Health Highlights: Feb. 7, 2012
- Health Tip: Coping With Migraines During Pregnancy
- Health Highlights: Feb. 3, 2012
- Study Looks at Possible HIV Drugs-Birth Defect Link
- Erivedge Approved to Treat Basal Cell Carcinoma
- When Mom-to-Be's Overweight and Smokes, Risk for Birth Defects Rises
- More Newborns Suffering Drug Withdrawal at Birth
- Asthma Meds Likely Safe During Pregnancy: Study
- Bipolar Drug May Spur Weight Gain, Thyroid Problems: Review
- Asthma Drugs During Pregnancy Linked to Slight Risk of Rare Birth Defects
- Health Tip: Eat Right During Pregnancy
- Some Causes of Stillbirth May Be Avoidable: Studies
- Birth Defects Seem Rare in Kids of Childhood Cancer Survivors
- FDA Reconsiders Weight Loss Drug Qnexa
- Is High Blood Pressure Linked to Birth Defects?
- For Many, Epilepsy Surgery Effective Long-Term
- Vitamins May Lower Risk of Birth Complication
- Low-Carb Diets May Improve Acne
- Do Pools Expose Swimmers to Potentially Harmful Chemicals?
- Some Aluminum Water Bottles Leach BPA
- Prenatal Vitamins May Lower Autism Risk
- Decade's Top 10 Public Health Achievements
- Study: Low Birth Defect Risk From Newer Epilepsy Drugs
- Use of Dietary Supplements on the Rise
- Qnexa Yields Up to Nearly a 10% Weight Loss: Study
- Secondhand Smoke Raises Stillbirth Risk
- New Birth Defect Warning for Topamax
- Opioid Painkillers Linked to Birth Defects
- Risks of Thirdhand Cigarette Smoke Can Linger
- Progress Toward Blood Test for Down Syndrome
- Chemo During Pregnancy OK
- Acid-Reducing Drugs May Not Be Risky in Pregnancy
- Timing of Delivery May Affect Cerebral Palsy Risk
- IVF Babies May Have Slightly Higher Cancer Risk
- FDA Panel Says 'No' to Weight Loss Drug Qnexa
- Home Births Linked to Higher Newborn Death Rate
- IVF Babies and Major Birth Defects
- Birth Defects Linked to Valproic Acid
- Barbara Walters' Heart Surgery
- High Doses of Vitamin D May Cut Pregnancy Risks