What is the treatment and management of atrial fibrillation symptoms?
Treatment and management of symptoms of atrial fibrillation by either restoring the abnormal heart rhythm back to normal, or by controlling the abnormally fast rate.
To restore the heart rhythm to normal sometimes drugs are used intravenously that can convert the rhythm from Afib to normal sinus rhythm. There are many drugs and medical procedures that are very effective for eliminating and preventing Afib. Alternatively, electroshock pulse to the chest and heart can reset the heart rhythm to normal, and there are surgical interventions, for example, cardiac ablations and Maze procedures (a type of ablation) that can permanently correct this disease.The treating doctor will advise the best option for each individual as the ideal option varies from patient to patient.
A variety of drugs can be used to either decrease the electrical excitability of the heart in atrial fibrillation or limit the transmission of chaotic electrical impulses that reach the ventricles. Both are used to achieve a slower and more efficient heartbeat.
Medications referred to as "blood thinners" are frequently used for the treatment and management of AFib in order to prevent blood from clotting in the atria, which can lead to stroke. These include warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven) and newer anticoagulants. Often, anticoagulants are used for several weeks to minimize the risk of stroke. In this case, drugs are used to slow the heart rate until the blood is adequately thinned. Simple aspirin is not an adequate blood thinner for Afib.
When should you see your doctor for atrial fibrillation?
Atrial fibrillation is a health condition that should be evaluated and diagnosed by a doctor. A treatment plan should discussed by a doctor or other health care professional with the patient.
If you or someone you know experiences sign and symptoms of Afib, stroke, heart failure, or heart attack seek medical care for treatment by a doctor, urgent care, or emergency room facility immediately.
What is the prognosis and life expectancy for a person with atrial fibrillation?
A person with this type of heart disease can live a normal, active life as long as he or she continues to receive ongoing medical treatment.