Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH or enlarged prostate) is very common in men over 50 years of age. Half of all men over the age of 50 develop symptoms of BPH, but few need medical treatment. This noncancerous enlargement of the prostate can impede urine flow, slow the flow of urine, create the urge to urinate frequently and cause other symptoms like complete blockage of urine and urinary tract infections. More serious symptoms are urinary tract infections (UTIs) and complete blockage of the urethra, which may be a medical emergency. BPH is not cancer. Not all men with the condition need treatment, and usually is closely monitored if no symptoms are present. Treatment measures usually are reserved for men with significant symptoms, and can include medications, surgery, microwave therapy, and laser procedures. Men can prevent prostate problems by having regular medical checkups that include a prostate exam. Read more: Enlarged Prostate (BPH, Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia) Article
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Signs of Prostate Cancer: Symptoms, PSA Test, Treatments
What is prostate cancer? Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men. Learn the signs and symptoms of prostate cancer, along...
Enlarged Prostate (BPH) Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is a condition cause by an enlarged prostate. Get more information on how an enlarged prostate...
Healthy Aging: Better Sex After 50
It's never too late to improve your sex life. Learn how older adults can overcome common health conditions affecting seniors over...
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (Enlarged Prostate) Quiz
Take the Enlarge Prostate Quiz and challenge your knowledge of prostate problems. Learn causes, symptoms, treatments, and...
Picture of Prostate Gland
A gland within the male reproductive system that is located just below the bladder. See a picture of Prostate Gland and learn...
Picture of Prostate
Side View of the Prostate. The prostate is a walnut-sized gland located between the bladder and the penis. See a picture of the...
Related Disease Conditions
The prostate is a gland that is part of the male reproductive system and is located between the bladder and penis. Signs and symptoms of prostate problems include painful ejaculation, burning or pain while urinating, blood in the urine or semen, dribbling urine, frequent urination, urinary incontinence, and pain in the lower back, hips, upper thighs, or the pelvic or rectal area. Common causes of prostate problems in men are prostatitis, enlargement of the prostate gland (benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and prostate cancer. Causes of prostate problems can assist in diagnosing prostate cancer. Treatments for prostate problems include medications, surgery, and hormone or radiation therapy.
Cancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and is not contagious. Cancer can be treated through chemotherapy, a treatment of drugs that destroy cancer cells.
Bladder Infection (Cystitis)
Bladder infection is an infection of the bladder, usually caused by bacteria or, rarely, by Candida. Certain people, including females, the elderly, men with enlarged prostates, and those with chronic medical conditions are at increased risk for bladder infection. Bladder infections are treated with antibiotics, but cranberry products and adequate hydration may help prevent bladder infections.
Fever in Adults and Children
Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37 C), in practice, a person is usually not considered to have a significant fever until the temperature is above 100.4 F (38 C). Fever is part of the body's own disease-fighting arsenal; rising body temperatures apparently are capable of killing off many disease-producing organisms.
Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection of the bladder, kidneys, ureters, or urethra. E. coli, a type of bacteria that lives in the bowel and near the anus, causes most UTIs. UTI symptoms include pain, abdominal pain, mild fever, urinary urgency and frequency. Treatment involves a course of antibiotics.
Urinary retention (inability to urinate) may be caused by nerve disease, spinal cord injury, prostate enlargement, infection, surgery, medication, bladder stone, constipation, cystocele, rectocele, or urethral stricture. Symptoms include discomfort and pain. Treatment depends upon the cause of urinary retention.
Sexual Problems in Men
Male sexual dysfunction can be caused by physical or psychological problems. Common sexual problems in men include erectile dysfunction (impotence or ED), premature ejaculation, and loss of libido. Treatment for sexual dysfunction in men may involve medication, hormone therapy, psychological therapy, and the use of mechanical aids.
Is Drinking a Lot of Water Good for Your Prostate?
Doctors recommend drinking six to eight glasses of water (or 1.5 to 2 liters) daily. For prostate problems, limit water intake before going to bed at night. This will keep you from waking up at night to urinate repeatedly.
Hydronephrosis describes swelling of the kidney resulting from the inability of urine to drain from the kidney into the bladder. This may be a normal variant or it may be due to an underlying illness or medical condition. Symptoms of acute hydronephrosis may include: intense flank or back pain radiating to the groin, nausea, vomiting, bloody urine, sweating, and colicky pain, which may cause the person to writhe or roll around or pace in pain.
Prostatitis (Inflammation of the Prostate Gland)
Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland. Signs and symptoms of prostatitis include painful or difficulty urinating; fever; chills; body aches; blood in the urine; pain in the rectum, groin, abdomen, or low back; and painful ejaculation or sexual dysfunction. Causes of prostatitis include STDs, bacteria from urinary tract infections, or E. coli. Treatment for prostatitis depends on if it is a bacterial infection or chronic inflammation of the prostate gland.
A urethral stricture, or narrowing of the urethra, may cause decreased urine output. Symptoms include painful urination, urinary retention, and pelvic pain. Surgery is the only treatment for people with uncontrolled symptoms of urethral narrowing.
Prostatitis vs. BPH (Enlarged Prostate): What Is the Difference?
Prostatitis and BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia, enlarged prostate gland) are both conditions of the prostate gland. There are four types of prostatitis that can be caused by infections (usually bacterial) or other health conditions or problems, acute bacterial prostatitis (type I), chronic bacterial prostatitis (type II), chronic prostatitis and chronic pelvic pain syndrome (type III), and asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis (type IV). BPH is inflammation of the prostate gland, and most men have the condition by age 50. Doctor's don't know what causes this inflammation, but they theorize that it may be related to hormones. Both of these conditions can cause similar symptoms like low back pain, pain during urination, or difficulty or the inability to urinate. However, prostatitis has many more symptoms and signs than BPH, and they based on the type of prostatitis. Examples include low back pain and/or abdominal pain, painful urination, fever, chills, feeling tired, recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), painful urination intermittently, intermittent obstruction urinary tract symptoms (frequent, painful, or incomplete urination), pelvic pain and/or discomfort, pain with ejaculation, and erectile dysfunction (ED). If you think you have either of these conditions contact your doctor or other health care professional. Bacterial prostatitis can be cured with antibiotics; however, there is no cure for BPH.
Blood in Urine
Blood in the urine is termed hematuria. Hematuria, whether it be gross or microscopic, is abnormal and should be further investigated.
There are many types of urinary incontinence (UI), which is the accidental leakage of urine. These types include stress incontinence, urge incontinence, and overflow incontinence. Urinary incontinence in men may be caused by prostate or nerve problems. Treatment depends upon the type and severity of the UI and the patient's lifestyle.
Men's health is an important component to a happy lifestyle and healthy relationships. Eating healthy, exercise, managing stress, and knowing when to have medical tests for a particular age is key to disease prevention in men.
Overactive Bladder (OAB)
Overactive bladder is a sudden involuntary contraction of the muscle wall of the bladder causing urinary urgency (an immediate unstoppable need to urinate). Overactive bladder is is a form of urinary incontinence. Treatment options may include Kegel exercises, biofeedback, vaginal weight training, pelvic floor electrical stimulation, behavioral therapy, and medications.
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men after skin cancer. Risk factors include age, family history, ethnicity, and diet. Prostate cancer is diagnosed by digital rectal exam, prostate specific antigen (PSA) test, and prostate biopsy. Symptoms may include frequent need to urinate, incontinence, pain, blood in the urine, fatigue, and more. Prognosis and treatment depend on cancer staging. Watchful waiting, surgery, radiation, cryotherapy, and other management strategies are available. Research and clinical trials strive to find new and better treatments for prostate cancer.
What Does Stinging Nettle Do to the Body?
Stinging nettle is an herb that is also called common nettle (scientific name: Urtica dioica). Stinging nettle has been a part of herbal medicine for a long time. Stinging nettle is used in the treatment of osteoarthritis, diabetes, hay fever, benign prostatic hyperplasia and water retention.
How Do Guys Get Epididymitis?
Epididymitis (inflammation of the testicular tube) is common in young men between the ages of 19 and 35 years old. Men often get epididymitis for various reasons that include sexually transmitted infections, other infections, blockage in the urethra, side effects from medications and trauma.
How Do I Stop Blood in My Urine?
Learn why you might have blood in your urine and how to treat blood in your urine.
Enjoying a satisfying sex life as we age is important to both physical and mental health. As we age, diseases and conditions may pose challenges in our sexual health, and sexual experiences. Learn how to manage your conditions and still have a gratifying sex life as you age.
Local ResourcesFind a local Urologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Difficulty Urinating
- Low Urine Output
- Frequent Urination
- Urinary Urgency
- Urinary Retention
- Prostate Cancer
- Enlarged Prostate (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia)
- Doctor: Checklist to Take To Your Doctor's Appointment
- How to Choose a Doctor
- Doctor: Getting the Most from Your Doctor's Appointment
- Prostate Health
- Men's Health: Your Prostate Health
- Prostate Cancer Treatment Update
- Prostate Health: The Doctor is In -- Sheldon Marks, MD -- 04/08/03
Medications & Supplements
- Cialis (tadalafil) vs. Viagra (sildenafil)
- Flomax and Viagra for BPH Treatment
- ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, Nuprin)
- alfuzosin extended-release - oral, Uroxatral
- doxazosin - oral, Cardura
- terazosin - oral, Hytrin
- terazosin capsule - oral, Hytrin
- Flomax (tamsulosin)
- doxazosin mesylate (Cardura)
- Dutasteride vs. Finasteride (Side Effects, Dosage, Use)
- Side Effects of Cialis (tadalafil)
- prazosin (Minipress)
- finasteride (Proscar)
- Side Effects of Flomax (tamsulosin)
- terazosin (Hytrin)
- alfuzosin (Uroxatral)
- Side Effects of Avodart (dutasteride)
- pygeum (Pygeum africanum)
- Side Effects of Cardura (doxazosin)
- dutasteride (Avodart)
- Side Effects of Hytrin (terazosin)
- Orgovyx (relugolix)
- nettle - oral
- Uroxatral (alfuzosin) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- Side Effects of Proscar (finasteride)
- Jalyn (dutasteride and tamsulosin hydrochloride)
- Casodex (bicalutamide) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- Rapaflo (silodosin)
- Vantas (histrelin acetate)
Prevention & Wellness
- Enlarged Prostate Doesn't Raise a Man's Odds for Cancer: Study
- Al Roker Has Prostate Cancer
- AI Might Help Spot, Evaluate Prostate Cancer
- Link Seen Between Infertility, Prostate Cancer
- Use of Meds for Enlarged Prostate Might Delay a Cancer Diagnosis
- Enlarged Prostate Meds May Increase Diabetes Risk
- Low-Dose Aspirin Doesn't Prolong Survival in Prostate Cancer
- Health Tip: Identifying Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer
- Large U.S. Study Targets Prostate Cancer in Black Men
- Health Tip: Recognizing Prostate Cancer
- Some Prostate Drugs May Do Harm
- New Therapy May Shrink Enlarged Prostate With Fewer Side Effects: Study
- Blood Vessel Treatment Might Reduce Symptoms of Enlarged Prostate
- New Device Approved for Enlarged Prostate
- New Procedure May Shrink Enlarged Prostate Without Surgery
- PSA Screening Controversy: FAQ
- Study Ties Genes to Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms, Prostate Cancer Risk
- Drug for Enlarged Prostate May Slow Cancer Growth
- FDA OKs Impotence Drug Cialis to Treat Enlarged Prostate
- FDA: Prostate Cancer Risk From BPH, Hair Drugs
- No-Scalpel Treatment for Enlarged Prostate
- Recall of Generic Citalopram, Finasteride
- Sexual Side Effects From Propecia, Avodart May Be Irreversible
- Depression Linked to Urinary Incontinence in Men
- Generic Drug for Enlarged Prostate Approved
- Botox Could Treat Enlarged Prostate