In some cases, chest pain can be an associated symptom, particularly if there is also cardiovascular disease present. (Chest pain or pressure warrants urgent medical evaluation.) Other symptoms of atrial fibrillation are
Causes of atrial fibrillation (AFib)
The cause of atrial fibrillation is an abnormal heart rhythm, in which electrical signals come from the wrong location within the heart. These abnormal signals are rapid and irregular and cause atrial fibrillation. The reasons for the abnormalities in signaling are unknown.
American Heart Association. "Atrial Fibrillation Medications." July 2016. <http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/Arrhythmia/AboutArrhythmia/Atrial-Fibrillation-Medications_UCM_423781_Article.jsp>.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.
Main Article on Atrial fibrillation (AFib) Symptoms and Signs
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Atrial Fibrillation (AFib) Symptoms and Signs
Examples of Medications for Atrial fibrillation (AFib) Symptoms and Signs
- amiodarone, Cordarone, Nextrone, Pacerone
- apixaban (Eliquis)
- atenolol, Tenormin
- bisoprolol, Zebeta
- bortezomib - injection, Velcade
- carvedilol (Coreg, Coreg CR)
- cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan)
- digoxin (Lanoxin, Lanoxin Pediatric)
- diltiazem (Cardizem, Cardizem CD, Cardizem LA, Tiazac, Cartia XT, Diltzac, Dilt-CD, and several oth)
- dofetilide - oral, Tikosyn
- flecainide - oral, Tambocor
- lenalidomide (Revlimid)
- melphalan - oral, Alkeran
- metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol XL)
- nadolol (Corgard)
- prednisone (Prednisone Intensol, Rayos) Corticosteroid
- propafenone (Rythmol, Rythmol SR)
- propranolol, Inderal, Inderal LA, Innopran XL
- rivaroxaban (Xarelto)
- sotalol, Betapace, Betapace AF, Sorine, Sotylize
- thalidomide - oral, Thalomid
- timolol (Blocadren and Timolide 10-25 have been discontinued)
- verapamil (Calan, Verelan, Verelan PM [Discontinued: Isoptin, Isoptin SR, Covera-HS])
- warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven)