- What is beclomethasone dipropionate inhaler, and how does it work?
- What brand names are available for beclomethasone dipropionate inhaler?
- Is beclomethasone dipropionate inhaler available as a generic drug?
- Do I need a prescription for beclomethasone dipropionate inhaler?
- What are the uses for beclomethasone dipropionate inhaler?
- What are the side effects of beclomethasone dipropionate inhaler treatment?
- What is the dose for beclomethasone dipropionate inhaler?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with beclomethasone dipropionate inhaler?
- Is beclomethasone dipropionate inhaler safe to use during pregnancy or while breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about beclomethasone dipropionate inhaler?
What is beclomethasone dipropionate inhaler, and how does it work?
- Beclomethasone is a synthetic steroid drug of the glucocorticoid family. The naturally-occurring glucocorticoid (cortisol or hydrocortisone) is produced in the adrenal glands. Glucocorticoid steroids have potent anti-inflammatory actions. When used as an inhaler, the medication goes directly into the lungs, and very little finds its way into the rest of the body. Therefore, in comparison with glucocorticoids that are taken orally, beclomethasone has fewer side effects.
What are the uses for beclomethasone dipropionate inhaler?
- Beclomethasone is used for the control of bronchial asthma in patients who require continuous treatment for asthma. Such patients may include those with frequent asthma episodes that require medications to dilate the airways in the lung or those with asthma episodes at night.
- Beclomethasone is also used for the treatment of asthma in patients who require oral steroid therapy and it may reduce or eliminate the need for oral steroid treatment.
What are the side effects of beclomethasone dipropionate inhaler treatment?
Common side effects of include:
Other side effects include:
Other less common side effects included:
A spacer device that can be attached to the inhaler and washing out the mouth with water following each use of Qvar reduces the amount of Qvar in the mouth and throat and reduces the risk of thrush and hoarseness.
Higher doses of inhaled beclomethasone (more than 1000 mcg/day) may result in more absorption into the body. This may decrease bone formation and increase bone breakdown (resorption), resulting in weak bones and a risk of fractures. Even higher doses (more than 1500 mcg/day in adults and 400 mcg/day in children) may suppress the adrenal glands and impair their ability to make natural glucocorticoid. Patients with such suppression (which can be identified by testing) need increased amounts of glucocorticoid orally or by the intravenous route during periods of high physical stress since higher amounts of glucocorticoids are needed by the body to fight physical stress.
Patients receiving beclomethasone may develop easy bruising if enough beclomethasone is absorbed into the body from the lungs.
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What is the dose for beclomethasone dipropionate inhaler?
- Qvar is used to prevent attacks of asthma and not for the treatment of active attacks of asthma.
- The recommended dose is 40 to 160 mcg twice daily depending on age and previous asthma treatment.
- The maximum dose of this drug is 320 mg daily.
- The drug requires continuous use to be effective.
- Some benefit may be noted as soon as three days after starting treatment, but optimal benefit usually is not seen until after two to three weeks.
Which drugs or supplements interact with beclomethasone dipropionate inhaler?
- No drug interactions have been described with Qvar treatment.
Is beclomethasone dipropionate inhaler safe to use during pregnancy or while breastfeeding?
- There does not appear to be an increased risk of malformation in a child born to a patient exposed to Qvar during pregnancy. Additionally, there is no dependency on or withdrawal from the drug.
- It is not known if Qvar is secreted in breast milk. Other drugs in this class of medications are secreted into breast milk, but is not known whether the small amounts that appear in milk have any effect on the infant.
What else should I know about beclomethasone dipropionate inhaler?
What preparations of beclomethasone Qvar are available?
- Inhaler 40 mcg; 804 mcg
How should I keep Qvar stored?
- Beclomethasone inhaler should be kept at room temperature, 15 C - 30 C (59 F - 86 F).
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An allergy refers to a misguided reaction by our immune system in response to bodily contact with certain foreign substances. When these allergens come in contact with the body, it causes the immune system to develop an allergic reaction in people who are allergic to it. It is estimated that 50 million North Americans are affected by allergic conditions. The parts of the body that are prone to react to allergies include the eyes, nose, lungs, skin, and stomach. Common allergic disorders include hay fever, asthma, allergic eyes, allergic eczema, hives, and allergic shock.
COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)
COPD or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a lung condition caused by smoking tobacco, exposure to secondhand smoke, and/or air pollutants. Conditions that accompany COPD include chronic bronchitis, chronic cough, and emphysema. Symptoms of COPD include shortness of breath, wheezing, and chronic cough. Treatment of COPD includes GOLD guidelines, smoking cessation, medications, and surgery. The life expectancy of a person with COPD depends on the stage of the disease.
Asthma is a condition in which hyperreactive airways constrict and result in symptoms like wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath. Causes of asthma include genetics, environmental factors, personal history of allergies, and other factors. Asthma is diagnosed by a physician based on a patient's family history and results from lung function tests and other exams. Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and long-acting bronchodilators (LABAs) are used in the treatment of asthma. Generally, the prognosis for a patient with asthma is good. Exposure to allergens found on farms may protect against asthma symptoms.
Asthma: Over the Counter Treatment
Patients who have infrequent, mild bouts of asthma attacks may use over-the-counter (OTC) medications to treat their asthma symptoms. OTC asthma medicines are limited to epinephrine and ephedrine. These OTC drugs are best used with the guidance of a physician, as there may be side effects and the drugs may not be very effective.
There are two types of asthma medications: long-term control with anti-inflammatory drugs and quick relief from bronchodilators. Asthma medicines may be inhaled using a metered-dose inhaler or nebulizer or they may be taken orally. People with high blood pressure, diabetes, thyroid disease, or heart disease shouldn't take OTC asthma drugs like Primatene Mist and Bronkaid.
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Asthma in children manifests with symptoms such as coughing and wheezing. Rates of asthma in children are increasing. Asthma in children is usually diagnosed based on the description of symptoms. Lung function tests may also be used. A variety of medications are used for the treatment of childhood asthma.
Adult-onset asthma is asthma that is diagnosed in people over 20 years of age. Symptoms include wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath and difficulty breathing. Treatment may involve anti-inflammatory medications or bronchodilators.
Occupational asthma is a type of asthma caused by exposure to a substance in the workplace. Symptoms and signs include wheezing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. The usual treatment for occupational asthma involves removal from exposure and the use of bronchodilators and inhaled anti-inflammatory medicines.
Exercise-induced asthma is asthma triggered by vigorous exercise. Symptoms include coughing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, wheezing, and fatigue while exercising. Preventing exercise-induced asthma attacks involves using inhaled medicines before exercising, performing warm-up exercises and cooling down afterward, avoiding exercising outdoors when pollen counts are high, restricting exercise when you have a viral infection, and wearing a mask over your nose and mouth when exercising in cold weather.
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You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
Reference: FDA Prescribing Information