Eczema is a general term for many types dermatitis (skin inflammation). Atopic dermatitis is the most common of the many types of eczema. Other types of eczema include: contact eczema, allergic contact eczema, seborrheic eczema, nummular eczema, stasis dermatitis, and dyshidrotic eczema. Read more: Atopic Dermatitis Article
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Atopic Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis) Quiz: Test Your Skin Disorders IQ
Does dry, itchy, flaky, scaly, red, inflamed skin sound familiar to you? Take the Atopic Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis) Quiz to learn...
Skin Quiz: Acne, Dry Skin, Dandruff & More
What's that all over you? Skin, of course! Test your knowledge of your most amazing organ with the Skin Quiz!
Picture of Eczema
A particular type of inflammatory reaction of the skin in which there are typically vesicles (tiny blister-like raised areas) in...
Picture of Dermatitis From Common Carpet Beetle
The common carpet beetle is not common in modern well-sanitized homes, and even where it is abundant, effects from it are not...
Picture of Atopic Dermatitis
This condition is the most common of all pediatric dermatoses. See a picture of Atopic Dermatitis and learn more about the...
Picture of Juvenile Plantar Dermatitis
This figure shows erythema and fissuring on the weight-bearing surface of the foot. See a picture of Juvenile Plantar Dermatitis...
Picture of Skin
The skin is the largest organ of the body, with a total area of about 20 square feet. See a picture of the Skin and learn more...
Picture of X-Linked Ichthyosis
More pronounced fish-scale pattern on the legs of a child with X-linked ichthyosis. See a picture of X-Linked Ichthyosis and...
Picture of Lichen Simplex Chronicus
Hyperpigmented, lichenified plaque with accentuated skin lined caused by repeated rubbing of the area. See a picture of Lichen...
Picture of Dermatitis Medicamentosa
Diagnosing drug eruptions has become a common experience to practitioners in all branches of modern medicine. See a picture of...
Picture of Dermatitis Medicamentosa (Back)
Drug eruptions may mimic nearly the entire range of dermatoses of other causes. See a picture of Dermatitis Medicamentosa (Back)...
Picture of Eczema Herpeticum
Eczema herpeticum. See a picture of Eczema Herpeticum and learn more about the health topic.
Picture of Urticaria
This is a close-up view of wheals with white-to-light-pink color centrally and peripheral erythema. See a picture of Urticaria...
Picture of Atopic Dermatitis or Eczema
Eczema is a skin condition caused by inflammation. See a picture of Atopic Dermatitis or Eczema and learn more about the health...
Picture of Cradle Cap
Cradle cap (also called seborrheic dermatitis) is a rash that begins as scaling and redness on a baby's scalp. See a picture of...
Picture of Yellow Dandruff
If dandruff flakes are greasy and yellow, the probable cause is the skin condition known as seborrheic dermatitis; seborrhea is...
Common Childhood Skin Disorders
What are the most common skin rashes in children? Learn about childhood eczema, ring worm, chicken pox and more. Get the facts on...
Baby Skin Care: Tips to Keep Newborn's Skin Healthy
Caring for your newborn baby's skin may seem complex, but it doesn't have to be. There are many skin conditions such as peeling,...
Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis) Causes, Symptoms, Treatment
Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis) is a common allergic skin condition. Get the latest information on causes of eczema and skin rash...
IMAGESSee pictures of allergic skin disorders such as eczema, contact dermatitis and more caused by allergies See Images
Related Disease Conditions
Asthma is a condition in which hyperreactive airways constrict and result in symptoms like wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath. Causes of asthma include genetics, environmental factors, personal history of allergies, and other factors. Asthma is diagnosed by a physician based on a patient's family history and results from lung function tests and other exams. Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and long-acting bronchodilators (LABAs) are used in the treatment of asthma. Generally, the prognosis for a patient with asthma is good. Exposure to allergens found on farms may protect against asthma symptoms.
Stress occurs when forces from the outside world impinge on the individual. Stress is a normal part of life. However, over-stress, can be harmful. There is now speculation, as well as some evidence, that points to the abnormal stress responses as being involved in causing various diseases or conditions.
Hives (Urticaria & Angioedema)
Hives, also called urticaria, is a raised, itchy area of skin that is usually a sign of an allergic reaction. The allergy may be to food or medications, but usually the cause of the allergy (the allergen) is unknown.
The word "rash" means an outbreak of red bumps on the body. The way people use this term, "a rash" can refer to many different skin conditions. The most common of these are scaly patches of skin and red, itchy bumps or patches all over the place.
Swimmer's Ear (External Otitis)
Swimmer's ear (external otitis) is an infection of the skin that covers the outer ear canal. Causes of swimmer's ear include excessive water exposure that leads to trapped bacteria in the ear canal. Symptoms of simmer's include a feeling of fullness in the ear, itching, and ear pain. Chronic swimmer's ear may be caused by eczema, seborrhea, fungus, chronic irritation, and other conditions. Common treatment includes antibiotic ear drops.
An allergy refers to a misguided reaction by our immune system in response to bodily contact with certain foreign substances. When these allergens come in contact with the body, it causes the immune system to develop an allergic reaction in people who are allergic to it. It is estimated that 50 million North Americans are affected by allergic conditions. The parts of the body that are prone to react to allergies include the eyes, nose, lungs, skin, and stomach. Common allergic disorders include hay fever, asthma, allergic eyes, allergic eczema, hives, and allergic shock.
Eye Care and Eye Disorder
Many common eye disorders resolve without treatment and some may be managed with over-the-counter (OTC) products. It's important to visit a physician or ophthalmologist is the problem involves the eyeball itself or the condition hasn't improved after 72 hours of use of an eye-care OTC product.
Dandruff (seborrhea) is a skin disorder that results from neither too much moisture nor too much oil. Dandruff can be treated with shampoos that contain tar, salicylic acid, zinc, selenium sulfide, or ketoconazole.
Itch (Itching or Pruritus)
Itching can be a common problem. Itches can be localized or generalized. There are many causes of itching to include: infection (jock itch, vaginal itch), disease (hyperthyroidism, liver or kidney), reactions to drugs, and skin infestations (pubic or body lice). Treatment for itching varies depending on the cause of the itch.
Children's health is focused on the well-being of children from conception through adolescence. There are many aspects of children's health, including growth and development, illnesses, injuries, behavior, mental illness, family health, and community health.
Genetic Diseases (Disorder Definition, Types, and Examples)
The definition of a genetic disease is a disorder or condition caused by abnormalities in a person's genome. Some types of genetic inheritance include single inheritance, including cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anemia, Marfan syndrome, and hemochromatosis. Other types of genetic diseases include multifactorial inheritance. Still other types of genetic diseases include chromosome abnormalities (for example, Turner syndrome, and Klinefelter syndrome), and mitochondrial inheritance (for example, epilepsy and dementia).
Eosinophilic esophagitis is an inflammation of the esophagus. Eosinophilic esophagitis has many causes including acid reflux, heartburn, viruses, medications that become stuck in the esophagus, allergy, asthma, hay fever, allergic rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis. Eosinophilic esophagitis symptoms include difficulty swallowing food, abdominal pain, chest pain, and heartburn.
Paget Disease of the Breast (Paget's Disease of the Nipple)
Paget's disease is a rare form of cancer that forms in or around the nipple and frequently coexists with breast cancer. The exact cause of Paget's disease is unknown. Symptoms and signs include redness, scaling, and flaking of the nipple skin. A biopsy and imaging studies are needed to diagnose the disease. Treatment may include surgery, radiation, and adjuvant therapy.
Eczema refers to skin inflammation. There are many different types of eczema that produce symptoms and signs that range from oozing blisters to crusty plaques of skin. Treatment varies depending upon the type of eczema the person has.
Keratosis Pilaris (KP)
Keratosis pilaris (KP) is a common skin disorder in which small white or red bumps appear around hair follicles on the upper arms, thighs, buttocks, and cheeks. The cause of KP is unknown. There is no cure for keratosis pilaris, and the condition may resolve on its own. Gentle exfoliation, professional manual extraction, chemical peels, and microdermabrasion, along with topical products, are the best treatments for this condition.
Molluscum contagiosum is a skin disease that causes pink painless bumps on the skin. It typically resolves in 6 to 12 months. Cryotherapy, laser therapy, and curettage may also treat the nodules of molluscum contagiosum.
Dry skin (xeroderma) may be caused by external factors, like cold temperatures, low humidity, harsh soaps, and certain medications, or internal factors, such as thyroid disease, diabetes, psoriasis, or Sjogren's syndrome. Symptoms and signs of dry skin include itching and red, cracked or flaky skin. The main treatment for dry skin is frequent, daily lubrication of the skin.
Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is a painful complication of shingles. Symptoms include severe pain, itchy skin, and possible weakness or paralysis of the area. There is no treatment for postherpetic neuralgia that is effective for all patients.
Is Eczema Contagious?
Eczema is a skin condition characterized by inflamed, rough skin patches that occasionally produce fluid-filled bumps that may ooze. There is no cure for eczema, though eczema may be treated with moisturization, eczema cream, and topical steroids.
Ichythyosis vulgaris is an uncommon inherited condition marked by xerosis. Symptoms and signs include very dry, scaly skin over most of the skin's surface, with the exception of the armpits, groin, and flexural areas. Treatment may involve the use of topical medications and emollients for the skin. Living in a humid area may be helpful.
Graft Versus Host Disease (GVHD)
Graft versus host disease (GVHD) is a condition that happens when immune cells from transplanted donor tissue attack the recipient's tissues. Signs and symptoms of acute GVHD include enteritis, hepatitis, and dermatitis. Chronic GVHD symptoms and signs include rash, skin discoloration, dry mouth or eyes, jaundice, fatigue, and wheezing, among others. The standard of GVHD treatment is immunosuppressant medications.
Atopic Dermatitis vs. Eczema
Atopic dermatitis and eczema both refer to skin conditions. Atopic dermatitis is a cause of eczema, which refers to skin conditions that cause inflammation and irritation. The terms are sometimes used interchangeably. Eczema is not a condition in itself, but a description for a group of skin diseases that cause skin inflammation and irritation.
Local ResourcesFind a local Dermatologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Doctor: Getting the Most from Your Doctor's Appointment
- How to Choose a Doctor
- Doctor: Checklist to Take To Your Doctor's Appointment
- Nail Discoloration
- Bumps on Skin
- Dry Skin
- Dark Circles Under the Eyes
- Nail Pitting
- Nail Separation
- Red Spots on the Skin
- Red Streaks on the Skin
- Atopic Dermatitis
- Skin FAQs
- Eczema FAQs
- Wedding Ring Rash
- Questions To Ask Your Doctor - General
- Eczema: A Breakthrough Treatment for Eczema
- Rash: Can Soaps & Detergents Cause A Rash
- Eczema: Dry Hands May Be Sign of Eczema
- Rash: How to Avoid Hot Tub Rash
- What Are Strategies to Deal With Mite Allergies ?
- Do Anti-Mite Carpet Cleaners Help Mite Allergies?
Medications & Supplements
- pimecrolimus - topical, Elidel
- tacrolimus - topical, Protopic
- dexamethasone (Decadron, DexPak)
- prednisone (Prednisone Intensol, Rayos) Corticosteroid
- prednisolone (Orapred, Pediapred)
- betamethasone dipropionate, Diprolene; Diprolene AF
- mometasone (Elocon)
- mupirocin (Bactroban, Centany)
- hydrocortisone valerate
- pramoxine (Itch-X, PrameGel, Orax, Sarna Sensitive, and Others)
- Over-the-Counter Products
- tacrolimus ointment (Protopic)
- pimecrolimus (Elidel)
- halobetasol - topical, Ultravate
- fusidic acid/hydrocortisone-topical
- Topicort (desoximetasone cream, ointment, spray, gel)
- licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra)
- tea tree oil (Melaleuca Oil)
- cyclosporine microemulsion solution - oral, Gengraf, Neoral
- cyclosporine microemulsion capsule - oral, Gengraf, Neoral
- pramoxine and hydrocortisone (Epifoam, Pramosone, Proctofoam HC, Procort, Analpram HC)
- pramoxine/hydrocortisone - topical, Enzone, Pramosone
- Topical Corticosteroids
- omega-3 fatty acids - oral, Max Epa, Omega-3, Salmon Oil,
- fluocinolone (eczema) oil - topical, Derma-Smoothe/FS
- Predinsone Side Effects (Adverse Effects)
- Diprolene (betamethasone dipropionate) vs. Topicort (desoximetasone)
- Metronidazole vs. Ketoconazole
- Dupixent (dupilumab)
- Diprolene Lotion (betamethasone dipropionate) Side Effects, Warnings, and Interactions
- Side Effects of Elidel (pimecrolimus)
- Side Effects of Elocon (mometasone)
- Ellzia Pak (triamcinolone acetonide ointment, dimethicone)
Prevention & Wellness
- Eczema Can Drive People to Thoughts of Suicide: Study
- 1 in 10 Will Develop Eczema in Their Lifetime
- Why Eczema Is Tougher to Treat for Black Patients
- Study Challenges Touted Link Between Eczema and Heart Disease
- Dupixent Approved to Treat Eczema
- New Eczema Drug Promising in Early Trial
- Skin Patch May Help With Peanut Allergy
- Melatonin Might Help Sleepless Kids With Eczema, Study Finds
- Taking a 'Selfie' May Help With Dermatology Care, Study Shows
- Vitamin D Might Help Kids With Eczema
- Use of Low-Dose Steroid Creams During Pregnancy Won't Affect Baby: Study
- Stem Cells Yield Lab-Grown Skin, Researchers Say
- Childhood Eczema Often Persists Into Adulthood, Study Finds
- Staph Bacteria May Play Role in Eczema-Like Rash, Mouse Study Finds
- Dog DNA May Yield Clues to Human Eczema
- Can Herbs Fight Asthma?
- Is Itching Contagious?