Bird flu (avian flu, avian influenza) infection in humans may result from contact with infected poultry. There is a vaccine to prevent human infection with the H5N1 strain of the avian flu virus. Read more: Bird Flu (Avian Influenza, Avian Flu) Article
Related Disease Conditions
Pneumonia is inflammation of the lungs caused by fungi, bacteria, or viruses. Symptoms and signs include cough, fever, shortness of breath, and chills. Antibiotics treat pneumonia, and the choice of the antibiotic depends upon the cause of the infection.
Diarrhea is a change is the frequency and looseness of bowel movements. Symptoms associated with diarrhea are cramping, abdominal pain, and the sensation of rectal urgency. Causes of diarrhea include viral, bacterial, or parasite infection, gastroenteritis, food poisoning, and drugs. Absorbents and anti-motility medications are used to treat diarrhea.
Fever in Adults and Children
Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37 C), in practice, a person is usually not considered to have a significant fever until the temperature is above 100.4 F (38 C). Fever is part of the body's own disease-fighting arsenal; rising body temperatures apparently are capable of killing off many disease-producing organisms.
Nausea and Vomiting
Nausea is an uneasiness of the stomach that often precedes vomiting. Nausea and vomiting are not diseases, but they are symptoms of many conditions. There are numerous cases of nausea and vomiting. Some causes may not require medical treatment, for example, motion sickness, and other causes may require medical treatment by a doctor, for example, heart attack, lung infections, bronchitis, and pneumonia. Some causes of nausea and vomiting may be life-threatening, for example, heart attack, abdominal obstruction, and cancers. Treatment of nausea and vomiting depends upon the cause.
Sore throat (throat pain) usually is described as pain or discomfort in the throat area. A sore throat may be caused by bacterial infections, viral infections, toxins, irritants, trauma, or injury to the throat area. Common symptoms of a sore throat include a fever, cough, runny nose, hoarseness, earaches, sneezing, and body aches. Home remedies for a sore throat include warm soothing liquids and throat lozenges. OTC remedies for a sore throat include OTC pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen. Antibiotics may be necessary for some cases of sore throat.
Chronic cough is a cough that does not go away and is generally a symptom of another disorder such as asthma, allergic rhinitis, sinus infection, cigarette smoking, GERD, postnasal drip, bronchitis, pneumonia, medications, and less frequently tumors or other lung disease. Chronic cough treatment is based on the cause, but may be soothed natural and home remedies.
Influenza (flu) is a respiratory illness caused by a virus. Flu symptoms include fever, cough, sore throat, runny nose, headache, fatigue, and muscle aches. The flu may be prevented with an annual influenza vaccination.
Novel H1N1 influenza A virus infection (swine flu) is an infection that generally is transferred from an infected pig to a human, however there have been reported cases where infection has occured with no contact with infected pigs. Symptoms of swine flu are "flu-like" and include fever, cough, and sore throat. Treatment is generally with the antibiotics oseltamivir (Tamiflu) or zanamivir (Relenza).
ARDS (Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome)
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a lung condition in which trauma to the lungs leads to inflammation of the lungs, accumulation of fluid in the alveolar air sacs, low blood oxygen, and respiratory distress. ARDS can be life-threatening. Signs and symptoms of are shortness of breath and low levels of oxygen in the blood, which can cause your organs to fail. Causes of ARDS include: Pneumonia Aspiration into the lungs Severe blow to the chest Sepsis Severe injury with shock Drug overdose Inflamed pancreas Other lung conditions and infections Burns Sepsis Near drowning Fractures There have been genetic factors linked to ARDS. Treatment for includes supplemental oxygen, and/or medication. According to some studies, survival rates for ARDS depend upon the cause associated with it, but can vary from 48% to 68%.REFERENCES: Harman, EM, MD. "Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Clinical Presentation." Medscape. Updated: Aug 11, 2016. Harman, EM, MD. "Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome." Medscape. Updated: Aug 11, 2016. PubMed Health. "ARDS." Updated: Jun 11, 2014. Reynolds, HN. et al. Acute respiratory distress syndrome: estimated incidence and mortality rate in a 5 million-person population base. Crit Care. 1998; 2(1): 29–34. Published online 1998 Mar 12. doi: 10.1186/cc121
Diabetes and Safe Medications for Colds and the Flu: OTC Medication Guide
If you have diabetes and catch a cold or the flu, can be more difficult to recover from infections and their complications, for example, pneumonia. Home remedies and over-the-counter (OTC) drugs used for the treatment of the signs and symptoms of colds and the flu may affect blood sugar levels in people with diabetes.Some medications are OK to take if you have diabetes get a cold or the flu include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs, like acetaminophen (Tylenol) and ibuprofen (Motrin) to control symptoms of fever and pain. Most cough syrups are safe to take; however, check with your pediatrician to see what medications are safe to give your child if he or she has type 1 or 2 diabetes. If you have diabetes and are sick with a cold or flu, you need to check your blood sugar levels more frequently. Continue taking your regular medications. Eat a diabetic low-glycemic index diet rich in antioxidants. To prevent colds and the flu drink at least eight 8 ounce glasses of water a day. To replenish fluids, drink sports drinks like Gatorade and Pedialyte to replenish electrolytes. Avoid people who are sick, sneezing, coughing, or have other symptoms of a cold or flu.
Second Source article from Government
Travelers should prepare for their trip by visiting their physician to get the proper vaccinations and obtain the necessary medication if they have a medical condition or chronic disease. Diseases that travelers may pick up from contaminated water or food, insect or animal bites, or from other people include: malaria, meningococcal meningitis, yellow fever, hepatitis A, typhoid fever, polio, and cholera.
Treatment & Diagnosis
Medications & Supplements
- amantadine (Symmetrel - Discontinued)
- zanamivir (Relenza)
- oseltamivir (Tamiflu)
- Side Effects of FluMist (influenza nasal vaccine live)
- rimantadine, Flumadine
- Side Effects of Tamiflu (oseltamivir)
- Side Effects of Relenza (zanamivir)
- Xofluza (baloxavir marboxil) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
Prevention & Wellness
- China Withholding H7N9 Bird Flu Virus Samples From U.S.
- Could Your Cat Give You 'Bird Flu?'
- Is a Dangerous Bird Flu on the Horizon?
- Bird Flu Confirmed At Tennessee Chicken Facility
- Your Birth Year Might Help Shield You From Bird Flu Strains
- Migration Helps Spread Bird Flu Worldwide
- Patient-to-Doctor Spread of Bird Flu Reported in China
- Person-to-Person Bird Flu Transmission Likely Happened at Chinese Hospital
- Scientists Get Closer to Long-Lasting Flu Vaccine
- Bird Flu Poses Little Threat to People: CDC
- 3.8 Million Chickens To Be Killed After Bird Flu Outbreak at Iowa Farm
- Bird Flu Spreads Across China, Posing Threat to People: Report
- Seasonal Flu Vaccine May Protect Against Deadly Bird Flu
- Scientists Aim to Improve Vaccines Against 'Bird Flu'
- Avian Flu In Harbor Seals Could Infect People
- Current Bird Flu Has Pandemic Potential
- Vaccine Against Bird Flu Readied, Just in Case
- China's New Bird Flu Might Put People at Risk, Report Says
- Bird Flu Doesn't Spread Easily to Humans, Scientists Say
- H5N1 Bird Flu Vaccine Approved
- Taiwan Woman 1st Human Infected With New Strain of Bird Flu
- Closing Chinese Poultry Markets Stalled Bird Flu's Spread to People
- China Bird Flu Appears to Have Spread From Person to Person
- China's Bird Flu Might Someday Spread More Easily: Report
- China's Bird Flu's Drug Resistance Worries Experts
- Scientists Examine New Bird Flu's Potential to Spread
- H7N9 Bird Flu Transmits From Person to Person, Study Finds
- Chinese Warn of Possible Re-Emergence of Bird Flu
- Saliva May Improve With Age for Flu Protection
- Simple Mutations Could Make Flu Viruses More Deadly: Studies
- New China Bird Flu May Be Resistant to Tamiflu
- No Evidence That New Bird Flu Passes Between People: Study
- Health Highlights: April 19, 2013
- Remembering SARS - 10 Years Later
- New Bird Flu No Immediate Threat: U.S. Experts
- Controversial Bird Flu Research to Resume
- Seal Flu: Next Pandemic Threat?
- Once-Banned Bird Flu Study Yields Sobering Findings
- Once-Banned Bird Flu Study Suggests Pandemic Threat Is Real
- Health Highlights: April 30, 2012
- Health Highlights: April 3, 2012
- Health Highlights: March 30, 2012
- U.S. Advisers Say It's Now Safe to Publish Bird Flu Studies
- Health Highlights: March 1, 2012
- Flu Season Off to a Very Late Start: CDC
- 'Bird' Flu May Be More Common in Humans, But Less Deadly
- Bird Flu Studies Can Be Published After All: WHO
- U.S. Advisers Explain Request to Censor Bird Flu Research
- Health Highlights: Jan. 23, 2012
- Scientists Agree to Delay Controversial Bird Flu Research
- Health Highlights: Jan. 19, 2012
- Health Highlights: Jan. 3, 2012
- Health Highlights: Dec. 22, 2011
- Health Highlights: Dec. 21, 2011
- Health Highlights: Dec. 12, 2011
- Needle-Free Shots Make Vaccines Less Scary
- Bird Flu Detection Takes a Novel Turn
- Discovery May Boost Bird Flu Vaccine Potency
- New Avian Flu Vaccine Strategy Proposed
- Government Signs Contract for Bird Flu Vaccine
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