- What is beclomethasone aerosol inhaler? What is beclomethasone used for?
- What are the side effects of beclomethasone aerosol inhaler?
- What is the dosage for beclomethasone aerosol inhaler?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with beclomethasone aerosol inhaler?
- Is beclomethasone aerosol inhaler safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about beclomethasone aerosol inhaler?
What is beclomethasone aerosol inhaler? What is beclomethasone used for?
Beclomethasone is a synthetic steroid of the glucocorticoid family. It's prescribed to people age 5 and up. Beclomethasone is inhaled to stop and prevent the brochial spasm symptoms of asthma.
The naturally-occurring glucocorticoid that is produced by the adrenal gland is cortisol or hydrocortisone. Glucocorticoid steroids have potent anti-inflammatory actions. When used as a nasal inhaler or spray, the medication goes directly to the lining of the nose, and very little is absorbed into the body. The FDA approved beclomethasone nasal spray in September 1981.
What brand names are available for beclomethasone aerosol inhaler?
Beconase AQ, QNASL
Is beclomethasone aerosol inhaler available as a generic drug?
Do I need a prescription for beclomethasone aerosol inhaler?
What are the side effects of beclomethasone aerosol inhaler?
The most common side effects associated with nasal beclomethasone are:
A bloody nasal discharge and septum perforation may occur.
Higher doses of intranasal beclomethasone may result in more absorption into the body. This may decrease bone formation and increase bone breakdown (resorption), resulting in weak bones and a risk of fractures, especially in children.
High doses may suppress the adrenal glands and impair their ability to make natural glucocorticoid. People with such suppression (which can be identified by testing) need increased amounts of glucocorticoid orally or by the intravenous route during periods of high physical stress since higher amounts of glucocorticoids are needed by the body to fight physical stress.
Patients receiving beclomethasone may develop easy bruising if enough beclomethasone is absorbed into the body.
What is the dosage for beclomethasone aerosol inhaler?
The usual dose for the inhalers is 1-2 sprays in each nostril twice daily (Beconase AQ) or 2 sprays in each nostril once daily (QNASL). Some patients may do well with lower doses, and some require higher doses.
Which drugs or supplements interact with beclomethasone aerosol inhaler?
No drug interactions have been described with nasal beclomethasone.
Is beclomethasone aerosol inhaler safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
There does not appear to be any increased risk of malformations in children born to mothers exposed to beclomethasone during pregnancy. Additionally, no dependency on the drug develops, and there are no withdrawal symptoms when the medication is stopped.
It is not known if beclomethasone is secreted in breast milk. Other medications in this class are secreted into breast milk. It is not known whether the small amounts that may appear in the milk are of any consequence to the infant.
What else should I know about beclomethasone aerosol inhaler?
What preparations of beclomethasone aerosol inhaler are available?
Nasal Inhaler: 42 or 80 mcg per spray
How should I keep beclomethasone aerosol inhaler stored?
Beclomethasone should be kept at room temperature, 15 C to 30 C (59 F to 86 F). It should be shaken well before each use.
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Beclomethasone dipropionate nasal inhaler/spray; Beconase AQ, QNASL, (Vancenase, Vancenase AQ, and Beconase are discontinued brands) is a prescription drug used to treat hay fever (allergic rhinitis). Side effects, drug interactions, dosage, storage, and pregnancy safety information should be reviewed prior to using this medication.
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Related Disease Conditions
Chronic Rhinitis and Post-Nasal Drip
Chronic rhinitis and post-nasal drip symptoms include an itchy, runny nose, sneezing, itchy ears, eyes, and throat. Seasonal allergic rhinitis (also called hay fever) usually is caused by pollen in the air. Perennial allergic rhinitis is a type of chronic rhinitis and is a year-round problem, often caused by indoor allergens, such as dust, animal dander, and pollens that may exist at the time. Treatment of chronic rhinitis and post nasal drip are dependent upon the type of rhinitis condition.
An allergy refers to a misguided reaction by our immune system in response to bodily contact with certain foreign substances. When these allergens come in contact with the body, it causes the immune system to develop an allergic reaction in people who are allergic to it. It is estimated that 50 million North Americans are affected by allergic conditions. The parts of the body that are prone to react to allergies include the eyes, nose, lungs, skin, and stomach. Common allergic disorders include hay fever, asthma, allergic eyes, allergic eczema, hives, and allergic shock.
Asthma: Over the Counter Treatment
Patients who have infrequent, mild bouts of asthma attacks may use over-the-counter (OTC) medications to treat their asthma symptoms. OTC asthma medicines are limited to epinephrine and ephedrine. These OTC drugs are best used with the guidance of a physician, as there may be side effects and the drugs may not be very effective.
Asthma is a condition in which hyperreactive airways constrict and result in symptoms like wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath. Causes of asthma include genetics, environmental factors, personal history of allergies, and other factors. Asthma is diagnosed by a physician based on a patient's family history and results from lung function tests and other exams. Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and long-acting bronchodilators (LABAs) are used in the treatment of asthma. Generally, the prognosis for a patient with asthma is good. Exposure to allergens found on farms may protect against asthma symptoms.
COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)
COPD or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a lung condition caused by smoking tobacco, exposure to secondhand smoke, and/or air pollutants. Conditions that accompany COPD include chronic bronchitis, chronic cough, and emphysema. Symptoms of COPD include shortness of breath, wheezing, and chronic cough. Treatment of COPD includes GOLD guidelines, smoking cessation, medications, and surgery. The life expectancy of a person with COPD depends on the stage of the disease.
The lungs are primarily responsible for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the air we breathe and the blood. Eliminating carbon dioxide from the blood is important, because as it builds up in the blood, headaches, drowsiness, coma, and eventually death may occur. The air we breathe in (inhalation) is warmed, humidified, and cleaned by the nose and the lungs.
Hay Fever (Allergic Rhinitis)
Hay fever (allergic rhinitis) is an irritation of the nose caused by pollen and is associated with the following allergic symptoms: nasal congestion, runny nose, sneezing, eye and nose itching, and tearing eyes. Avoidance of known allergens is the recommended treatment, but if this is not possible, antihistamines, decongestants, and nasal sprays may help alleviate symptoms.
Cold, Flu, Allergy Treatments
Before treating a cold, the flu, or allergies with over-the-counter (OTC) medications, it's important to know what's causing the symptoms, which symptoms one wishes to relieve, and the active ingredients in the OTC product. Taking products that only contain the medications needed for relieving your symptoms prevents ingestion of unnecessary medications and reduces the chances of side effects.
There are two types of asthma medications: long-term control with anti-inflammatory drugs and quick relief from bronchodilators. Asthma medicines may be inhaled using a metered-dose inhaler or nebulizer or they may be taken orally. People with high blood pressure, diabetes, thyroid disease, or heart disease shouldn't take OTC asthma drugs like Primatene Mist and Bronkaid.
Allergy Treatment Begins At Home
Avoiding allergy triggers at home is one of the best ways to prevent allergy symptoms. Controlling temperature, humidity, and ventilation are a few ways to allergy-proof the home. Cleaning, vacuuming, and using HEPA air filters also helps control allergies.
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You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.