What are bed bugs?
Bed bugs are small, oval winged insects that belong to the insect family Cimicidae, which includes three species that bite people.
How big are adult bed bugs?
Adult bed bugs reach 5-7 mm in length, while nymphs (juveniles) are as small as 1.5 mm.
What color are adult bed bugs?
Adult bed bugs are reddish brown in color, appearing more reddish after feeding on a blood meal.
What color are bed bug nymphs?
Nymphs are clear in color and appear bright red after feeding.
Bed bugs can fly.
The wings of bed bugs are vestigial, so they cannot fly.
Which factors may have led to a recent increase in bed bug infestations?
Bed bugs were common in the U.S. before World War II and became rare after widespread use of the pesticide DDT began in the 1940s and 1950s. They remained prevalent in other areas of the world and, in recent years, have been increasingly observed again in the U.S. Increases in immigration and travel from the developing world as well as restrictions on the use of stronger pesticides may be factors that have led to the relatively recent increase in bed bug infestations.
Bed bugs need a blood meal at least once a week.
Bed bugs can live for months without feeding.
Bed bugs tend to be commonly found in…
Bed bugs tend to be most common in areas where people sleep and generally concentrate in beds, including mattresses, box springs, and bed frames. Other sites where bed bugs often reside include curtains, the corners inside dressers and other furniture, cracks in wallpaper (particularly near the bed), and inside the spaces of wicker furniture.
What are symptoms and signs of bed bug bites?
The bed bug bite itself is painless and is not noticed. Small, flat, or raised bumps on the skin are the most common sign; redness, swelling, and itching commonly occur.
What is the treatment for bed bug bites?
Typically, no treatment is required for bed bug bites. If itching is severe, steroid creams or oral antihistamines may be used for symptom relief. Secondary bacterial infections that develop over heavily scratched areas may require the use of antibiotics.
How can people detect a bed bug infestation?
You can look to see if you can identify the bed bugs' fecal stains, egg cases, and exuviae (shed skins) in crevices and cracks on or near beds. You should also look at other areas such as under wallpaper, behind picture frames, in couches and other furniture, in bed springs and under mattresses, and even in articles of clothing.
How can people get rid of bed bugs in their home?
The pest-control expert may recommend certain forms of deep-cleaning such as scrubbing infested surfaces with a stiff brush to remove bed bug eggs, dismantling bed frames and furniture, filling cracks in floors, walls, and moldings, encasing mattresses within special bags, or using a powerful vacuum on cracks and crevices.
What's the best way for people to prevent bed bug bites in hotels?
Those concerned about the potential for bed bugs bites in hotels should examine hotel beds and mattresses for signs of a bed bug infestation.
Which of the following statements about bed bugs is false?
Bed bugs live in any articles of furniture, clothing, or bedding, so they or their eggs may be present in used furniture or clothing. They spread by crawling and may contaminate multiple rooms in a home or even multiple dwellings in apartment buildings. They may also be present in boxes, suitcases, or other goods that are moved from residence to residence or from a hotel to home.
Can you identify the bed bug?
Bed bugs are small, oval, wingless insects of the family Cimicidae, which have a flat, reddish-brown body and feed on human and animal blood.
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